Acronym Definition
AMDDC Afghan Mine Dog Detection Center
ANAD Azerbaijan National Agency for Demining
ANFO ammonium nitrate and fuel oil
AOR area of responsibility
APM anti-personnel mine
APL anti-personnel landmine
AQAP Allied Quality Assurance Publication
AREA Agency for Rehabilitation and Energy Conservation in Afghanistan
ARF ASEAN Regional Forum
ARIS Action for Research and Information Support in Civilian Demining
ARRA Agency for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Areas
ASA ammunition storage area
ASDIT Ammunition Storage and Disposal Implementation Team
ASDSO/LIC Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
ASTAMIDS Airborne Standoff Minefield Detection System
ATM anti-tank mine
ATC Afghan Technical Consultants
ATCDU Anti-Terrorist Commando Dog Unit
ATD advanced technology demonstration
ATO Ammunition Technical Officer
ATR automatic target recognition
AV anti-vehicle
AWAMA African Women's Alliance for Mobilizing Action
BAC battle area clearance
BDI Bomb Disposal, Inc.
BHCD Bosnia and Herzegovina Commission on Demining
BHMAC Bosnia and Herzegovina Mine Action Center
BIP blow-in-place
BITS Berlin Information Center for Transatlantic Security
BL boundary lane
BM benchmark
BMZ German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
BPA berm processing assembly
BRAC base realignment and closure
BRDF Bi-Directional Reflectance Distribution Function
BT booby trap
CA civil action
CA chemical agent
CAD Council for Action on Disability
CADMOS Committee of Advisors: Detection of Mines Based on Operational Standards
CALM New Zealand Campaign Against Landmines
CAMEO Canadian Association for Mine and Explosive Ordnance [Security]
CARERE Cambodia Area Resettlement and Regeneration [Project]
CARICOM Caribbean Community and Common Market
CASEVAC Casualty Evacuation
CBR community-based rehabilitation
CBU cluster bomb unit
CCD Council of Canadians with Disabilities
CCMAT Canadian Center for Mine Action Technology
CCRC Casualty Care Research Center
CCW 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons
CD Conference on Disarmament
CDAP Comprehensive Disabled Afghans' Program
CDPO Cambodian Disabled People's Organization
CDS Central Disposal Site
CDW Cambodian Demining Workshop
CECOM Communications and Electronics Command
CERF Central Emergency Revolving Fund
CF Canadian Forces
CFSP Common Foreign and Security Policy
CHA Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance
CHW community health worker
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
CIDA Canadian International Development Agency
CINC Commander-in-Chief
CIR Center for International Rehabilitation
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
CJCS Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
CLAF Canadian Landmine Action Fund
CLAM Cleared Lane Marking System
CMAC Cambodia Mine Action Center
CMAD Community Mine Awareness for Development
CMAO Central Mine Action Office (Angola)
CMATS Central Mine Action Training School (Angola)
CMCM Mozambique Campaign Against Landmines
CMD conventional munitions disposal
CMMT community mine-marking ream
CMO Civil Military Operations
CMT countermine training
CMV Combat Mobility Vehicle
CND National Demining Commission
COA course of action
COE Common Operating Environment
COERR Catholic Office for Emergency Relief and Refugees
COMSEC communications security
COPE Cooperative Orthotic and Prosthetic Enterprise
CPCD Center for Peacekeeping and Community Development
CRC Cambodian Red Cross
CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child
CROMAC Croatian Mine Action Center
CSPO Cambodian School of Prosthetics and Orthotics
CTA Chief Technical Adviser
CTSC Countermine Training Support Center
DAC Disability Action Council
DAC Development Action Center
DAC Defense Animal Center
DAFA Demining Agency for Afghanistan
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DC Development Cooperation
DCA Danish Church Aid
DDA Department for Disarmament Affairs (UN)
DDDS DoD Data Dictionary System
DDESB Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board
DDG Danish Demining Group
DEA development-oriented emergency aid
DERA Defense Evaluation & Research Agency
DESCIM Defense Environmental Security Corporate Information Management
DESMS Defense Explosives Safety Management Suite
DeTeC Demining Technology Center
DFAIT Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Canada)
DGPS differential global positioning system
DI double impulse
DIA Defense Intelligence Agency
DII Defense Information Infrastructure
DFID Department for International Development (UK; formerly ODA)
DFAT Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Australia)
DIMARSI Disaster Management and Refugees Studies Institute
DMZ Demilitarized Zone
DND Department of National Defense
DoD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
D-OEW demining-ordnance and explosive waste
DOS Department of State
DPA Disabled Person's Association
DPC delayed primary closure (medical term)
DPKO Department of Peacekeeping Operations (UN)
DPO Disabled People's Organization
DRC Democratic Republic of the Congo
HESH-I High Explosive Squash Head-Incendiary
DRES Defense Research Establishment Suffield
DRK German Red Cross
DSAA Defense Security Assistance Agency
DSL Defense Systems Ltd.
DSTO Defense Science and Technology Organization
DSWA Defense Special Weapons Agency
DTIF Demining Technical Information Forum
DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency
DTU Development Technology Unit
DTW Development Technology Workshop
DU Demining Unit (United Nations)
EC European Community
ECHO European Community Humanitarian Office
ECOMOG ECOWAS Ceasefire Monitoring Group
ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States
EDD explosive detecting dog
EDR explosive device recognition
EE/CA engineering evaluations/cost analysis
EEDT European Entity for Procurement, Deployment, Operation and Maintenance of Demining Technologies
EFGPR energy-focusing ground penetrating radar
EFP explosively formed projectile
EF&T Environmental Fate and Transport
EMAC Entity Mine Action Center
EMSL European Microwave Signature Laboratory
EMT Emergency Medical Technician
EOD explosive ordnance disposal
EODASTT Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Ammunition Storage Training Team
EODTECHDIV Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technology Division
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ERLIS Earth Resource Land Information System
ERO emergency road/route opening
EU European Union
EUAM European Union Administration of Mostar
FAE fuel air explosive
FAF Federal Armed Forces
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization (UN)
FAR Armed Forces of Rwanda
FASCAM family of scatterable mines
FFE free from explosive
FCO Foreign and Commonwealth Office
FCOTV Field Command, Office of Treaty Verification
FHA foreign humanitarian assistance
FMF Foreign Military Financing
FMSP First Meeting of States Parties
FRUD Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy
FWAM (E) full-width attack mine (electronic)
FWR former warring factions
FRY Former Republic of Yugoslavia
FYROM Federal Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
GCI Ground Concepts International
GEM genetically engineered microbe
Gfp green fluorescent protein gene
GICHD (GIC) Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining
GINIE Global Information Network in Education
GLOS Global Level One Survey
GPR ground penetrating radar
GPS global positioning system
GSCS Ground Search Clear Systems Ltd.
GTA Global Training Academy
GTZ German Agency for Technical Cooperation
HALO Hazardous Area Life-Support Organization
HARC Hameed & Ali Research Center
HazMat hazardous material
HAZWOPER Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
HCND Chad National Demining Committee
HDIC Humanitarian Demining Information Center (now MAIC)
HDO humanitarian demining operations
HDOGIS Humanitarian Demining Operations Geographic Information System
HE high explosive
HEAT high explosive anti-tank
HESH High Explosive Squash Head
HF high frequency
HFA Human Factors Applications, Inc.
HI Handicap International
HLWG Humanitarian Liaison Working Group
HMA humanitarian mine action
HN host nation
HPCN high-performance computing and networking
HRW Human Rights Watch
HTRW hazardous, toxic and radioactive waste
IADB InterAmerican Defense Board
IAM International Assistance Mission
ICBL International Campaign to Ban Landmines
ICCTI International Countermine and Canine Training Institute
ICD International Classification of Disease
ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross
ICVA International Council of Voluntary Agencies
ID integrated demining
IDA Institute for Defense Analyses
IDAC International Demining Association of Canada
IDP internally displaced person
IDRC International Development Research Council
IEBL Inter-Entity Boundary Line
IED improvised explosive device
IEE Institution of Electrical Engineers
IFOR Implementation Force (BiH)
IFRC International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHD Integrated Humanitarian Demining
IHL international humanitarian law
ILDC Improved Landmine Detector Concept
ILO International Labor Organization
IMAS International Mine Action Standards
IMCE Institute of Munition Clearance Engineers
IMCEC International Munition Clearance Exhibition & Conference
IMCS International Mine Clearance Standard
IMSMA Information Management System for Mine Action
INAROEE Angolan National Institute for the Removal of Obstacles and Explosive Ordnance
IO international organization
IOE irregular outer edge
IPPNW International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
IR Islamic Relief
IRC International Rescue Committee
ISCE Intersessional Standing Committee of Experts
ISFE Igniter Safety Fuze, Electric
ISPO International Society of Prosthetics & Orthotics
ItCBL Italian Campaign to Ban Landmines
ITF International Trust Fund
IWG Interagency Working Group
JAHDS Japan Alliance for Humanitarian Demining Support
JCBL Japanese Campaign to Ban Landmines
JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency
JMRO Joint Medical Regulating Office
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
JMU James Madison University
JRC Joint Research Centre
JRS Jesuit Refugee Services
JS Joint Staff
KFOR Kosovo Forces
KfW Kreditanstalt fuer Wiederaufbau (Credit Agency for Reconstruction)
KLA Kosovo Liberation Army
LARS Light Artillery Rocket System
LDO Logistic Disposal Operations
LDPA Lao Disabled Persons Association
LIFI laser-induced fluorescence imaging
LISA linear SAR
LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
LM Landmine Monitor
LMP Landmine Protocol
LMW landmine warfare
LOGS Level One Global Survey
LPP Landmine Placement Plan
LSA land surface ammunition
LSC Landmine Struggle Center (Cairo)
LSN Landmine Survivors Network
MAC mine action center
MACC Mine Action Coordination Center
MACA Mine Action Center for Afghanistan
MaD Mechanically assisted Dog demining
MAG Mines Advisory Group
MAIC Mine Action Information Center (formerly HDIC)
MaM mechanically assisted manual demining
MAMIS Mine Action Management Information System
MAPA Mine Action Program for Afghanistan
MAPED Mine Anti-personnel Effect Directional
MARMINCA Mission of Assistance for the Removal of Mines in Central America
MARS Medical Air Rescue Service
MASG Mine Action Support Group
MAT mine action team
MAT Mines Awareness Trust
MAWG Mine Action Working Group (ICBL)
MBT Mine Ban Treaty
MB 2000 Minebreaker 2000
MCBL Malawi Campaign to Ban Landmines
MCCG Mine Clearance Coordination Group
MCI Mines Clearance International
MCM mine countermeasures
MCP Mine Clearance Program
MCPU Mine Clearance Policy Unit
MCPA Mine Clearance Planning Agency
MCTU Mine Clearance Training Unit (preceding CMAC)
MCZ Military Control Zone
MDC Mine Dog Center
MD metal detector
MDD mine detecting dog
MDG mine dog group
MDS mine dog set
MDV mine detection vehicle
MEDDS Mechem Explosive and Drug Detection System
MEDEVAC medical evacuation
MERCUSOL Declaration of the Southern Commercial Market
MERLIN Medical Emergency Relief International
META Monitoring, Evaluation and Training Agency
METP Monitoring, Evaluation and Training Program
MgM Menschen gegen Minen (People Against Landmines)
MICAS Ministry of Coordination for Social Action (Mozambique)
MICOA Mozambican Ministry for the Coordination of Environmental Affairs
MINDEF Ministry of Defense
MINWARA Mine Warfare Association
MIS Mine Information System
MLC mine-launcher containers
MLI Marshall Legacy Institute
MLO mine-like object
MM metal mines
MMC mechanical mine clearance
MMDS Microbial Mine Detection System
MMT Mine Marking Team (Cambodia)
MOD Ministry of Defense
MOE measure of effectiveness
MOHSS Ministry of Health and Social Services
MOMEP Multinational Observation Mission Ecuador/Peru
MOSALVY Ministry of Social Affairs, Labor, Vocational Training and Youth Rehabilitation
MOU memorandum of understanding
MPV mine-protected vehicle
MRCS Mozambique Red Cross Society
MRE mine risk education
MTADS Multi-Sensor Towed Array Detection System
MRV mine-resistant vehicle
NACC North Atlantic Cooperation Council
NADR Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related Programs
NAM Non-Aligned Movement
NOTAM Notice to Air-Men/Notice to Air Movement (NATO)
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NAVSCOLEOD Naval School, Explosive Ordnance Disposal
NCA National Command Authority
NCDP National Center for Disabled People
NCBL Nepal Campaign to Ban Landmines
NDA National Demining Agency (Somaliland)
NDF Namibian Defense Force
NDHQ National Defense Headquarters
NDO national demining office
NDT non-destructive resting
NEQ net explosive quantity
NEWTEC National Explosives Waste Technology and Evaluation Center
NGO non-governmental organization
NIDRR National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research
NPA Norwegian Peoples Aid
NPA New People's Army
NQR nuclear quadropole resonance
NSA non-state actor
NSC National Security Council
NSPO National School of Prosthetics and Orthotics
NVESD Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate
OAS Organization of American States
OASD Office of Assistant Secretary of Defense
OAU Organization of African Unity
OCHA Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
ODA Overseas Development Administration
ODIS Ordnance Detection and Identification System
OE ordnance and explosives
OECS Organization for Eastern Caribbean States
OEW ordnance-related explosive waste
OFDA Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance
OHDACA Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic Aid
OJCS Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
OMA Organization for Mine Awareness (Cambodia; now OMAR)
OMAR Organization for Mine Clearance and Afghan Rehabilitation
OMOL One-Man One-Lane (demining procedure)
OPTEMPO operating tempo
ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory
OSCE Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense
OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy
OTMS Ordnance Technical Management System
PADCA Assistance Program for Demining in Central America
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization
PAI Institutional Support Program
PAIGC African Party for the Independence of Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde
PAO Public Affairs Officer
PAV Policy Assessment Visit
PCBL Philippine Campaign to Ban Landmines
PCEPD President's Committee on Employment of Persons with Disabilities
PCR Polymerase Chain Reaction
PDC pre-deployment course
PDM pursuit-deterrent munition
PDSS pre-deployment site survey
PE plastic explosive
PERTEMPO personnel tempo
PHR Physicians for Human Rights
PGS Physicians for Global Survival
PIU project implementation unit
PJRAD Projector Area Defense
PM MCD Project Manager for Mines, Countermine & Demolitions
PMSC Political Military Steering Committee
POC Prosthetics Outreach Center
PODES Promoter of the Organization of Disabled Persons in El Salvador
POF Prosthetics Outreach Foundation
POF Pakistan Ordnance Factories
P&O Prosthetics and Orthotics
PPE personal protective equipment
PRC People's Republic of China
PRES Programme for Economic and Social Rehabilitation
PRIO Peace Research Institute of Oslo
PSYOPS Psychological Operations
PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
PVO private voluntary organization
P.II Landmines Protocol II of the CCW
QA quality assurance
QC quality control
QMS quality management system
QSR quality system requirements
RaM rotar-assisted manual demining
RAPM Resource Allocation Planning Meeting
RAVV Requirements and Verification Visit
RCS radar cross section
RDSS Requirements Determination Site Survey
RDT research and development of technology
RERC Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center
RF radio frequency
RFP request for proposal
RI Refugees International
RIDE Rapid International Demining in Emergencies
RMD remotely delivered mine
RP reference point
RPA Rwandan Patriotic Army
RPG rocket-propelled grenade
ROE rule of engagement
RSA Republic of South Africa
RSP Render Safe Procedures
RSRI Republic of Slovenia Rehabilitation Institute
RTA road traffic accident
RTD research and technical development
SAC Survey Action Center
SADC Southern African Development Community
SADF South African Defense Force
SAIIA South African Institute of Internationals Affairs
SAR synthetic aperture radar
SC Save the Children
SCA Swedish Committee for Afghanistan
SCAL Somaliland Coalition Against Landmines
SCE Standing Committee of Experts
SCF Save the Children Fund
SCOVA Sudan Council of Voluntary Agencies
SCBL Sudan Campaign to Ban Landmines
SCG Survey Contact Group
SCS Special Clearance Services (commercial company based in Zimbabwe)
SE survey executive
SEIS Socio-Economic Impact Study
SF Special Forces
SFF self-forming fragment
SFD Special Fund for the Disabled
SFOR Stabilization Force (BiH)
SGAA Sandy Gall's Association for Afghanistan
SGS Specialist Gurkha Services
SM scatterable mine
SMAC Somali Mine Action Center
SMART Semi-Autonomous Monitoring and Robotics Technology
SN self-neutralizing
SOC Special Operations Command
SOD Special Operations Division
SOFA Status on Forces Agreement
SOMAP Somalia Mine Action Program
SON (SoN) Statement of Operational Needs
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
SOR (SoR) Statements of Operational Requirements
SORRA Somaliland Relief and Rehabilitation Association
SPDC State Peace and Development Council
SPM Somali Patriotic Movement
SRCS Somaliland Red Crescent Society
SSC Social Services for Cambodia
SSTA Subsurface Sensing Technologies and Applications
SWG Survey Working Group
SWG standard wire gauge
TA technical adviser
TCBL Thailand Campaign to Ban Landmines
TED trace explosive detection
TFR time-frequency representation
TMAC Thailand Mine Action Center
TNA training needs analysis
TNT Trinitrotoluene
TGW Treaty Working Group
TLC Team Leaders Course
TOR (ToR) term of reference
TQM total quality management
TWMP Track Width Mine Plough
UN United Nations
UNA United Nations Association
UNAMIR United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda
UNAVEM United Nations Angola Verification Mission
UNDAP UN Accelerated Demining Program (Mozambique; aka UNADP)
UNDHA UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs
UNDP United Nations Development Program
UNDPKO United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNGA United Nations General Assembly
UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
UNITA National Union for the Total Independence of Angola
UNMAC United Nations Mine Action Center
UNMAS United Nations Mine Action Service
UNMIK United Nations Mission in Kosovo
UNOCHA United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance to Afghanistan
UNOMOZ UN Operations in Mozambique
UNOPS United Nations Office of Project Services
UNOSOM UN Operations in Somalia
UNPROFOR UN Protection Force
UNPREDEP UN Preventive Deployment Force
UNTAC United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia
URNG Guatemalan National Revolutionary Union
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
USAMCCOM U.S. Army, Armament, Munitions and Chemical Command
USCBL U.S. Campaign to Ban Landmines
USG U.S. government
USIA U.S. Information Agency
USIRP U.S. Indochina Reconciliation Project
USMC United States Marine Corps
USSOCOM U.S. Special Operations Command
USUHS Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
UXO Unexploded Ordnance
UXOSMM Unexploded Ordnance Site Management Model
UXM Unexploded Ordnance Management
VA victim assistance
VMMD vehicular mounted mine detection
VNAH Vietnam Assistance for the Handicapped
VOD velocity of detonation
VRD Virtual Retinal Display
VVAF Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation
WAAPM wide-area anti-personnel mine
WAM wide-area mine
WARC World Alliance of Reformed Churches
WCC World Council of Churches
WDMET Wound Data and Munitions Effectiveness Team
WFP World Food Program
WGVA Working Group on Victim Assistance (ICBL)
WHO World Health Organization
WP White Phosphorus
WRF World Relief Fund
YMAA Yemen Mine Awareness Association
YMAAP Youth Mine Action Ambassador Program
ZDI Zimbabwe Defense Industries
ZNA Zimbabwe National Army
ZOS zone of separation
AA Auswaertiges Amt (German Federal Foreign Office)
AABRAR Afghan Amputee Bicyclists for Rehabilitation and Recreation
AAF Albanian Armed Forces
ABC airway, breathing and circulation
ACBL Afghan Campaign to Ban Landmines
ACEM aimed controlled effect mine
ACS Advanced Countermine System
ACT Action by Churches Together
AD anti-disturbance
ADAM area denial artillery munition
ADD Action on Disability and Development
ADDI anti disturbance double impulse
ADF Allied Democratic Forces
ADF Australian Defense Force
ADI Australian Defense Industries
ADP Accelerated Demining Program (aka PAD; formerly UNADP)
ADRA Adventist Development Relief Agency
ADSM artillery delivery scatterable mine
AE aeromedical evacuation
AES aeromedical evacuation squadron
AFSC American Friends Service Committee
ANC African National Congress
AHD anti-handling device
ALS advanced life support
AMAC Abkhaz Mines Action Center
AMDA Association for Medical Development in Asia
AP anti-personnel mine
AT anti-tank
CPKF Collective Peacekeeping Forces
SOCOM Special Operations Command
APII Amended Protocol II
ADEMO Association for the Mozambican Disabled
ADWS area denial weapon system
AMAC Assistance to Mine-Affected Communities
AMREF African Medical and Research Foundation
ARSOF Army Special Operations Forces
ASM Advance Survey Mission
AusAID Australian Agency for International Development
B/C benefit/cost
CA community awareness
CAPDC Support Center for the Promotion and Development of Communities
CBA cost-benefit analysis
CBMAP community-based mine awareness program
CBO cummunity-based organization
CENTCOM U.S. Central Command
CHA Cambodian Handicraft Association
CL community liaison
CMAA Cambodia Mine Action/Victim Assistance Authority
CNIDAH National Inter-Sectoral Commission for Demining and Humanitarian Assistance
COAM Committee on Mine Awareness (Guinea-Bissau)
CVM Mozambique Red Cross Society
CW continuous wave
DCOF Displaced Children and Orphans Fund
DDAS Database of Demining Accidents
DDIV Database of Demining Incident Victims
DIP digital image processing
DMA Defense Mapping Agency
DMAO district mine action office
DOES Department of Education and Science
DSS Demining Support System
EAR European Agency for Reconstruction
EDA Eritrean Demining Agency
EDP Ethiopian Demining Project
ELIS Ethiopian Landmine Impact Survey
ELS European Landmine Solutions
EMAO Ethiopian Mine Action Office
EMOPS Office of Emergency Programs (UNICEF)
EOC expert opinion collection
EPRDF Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
ESPRIT European Strategic Program for Research and Development in Information Technology
FAA Angolan Armed Forces
FEL front-end loader
FMB Floating Mine Blade
FNLA National Libteration Front of Angola
FRELIMO Mozambique Liberation Front
GoS government of Sudan
GRZ government of the Republic of Zambia
GWHF Golden West Humanitarian Foundation
HAC Humanitarian Aid Commission
HDTC Humanitarian Demining Training Camp
IEPF International Eurasia Press Fund
IGAD Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (GHAI; formerly IGADD)
IGO inter-governmental organization
IHDD integrated humanitarian demining for development
IMCP Inhambane Mine Clearance Project
INATEC National Institute of Technology of Nicaragua
IND National Demining Institute
IOM International Organization for Migration
IPOP Immediate Post-Operative Prosthetics/Prosthesis
IPPTC International Pilot Project for Technology Cooperation
IPSC Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (JRC)
IRRS Institute for the Rehabilitation of the Republic of Slovenia
IST Information Society Technologies
ISU Implementation Support Unit
ITC Institute for Testing and Certification of Boots
IUTP International Unexploded Ordnance Training Program
JAC-ACTD Joint Area Clearance Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration
JLC Jaipur Limb Campaign
JMC Joint Military Commission
JMC Joint Military Committee
LARDEF League for the Reintegration of Disabled People
LCD Landmine Casualty Database
LEAP Lower Extremity Assessment Program
LNO liaison officer
LSG Let's Save the Generation
LWVF Leahy War Victims Fund
MAX Mine Action Exchange (UNDP program)
MaXML Mine Action Extensible Markup Language
MBC Mine Ban Convention
MC Mine Committee
MCA multi-criteria analysis
MCC Mine Clearing Cultivator
MCLAP Messiah College Landmine Action Project
MI Medico International
MINARS Ministry of Social Assistance and Reintegration (Angola)
MIS Mine Impact Score
MITC Mine Information and Training Center
MLIS Mozambique Landmine Impact Survey
MMCAS Ministry for Women and the Coordination of Social Action (Mozambique)
MMD Mini Mine Detector
MoFED Ministry of Finance and Economic Development
MOHS Ministry of Health and Sanitation
MONUC United Nations Mission in Congo
MPLA People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola
MRRE mine risk reduction education
MRS minefield reaction stick
NERRTC National Emergency Response and Rescue Training Center
NIES National Institute for Educational Sciences (Vietnam)
NIMA National Imagery and Mapping Agency
NIP National Institute for Pediatrics
NMAA National Mine Action Authority (Sri Lanka)
NMAO National Mine Action Office (Sudan)
OLF Oromo Liberation Front
ONL Operation Normal Life
ONLF Ogaden National Liberation Front
PEACE Poverty Eradication and Community Empowerment (Afghanistan)
PEPAM Program for the Prevention of Mine Accidents
PLA participatory learning and action
PM&E Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation
PM/HDP Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Humanitarian Demining Programs (US DOS)
PM/MAIP Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Mine Action Initiatives and Partnerships (US DOS)
POWER Prosthetics and Orthotics Worldwide Education and Relief
PRA Participatory Rural Appraisal
QAM quality assurance monitor
RA rapid assessment
RaDO Rehabilitation and Development Organization
RENAMO Mozambique National Resistance
ROSE Rehab-Oriented Surgical Enablement
RPF Rwandan Patriotic Front
RRT Rapid Response Team
RSS Rehabilitation Support Services
SADSA South African Demining Services Agency
SAIC Science Applications International Corporation
SAM side-attack mine
SCVA Standing Committee of Experts on Victim Assistance, Socio-Economic Reintegration and Mine Awareness
SDAG Somali Demining Action Group
SDTT Survivable Dmeining Tractor and Tools
SEE southeastern Europe
SMA suspected mined area
SMAP Shenandoah Minefield Adoption Project
SPLA Sudan People's Liberation Army
SPT Socketless Prosthetic Technology
SUBOT small unit robot
SWAPO Southwest African People's Organization
UAE United Arab Emirates
UPD Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (OAS)
UTCAH Angolan Technical Unit for Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance
UXO LAO Lao National UXO Project
WRF World Rehabilitation Fund
WSTIAC Weapon Systems Technology Information Analysis Center
ZCTBL Zambia Campaign to Ban Landmines
ZMAC Zimbabwe Mine Action Center
ASD Assistant Secretary of Defense
MINSAU Ministry of Health (Mozambique)
A&T acquisition and technology
AAR Association for Aid and Relief (Japan)
ACDA Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
AETF Afghanistan Emergency Trust Fund
AMAA Afghan Mine Awareness Agency
AO area of operation
APB anti-personnel blast
APL-A anti-personnel landmine agency
ARCS Afghan Red Crescent Society
ARDEC Armament Research and Development Engineering Center (U.S. Army)
ARSOTF Army Special Operations Task Force
BASIC Body armor system, individual, countermine
BBF Brother's Brother Foundation
BRAVA Blast Resuscitation and Victim Assistance
BRDEC Belvoir Research, Development and Engineering Center
CA civil affairs
CARE Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere
DA Development Assistance
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CEDC children in especially difficult circumstances
CEE Central and Eastern Europe
CEEC Central and Eastern European Countries
CHR Commission on Human Rights
CHRF Canadian Human Rights Foundation
CIDEV Development International Council (Mozambique)
CIO chief information officer
CM countermine
CMCS Countermine Capability Stock
CMTC Central Mine Training Center (Mozambique)
COAA course-of-action analysis
CONUS continental United States
COTS commercial off-the-shelf
CPP Congolese Physicians for Peace
CRS Catholic Relief Services
CSIR Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
DANIDA Danish International Development Agency
DCD Director(ate) of Combat Developments
Det detonated
Det detonating
Det cord detonating cord
DEUCE Deployable Engineer Universal Combat Earthmover
DFA Development Fund for Africa
DHA Department of Humanitarian Affairs
DHRF Democracy and Human Rights Fund
DID Donor Investment Database
DJS Director, Joint Staff
DOW Doctors of the World
DP Displaced Person
DRO Demobilization and Reintegration Office
EAPC Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EC European Council
EC European Commission
ECHA Executive Committee for Humanitarian Affairs (UN)
ECHR European Convention on Human Rights
ECPS Executive Committee on Peace and Security (UN)
ECU European Currency Unit
EDD explosive demining device
EDD explosive detection device
EHF extremely high frequency
EMAP Ethiopian Mine Action Program
EN Explosive Neutralization
ENS Explosive Neutralization System
ERF Emergency Response Fund
ERPMU Ethiopian Recovery Program Management Unit
ETF Emergency Task Force
ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
ETH-Z Swiss Federal Institute of Technology at Zurich
FAR false alarm rate
FECS Field-Expedient Countermine System
FFP Food for Peace
FLIR forward-looking infrared
FLW Fort Leonard Wood [Missouri]
FSU Former Soviet Union
FTX Field training exercise
FY Fiscal Year
GCC Gulf Cooperation Council
GEMSS Ground Emplaced Mine Scattering System
GFE government-furnished equipment
GHAI Greater Horn of Africa Initiative
GIST Geographic Information Support Team
GOTS government off-the-shelf
GPA General Peace Agreement
GPC German Project Coordination
GSO Government Service Organization
GSTAMIDS Ground Standoff Mine Detection System
HA humanitarian assistance
HADR Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief
HATT Humanitarian Assistance and Transition Team
HD humanitarian demining
HEMMS Hand-Emplaced Minefield Marking System
HMR Humanitarian Medical Relief
HNS host-nation support
HSTAMIDS Handheld Standoff Mine Detection System
IAV Interim Armored Vehicle
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
IC International Community
IDA Institute for Agricultural Development
IGADD Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development (now IGAD)
IHEMMS Improved Hand-Emplaced Minefield Marking System
IIA Agricultural Research Institute
IIR imaging infrared
ILS Integrated Logistics Support
IMAS Integrated Mine Action Support
IMAS International Mine Action Support
IMET International Military Education and Training
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMIT International Military Information Team
IO&P International Organizations and Programs
IPE individual protection equipment
IPVO Indigenous Private Voluntary Organization
IRIN Integrated Regional Information Network (UN)
IRSEM Institute for Social Reintegration of Former Combatants
ITSH International Transport, Storage and Handling
IVMMD Interim Vehicle Mounted Mine Detector
J3 SOD Joint Staff Operations Directorate
JAC Joint Area Clearance
JCM Joint Countermine
JCOS Joint Countermine Operational Simulation
JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff
JPKF Joint Peacekeeping Forces
JSOTF Joint Special Operations Task Force
JTF Joint Task Force
JUXOCO Joint UXO Coordination Office
LAMD Lightweight Airborne Multispectral Minefield Detection
IGO international governmental organization
ILDC Improved Landmine Detection Capability
NDA National Democratic Alliance (Ethiopia)
SD/SDA self-destructing/self-deactivating
VMMA Vehicle-Mounted Mine Detector
LE low explosive
LIRV Labor-Intensive Road Verification
LIS Landmine Impact Survey
LMIS Landmines Information System
LWF Lutheran World Federation
LWOB Lessons Without Borders (USAID)
LWR Lutheran World Relief
MA medical assistance
MAP Medical Assistance Program
MAP mine action program
MAROFR Marine forces
MC mine clearance
MCAP Mine Clearing/Armor Protection Kit
MCB mine-clearing blade
MCC Mennonite Central Committee
MCR Mine-Clearing Roller
MCSC Mine-Clearance Sub-Committee
MCTC Mine Clearance Training Center
MDDC Mine Detection Dog Center
MENA Middle East/North Africa
MICLIC mine-clearing line charge
MILTRA military training
MINADER Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Angola)
MINED Ministry of Education (Angola)
MINEDEMON Mine Database Demonstrator
MINIPLAN Ministry of Planning (Angola)
MINSA Ministry of Health (Angola)
MMCM Magnetic Mine Countermeasures
MNS mine neutralization system
MOA Ministry of Agriculture
MOF Ministry of Finance
MOH Ministry of Health
MONUA Mission of UN Observers (Angola)
MOPH Ministry of Public Health
MOPMS Modular Pack Mine System
MOZMAC Mozambique Mine Action Center
MTT Monitoring and Training Team
MUP Serbian Special Police
MVF Mine Victims Fund
MWD Military War Disabled
NAVFOR Navy forces
NCRP National Community Rehabilitation Program
NDIM National Demining Institute of Mozambique
NDLC Namibian Demining Liaison Committee
NDPH National Directorate of Public Health
NEO non-combatant evacuation order
NFP not-for-profit
NGIC National Ground Intelligence Center (U.S. Army)
NIS National Institute of Statistics
NMCC National Mine Clearance Commission
NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
NMRS Near-Term Mine Reconnaissance System
NRC Norwegian Refugee Council
NSD non self-destruct
NSD-A non self-destruct alternative
O&M operation and maintenance
OCONUS outside the continental United States
ODA Overseas Development Agency (UK; now DFID)
ODA Overseas Development Assistance
ODA Official Development Assistance
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OECF Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund
OHR Office of the High Representative
OLS Operation Lifeline Sudan
OMAR Organization for Mine Awareness and Rehabilitation (Cambodia; formerly OMA)
ONS Obstacle Neutralization System
ONUMOZ UN Operations in Mozambique
OTI Office of Transition Initiative (USAID)
OUSD(A&T) Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology)
PAD Accelerated Demining Program (aka ADP; formerly UNADP)
BiH Bosnia-Herzegovina
PAO Public Affairs Office
PAT prototype assessment test
Pd probability of detection
Pf/Pfa probability of false alarm
PEER Program for Emergency and Reconstruction (UNESCO)
PEPAM Population to Prevent Mine Accidents
PHC Primary Health Care
PHCG Provincial Humanitarian Coordination Group
PHD Provincial Health Delegation
PK Peacekeeping
PK/HA Peacekeeping / Humanitarian Assistance
PLO Palestine Liberation Organization
POAT Psychological Operations Assessment Team
PRCS Pakistan Red Crescent Society
PRO Protracted Relief Operation
PSO Provincial Sub-Offices
QFY Quarter of a Fiscal Year
QIP Quick Impact Project
QRF Quick Response Fund
QRF/D Quick Response Fund for Demobilization
R&D research and development
RAAM remote anti-armor mine
RAAMS remote anti-armor mine system
RAMICS Rapid Airborne Mine Clearance System
RATTLER Rapid Tactical Terrain Limiter
RCAF Royal Cambodian Armed Forces
RCPD Rehabilitation Center for the Physically Disabled
RCSA Regional Center for Southern Africa (USAID)
RCSS Remote Combat Support System
RDA research, development and acquisition
RDDS Research and Development Descriptive Summary
RDT&E research, development, test and evaluation
REDSO Regional Economic Development Support Office (USAID)
RHUDO Regional Housing and Urban Development Office (USAID)
RI Relief International
RMAC Regional Mine Action Center
RRI Refugee Relief International
RSD Rehabilitation Services Database
RSO Regional Security Office
RUDEVEO Rural Development and Voluntary Organization
S/GHD Secretary, Global Humanitarian Demining (U.S. DOS)
SA security assistance
SAEDF Southern Africa Enterprise Development Fund
SATMO Security Assistance Training Management Organization
SCATMINE scatterable mine
SCATMINWARN scatterable minefield warning
SDC Selection and Demobilization Centers
SEAR Special Subsidy to Support Reinstallation (Angola)
SeCoR Community Referral System [for demobilized soldiers] (Angola)
SEED Support for Eastern European Democracy
SLAM Selectable Lightweight Attack Munition
SLIRI Sudan Landmines Information and Response Initiative
SMSP Second Meeting of States Parties
SNR National Service for Reconstruction (Angola)
SOF special operations forces
SOLIC Special Operations, Low-Intensity Conflict
SOSCOM Special Operations Support Command
SP States Parties [to the Mine Ban Treaty]
SPA Special Program of Assistance for Africa
SRSG Special Representative of the Secretary General
STX situational training exercise
SWAAD Southwest Afghan Agency for Demining
SWATF Southwest African Territorial Forces
T/MDV towing/mine detection vehicle
TACOM Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command
TMSP Third Meeting of States Parties
TRANSCOM Transportation Command
TSC training support center
TST tactical support team
TWGDR Technical Working Group on Demobilization and Reintegration
UCAH Huanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit (Angola)
UMCOR United Methodist Committee on Relief
UNAHT UN Advanced Humanitarian Team
UNCRO UN Confidence Restoration Operation (Croatia)
UNDG UN Development Group
UNDRO UN Disaster Releif Organization
UNFPA UN Population Fund
UN-HACU UN Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit
UNHCHR UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
UNITAF UN International Task Force
UNLDB UN Landmine Database
UNMACTP/MCP UN Mine Awareness and Clearance Training Program/Mine Clearance Program
UNMCP UN Mine Clearance Program
UNMEE UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea
UNOCHA UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
UNOG UN Office, Geneva
UNOHAC UN Special Coordinator of Emergency Relief Operations
USACAPOC U.S. Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command
USACOM U.S. Atlantic Command
USAREUR U.S. Army Europe
USASFC U.S. Army Special Forces Command
USASOC U.S. Army Special Operations Command
USCG United States Coast Guard
USCINCEUR U.S. Commander-in-Chief, Europe
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USEUCOM U.S. European Command
USJFCOM U.S. Joint Forces Command
USN U.S. Navy
USSOUTHCOM U.S. Southern Command
UW unconventional warfare
UXOCOE UXO Center of Excellence
VAM Vulnerability Assessment Mapping
VJ Vojska Jugoslavic (the Yugoslav army)
WCMD wind-corrected munitions dispenser
WVF War Victims Fund
WVI World Vision International
UNADP UN Accelerated Demining Program (Mozambique; aka UNDAP)
AAR Association to Aid Refugees
VTF Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in Mine Action
EEBC Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission
MAO Mine Action Office (Macedonia)
AMAE Albanian Mine Action Executive
ARC Albanian Red Cross
VMA Victims of Mines and Weapons Association
AMC Anti-Mine Committee
ERP Emergency Recovery Program/Project
MOA Memorandum of Agreement
FUDS formerly used/utilized defense sites
NCO non-commissioned officer
AB anti-boat
ACH Agreement on the Cessation of Hostilities
APOPO AntiPersoonsmijn- en OntmijningsProductOntwikkeling
CB U.S. Army Combat Boot
CHP Conical Hand Protector
CHP Conical Hand Protector
DRDC Defence Research and Development Canada
DTIFJ DTIF online journal
DwB Design without Borders
EFGPR Energy-Focused GPR
EM electromagnetic
GGE Group of Government Experts
HDI Humpty Dumpty Institute
HIC Head Injury Criterion
HIC Head Impact Criterion
HMAU Humanitarian Mine Action Unit
HSUS Humane Society of the United States
K9DC Canine Demining Corps (part of MLI)
KAP Knowledge Attitude Practice
KIMS Kinematic Induction Magnetic Survey
LAF Lebanese Armed Forces
MAXX Mini-Mulcher
MDDS Mine Detection and Detonation System
MES Med-Eng Systems
MREC MRE Coordinator
MRM Mechanical Reproduction Mine
MSR main supply route
MTS Mine Trauma Score
Norad Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation
NTC National Training Centre (Eritrea)
OHP Overhand Protector
POL petroleum, oil and lubricants
RDEC Research, Development and Engineering Center
ROV remotely operated vehicle
RVT Route Verification Team
SRSA Swedish Rescue Services Agency
StanAg Standardization Agreement
TICMA Training and Information Center for Mine Action
TNMA Technical Note for Mine Action
UTM Universal Transverse Mercator
VBS Visor Band System
WG Working Group
REST Remote Explosive Scent Tracing
USAISR United States Army Institute of Surgical Research
ISO International Organization for Standardization
SWEDEC Swedish EOD and Demining Center
RSP Swedish National Police Board
FMV Defence Material Administration (Sweden)
FOI Defence Research Agency (Sweden)
SIDA Swedish International Development [Cooperation] Agency
MASS Mine Action Support Section
IEDD improvised explosive device disposal
CBRMD chemical, biological and radiological munition disposal
EOD IS EOD Information System
ITEP International Test and Evaluation Program [for Humanitarian Demining]

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