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StartSafe Information for New Student Computers

If you must store sensitive data associated with JMU business or constituents, contact JMU Security Engineering at it-security@jmu.edu for assistance.


Steps to setup your Mac, Windows and Linux computers with JMU StartSafe security recommendations. 


For Windows computers:

These procedures assume a brand new Windows Vista or Windows 7 computer. Windows versions prior to Windows XP Service Pack 3 are no longer supported by Microsoft and are unsafe to use due to unavailability of security updates. Unsupported versions include XP SP2, Windows 2000, and Windows ME/98/95/NT.

Microsoft Office versions prior to Office 2003 Service Pack 3 are no longer supported by Microsoft and are unsafe to use due to the absence of security updates.


STEP 1 - Download and Install All Critical Updates from the Microsoft  Update Web Site

This step will fix defects in Windows software that allows criminals take control of our computers (including our privacy, our identity, our network, etc.). This step can be time consuming because there are so many security updates to install, particularly for older computers. A later StartSafe step will have you configure your computer so it keeps itself up to date automatically.

You must repeat the process until you are told that no more critical updates are available. Doing it once may leave your system vulnerable.

To update your Windows 7 or Windows Vista computer:

  • Open Internet Explorer ( other browsers won't work )
  • In the menu bar, click Safety and then select Windows Update
  • In the Control Panel window that pops up, click Get updates for more products. This will start the installation of the Microsoft Update program which will better keep your computer up to date than the older Windows Update program.
    • Accept the terms of use.
    • Click install.
  • When the Control Panel window reappears, click Check for Updates and follow the remaining directions. You'll need to repeat this process until there are no more critical and security updates available.

To update your Windows XP computer:

  • Open Internet Explorer ( other browsers won't work )
  • In the menu bar, click Safety and then select Windows Update.
  • If you see "NEW! Get Microsoft Update Today", then
    • Click the link and follow the instructions to install Microsoft Update which will help better keep your computer up to date.
  • Otherwise,
    • Choose the "Express" button to start the update process.  Follow the instructions to update your computer.  You will need to repeat this process until all critical security updates have been installed.  Windows Update will notify you when your computer is fully up to date.

Older Microsoft Windows operating systems ( XP-SP2, 2000, 95, 98, ME, NT ) are no longer supported by Microsoft.  As a result, security updates are no longer provided for these versions leaving your system in a vulnerable state to newer attacks.



STEP 2 - Set up your computer to automatically download future updates

Once you have installed all critical Windows updates, you will need to install new updates that are released throughout each week. You can do this manually (not recommended) or you can configure Windows Update to download and install the updates for you (recommended). Your computer will check for updates, download them, install them at a time specified by you, and reboot all on its own.  If your computer is turned off at your selected installation time, it will perform the installation the next time it is powered on.

To set up the automatic updates, follow the instructions at Microsoft's Automatic Update Site. Windows Vista and Windows 7 computers are setup for automatic updates by default.


STEP 3 - Install Anti-Virus Software Provided by JMU

Anti-virus software must be installed to protect you from criminally written programs that you may inadvertently run on your computer or that criminals may force on your computer by using unknown defects. JMU has purchased a site license for Symantec Endpoint Protection anti-virus software that allows all faculty, staff, and students to use it both at the office and at home. The advantage of using this software is that it is provided pre-configured to offer the best security and is fully supported by the JMU Helpdesk. TO PREVENT PROBLEMS, ALL OTHER ANTIVIRUS SOFTWARE SHOULD BE UNINSTALLED FROM YOUR COMPUTER before installing Symantec.

The Symantec anti-virus software can be downloaded from the JMU Computing Downloads web page.

Having anti-virus software does not protect you from new viruses that are released daily. A clean virus scan of a program does not mean it's safe to run.

You cannot legally install or distribute the JMU licensed Symantec anti-virus software on computers owned by people who are not current students or employees of JMU. Microsoft offers a product called Microsoft Security Essentials that is free for home computers. 


STEP 4 - Configure your computer to display file names correctly

Windows hides a files complete name making it easy for virus writers to fool you. It also makes it difficult to change a file’s name. You can configure your computer to show the full name of most files by making the simple change below.

On Windows 7 and Windows Vista computers:

  • Click Start
  • Select Computer
  • Select Organize
  • Select Folder and Search Options
  • Click the View tab
  • Scroll down to the line "Hide file Extensions for known file types" and uncheck the box next to it.
  • Click OK

On Windows XP computers:

  • Double-click My Computer
  • Click the Tools Menu item and then select Folder Options
  • Click the View tab
  • Scroll down to the line "Hide file Extensions for known file types" and uncheck the box next to it.
  • Click OK


Step 5 - Install  security updates for other software you may have installed ( e.g. iTunes, Winamp, Firefox, QuickTime, RealPlayer, Skype, Flash, Adobe Acrobat Reader )

People often add programs to their Windows computer. Many of these programs have security defects that can allow criminals and viruses to take control of the computer. In fact, these programs are currently more often the target of attacks and more responsible for infections than Microsoft software.  A partial list of programs installed on a Windows computer can be found in the 'Add or Remove Programs' Control Panel.

Download locations for programs commonly installed that have serious and/or actively exploited security defects are listed below:

Keeping track of all your installed software and needed updates is tedious, time consuming, and errorprone. The company Secunia makes a product that can help with this task and  has had favorable reviews. They offer a web based service you can visit with a browser that will check your computer for needed updates for a few dozen of the most popular programs. If you want, they will email you reminders on a periodic basis to rescan your computer. They also offer a more comprehensive program that can be downloaded and installed on home computers that can check for updates for thousands of programs. As always when using a web service that requires downloading software, the terms and conditions and privacy policies should be examined.

    * Click here for the web based service.
    * Click here to download the program for home computers.


Step 6 - Password protect your screen saver

Set your screen saver up so that you're required to type your password before it will unlock.

  • right-click any blank portion of the screen and select properties
  • click the Screen Saver tab
  • Click the On resume, password protect checkbox


Step 7 ( optional but STRONGLY recommended )  - Set up and use a safer account for day to day use

Standard accounts for day to day use on Windows are safer and easy to setup. If you want one more step that will reduce risk more effectively than many of the other recommendations, set up a “standard” account on your Windows 7 computer for day to day use rather than an Administrator account ( procedure for Windows XP is similar except that the account is called 'limited' instead of 'standard'). 

Many of today's viruses and spyware will not install when using such an account. If they do install, their damage should be limited.  If you don't use such an account, the chances are high your computer will be infected with Spyware and other unwanted programs.


Step 8 - Review Information on Safe Operating Practices and Current Threats and Issues

Once you have set up your computer in a way that will protect it and you, it is important to realize that your operating habits can reverse all the work you've done and allow criminals or viruses to take control of your computer or information. Please review the JMU Computing Security web page for guidelines on operating it in a safe manner, common mistakes, and current threats and issues.  

JMU sensitive information must NOT be stored on personally owned computers or devices. Such data may only be stored on approved JMU owned devices and only with prior approval If you must store sensitive data associated with JMU business or constituents, contact JMU Security Engineering at it-security@jmu.edu for assistance.



  • Mobile Devices
  • USB Portable Storage Devices

  Mobile Devices

Set a security PIN on all mobile devices to protect stored data and accesesible accounts

  • iPad/iPone/iTouch: Use settings -> General -> Passcode Lock
  • Android: Use Menu -> settings -> Security -> Set Screen Lock (actual steps differ among devices and manufacturers)


USB Portable Storage Devices

There are large numbers of malicious programs circulating that will infect such devices or allow such devices to infect computers to which they are connected. USB devices include USB keys, USB disk drives, cameras, and digital picture frames. Risk reduction measures:

  • Do not plug or allow others to plug unknown or untrusted USB devices of any type into your computer, particularly if the computer processes or stores sensitive data. On Windows computers, hold the shift key down while inserting the device and continue holding it down until windows tells you the device is ready. This will disable any autorun functionality. You may need to double click the folder to view the contents and, if trusted, open individual files.
  • Use caution when plugging your USB device into an unknown or untrusted computer. If the device has a write protect switch, use it. If the device contains sensitive data, do not plug it into unknown or untrusted computers at all.


  • Linux/Unix