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Roop Distinguished Professor of English
Member, Historical Advisory Board of the World War One Centennial Commission

Twentieth-century British and American literature; creative nonfiction; history of aesthetics; war, commemoration, memory, and the arts

Academic Background: 
Roop Professor of English, beginning January 2014
Professor of English, 1996-present
Associate Professor of English, James Madison University, 1989-1996
Assistant Professor of English, James Madison University, 1983-1989
Doctor of Philosophy, English, University of New Mexico, 1983
Master of Fine Arts, Iowa Writer's Workshop, University of Iowa, 1977
Assistant d'anglais, Lycée Carnot, Dijon, France, 1972-73
Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude, French, Lawrence University of Wisconsin, 1972
Secondary degree, Collège du Léman, Versoix, Geneva, Switzerland, 1968

“Kitsch, Commemoration, and Mourning in the Aftermath of the Great War.”  Chapter 16, The Great War: From Memory to History. Ed. Jonathan Vance.  Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfred Laurier UP, 2015.

“Nature, Second Nature, and One of Ours.  Willa Cather Newsletter and Review. 57.3 (Winter-Spring 2015): 12-16.

“Willa Cather, the Nabi of Red Cloud.” Willa Cather and Aestheticism.  Eds. Sarah Cheney Watson and Ann Moseley.  Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP (2012): Ch. 8, 111-124.

“Changing Trains:  Metaphors of Transfer in Willa Cather.”   Cather Studies: Willa Cather and Modern Cultures. 9 (2011): 67-92.

“’Gone out is part of sanity’:  Reading Ivor Gurney’s Shell Shock”.  Journal of the Ivor Gurney Society  13 (2007): 175-192.

"The Ship We Come Over On: Fact, Image, Myth, and the Self in American Immigration.”  Immigration, Assimilation, Cultural Identity: Conference Proceedings.  CD-ROM.  Harrisonburg, VA:  James Madison University, 2007. 
 “Getting It Right by Getting It Wrong: Maya Lin’s Misreading of Edwin Luytens Thiepval Memorial to the Missing.”  Crossings: A Counter-Disciplinary Journal 7 (2004/2005): 47-69.

“The Berles Position Military Cemetery, 1917-1918: An Essay on Margins and Memory."  Bridges: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Theology, Philosophy, History, and Science 12:1/2 (2005): 161-187.

"Character, Compromise, and Idealism in Willa Cather's Gardens."  Cather Studies 5: Willa Cather’s Ecological Imagination.  Lincoln: U Nebraska P, 2003: 291-307

"The undiscovered country from whose bourn": William Shakespeare and Joseph Conrad in Frederic Manning's The Middle Parts of Fortune.  Precursors and Aftermath.   I. 1 (2000): 78-94.

"One More Reason We Can't Stop Tugging Over Raymond Carver's Body."  Q. W. E. R. T. Y. 9. Pau: Université de Pau, 1999: 149-155.  

"Fascism, Phoria, and the Symbolic Destiny of Abel Tiffauges."  The Journal of Narrative Techique  22.2 (Spring 1992): 105-13.

"Raymond Carver and the Menace of Minimalism."  Rpt. in Raymond Carver: A Study of the Short Fiction.  Ed. Ewing Campbell.  Boston: Twayne, 1992.

"The Garden and the Self in Great War Autobiography."  a/b: Auto/biography Studies 5.2 (Fall 1990): 140-51.

"The Edge of Night: Figures of Change in Henry Green's Concluding."  Twentieth-Century Literature  36.1 (1990): 10-22.

"Raymond Carver and the Menace of Minimalism."  CEA Critic.  52.1-2 (Fall 1989-Winter 1990): 62-73.

"Self-Effacement as Revelation: Narration and Art in Anthony Powell's A Dance to the Music of Time."  The Journal of Modern Literature.  15.4 (Spring 1989): 519-29.

"Cryptic Allusions and the Moral of the Story: The Case of Joseph Conrad's 'The Secret Sharer'."   The Journal of Narrative Technique  17.1 (1987): 115-30.

"'The Calm,' 'A Small, Good Thing,' and 'Cathedral': Raymond Carver and the Rediscovery of Human Worth."  Studies in Short Fiction 23.3 (1986): 287-96.

"Missing the Train: Raymond Carver's Sequel to John Cheever's 'The Five-Forty-Eight'."  Studies in Short Fiction 22.3 (1985): 345-347.

Reviews and Miscellaneous:
Dream, Death, and the Self.  J. J. Valberg.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 2007.  Bridges: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Theology, Philosophy, History, and Science 14: 3-4 (2008): 379-384.

Forgiving Dr. Mengele.  Bob Hercules and Cheri Pugh.  VHS.  First Run Features, 2006. Bridges: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Theology, Philosophy, History, and Science 14:1-2  (2007): 183-185.

Breaking Through: Essays, Journals, and Travelogues of Edward Ricketts. Katharine A. Rodger.Berkeley: U California P, 2006.  Bridges: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Theology, Philosophy, History, and Science 14:1-2 (2007): 156-159.

The Things They Carried.”  Tim O’Brien.   Montpelier (Fall 2004): 15-16.

"Shellshock." In History in Dispute, Volume 9: World War I, Second Series.  Dennis Showalter, ed.  Columbia, SC: Manly, 2002.

Time and Anthony Powell: A Critical Study.  Robert Selig.  Journal of Modern Literature19:3/4 (1996): 516-517.

Reminiscent Scrutinies: Memory in Anthony Powell’s A Dance to the Music of Time. L. A. Frost. Journal of Modern Literature 18:2/3 (1995): 310-311.

Merchants of Hope: British Middlebrow Writers and the First World War, 1919-1939. Rosa Maria Bracco.   South Central Review  11.4 (Winter 1994): 62-64.

Translator, with Jacqueline Berben-Masi:  Arlette Bouloumie, "Writing and Modernism: Michel Tournier's Friday."  Style 26.3 (Fall 1992): 447-56.

"Andre Dubus," "Timothy Mo," and "Tobias Wolff."  Contemporary Novelists.  London: St. James Press, 1992.
"W. H. Auden,"  "William Gass," "Galway Kinnell," "Minimalism," and "World War I. Reader's Encyclopedia of American Literature. George Perkins, ed.  New York: Harper and Row, 1991.

"The Ethics of Fiction."  Essay review of Wayne Booth's The Company We Keep.  University of Hartford Studies in Literature.  21.1 (1989): 45-47.

“The Geography of the Imagination.”  Under consideration.

"Where Faith Comes From." Rubber City. 1.1. (2001): 55-66.

“Daily Miracles: Teaching Creative Writing in the Age of Complacency.”  Gardy Loo 2.1 (October 1997): 3-4, 21-23.

"Love Letter from the Lonely Middle."  The Georgia Review.  48.2 (Summer 1994): 225-238. 

"What You Can See in PA."  New Virginia Review.  8 (1991): 42-53.

"A Practical Problem."  The American Literary Review 1.1 (1990): 21-32.

"The Girl Next Door."  In Earnest.  2.1 (1989): 1-18.

"Las Golondrinas."  Shenandoah.  39.2 (1989): 32-50.

"Rita."  In Earnest 1.1 (1987): 36-45.

"Small Comfort." The Iowa Review 16.1 (1986): 73-82.

"The Most Beautiful Sister in the World."  The Antietam Review 1986: 19-25.

"First Principles."  Empty Shelves 2.1 (Fall/Winter, 1985-86): 13-18.

"Honesty."  Story Quarterly 20 (1985): 61-66.

"The Coldest Winter Ever."  New America 5.1 (1984): 26-31.

"Brewster Lake."  Conceptions/Southwest 5 (1983): 52-55.

"This Little Piggy."  Conceptions/Southwest 2 (1979): 37-43.

"Papa and I Polish the Comet."  Iowa Journal of Literary Studies 1.1 (1977): 133-55.

The Gravedigger.  [novella] Appleton: In the Shade, 1971.

"In Detroit" and "Mission Statement."  In Earnest 1.2 (1988): 34-35.

"Topography."  Reprinted in Keener Sounds.  Stanley Lindberg and Stephen Corey, eds.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1987.

"Topography."  Reprinted in The Georgia Review: Fortieth Anniversary Poetry Retrospective 40.3 (1987): 662.

"For Lovers Whose Addresses I Cannot Find," "Elegy for a Naturalist," and "The Earthquake at San Xavier."  The Louisville Review 20 (Spring 1986): 32-34.

"Summer Night," "Chamber Music," and "Cat's Binge."  Akros Review  11 (1985): 11-14.

"Topography."  The Georgia Review 37.3 (1983): 305.

"Nostalgia."  Conceptions/Southwest 5 (1983): 65.

"The Manitoulin Before the Squall."  The Lake Superior Review 10  (1979): 26.

"Poeme I."  Tropos 3 (1970): 18.

"My Purple Crayon." The Maglet (New Delhi, 1963): np.

Recent Papers and Other Public Presentations:
“The Rhetoric of Death and Remembrance: National Vernaculars and the Cemeteries of the Great War.”  Conference on Literature, Memory, and the First World War.  United States Military Academy, West Point.  11-14 September 2014.

“Nature, Second Nature, and One of Ours.”  Conference on Mapping Literary Landscapes: Environments and Ecosystems.  59th Willa Cather Spring Conference.  Red Cloud,  Nebraska 5-7 June 2014.

“Willa Cather and Mabel Dodge Luhan: Elective Landscapes and Unexpected Affinities.” Fourteenth International Conference on Willa Cather. Northern Arizona University. 17-22 June 2013.

“Kitsch and the Arrest of Collective Mourning.” The Great War: From Memory to History. University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. 10-12 November 2011.

“New Kind of Hero: Football and the Recasting of Manhood in Early Twentieth-Century Mid-America.” East Meets West conference.  James Madison University.  25-26 March 2010.

“Was There a Powell Generation?”  Invited lecture at 5th Biennial Anthony Powell Conference.  Georgetown University,  10-12 September 2009.

“Changing Trains:  Willa Cather’s Chicago.”  Willa Cather Conference, UI Chicago, 23-25 June 2009.

“Freedom and Endless Exile in Hannah Arendt.”  The Space Between Conference.  Northwestern University.  13-14 June 2008.

“The Cultural Construction of Psychiatric Injury in the Twentieth Century.”  Conference on War and Peace: The Eternal Swing.  James Madison University.  3-4 April 2008.

“Kitsch, Modernity, and the Deathworks.”  Keynote lecture.  JMU EGO conference, April 2008.

"Ivor Gurney's Shellshock."  Conference on Ivor Gurney.  Cambridge University.  8-9 September 2007.

"How Shellshock Became PTSD."  The Space Between Conference.   United States Naval Academy.  7-9 June 2007.

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