While synthesis compares and contrasts themes or ideas, analysis pulls apart the smaller elements of a text or object to determine how they affect the whole piece. Analysis is different than summary and often includes interpretation of the purpose, context, audience, and who the author is.

"Rhetorical Analyses: An Overview"—this UWC-produced text introduces rhetorical analysis. Rhetorical analysis evaluates how well a spoken or written work accomplishes its purpose by examining the techniques the creator uses to persuade. Any act of communication intended to alter someone’s perspective can be rhetorically analyzed, including speeches, advertisements, news articles, opinion pieces, social media posts, works of art, songs and music videos, films, informational pamphlets, and academic texts. 

When and how to use summary

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