Generally all lower case; however, there are exceptions that require capitalization to work. Just like mailing addresses, you need
to know and type in the exact address.
• Use an en dash without spaces to indicate the span of an academic year or when generally denoting the span between dates that
do not include years.
May 2–June 3
Exception: When a date or year is preceded by the word "from" do not use an en dash, use "to". May 2 to June 3
No hyphen (2011 AP style change). Email is also acceptable as the plural usage.
emerita (female), emeritus (male), emeritae (female plural), emeriti (male plural, male and female plural)
Often added to formal titles to denote that individuals who have retired retain their rank or title by action of the JMU Board of
Visitors. Capitalize when used before the person's name as an official title; lowercase when used after the person's name.
Professor Emeritus John Jones
Jane Jones, dean emerita
• Use a space before and after an em dash within text.
We expect a big crowd — if the weather is nice.
• Use an en dash to indicate the span of an academic year, or when generally denoting the span between dates that do not
May 2 – June 3
When a date or year is preceded by the word "from" do not use an en dash, use "to".
May 2 to June 3
Use ensure to mean guarantee. Use insure for references to insurance.
Steps were taken to ensure accuracy.
The policy insures his life.
James Madison is the eponym of James Madison University, not the namesake.
Equal Opportunity Employer
The following is JMU's official statement.
James Madison University does not discriminate on the basis of race, sex, color, national origin, religion, age, genetic
information, sexual orientation, disability, veteran status, parental status, or political affiliation (in compliance with the
Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act) with respect to all aspects of employment or admissions, or in
connection with its programs or activities. Inquiries or requests for reasonable accommodation may be directed
to the activity coordinator, the appropriate university office, or the Office of Equal Opportunity, JMU, Harrisonburg,
VA 22807, (540) 568–6991.