Policies & Laws


The Office of Equal Opportunity coordinates and monitors campus compliance with university policies and requirements of federal and state non-discrimination laws, including (but not limited to) the following:




Equal Opportunity JMU Policy 1302 

It is the policy of James Madison University to provide equal employment and educational opportunities for all persons without regard to race, sex, color, national origin, religion, age, genetic information, sexual orientation, disability, veteran status, parental status, political affiliation. Employment actions are administered without discrimination. These actions include recruitment activities, working conditions, benefits and privileges of employment, compensation decisions, training classes, promotional opportunities, and termination of employment.


Discrimination & Harassment JMU Policy 1324

The university is committed to providing faculty members, staff members and students a work and study environment that is free from discrimination or harassment, including sexual harassment, based on race, sex, color, national origin, religion, age, genetic information, sexual orientation, disability, veteran status, parental status, political affiliation. Conduct that constitutes discrimination or harassment is a violation of university policy and is sanctionable. Any member of the university community who is subjected to discrimination or harassment may bring an internal complaint to attempt to redress the situation.

Please visit the OEO's Policy 1324 page for full details on the complaint process.


Disabilities &Reasonable Accommodations JMU Policy 1331

The university will provide reasonable accommodation to qualified individuals with documented disabilities to ensure equal access and equal opportunities with regard to university employment, university educational opportunities, and the university's programs and services. 

For information on services available at JMU, visit the Office of Disability Services, the Disability Resources Committee or the Office of Equal Opportunity.



The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, as amended in 1974, protects applicants and employees 40 years of age or older from discrimination on the basis of age.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964, Titles VI and VII, as amended, prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

The Civil Rights Act of 1991, among other things, provides monetary damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination.

Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution prohibits states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. In other words, the laws of a state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances.

The Higher Education Act of 1972, Title IX, as amended, prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of gender in educational programs which receive Federal assistance.

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act prohibit discrimination against a person with a disability in the offer or conditions of employment and in the participation or furnishing of services.

The Jobs for Veterans Act of 2002 revises and improves employment, training, and placement services furnished to veterans.

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 prohibits discrimination in wages on the basis of gender.

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibit discrimination, require affirmative action, and require reasonable accommodation by employers.

Executive Order 11246, as amended, prohibits job discrimination and requires affirmative action in employment of women and minorities.

Uniform Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994, as amended, prohibits discrimination against persons because of their service in the uniformed services.




Executive Order Number 6 (2010) assures equal opportunity in all facets of state government. (http://www.governor.virginia.gov/Issues/ExecutiveOrders/2010/EO-6.cfm)


The Virginia Human Rights Act declares that it is the policy of the Commonwealth to protect all individuals in the Commonwealth from unlawful discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, sex, pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions, age, marital status, or disability, in places of public accommodations, including educational institutions and in employment. (http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+2.2-3900 )



*The preceeding summaries of Federal and State laws and executive orders comes from the University of Virginia Office of Equal Opportunity programs website: