A-to-Z Index



The Modern European Studies (MES) minor allows students to explore European history, politics, society, culture, and thought. Courses taken to complete the MES minor may also be used to satisfy major requirements, General Education requirements, and/or requirements for other JMU minors.

All MES minors must attain proficiency in a European Union language at or above the intermediate (232) level. In addition, minors must complete 18 minor credits. Six of these eighteen must come from the minor's core; six must cover European culture and thought; and six must cover European history and society. The minor's 18 credits must be distributed across at least three disciplines and must include at least one history course.


Course Requirements


Credit Hours

Choose two from the following:


HIST 202. Europe Since 1815


HIST 382. Europe in the 20th Century


POSC 344. Politics of the European Union


POSC 345. Politics of Western Europe


POSC 346. Politics of Central and Eastern Europe


Culture and Thought Electives


Choose two from the following:


ARTH 313. Masterpieces in Italian Renaissance Art


ARTH 314. Masterpieces in Spanish Art


ARTH 315. Masterpieces in British Architecture


ARTH 316 or ARTH 316L. Masterpieces in British Art


ARTH 372. Modern Art from 1900–1945

ARTH 460. Nineteenth Century Art


ARTH 466. Art and Nationalism 1


ARTH 469. Topics in Nineteenth Century Art


ARTH 472. Modern Art Since 1945


ENG 325. Romantic Literature


ENG 327. The Gothic: Change and Continuity


ENG 329. Victorian Literature


ENG 330. The 19th–Century English Novel


ENG 340. Modern British Novel


ENG 341. Contemporary British Novel


ENG 375. Irish and Anglo–Irish Literature


ENG 412L/THEA 449L/GHUM 200L. The London Theatre (London only)


FR 308. Contemporary French Civilization


FR 405. Nineteenth–Century French Literature


FR 425. 20th Century French Literature


FR 446. Special Topics in Linguistics, Literature or Civilization 2


FR 465. French Cinema, 1930–1980


FR 466. Contemporary French Cinema


GER 266. Contemporary German Literature in Translation


GER 307. History of German Civilization


GER 308. Contemporary German Civilization


GER 405. The Age of German Classicism


GER 426. Modern German Literature


GER 465. German Cinema


ITAL/HIST 308. Contemporary Italian Civilization


ITAL 425. Modern Italian Literature


ITAL 446. Special Topics in Linguistics, Literature or Civilization 2


ITAL 465. Italian Cinema (1930–1980)


ITAL 490F. Wine and Culture in Italy


PHIL 344. Existentialism


PHIL 375. Nineteenth–Century Philosophy and Theology


PHIL 390. Special Topics in Philosophy 2


PHIL 465. Topics in Modern Philosophy 2


PHIL 468. Phenomenology


PHIL 470. Topics in Contemporary Continental Philosophy


PHIL 475. Philosophy Seminar 2


POSC 316. Contemporary Political Theory


POSC 321. Political Theory and Ideology


REL/PHIL 375. The 19th Century: Age of Ideology


SMAD 463L. Film Adaptations


SPAN 307. Spanish Civilization


SPAN 335 or SPAN 335S. Introduction to Spanish Literature


SPAN 390. Spanish Poetry of the 20th Century


SPAN 405. Spanish Novels of the 19th and 20th Centuries


SPAN 406. Spanish Drama of the 19th and 20th Centuries


SPAN 460. Postwar Literature in Spain


SPAN 465 or SPAN 465S. Spanish Cinema and Literature


History and Society Electives


Choose two of the following:


GEOG 332. Geography of Europe


HIST 202. Europe Since 1815


HIST 301. European Military History


HIST 308. Contemporary Italian Civilization


HIST 321. European Women's History


HIST 341. Selected Themes in World History 2


HIST 382. Europe in the 20th Century 3


HIST 384. England and the Empire–Commonwealth


HIST 388. Germany Since 1871


HIST 462. The Rise and Fall of Nazi Germany, 1918–1945


HIST 478. Eastern Europe


HIST 484. 19th–Century European Civilization, 1815–1914


HIST 486. Europe Since 1914


HIST 487. World War II


HIST 488. The Holocaust in Global Context


HIST 489. Selected Topics in World History 2


IBUS 298I. Special Topics in International Business (Salamanca only)


SMAD/SCOM/WRTC 360L. British Media and Society


POSC 344. Politics of the European Union 3


POSC 345. Politics of Western Europe 3


POSC 346. Politics of Central and Eastern Europe 3


POSC 371. Topics in Comparative Politics 2, 3


POSC 371S. Comparative Politics: Spain/US


POSC/SCOM/SMAD 472L. Media and Politics (London only)



1 This course is taught every other fall on campus and is occasionally offered as part of JMU's short–term Study Abroad Summer Program in Berlin.

2 This course may only be used in the minor when its topic is relevant to the minor. Questions should be directed to the minor coordinator.

3 This course may not be double–counted toward the minor.