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Research Library

Munitions Reference

Name Description Type Specs
AREA DENIAL ARTILLERY MUNITIONS (ADAM) These are scatterable, antidisturbance or self-destruct fired, bounding antipersonnel (apers) mines. The ADAM mines are ejected from a 155-MM (M731 or M692) projectile. They are used for area denial and are designed to self-destruct at 4 hours or at 48 hours after deployment. The mine with the long self-destruct time is ejected from the M692 projectile and the mine with the short self-destruct time is ejected from the M731 projectile. Each projectile contains 36 mines. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 59mm Length: 67mm Weight: 413.9g Explosive: 21g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: RDX
"Giant Shotgun" 17/6C fragmentation mine Diameter: 302mm Length: 150mm Weight: 8kg Explosive: 5kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
100Cr6 chrome steel balls High carbon high chrome steel balls, or alloy steel ball, which has its enhanced properties because of the presence larger proportions of special alloying elements such as chromium, manganese and silicon. fragmenting material
100-MM Antitank mines are used to immobilize or destroy tanks or other vehicles. They are usually emplaced on or slightly below the ground surface. Ordinarily they detonate by the application of 300 to 400 pounds pressure on the pressure fuze; however, the actuation pressure may be modified to produce detonation from lighter pressure, such as running soldiers. Present antitank mines contain 12 to 30 pounds of high explosive. anti-tank mine Diameter: 100mm Length: 309.8mm Weight: 2.7kg Explosive: 1.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
12 & PRAC 12 This is a directional, fragmentation antipersonnel (apers) landmine. It can be electrically initiated or non-electrically initiated by a pull fuze. It can be used as a controlled-fired mine in offensive or defensive situations. The practice mine is identical in appearance and functioning to the combat mine, but contains a dummy charge. fragmentation mine Diameter: 170mm Length: 100mm Weight: 3kg Range: 10m
150-MM This Vietnamese landmine is used against tanks, it is 150-mm in diameter. anti-tank mine Diameter: 150mm Length: 365.7mm Weight: 6.16kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
1948 APERS LANDMINE The total weight is unknown at this time. The landmine contains 1.70 grams (6.0 ounces) of TNT or ammonium nitrate. anti-personnel Diameter: 110mm Length: 66mm Explosive: 1.7g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
200-MM The mine is set below the ground and when a tank or vehicle passes over the mine, the weight of the tank or vehicle pushes down the standoff and enables the body to break the iron bolt restraining the firing pin. The spring then pushes the firing pin against the detonator which detonates the mine. This Vietnamese landmine is used against tanks, it is 200-mm in diameter. anti-tank mine Diameter: 200mm Length: 431mm Weight: 7.48kg Explosive: 7.48kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
4.4-LB (METAL, AT) These are metallic blast landmines which use pressure-initiated fuzes. Although they are antitank (AT) landmines, they can be converted for use against personnel by replacing the fuzes shearwire with a lighter one. anti-tank mine Diameter: 208mm Length: 69mm Weight: 3.5kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
4.5 KG (METAL, AT) The 4.5 kg antitank mine is a simple, ruggedly constructed, pressure-activated blast mine. Three fuzes are placed in the fuze wells and a cover plate is installed when the mine is laid. The pressure plate must be crushed to function the fuzes. Two carrying handles are provided to aid in transportation. The mine is used in a conventional manner against wheeled and tracked vehicles. anti-tank mine Diameter: 254mm Weight: 6.5kg Explosive: 4.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
43 & 43 (T) (CONCRETE) The only difference between the Model 43 and Model 43 (T) is a TNT main charge. These are high-explosive, fragmentation, antipersonnel (apers) landmines. They use a pull-actuated fuze containing a spring-loaded cocked firing pin. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 109mm Length: 230mm Weight: 6kg Explosive: 580g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: HBX
5-KG (AT, HEMISPHERICAL) The mine is hemispherical in shape. It is equipped with a straight projection to which a pole may be lashed, and with four eyelets to which lines may be attached. The mine is detonated by the same fuze as that used in the type 99 magnetic A/TK mine. No specimens of this mine were found outside of the Japanese homeland, very few of them having been produced. It is a suicide weapon, intended to be placed against an armored vehicle either by hand or by means of a pole or lines. The 5 kg. hemispherical A/TK mine is a weapon designed to help overcome the shortage of A/TK weapons and armored vehicles which the Japanese forces experienced during the war. anti-tank mine Weight: 5kg Range: 20m
60MM LM Mortar ammunition is considered semi-fixed because the propelling charge is adjustable. On 60mm rounds, bags of granular or horseshoe-shaped propellant are attached to the fins or boom. All 60mm mortar rounds, except training rounds, have three major components - a fuze, body, and tail fin with propulsion system assembly. projectile
76 mm M1A1, M1A1C, or M1A2 (ON THE M18 HELLCAT) When it entered the battlefields of Europe in the summer of 1944, the M-18 Hellcat was the latest in tank destroyer technology. The big 76 mm main gun proved effective against enemy tanks. self propelled gun
9.9-LB (METAL, AT) These are metallic blast landmines which use pressure-initiated fuzes. Although they are antitank (AT) landmines, they can be converted for use against personnel by replacing the fuzes shearwire with a lighter one. anti-tank mine Diameter: 254mm Length: 76mm Weight: 6.5kg Explosive: 4.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
90mm Gun M3 (90mm Gun Motor Carriage M36) The 90mm Gun Motor Carriage M36 used the powerful 90mm gun M3 to outmaneuver and destroy heavier armor. self propelled gun
A.V.M. The warhead, which consists of explosives packed behind a heavy plate, is mounted on a stand to aid in aiming. When the mine is detonated, the plate is formed into a slug and propelled toward the target by the explosives. The mine can either be functioned by an IR fuze or command detonated. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Weight: 30kg Explosive:20kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
A/E 25P-1 (MLU-54E); AND TRAINING UNIT, A/E 25P-1 (T-1) The MLU-54E is a remotely-controlled, concealed (buried), pop-up, high-explosive, fragmenting, antipersonnel landmine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 140mm Length: 914mm Weight: 9.1kg Explosive: 510g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Astrolite G-1 (Liquid Explosive)
ACL 89 The ACL 89 is an advanced side-attack mine under development by France. This mine is essentially a AB-92 shoulder fired infantry antitank weapon mounted on a tripod attached to a sensor package. The mine uses acoustic sensors to identify approaching targets and to turn on the secondary IR sensor. When a valid target passes into the field of view of the sensor, the rocket is fired, destroying the target. anti-tank mine Diameter: 112mm Length: 1100mm Range: 20m
ACPM This is an undetectable, antitank track mine that can be laid or buried either mechanically or by hand. It includes a reversible time-delay arming device and has an opening for an anti-handling device. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 105mm Explosive: 6kg Range: 400m
ADDER This mine is essentially a LAW 80 shoulder fired infantry antitank weapon mounted on a tripod attached to a sensor package. The mine uses acoustic sensors to identify approaching targets and to turn on the secondary IR sensor. When a valid target passes into the field of view of the sensor, the rocket is fired, destroying the target. The addition of a remote arming and disarming feature is among a number of fuze enhancements under consideration. The ADDER is an advanced side-attack mine under development by the UK. anti-tank mine Diameter: 94mm Length: 1.5m Weight: 9kg Range:20m
AHM The mine has a dual acoustic/IR sensor and a multiple explosively formed penetrator (EFP) warhead. After the mine is emplaced, the acoustic sensor listens for a valid noise signature. The mine then aims the warhead toward the noise and turns on the IR sensor which is located coaxially with the warhead. The mine is detonated when the IR sensor acquires a valid target. The EFPs have sufficient energy to do significant damage to a helicopter. The AHM is an antihelicopter mine being developed by Ferranti International of the UK. anti-helicopter mine Range: 20m
AKS This is an antitank mine. The interior of this mine is similar to that of the former Soviet TM-38. When the tilt rod is added, the overall height of the munition is 850 mm. One side of the casing has a sliding door that allows access to the fuze. A safety pin is inserted in the base of the tilt-rod mast to prevent premature detonation. anti-tank mine Length: 215mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 6.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
ALARM This small inconspicuous landmine is for general perimeter defense use. It is easy to set. The device comprises a mortar type body containing the flare projectile, expulsion charge, and firing mechanism together with a mounting bracket to a post or tree, etc. and the trip wire made fast at a suitable point. Tripping the wire will withdraw the actuating pin and fire the flare which rises to a height of 10 meters (330 feet) and gives a loud report. alarm mine Diameter: 27mm Length: 50mm Explosive: 28g Range: 20m
ALCM-82 The North Korean ALCM-83 (antilanding-craft mine) appears to be an improved copy of the former Soviet PDM-1M mine. The North Koreans have replaced the steel ballast plate with long rods. This should provide adequate stability while decreasing the overall weight of the mine. The mine is large enough to seriously damage conventional landing crafts and hovercrafts. These mines are to be used in an integrated coastal defense which will include deep-water mines, antitank and antipersonnel mines on the beach, and hedge hogs, wire and other obstacles in the water and on the beach. antilanding-craft mine Diameter: 1.9m Length: 210mm Weight: 36kg Explosive: 14.5kg Range: 500m
ALKAAKAA/16 demolition mine N.E.W.: 26,000lb
AL-MUTHENA/35 Moored/drifting, contact. naval mine Height: 610mm Width: 550mm N.E.W.: 35kg
AL-MUTHENA/45 Moored/drifting, contact. naval mine Height: 627mm Width: 2.3m N.E.W.: 45kg
ALUMINUM ANTI-TANK MINE During the World War II Old German campaigns in North Africa, an officer named Major Thomas designed an antitank mine that was fabricated locally in Tunis from scrap aluminum. This obsolete antitank mine was identified as the aluminum antitank mine. Each fuze well penetrated a 200-gram TNT booster charge. The remainder of the main explosive charge was the gray powder explosive cheddite. Directly under the removable mine lid were three fuze wells intended for holding either T.MI.Z.35 or T.MI.Z.42 mine fuzes. This mine was not found anywhere other than North Africa. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Weight: 7.5kg Explosive: 4.1kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Cheddite
AMS The mine does not have any fuze wells but it does have an internal battery. This small mine is most often used with a supplementary charge as an antivehicle mine. It consists of a wooden case, a battery, a circuit with two switches, a remote arming cord, and a tripwire. The primary firing device is a tension/tension release switch. The contact is positioned halfway between two firing points. Tension on the tripwire closes the circuit in one direction. Tension release, combined with a spring, closes the circuit in the other direction. During placement, a spring-loaded arming switch is held open by a cord. For remote arming, the cord is released. The cover of the mine case is hinged, and a trap door on one side of the mine case provides access to the arming switch. anti-vehicular mine Explosive: 400g Ramge: 30g Explosive/filler type: TNT
ANTI-MATERIAL, ANTI-HELICOPTER WITH FUZE This is an anti-material, anti-helicopter landmine. anti-material/anti-helicopter mine Diameter: 51mm Length: 470mm Range: 20m
ANTIPERSONNEL (1 LB, BAKELITE) The igniter used has a spring-loaded striker held in the cocked position by a trip-key, and has a cap and detonator leading into the main charge. The lid of the mine has, in one end, a slot which fits around the striker and rests on the trip-key. This an anti-personnel landmine. These two mines are similar except that one case is bakelite and the other is wood. The igniter used has a spring-loaded striker held in the cocked position by a trip-key, and has a cap and detonator leading into the main charge. The lid of the mine has, in one end, a slot which fits around the striker and rests on the trip-key. The mine also contains metal fragmentation plates on three sides of the charge. The mine is made of bakelite. fragmentation mine Length: 140mm Weight: 907g Explosive: 150g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
ANTIPERSONNEL/MATERIAL, INCENDIARY This is an antipersonnel (apers)/materiel incendiary landmine. The fuze is pull-release actuated. antipersonnel/materiel incendiary landmine Diameter: 32mm Length: 102mm Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: thermite
ANTI-TIRE WITH FUZE This mine has been discovered frequently in France. It was first reported to be of German origin and labeled the "Ointment Box Mine". This mine is designed for use by the airborne forces. It will be found laid in fields, along the edges of roads, or in other conspicuous places where the foot soldier or light transport is likely to go. The charge is sufficient to blow off a mans foot or rupture the tire of a vehicle. The mine can easily be detected by any type of mine detector. anti-personnel/anti-vehicular mine Diameter: 50.8mm Weight: 141.7g Explosive: 56.7g Range: 50m
AP MINE (SEMICIRCLE, ELONGATED) This is a APERS, fragmentation landmine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 127mm Length: 254mm Range: 20m
AP MINE FOR M131 MODULAR PACK MINE SYSTEM (MOPMS) The mine is a metal cylinder that houses the electronic and warhead components. The cylinder is encased by a spring finger assembly which aids in preventing the mine from settling on its side. Early models had finger tips bent at 90 degrees which would fold over the top of the mine; later models do not have the bent finger tips. One end cover contains an off-center hole for the borerider pin and four tripline ports, located 90 degrees apart. The other end cover contains only three tripline ports. This is a surface-delivered, bi-directional electro-magnetically armed apers landmine. It is delivered by a surface-placed M131 MOPMS mine system. The mine is fired by tripline sensors, physical movement, low-voltage detection, timer malfunction, or self-destruct timers. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 121mm Length: 66mm Weight: 1.6kg Explosive: 325g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Composition B-4
AP MINE FOR M139 MULTIPLE DELIVERY MINE SYSTEM (VOLCANO) The mine is a metal cylinder which houses the electronic and warhead components. The cylinder is encased by a spring finger assembly which aids in preventing the mine from settling on its side. The fingers may or may not be notched. Early models had finger tips bent at 90 degree and would fold over the top of the mine. Later models do not have the bent finger tips and cutout notch. A BRT is bonded to the borerider end of the mine and mounts over the safe and arming (S&A) device borerider. It retains the borerider pin during arming and provides a safe separation delay. Both end covers have four tripline ports, located 90 degree apart. This is a surface- or air-delivered, free-fall, bi-directional electro-magnetically armed apers landmine. It is delivered by a vehicular or helicopter mounted M139 Multiple Delivery Mine System. The mine is fired by tripline sensors, physical movement, low voltage detection, timer malfunction, or self-destruct timers. It is used, along with companion AT mines, in the Volcano mine anti-personnel mine Diameter: 121mm Length: 66mm Weight: 1.6kg Explosive: 408g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Composition B-4
AP MINE WITH REVERSE-ACTION FUZE K7 This is an anti-personnel landmine. The landmine resembles an hand grenade. The fuze works in reverse action. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 81.3mm Length: 172.7mm Range: 20m
AP NM M14 The Indian AP NM M-14 is a copy of the US M14 pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, a belleville spring is inverted, snapping the striker into the detonator and setting off the mine. anti-personnel blast mine Range: 10m
APAJAX The APAJAX is an advanced side-attack mine under development by the UK. This mine is essentially an APILAS shoulder fired infantry antitank weapon mounted on a tripod attached to a AJAX sensor package. The mine uses acoustic sensors to identify approaching targets and to turn on the secondary IR sensor. When a valid target passes into the field of view of the sensor, the rocket is fired, destroying the target. The addition of a remote arming and disarming feature is among a number of fuze enhancements under consideration. anti-tank mine Diameter: 115mm Length: 1.1m Weight: 15kg Explosive: 1.5kg Range: 100m
APERS, BLAST (SCHU-TYPE) This is a high-explosive (HE), blast, antipersonnel (apers) landmine with a pressure-actuated firing mechanism. The mine is painted olive green and has black markings on the bottom of the body. The body and cover are wood. The firing mechanism is aluminum and the detonator is copper. The weight of the mine is unknown. The cover is secured to the body by the nail hinges. The back of the cover is cut away to permit full opening of the cover. The explosive is wrapped in wax paper. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 221mm Length: 91mm Explosive: 200g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
APILAS This is an off-route antitank (AT) landmine with a sensor-controlled rocket launcher containing a 112-millimeter (4.41-inch) AT rocket with a shaped charge warhead. The battery-operated sensor provides passive infrared (IR) with acoustic or acoustic plus seismic detection. Control options include: a selectable active life up to 60 days; self-destruction at the end of the active life; an anti-handling feature; target-type selection according to size and infrared signature; and target distance selection. The mine is used against armored vehicles. anti-tank mine Diameter: 112mm Length: 1000mm Weight: 12kg Explosive: 2.4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
APILAS-APA The APILAS-APA is a side-attack mine under development by France. This mine is essentially a APILAS shoulder fired infantry antitank weapon mounted on a tripod and attached to a breakwire sensor package. When a target breaks the sensor wire, the rocket is fired, destroying the target. anti-tank mine Diameter: 115mm Length: 1100mm Weight: 15kg Explosive: 1.5kg Range: 100m
APM 1 The mine has a total of 290 steel balls 5 mm in diameter in front of the sheet of Composition B explosive charge. fragmentation mine Diameter: 40mm Length: 140mm Weight: 1kg Explosive: 360g Explosive/filler type: Composition B
APM 19 The mine has two detonator wells located on either side of the top of the mine. The mine is positioned on the ground using two pairs of scissor legs located on either side of the mines body. The mine can be initiated either with a tripwire fuze or command detonated. Upon detonation, the mines 923 steel ball fragments 4.7 mm in diameter are launched in a greater than 548 degree arc away from the mine. At 50 meters the number of fragments per square meter is 5 or greater. fragmentation mine Diameter: 35mm Length: 230 Weight: 1.90kg Explosive: 900g Explosive/filler type: Composition B
APM 2 The mine is positioned on the ground using two pairs of scissor legs located on either side of the mine body to allow for dual priming of the mine. The mine has a total of 1450 steel balls 5 mm in diameter placed in front of the sheet of Composition B explosive charge. fragmentation mine Diameter: 40mm Length: 315mm Weight: 2.95kg Explosive: 1.3kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B-4
APM 29 The mine has two detonator wells located on either side of the top of the mine. The mine is positioned on the ground using two pairs of scissor legs located on wither side of the mines body. The mine can be initiated either with a tripwire or command detonated. Upon detonation, the mines 923 steel fragments, 5.6 mm in diameter, are launched in a greater than 58 degree arc away from the mine. At 50 meters the number of fragments per square meter is 5 or greater. fragmentation mine Diameter: 45mm Length: 265mm Weight: 2.90kg Explosive: 1.45kg
APM 3 The tripwire has electrical initiation or a time fuze setting from 1 minute to 24 hours. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 140mm Weight: 2.10kg Explosive: 1.20kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
AT 3A The AT 3A is a direct copy of the British barmine. It is a relatively simple, pressure-activated, large, blast antitank mine. Although the British make both single and double impulse pressure, tilt-rod, and influence fuzes for the barmine, the AT 3A has been advertised with only the single impulse pressure fuze. anti-tank mine Length: 1210mm Weight: 11kg Explosive: 8kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Hexogen
AT LANDMINE (SHAPED CHARGE, NONMETALLIC) This nonmetallic mine is used against heavy and medium combat vehicles. In snow, the fuze is adjustable to function under less than standard pressure by the omission of the pressure cap. anti-tank mine Diameter: 297mm Weight: 5.4kg Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
AT MINE FOR M131 MODULAR PACK MINE SYSTEM (MOPMS) The mine is a metal cylinder which houses the electronics and warhead components. The cylinder is encased by a spring finger assembly which aids in preventing the mine from settling on its side. Earlier models had finger tips bent at 90 degrees to fold over the top of the mine; later models do not have the bent finger tips. There is an off center hole on one end cover of the mine for the bore-rider pin. This is a surface-delivered, bi-directional-ballistic-disk (Misznay-Schardin) electro-mechanically armed magnetic influence- or self-destruct fired, landmine which is delivered by a surface placed M131 MOPMS. scatterable munitions Diameter: 121mm Length: 66mm Weight: 1.9kg Explosive: 594g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: PBX
AT MINE FOR M139 MULTIPLE DELIVERY MINE SYSTEM (VOLCANO) The mine is a metal cylinder which houses the electronics and warhead components. The cylinder is encased by a spring finger assembly which aids in preventing the mine from settling on its side. The fingers may or may not be notched. Early models had finger tips bent at 90 degree and would fold over the top of the mine. Later models do not have the bent finger tips and cutout notch. A BRT is bonded to the borerider end of the mine and mounts over the safe and arming (S&A) device borerider. It retains the borerider pin during arming and provides a safe separation delay. This is a surface- or air-delivered, free-fall, bi-directional-ballistic-disc (Misznay-Schardin) electro-mechanically armed, magnetic influence- or self-destruct fired, landmine which is delivered by a vehicular- or helicopter-mounted M139 Multiple Delivery Mine System. It is used, along with companion apers mines, in the Volcano mine system to rapidly create scatterable minefields; emplace protective, point, interdictive, and tactical minefiel scatterable munitions Diameter: 121mm Length: 66mm Weight: 1.9kg Explosive: 594g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: RDX
AT-1A The mine has one fuze well. The AT-1A antitank mine is a simple, ruggedly constructed, pressure activated blast mine. While the mine is advertised as non-detectable, there are several metal components in the fuze which make the mine somewhat detectable. A cloth carrying handle is provided to aid in transportation. A training version of the mine is also produced. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Height: 152mm Weight: 7.3kg Explosive: 6.8kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
ATIS The mine does not have any fuze wells. The ATIS mine is advertised as a new generation of mine which has a dual shaped charge warhead and an intelligent influence fuze. The fuze uses a seismic-magnetic sensor to determine the speed of the approaching vehicle and establish the vehicles front edge so the mine can consistently detonate under the center portion of the vehicle. The fuzes processor also decreased the possibility that the mine will function if the vehicle passes adjacent to, rather than directly over, the mine. anti-tank mine Weight: 5.5kg Range: 10m
ATM-41 The mine is a larger version of the U.S.S.R. TM 41 mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 265mm Length: 145mm Weight: 5.4kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
ATM-46 This mine is a copy of the former Soviet TM-46 mine. The mine consists of a sheet-metal body with carrying handle, an explosive charge, and a diaphragm to separate the pressure plate and explosive charge. Although not expected to be fielded by North Korea, there is a truncated, tilt-rod fuze designed for use in the former Soviet version of this mine. The mines can be emplaced mechanically, though the lack of a delayed-armed fuze makes the operation hazardous unless the mines are fuzed after they are emplaced. A nearly identical companion mine, with an added antidisturbance fuze well on the bottom, is the former Soviet TMN-46. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Weight: 8.6kg Explosive: 5.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
ATM-6 This is a manually emplaced, off-route, antitank landmine that uses an explosively formed penetrator as a kill mechanism. The mine may be initiated by command, contact wire, or an influence-type fuzing system. anti-tank mine Diameter: 184mm Length:275mm Weight: 13kg Explosive: 7kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
ATM-7 The warhead, which consists of explosives packed behind a heavy plate, is mounted on a stand to aid in aiming. When the mine is detonated, the plate is formed into a slug and propelled toward the target by the explosives. The mine can use either a breakwire or IR fuze, or can it can be command detonated. anti-tank mine Diameter: 180mm Length: 180mm Width: 14kg Explosive: 9kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
ATM-L-84 The total weight is unknown at this time. anti-vehicle mine Diameter: 150mm Length: 90mm Explosive: 1.5kg Range: 400m
AUPS (BLAST) The AUPS antipersonnel blast mine has additional uses for sabotage and demolition, in water against swimmers, and as a boobytrap. This Italian mine has an interchangeable fuze system that allows the use of a pressure fuze, a pull fuze, or a hydrostatic fuze. Because the only metal components are the firing pin tip and a small spring, detection by an electronic mine detector is difficult. A stake and serrated fragmentation jacket converts this mine into an antipersonnel fragmentation mine with a 10-meter lethal radius. The mine is described as capable of being laid by manual ground emplacement or low-altitude aircraft scattering. Difficult to detect. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 102mm Height: 36mm Weight: 300g Explosive: 115g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
AUPS-BRIND It is a blast type mine and has an effective blast radius of 3 to 5 meters. The firing pin is the only metallic component. The mine is used for sabotage and destruction in water against divers and as a boobytrap device. It may be emplaced by hand or dropped from aircraft. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 122mm Weight: 297g Explosive: 108g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
AUS 15/50 The mine has one fuze well but no power source. The AUS 15/50 is an Italian fragmentation mine. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine the fuze is functioned, detonating the charge which propels the fragments in an upward cone. The range of this type of mine is limited since the mine does not bound into the air before it detonates. fragmentation mine Diameter: 125mm Weight: 1.7kg Explosive: 140g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
AUS 50/5 There are no known characteristics which distinguish the practice mine from the service mine. These are bounding, fragmentation, antipersonnel (apers) landmines which are actuated by either a PS-51 or an ACS-52 pressure/pull fuze. fragmentation mine Diameter: 127mm Length: 145mm Weight: 1.4kg Explosive: 147g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
AVM 100 Although it is advertised as a weapon for light skinned vehicles, it can also be used in an antipersonnel role. The mine is mounted on a tripod, has a top mounted view sight, and can be initiated by a variety of methods such as a breakwire or IR fuze, or command detonation. The fragments have sufficient power to penetrate 6 mm of armoured steel at 50 meters and 2 mm of mild steel at 150 meters. This mine is known to have been exported. fragmentation mine Diameter: 65mm Length: 410mm Weight: 10kg Explosive: 5.4kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
AVM 195 Although it is advertised as a weapon for light skinned vehicles, it can also be used in an antipersonnel role. The mine is mounted on a tripod, has a top mounted view sight and can be initiated be a variety of methods. The fragments have sufficient power to penetrate 6 mm of armored steel at 50 meters and 2 mm of mild steel at 150 meters. This mine is known to have been exported. fragmentation mine Diameter: 70mm Length: 620mm Weight: 19.50kg Explosive: 10.30kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
B MK 1 The Egyptians purchased patent rights on the SACI 54/7 antitank mine which they produced as the Mine 3 Mark I. This antitank mine contains 7.0 kg of TNT with a total mine weigh of 8.23 kg. This mine can be equipped with the ACS 52 antidisturbance fuze which operates by pressure on the pressure plate or by lifting or twisting the mine body. Mines equipped with this fuze should be blown in place since the ACS 52 cannot be disarmed. The anchor for this fuze protrudes through the bottom secondary fuze well. anti-tank mine Diameter: 282mm Height: 205mm Weight: 8.23kg Explosive: 7kg Explosive/filler type: TNT
B-2 At the ends of the box are charges, each consisting of eight 200-gram slabs of TNT. On the underside of the lid are welded two short lengths of steel tube to fit into the springs; two similar lengths of tube are welded on the base of the box; all four serve to locate the springs. The explosive compartments and the foundation of the ignition mechanism are wood. In the center of the lid, a knife is located directly above the guides. Through these guides passes a tension wire, fastening the striker to a brass adjustable hook. The striker mechanism consists of a body with a slot for the percussion cap and holder, and the striker and spring. The nut retains one end of the spring; the thread takes the nut which retains the detonator (open and toward the percussion cap), a short length of F.I.D., and a long length of D.I.D. connecting the detonator with a second charge. A detent with a spring provides against premature firing in the event of damage to the tension wire, and, when the lid is depressed, insures normal anti-tank mine Length: 1067mm Width: 127mm Height: 127mm Weight: 15g Explosive: 3.64g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
B-40 (ROUND) The fuze is placed in the slit of the bamboo body and the detonator end is inserted into the well of the B-40 round. The plunger rests on the winged retaining pin of the fuze. The mine is wrapped in plastic with a bamboo mine marker tied with an overhead knot beside it. This antivehicular mine consist of a B-40 round minus the fin section, a bamboo body and plunger, and a Soviet MUV pull fuze. anti-vehicular Diameter: 48mm Length: 254mm Weight: 1.22kg Explosive: 544g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
BABY CLAYMORE This is an anti-personnel, command detonated landmine, claymore type. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 114mm Length: 86mm Explosive: 198g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Unspecified
BANGALORE, LIGHT CASE These bangalore torpedoes are high explosive and blast, and use a pull-friction time fuze. They are classed as light case and heavy case; the heavy-case type is further divided into three subtypes, depending on construction and size. These bangalore torpedoes are used to breach barbed wire entanglements and minefields, and may also be used as demolition charges, mines, or boobytraps. bangalore mine Diameter: 53.34mm Length: 990.6mm Range: 20m
BANGALORE, SUBTYPE 1 These bangalore torpedoes are high explosive and blast, and use a pull-friction time fuze. They are classed as light case and heavy case; the heavy-case type is further divided into three subtypes, depending on construction and size. These bangalore torpedoes are used to breach barbed wire entanglements and minefields, and may also be used as demolition charges, mines, or boobytraps. bangalore mine Diameter: 33mm Length: 998mm Range: 20m
BANGALORE, SUBTYPE 3 Subtype III is an explosive-filled length of pipe with internal and external threads on opposing ends. Therefore, it does not require a coupling for joining the lengths or for attaching the fuze. Either an ogival- or a cup-shaped cap may close the forward end. These bangalore torpedoes are high explosive and blast, and use a pull-friction time fuze. They are classed as light case and heavy case; the heavy-case type is further divided into three subtypes, depending on construction and size. These bangalore torpedoes are used to breach barbed wire entanglements and minefields, and may also be used as demolition charges, mines, or boobytraps. bangalore mine Diameter: 36mm Length: 1.19m Range: 20m
BARMINE The British L 9 is also known as the barmine because of its distinctive shape. It is a relatively simple, pressure-activated, large, blast antitank mine. The usual fuze can operate both as single and double impulse pressure fuze. New fuzes including full-width mechanical, influence single and double impulse, and antidisturbance are now available. The plastic body does limit the total metal content to fuze components. A copy of the L 9 is made in India as the AT 3A. anti-tank mine Length: 1.2m Width: 108mm Height: 82mm Weight: 10.4kg Explosive: 8.1kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
BAT/7 BAT/7 is an influence fired antitank landmine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 270mm Length: 160mm Weight: 5.6kg Explosive: 3.6kg Range: 100m
MAP-1 anti-personnel mine Weight:200gr Color: Olive Green Content of Explosive: Pentolite, 60gr
BEEHIVE The mine is hemispherical in shape and its surface is uniformly serrated. The central hole in the top of the mine is internally threaded to receive one of two fuze adapters. The first adapter takes either the plastic fuze used in the type 3 (A) ceramic and type 3 (B) wooden landmines, or the type 88 instantaneous artillery fuze from which the centrifugal detents have been removed. The second adapter is constructed to take the fuze employed in the type 93 tape measure mine. Both the serrations of the mine case and the thickness of the wall (3/8 inch) indicate that this mine was to be used as an antipersonnel weapon. This is an Antipersonnel mine. anti-personnel Diameter: 203mm Length: 114mm Weight: 7.7kg Explosive: 2.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
BETEL-BOX This is an antipersonnel, anti-material landmine. The mine body is cement. anti-material/anti-personnel mine Diameter: 203.2mm Length: 228.6mm Weight: 5.89kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
BLU-26/B, BLU-36/B, BLU-59/B, & BLU-36(T-1)/B These are all small, aerial dispensed, centrifugal armed, high-explosive fragmentation bombs. The bombs all consist of two hemispheres held together by a crimp ring. The BLU-26/B bombs are impact-fired and the BLU-36/B and BLU-59/B bombs are time-delay-fired. The BLU-26(T-1)/B and BLU-36(T-1)/B are training versions of the BLU-26/B and BLU-36/B, respectively. These training bombs contain a live fuze but no main charge, and are used for fuze reliability testing and establishing delivery tactics. The outer wall has a weakened area which ruptures when the fuze functions. scatterable munitions Diameter: 64mm Weight: 454g Explosive: 85g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: Cyclotol
BLU-91/B GATOR The mine is a metal cylinder which houses the electronic and warhead components. The cylinder is encased by a plastic aeroballistic adapter to enhance mine dispersion at release and reduce ground impact force by slowing freefall. A bore-rider pin/housing is located slightly offcenter on only one cover. The pin is retained in the compressed position by a bore-rider retaining clip until release. The opposite cover is blank. This is an air-delivered, free-fall, bi-directional-ballistic-disk (Misznay-Schardin), electromechanically armed, magnetic influence- or self-destruct fired, antitank/antivehicular (AT/AV) landmine. It is used, along with its companion apers mine, for rapid, large-scale mining, with the potential of being delivered deep behind enemy lines. anti-vehicular/anti-tank mine Length: 146mm Width: 127mm Height: 66mm Weight: 1.95kg Explosive: 584g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: RDX / Estane
BLU-92/B GATOR The mine is a metal cylinder which houses the electronic and warhead components. The cylinder is encased by a plastic aeroballistic adapter to enhance mine dispersion at release and reduce ground impact force by slowing free fall. A bore rider pin/housing is located slightly off-center on only one cover. The pin is retained in the compressed position by a bore rider retaining clip until release. The opposite cover is blank. Both covers have four tripline ports, located 90 degrees apart. The BLU-92/B (Gator) is an air-delivered, free-fall, bi-directional electromechanically armed antipersonnel (apers) landmine. It is fired by tripline sensors or self-destruct timers. However, some units have an additional antidisturbance feature. This mine is used for rapid large-scale mining, with the potential of being delivered deep behind enemy lines. It is designed to disrupt and disorganize troops, deny utilization of key areas, and thwart mine clearance operations. anti-personnel mine Length: 146mm Width: 127mm Height: 66mm Weight: 1.68kg Explosive: 421g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Composition B-4
BLU-97 One of the most common submunitions. Behaves like frag mines. submunition Diameter: 64mm Height: 280mm Weight: 1,540g Range: 40m Explosive: 287g
BM/85 The mine is fired by pull/pressure or by an electric igniter. This mine fuze is similar to the fuze used with the Italian landmine VS-T. anti-personnel Diameter: 120mm Length: 200mm Weight: 2kg Explosive: 540g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
BMZ-1 It also has a magnetic base for use in attaching it to metal surfaces and two lead- strip-delay, percussion fuzes on top of the dome. The BMZ-1 appears to be a replica of the British Limpet mine, one million of which were sent to the USSR in World War II. limpet mine Diameter: 247mm Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
BPM-2 The BPM-2 is probably a product improvement of the BPM mine. It is donut-shaped with 11 magnets mounted on its base. The mine is detonated when its spring-loaded striker is released and impinges on the detonator. The striker is retained by two lead strips, which, because of the spring tension, fail by metal fatigue. Arming occurs after 5 to 20 minutes, and detonation occurs between 5 minutes and 832 hours. It is not known whether this delayed detonation can be determined by the user or is random. An antiremoval device incorporated in the mine will detonate if it is removed more than 10 mm from the target surface. limpet mine Diameter: 305mm Weight: 6.4kg Explosive: 2.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Tritonal
BRICK (INCENDIARY) The incendiary brick is ignited in various ways, all of which are alike in principle. One method is to pour sulphuric acid and glycerine into a thin rubber tube which is weakened at one point to allow the acid to burn through quickly. When the acid burns through the tube, it drips onto a small amount of potassium permangenate which ignites the brick. This device is a skillful imitation of a standard, glazed building brick to which it is comparable in size, weight, and appearance. The brick is wax coated with paint to give it a realistic finish and so allow it to be carried about without detection. There is no pocket for insertion of an igniter. Incendiary mixture: Potassium chlorate, sulphur, ground coal or sugar, iron fillings and wax. incendiary mine Weight: 1kg Range:20m Explosive/filler type: Incendiary Mix
BTU (HE-RFL-35 X 40MM) This is a high explosive rifle grenade with an impact nose fuze. The grenade has a bullet trap fin assembly. grenade Diameter: 40mm Length: 288mm Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Un-specified
C-3-A / C-3-B The C3B antitank mine is the follow-on mine to the C3A mine. This is a relatively simple, pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 290mm Height: 60mm Weight: 5.7kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT - RDX - A1
C3A1 The C3A1 is a Canadian-produced blast/shape-charge antipersonnel mine. The C3A1 is nicknamed the ELSIE. The mines pointed end is pushed into the ground so as only to expose the top portion of the mine. The shipping plug is removed and the charge assembly with safety clip is inserted into the mine body assembly. Once emplaced into the ground, the safety collar of the mine is removed to arm the mine. Mine will actuate when 7-12 kg force is applied. Upon activation, an explosive charge will detonate sending explosively formed penetrator upward. This mine is in service with the Canadian and British Army. The US and Japanese copy of this mine is called the M25 and Type 67, respectively. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 50mm Length: 89mm Weight: 78kg Explosive: 7.6g Explosive/filler type: TNT
C-5 Similar model to the Italian SB-81, Portuguese M/453, and the Iranian YM II. anti-tank mine Height: 90mm Width: 230mm N.E.W.: 2.20kg
CBU-58/B CBU-58/Bs are aerial aircraft cluster bombs containing 650 BLU-63 bomblets that were developed in the early 1960s and supplied by the United States These unguided bomblets can contain titanium pellets, making them incendiary weapons. dispenser type munitions Diameter: 16in Length: 93in Weight: 800lbs
CBU-87/B The CBU-87/B combined effects munition is a dispenser type munition consisting of a SUU-65B canister containing 202 BLU-97/B armor piercing shaped charged bomblets. These bomblets provide fragmentation as well as incendiary effects. After weapon release, special canted fins are deployed, which cause the bomb to spin. The spinning can be varied to produced different pattern sizes. The munition is equipped with one FZU-39/B proximity sensor. This fuse can be used as a timer fuse or a radar prosimity sensor fuse. Typical targets include light armor, vehicles, materials, and personnel. dispenser type munitions
CBU99/CBU-100 Each Rockeye bomb contains 247 Mk 118 submunitions. Rockeyes, which were developed in the 1950s, were also used in great numbers in the Vietnam War. The number of Rockeye bombs currently in the U.S. arsenal is unknown, but is still believed to be high. Rockeye bomb (cluster munitions)
CC 48 The mine has two fuze wells and no power source. The CC 48 is an Italian wooden box antitank mine. The distinctive feature that differentiates this mine from earlier wooden box antitank mines is the one-piece cast TNT linear shaped-charge as explosive fill (rather than individual blocks of explosive). The CC 48 is more efficient in breaking tracks than its predecessors, the CS 42/2 or CS 42/3, hence its much smaller explosive weight. The CC 48 consists of a wooden box with dove-tailed corner joints, a lid with pressure block, two 42/2 pressure fuzes, and the cast TNT shaped-charge. Pressure on the pressure block breaks the mine lid, allowing standoff blocks under the lid to push down on one or both of the fuzes. A shear collar in the fuze collapses, allowing a plunger and striker pin to impinge on a detonator. anti-tank mine Length: 290mm Weight: 4kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 1m Explosive/filler type: Cast TNT
CETME The mine has a complicated, dual functioning fuzing system. When sufficient pressure is applied to crush the pressure plate, a glass vial in the chemical fuze breaks, letting the liquid spill onto an ignition compound, functioning the mine. The mine will also function if the ground overburden is removed from the pressure plate. Here, the spring-loaded pressure plate rises, causing a friction compound to rub a sand-paper surface, which ignites a flash compound to detonate the mine. The CETME is a pressure-activated non-metallic antitank mine with a built-in anti-disturbance feature. anti-tank mine Diameter: 302mm Weight: 12.2kg Explosive: 7kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
CHEMICAL DELAY (AP PLASTIC MINE) This anti-personnel mine has a 10-20 minute chemical delay element. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 147mm Explosive: 248g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: TNT
CLAYMORE TYPE This is a directional, "Claymore" type landmine. anti-personnel Length: 315mm Weight: 2.15kg Explosive: 10kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Melinite
CS 42/2 This is a wooden box-type unit with four plastic fuzes, but with enough metal to make it detectable. It has three parts--a box for the explosive, a support for the pressure board, and the pressure board. anti-tank mine Length: 336mm Weight: 7.9kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
CS 42/3 The mine has four fuze wells and no power source. The CS 42/3 is an Italian wooden box antitank mine. The basic operating method and design of the CS 42/2 wooden box antitank mine are retained in the CS 42/3. The primary difference is that the new wooden case is nonmetallic. The 42/2 pressure fuze has the striker tip as its only metallic part. Like that of the CS 42/2, the main explosive charge is 5.0 kg of TNT. The mine measures 290x240x145 mm (L x W x H) with a total weight of 7.0 kg. The CS 42/3 antitank mine has a sliding lid, held in place by tongue and groove sides, that doubles as a large pressure plate. Under this sliding pressure plate is a wooden tray that holds four shipping plugs for the fuze wells, four pressure fuzes, and a wooden box containing the detonators. Mine function is initiated with a load of approximately 100.0 kg, which crushes the mine lid supports. This allows the lid to impinge on one or more of the fuzes. Flash from the friction compound in the fuze explodes the detonator, which anti-tank mine Length: 290mm Width: 240mm Weight: 7kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
CVP-1 The mine has one fuze well and no power source. This steel mine is 20.3 cm in diameter and approximately 7.6 cm high. It has a centrally located main fuze well in the top of the mine case and a large pressure plate supported by three steel lugs. There is a small rectangular slot in the pressure plate that is used for attaching a carrying strap. This mine employs a variable-pressure pull fuze. The amount of pressure required is varied by rotating the knurled setting ring, which causes the shear blade to move in or out. multi-purpose Diameter: 203mm Length: 76mm Weight: 3.6kg Explosive: 1.6kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
CYLINDERICL, ELONGATED This is a cylindrical elongated anti-personnel, anti-material landmine. anti-material/anti-personnel mine Diameter: 117mm Length: 437mm Range: 20m
DH-10 This directional mine is primarily an antipersonnel mine which also can be used against thin skinned vehicles. The concave front or fragmentation face of the mine contains approximately 450 half-inch steel fragments embedded in matrix backed up by cast TNT. Mine is used against personnel or thin-skinned vehicles . fragmentation mine Diameter: 457.2mm Length: 101.6mm Weight: 9kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
DH-3 (CIRCLE, MODEL MIN.) This munition is a circular or saucer shaped, directional fragmentation munition. fragmentation mine Diameter: 63.5mm Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Tritonal
DH-3 (RECTANGLE, MODEL MIN.) The explosive filler, cast tritonal or H-6, is cast around the booster charge. The booster charge is made from a section of Chinese Communist 7 oz TNT block. This booster charge is placed diagonally across the munition. A single cap well has been drilled into the TNT block. The front concave surface of the munition contains the fragments, while the flat back surface contains the explosive. The sheet metal casing is crimped together. These fragments are placed in the munition, in two layers, embedded in a paraffin matrix. The convex surface of the metal plate is next to the explosive filler forming a fragmentation cavity. Fragments are sections of metal nails 5/16" long by 1/8" in diameter. This munition is a rectangular shaped directional fragmentation munition made. fragmentation mine Length: 66mm Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Tritonal
DM This mine is divided into an upper and lower compartment. The upper compartment contains the fuze, which is wired to an electric detonator, and the lower compartment contains the main charge. The DM road mine has no external fuze wells; the only visible external features are the long lead lines that connect the fuze to a 16-V arming battery. The ChVZ vibration fuze is primarily used with the DM road mine; however, any of the ChMV or ChV time delay fuzes may be used instead. anti-vehicular mine Length: 155mm Weight: 1.8kg Explosive: 1.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
DM 1233 (AT-2) This is a rocket-artillery-delivered or ground-delivered, dispenser-ejected, parachute-deployed, self-emplaced, battery-powered, electronic, plate-charge antitank (AT) landmine incorporating a self-destruct (SD) and antidisturbance feature. When the mine is not deployed, the flexible sensor wire is coiled on top of the body. The wire is held in place by the clamps which engage corresponding slots in the top edge of the body. The pliable cover is collapsed inward, and the parachute folded above it. The parachute is contained in a sleeve attached to the ripcord of the next mine in the tube. anti-tank mine Diameter: 103mm Length: 127mm Explosive: 907.2g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
DM-11 Low metal content, hard to detect. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 82mm Height: 34mm Weight: 231g Range: 5m Explosive: 122g
DM-11 anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Length: 95mm Explosive: 28.35g Range: 20m
DM-21 The DM-21 is the improved follow-on to the DM-11, which remains in service but no longer in production. The DM-21 is expected to be an interim mine pending development of an improved conventional mine with mechanical emplacement and full-width attack capabilities. The DM-21 is an antitank mine designed to target wheels and tracks of vehicles using a conventional blast-type explosion. An actuating force of 180.0 to 350.0 kg on the tiltable pressure plate will initiate the fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Weight: 9.2kg Explosive: 4.5kg Range: 400m
DM-31 DM-31is a bounding fragmentation mine, designed to be initiated by pressure. The mine body has a central plug to seal the detonator well. The brass fuze assembly screws into an off-set well. fragmentation mine Diameter: 102mm Height: 136mm Weight: 4kg Explosive: 540g Range: 300 Explosive/filler type: TNT
DM-31 The main components of the DM-31 are the mine body containing a shaped charge and the magnetic fuze. The fuze contains 2 magnetized balls that sit in a path under the edge of the mine lid functioning as an antilift device. The DM-31 can be mechanically laid or hand emplaced. The DM-31 antitank mine was purchased by Germany from Sweden for its military inventory. The DM-31 is produced in Sweden as the FFV 028 antitank mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 254mm Length: 133mm Height: 120mm Weight: 8.4kg Explosive: 3.9kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX (TNT/HEXOGEN)
DM-31 & PRACTICE, DM-28 The appearance and dimensions of the DM-28 practice mine are identical to the DM-31. The DM-31 is a bounding, fragmentation, apers landmine. The DM-28 is a non-bonding, smoke practice mine used for training. The DM-56 fuze is pull or pressure initiated. The DM-31 mine projecting sleeve and fuze are olive drab. The DM 31 has the type, designation, filler, and manufacturer stenciled on the projecting sleeve in yellow. The color and markings of the DM-28 practice mine are unknown. A red shipping cap covers the primer. The DM-28 and DM-31 mines are steel. The detonator well plug is plastic. The fuze body is brass, the moisture seal is a fiber washer, and the shipping cap is plastic. fragmentation mine Diameter: 102mm Length: 137mm Weight: 4kg Explosive: 510g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT
DM-39 The DM-39 antipersonnel mine is a device intended for emplacement under an antitank mine. Its pressure release fuze, with clockwork-regulated arming delay, allows this mine to be used directly in its antilift role safely and without modification. The mines measure 100 by 40 mm with a 300-gram TNT/RDX explosive charge. For practice exercises both mines have training versions with active fuzes and smoke charges. The nonmetallic practice mine is designated the DM-68 and the metallic version the DM-68A1. Both practice mines measure 100 x 40 mm with a 480-gram total weight. A secondary fuze well is located on the lower side of the mine, allowing for use of a secondary antidisturbance fuze. anti-personnel Diameter: 100mm Weight: 480g Explosive: 300g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: RDX (TNT/HEXOGEN)
DM39A1 This is a clockwork-armed, pressure-release, antilift boobytrap device. It is used primarily under antitank mines but may be used as an antilift boobytrap under any object of sufficient weight. antilift device Diameter: 118mm Length: 41mm Weight: 454g Explosive: 298g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
DM-40 (PRACTICE) This mine does not contains an explosive charge and cannot be fuzed. anti-tank mine Diameter: 298mm Length: 97mm Range: 20m
DM-41 The DM-41 is a developmental upgrade of the German DM-31 bounding fragmentation mine. The mine uses the same mine body, but has a fuze assembly which automatically deploys three tripwires after all personnel have left the area. When the tripwire fuze is functioned, a charge at the bottom of the mine projects the mine upward to a height of 1.2 meters where the main charge is detonated, propelling the chopped steel wire outward. fragmentation mine Diameter: 102mm Explosive: 860g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
DM49, & ANTI-LIFT DEVICE, PRACTICE, DM68 The upper and lower caps are spot welded to the case body. The lower cap of the practice device is secured to the case by two screws. Figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the DM49 antilift device. The DM68 practice antilift device is identical except for the primer holder extending from the detonator plug and the removable base secured by two screws. This is a clockwork-delay-armed, pressure-release boobytrap which may also be used as an antipersonnel mine. antilift device Diameter: 90mm Length: 37mm Weight: 510g Explosive: 150g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
DOG The antitank dog mine consists of approximately 12.0 kg of TNT carried in two canvas pouches, one strapped on each side of a dog. The ignition device is a standard MUV pull fuze inserted in a 200-g block of TNT. This makeshift booster is connected to the two main charges by lengths of detonating cord. A spring-loaded wooden lever, projecting vertically above the initiating device, is connected to the pull pin on the MUV fuze. The pin is pulled when the dog crawls under the target vehicle. A safety pin projects through the lever arm just below the pivot pin and immobilizes the lever until arming is desired. The entire assembly is contained in a harness which is attached to the dog. anti-tank mine Explosive: 12kg Range: 150m Explosive/filler type: TNT
DORIS This is an anti-personnel blast landmine. This blast type mine has a plastic case and resembles the U.S. M-25 antipersonnel mine. It has a shaped charge, ball and sleeve firing mechanism and a pointed body shape for rapid emplacement. The "Doris" unlike the us M-25 is emplaced as a complete unit, then armed. The mine is not detectable with magnetic mine detectors, but a removable aluminum detector ring is fitted so that the mine can be laid in a detectable condition. The mine is waterproof. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 76mm Length: 102mm Explosive: 14g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
DT-21 The mine uses a pressure fuze. The total weight is unknown at this time. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Length: 98mm Explosive: 4.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
DUTCH In the center of the cover is a brass plug. A helical spring holds the cover away from the body. The igniter and detonator assembly screws into the top of the body of the mine. The striker is spring-loaded and is held off the cap by the 1/16 inch diameter, soft copper shear wire. There is no safety pin. The detonator assembly consists of a detonator tube enclosed by an outer tube, and a primer. The Japanese use the mine mainly against personnel, laying them in narrow trails, on beaches, and at entrances to bivouac areas. Normally they lay it on top of the ground. anti-personnel/anti-tank mine Diameter: 205mm Length: 89mm Weight: 4.3kg Explosive: 2.3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
DV56 MODEL 1956 This blast type mine has a cylindrical body made of plastic that is flexible and watertight. Mine is detectable, if desired, by means of a removable metallic plate. It has a fork safety device. Fuze well is located at the top. There is a central detonator well opening on the lower side of the mine. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 71.12mm Weight: 161.5g Explosive: 79.38g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: Tolite
DYNAMINE (AM) The DYNAMINE AM-Mine is the anti-material version of the Dynamite Nobel family of scatterable mines. Other mines of the family include the AT 2 antitank mine, a shallow water mine, an antipersonnel mine, and a signal mine. The only mine produced to date is the AT 2. All of the mines are roughly the same size and weight so they can be delivered from the Dynamite Nobel mine scattering systems. The anti-material mine has a dual purpose warhead which will penetrate the belly of lightly armored vehicles and produce high velocity slugs designed to damage personnel and equipment near the mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 103mm Weight: 2.2g Range: 20m
DYNAMINE (AP) The AP-Mine is part of the Dynamite Nobel family of scatterable mines. Other mines in this family include the AT 2 antitank mine, an alarm mine, an anti-material mine, and a shallow water mine. To date, only the AT 2 mine has been fielded. All of the mines are roughly the same size and weight, giving them an interoperability with the Dynamite Nobel mine scattering systems. The antipersonnel mines are to be emplaced either individually or in a mix with other types of mines. The mine is functioned when any of its 12 meter long tripwires are pulled. The mine also retains its antitank shaped charge and scratch wire fuze so it can function in a secondary AT role. anti-personnel Diameter: 103mm Weight: 2.2kg Range: 20m
DYNAMINE (SHALLOW WATER) The DYNAMINE SW-Mine is the shallow water version of the Dynamite Nobel family of scatterable mines. Other mines of the family include the AT 2 antitank mine, an anti-material mine, an antipersonnel mine, and a signal mine. The only mine produced to date is the AT 2. All of the mines are roughly the same size and weight so they can be delivered from the Dynamite Nobel mine scattering systems. The shallow water mine does not have the self erection mechanism of the other mines, and an air bag has replaced the cover and parachute. The airbag causes the mine to position itself just below the water surface. It can also be anchored near the shore. shallow water mine, scatterable Diameter: 103.5mm Range: 20m
DYNAMINE (SIGNAL) The S-Mine is part of the Dynamite Nobel family of scatterable mines. Other mines in this family include the AT 2 antitank mine, an antipersonnel mine, an anti-material mine, and a shallow water mine. To date, only the AT 2 mine has been fielded. All of the mines are roughly the same size and weight, giving them an interoperability with the Dynamite Nobel mine scattering systems. The signal mines are to be emplaced either individually or in a mix with other types of mines. The acoustic sensor can detect approaching vehicles to activate the mine. A rocket motor lifts the mine, an antenna is extended, and coded signals of fire control positions are transmitted. signal mine Diameter: 103.5mm Weight: 2.21g Range: 20m
EJECTION TUBE ASSEMBLY USED IN M56 MINE DISPERSING SUBSYSTEM (AT/AV) The mine body and fuze cover, and the tube assembly are aluminum. After the mines have been ejected from the tube assembly, there is no way to distinguish the roller-resistant and antidisturbance mines from the basic mines. The M56 mine system uses the SUU-13 dispenser to release the mines. scatterable munitions Diameter: 117mm Length: 263mm Weight: 2.7kg Explosive: 1.4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: H-6
EP MK 2(II) The Mine E.P. Mk II consists of three principal parts: the loaded mine body, the mine cover, and the mine fuzing arrangement. The mine cover is mushroom-shaped and is attached to the mine body by four hooked straps, which engage a wire fastened to the bottom of the mine cover. The mine body is a mushroom-shaped container with a central fuze well. On the side of the mine body near the base is located a channel which leads into the central well. This channel is closed by a small metal tab during shipment and storage. This mine is used as a defense against armored cars, tanks, and other vehicles. anti-tank mine Diameter: 245mm Length: 101.6mm Weight: 2kg Range:20m
EP MK 5(V) The Mine E.P. Mk V consists of three principal components: the loaded mine body, the exploder mechanism, and the mine cover. The cover is fastened to the mine body by three pins, which engage slots provided in three retaining straps attached to the mine body. This mine is used as a defense against armored cars, tanks, and other vehicles. The mine will break the tracks of light or medium tanks and disable vehicles. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Weight: 3.6kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
EP MK 6(VI) The Mine E.P. Mk VI consists of the following components: loaded mine body, fuze mechanism, and mine cover. The mine cover is fastened to the body by three pins which engage slots provided in three retaining straps attached to the mine body. The mine body is mushroom-shaped and contains a central well for the insertion of the fuze. The mine is similar to the Mine E.P. Mk V, except that the fuze pocket is smaller to accommodate the Fuze No. 3 Mk I, and the Mine Mk VI is slightly heavier. This mine is used as a defense against armored cars, tanks, and other vehicles. The mine will break the tracks of light or medium tanks and disable other vehicles. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Weight: 8.5kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
EPR/2.5 The EPR/2.5 is an Italian-produced limpet mine. These type devices are intended for use in any number of unconventional missions. The four magnets allow for its use against steel targets such as ship hulls, steel storage tanks (normally petro-chemical), vehicles, etc. limpet mine Range: 20m
F.42 This Spanish mine is a simple blast antitank mine that is functioned when the lid is crushed. The crushing of the lid functions the internal fuze, allowing the firing pin to fly into the detonator. anti-tank mine Range: 20m
FAMA The FAMA is an undetectable blast type mine. The FAMA is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, the fuze cap is crushed, causing the fuze to function and setting off the mine. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 71mm Weight: 90g Explosive: 50g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
FD The FD antitank mine is the follow-on mine to the SH-55 mine. This is a relatively simple, pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. anti-tank mine Length: 280mm Weight: 7.5kg Range: 10m
FFV 013 The landmine is fired by an electric detonator. This is a directional anti-personnel mine. The landmine contains 1,200 (5 grams) balls. fragmentation mine Width: 420mm Height: 250mm Explosive: 1kg Range: 50m
FFV 013R The mine contains 860 2.5-3 gram balls. fragmentation mine Range: 20m
FFV 018 The mine has a power source. The FFV 018 is a side-attack mine being developed by Sweden. This mine is essentially a large plate charge mounted on a tripod with a built-in Infrared sensor package. When a target is identified by the sensor, the warhead is fired. The plate is formed into a slug which is propelled by the explosives, destroying the target. anti-tank mine Weight: 15kg Range: 20m
FFV 028 These are antitank (AT) landmines with an integral magnetic-influence fuze. The FFV 028 is a pre-production version of the landmine which is now obsolete. The mine case is steel. anti-tank mine Diameter: 260mm Length: 100mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
FFV 028 RU, FFV 028 SD These are antitank (AT) landmines with an integral magnetic-influence fuze. The FFV 028 is a pre-production version of the landmine which is now obsolete. The FFV 028 RU is a reusable version which can be manually disarmed. The FFV 028 SD is a self-destructing version which incorporates an antidisturbance device. Figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the FFV 028 SN self-neutralizing version of the landmine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 250mm Length: 110mm Weight: 7.5kg Explosive: 3.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
FFV 028 SN This mine is self-neutralizing. anti-tank mine Diameter: 250mm Length: 120mm Weight: 8kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX / TNT
FFV-016 anti-vehicle mine Weight: 2.6kg Range: 20m
FLYING MINE A bamboo frame is used as an aiming device and as a pattern template for digging the firing trench. The propelling charge consists of a cylindrical-shaped solid of TNT. The explosive is wrapped in this cardboard and has 2 wires for igniting. Mine is ignited by a generator or battery. (It is not known which is used). The mine has a range of approximately 200 to 300 meters . anti-personnel mine Diameter: 100mm Length: 300mm Explosive: 1.58kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
FM M/47-1 The mine uses an M/47 fuze. Serrations on the lid of the mine are an aid to camouflage, as they reduce sheen and hold cover, such as dirt, placed on the mine. This is a nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast), antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The fuze is pressure actuated but may also be actuated by pull with the use of a pullwire when arranged in the boobytrap. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 155mm Length: 56mm Weight: 392g Explosive: 200g Range: 20 Explosive/filler type: TNT
FMK-1 Non-metallic, difficult to detect. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 82mm Length: 39mm Weight: 251g Explosive: 152g Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
FMK-3 Non-metallic, difficult to detect. Uses the FMK-1 as a fuse. anti-tank mine Diameter: 245mm Length: 105mm Weight: 6.50g Explosive: 6.10g Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
FRICTION-FUZED (AP/AT) The sides of the mine are 0.59 inch thick. A wooden partition block inserted 4.25 inches from the unfilled end of the box serves to hold the five blocks of explosive in place and also to secure the igniter in position. To the igniter is attached a trip wire which extends out through the end of the box and is secured to a tree or other suitable object. A safety device, the exact nature of which is unknown but reported to consist of a bottle cap, is incorporated on the outside of the box at a point of egress of the trip wire. The antilifting device consists of a wire attachment which passes through the base of the box and is secured to a peg driven in the ground. The mine is buried 1 to 2 inches below the surface and used as either an antitank or antipersonnel mine. anti-personnel/anti-tank mine Diameter: 76mm Length: 330mm Explosive: 1.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Piric Acid
G50 The G50 shaped-charge antitank mine is an Italian coupled landmine. This mine contains an explosive shaped charge covered by a pressure plate. Mine actuation is initiated either by this pressure fuze or by the adjacent offset pressure tentacle that contains 10 small pressure fuzes. The mine and offset fuze are reported to utilize an integral antiremoval device. A larger version of the G50 antitank mine has a height of 360 mm, a diameter of 280 mm, a case weight of 6.0 kg, an explosive weight of 9.0 kg, and a total weight of 15.0 kg. In employment and operation, it is identical to the smaller mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 220mm Length: 290mm Weight: 7.3kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
GIAT LANCE The GIAT Lance mine is a cylindrical antitank mine with a 139-mm diameter, weighing 2.34 kg. The mine is emplaced by means of launching tubes holding five of the Lance mines. Manufactured by GIAT, the system is currently planned for mounting on the French engineers armored AMX-30 EGB vehicle. Four of these launching tubes mounted on the AMX-30 vehicle provide the capability to launch 20 mines to 60 to 250 meters. The mines are preprogrammed for self-destruction following launching. The influence fuze operates across the full width of any vehicle heavier than 1500 kg. In the event a track passes over the mine, it will act as a track breaker. Otherwise, the shaped charge will penetrate 50 mm of armor plate at a 50.0-cm standoff and 60 degree angle of incidence. anti-tank mine Diameter: 139mm Weight: 2.34kg Explosive: 700g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
GLD 112 The GLD112 is a scatterable AP mine that is dispensed from a number of man-portable and rocket dispensers. anti-personnel blast mine Explosive: 16g Explosive/filler type: PETN
GS MK 2(II) The mine body is cylindrical in shape. Passing through the center of the mine is a cavity for the insertion of the mine fuze. During ordinary shipping and storage, this cavity is closed by a shipping plug. A booster charge in a ring-shaped container is placed in this central cavity. The remainder of the mine is filled with the explosive main charge. The mine is fired when the weight of a vehicle overcomes the leaf spring under the cover and allows the cover to force down the top of the fuze. This mine is used as a defense against armored cars, tanks, or other vehicles. The mine will break tracks of light and medium tanks, and disable other vehicles. The Mine G.S. Mk II has three main components: loaded body, cover, and fuze. The mine cover fits over the body and is supported by a leaf spring. Pins on the sides of the mine body engage bayonet sockets in the cover. The cover of this mine must never be removed after the mine is armed. Words to that effect are stamped on the cover of the mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 190.5mm Weight: 3.8kg Explosive: 1.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
GS MK 3(III) The Mine G.S. Mk III has three principal components: the loaded mine body, the mine cover, and the fuze. The mine cover fits loosely over the top of the body when the mine is laid, and is raised slightly at the center to form a seating for the top of the fuze. For transit purposes the cover fits over the bottom of the mine and is secured with adhesive tape. The loaded mine body is cylindrical in shape and is closed at the top with a lid soldered in place. After filling, the bottom of the mine body is closed with a base plate, which is pressed in and coated with cement for moisture-proofing. A central well in the mine body is provided for the insertion of the fuze. Immediately below the fuze well is located a C.E. booster pellet surrounding the Detonator No. 27, and below that is placed a solid TNT pellet. This mine is used as a defense against armored cars and other vehicles. The mine will break the tracks of light and medium tanks, and disable other vehicles. anti-tank mine Diameter: 152.4mm Weight: 2.6kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
GS MK IV, & GS MK VC The No. 3 Mk 1 fuze used with these mines. The GS Mk V and GS Mk V HC mines may have either a Mk I or a Mk II pressure spider. A Mk IV pressure cover instead of a pressure spider is used on the GS Mk IV and GS Mk Vc mines. These are antitank (AT), general service (GS), and possibly high content (HC) landmines employed in large tactical minefields or in roadblocks against vehicles and light tanks. They are fuzed with a No. 3 Mk 1 quick-action spring-loaded fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Length: 127mm Weight: 5.7kg Explosive: 3.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
GS MK V(5) & GS MK V(5) HC The No. 3 Mk 1 fuze used with these mines. The GS Mk V and GS Mk V HC mines may have either a Mk I or a Mk II pressure spider. A Mk IV pressure cover instead of a pressure spider is used on the GS Mk IV and GS Mk Vc mines. These are antitank (AT), general service (GS), and possibly high content (HC) landmines employed in large tactical minefields or in roadblocks against vehicles and light tanks. They are fuzed with a No. 3 Mk 1 quick-action spring-loaded fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Length: 102mm Weight: 5.7kg Explosive: 8.4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
Gyata AP simulants The Gyata-64 is an AP blast mine that really closely resembles the PMN. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 106mm Height: 61mm Explosive: 300g Explosive/filler type: TNT
Gyata-64 Contains enough metal to be easily detected. The Gyata-64 is a pressure-operated anti-personnel blast mine with a substantial explosive charge. The mine is similar in design and appearance to the Russian PMN. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 106mm Height: 61mm Weight: 520g Explosive: 300g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
H 1 The H 1 is a simple, pressure-initiated, wooden-cased, blast antitank mine. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, the case crushes, allowing the fuze to initiate the mine. anti-tank mine Length: 518mm Weight: 6kg Explosive: 4.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Trialene
Hamdy Easily detectable. Hamdy is a directional fragmentation mine loosely based on the US Claymore. The two fuze wells will accommodate a variety of standard pull fuzes and detonator assemblies. Initiation is normally by command. fragmentation mine Length: 220mm Width: 30mm Height: 120mm Weight: 1.6kg Explosive: 700g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
HB 876 The HB-876 is a scatterable antitank mine which has a dual purpose warhead which will penetrate the belly of lightly armored vehicles and produce high velocity slugs designed to damage personnel and equipment near the mine. The mine is delivered from the JP-233 and Hades submunition dispensers and was developed primarily for airfield denial. The unique design of the self-righting legs should force the orientation of the warhead to destroy any mineclearing equipment trying the move the mine. anti-personnel/anti-tank mine Diameter: 100mm Weight: 2.4kg Explosive: 590g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
HEAVY In the top of the explosive container is a single socket for the igniter, detonator, and primer. anti-tank mine Length: 411.48mm Weight: 1.22kg Explosive: 1.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Piric Acid
HM 100 The mine comes with two fuze wells in the bottom of the mine that can hold either electrical or non-electric blasting caps. fragmentation mine Diameter: 30mm Length: 290mm Weight: 2.4kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
HPD The mine has one fuze well and an integral battery. The HPD (Haut Pouvoir de Destruction) antitank mine is one of a series of mines developed by several manufacturers that allow either mechanical or manual emplacement by the ARE or Matenin minelayers. All these mines have a flat irregular shape and are approximately 280x185 mm with a height of 105 mm. The HPD mine comprises a plastic case containing a power supply, fuzing system and dual explosive charge. Fuzing requires a double influence signature, seismic and magnetic, prior to activation. The dual signature requirements allows the mine to be used as a full-width attack mine. An initial clearing charge removes a cover above the mine, allowing a more efficient firing of the main explosive shaped charge. The mine is capable of penetrating 70 mm of belly armour with 10.0 cm of earth cover. The mine uses a 10-minute arming delay that assists in safe mechanical emplacement. anti-tank mine Diameter: 105mm Length: 280mm Weight: 5kg Range:10m
HPD 2 The mine is self-neutralizing and antidisturbance. The mine has a magnetic sensor. The total weight is unknown at this time. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 105mm Range: 20m
HPD 3 The mine is self-neutralizing and antidisturbance. The mine has a magnetic sensor. The total weight is unknown at this time. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 105mm Range: 20m
HPD F2 The mine is self-neutralizing and antidisturbance. The explosive filler weight and total weight is unknown at this time. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 105mm Range: 20m
HPD-1A There are two models of this mine. One contains 2.4 kilograms (5.3 pounds) of unknown explosive, and the other contains 1.4 kilograms (3.1 pounds) of unknown explosive. The mines are self-neutralizing and antidisturbance. Both mines have seismic and magnetic sensors. The total weight is unknown at this time. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 103mm Explosive: 2.4kg Range: 100m
HPD-X F1A (PRACTICE) The high-explosive charge is replaced with a red smoke cartridge with a burst severe enough to be hazardous to personnel. This is a battery-powered, manually or mechanically armed, double-influence (seismic and magnetic)-fired Misznay - Schardin effect antitank (AT) landmine with a self-neutralizing circuit (later models may contain a self-destruct feature). The mine also contains an inherent antidisturbance feature. This is a reusable mine that simulates the service mine and has a deactivation feature. Arming and functioning are similar to that of the service mine. The lead-acid batteries are replaced with dry cell batteries, and the high-explosive charge is replaced with a smoke cartridge. When ignited, the smoke cartridge gives a short burst and emits red smoke. If the practice mine fails to function, it becomes inactive 24 hours after commencement of arming. anti-tank mine Diameter: 187mm Length: 280mm Weight: 6kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Charge
HZSM80 The landmine contains 1.3 kilograms (2.9 lbs.) of PETN. The landmine has two igniter wells in bottom - one electric, one non-electric. anti-personnel Diameter: 250mm Length: 130mm Explosive: 1.3kg Explosive/filler type: PETN
IGS-50 The IGS-50 is used to simulate patterns and rates of contamination for various CW agents. The munition is taped together. Personnel are required to be at least 50 meters from the mine when it is detonated, which implies an explosive dissemination of sorts. Another mine, IF, is larger (180 mm in diameter and 140 mm high). anti-personnel mine Diameter: 135mm Range: 10m
ILLUMINATING SIGNAL The signal has one fuze well and no power source. The Egyptian signal mine is used to provide a warning of infiltrating troops. The signal mine first produces a loud sound lasting for 8 seconds, followed by 14 illuminating stars. The illuminating stars are available in green, red, or white and are projected to a height of 1.5 to 5 meters with illuminating stars lasting approximately 2 minutes total. signal mine Weight: 400g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: pyrotechnic composition
IMP The IMP mine has a plate charge warhead and an influence fuze. The mines plate charge warhead is capable of penetrating the belly of all current main battle tanks. The primary advantage of this mine is its small size and light weight. It was designed to fit into the cargo pockets of combat fatigues. anti-tank mine Length: 160mm Weight: 1kg Range: 10m
IMPROVISED (AP/AT) The mine consists of a rectangular box with a cover securely fastened by friction tape. Two holes are roughly punched in the cover through which a grenade fuze or detonator projects. The grenade fuze projects approximately 3/4 inch, projection of detonator is unknown. Contained in the box are one Japanese type (91) hand grenade and twelve blocks of 1/3 aluminum powder and 2/3 RDX. Each block is 1 1/2 by 3/4 inches wrapped in waxed paper. Can be used as an antitank mine when fuzed with the armed grenade. With a pull or tension detonator it can be used as an antipersonnel mine or booby trap. anti-personnel/anti-tank mine Length: 142mm Range: 20m Explosive: RDX
IMPROVISED (AT/ANTI-AIRFIELD) This is an improvised, anti-tank, anti-airstrip mine. The bombs were stacked around picric acid blocks in which electrical detonators were inserted. The entire mine was under a turf covered piece of sheet iron that would close the circuit and fire the charge if the iron were lifted or depressed. A clockwork was also inserted to fire charge if iron was not disturbed . anti-airfield/anti-tank mine Explosive: 150kg Range: 500m Explosive/filler type: Piric Acid
IMPROVISED US 40-MM GRENADE It has the same external appearance as the M406 grenade except for a circular pressure plate with an attached extension rod which protrudes from the center of the windshield. The fuze of the M406 40-mm grenade is modified by removing the upper half of the fuze cap, the inertial weights, and other components so as to expose the detonator. The fuze is then armed by aligning the detonator with the lead. A firing pin attached to a striker plate is positioned over the detonator. The striker plate and pressure plate are mechanically connected by an extension rod which protrudes from the windshield. It is an improvised, high-explosive, fragmentation, pressure-initiated, antipersonnel mine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 40mm Length: 99mm Weight: 227g Explosive: 32g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
INTELLIGENT HORIZONTAL (AT) The sensors can detect vehicles up to 100 meters away and have the ability to distinguish between tracked and wheeled vehicles., The infrared detection system, alerted by the acoustic sensors of an approaching target, surveys a narrow field and determines the direction of approach. When the target enters the sensing area, it is identified and the electronic processor determines the optimum time to fire for maximum effect. The estimated range is between 5 and 75 meters with effectiveness against vehicles traveling between 3 and 60 km/h. In ambush scenarios, specific vehicles can be targeted where any one of the first nine vehicles in a convoy can be selected. The Intelligent Horizontal Mine protects a much larger area than conventional antitank mines. Typically, two Intelligent Horizontal Mines provide an area coverage of 2300 square meters. The operational life of the Intelligent Horizontal Mine is approximately 120 days and utilizes 1.5-volt alkaline batteries. The entire mine system can be set up in 10 minu anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Weight: 21.5kg Explosive: 11kg Range: 500m Explosive/filler type: RDX (TNT/HEXOGEN)
K-1 The mine has two fuze wells but no power source. The former East German K-1 antitank blast mine was developed in 1958 in conjunction with the K-2 antipersonnel bounding fragmentation mine. The two-piece plastic case features two fuze wells. The primary fuze fits a large threaded well in the center of the top case piece. A much smaller threaded well on the bottom of the mine accepts an antidisturbance pull fuze. Reportedly, when fitted with the antidisturbance fuze, the mine is emplaced upside down for unknown reasons. It is more plausible to assume that, if the mine is emplaced upside down, it would be targeted against personnel and activated by pressure overcoming the retaining pin or by tripwire. For antidisturbance purposes, the mine will probably be installed in the normal configuration with the pull pin anchored to an underground fixed object. Since the case is plastic, if seals are used, it is possible for this mine to be used underwater. anti-tank mine Diameter: 250mm Weight: 11kg Explosive: 7.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
K-2 anti-personnel Diameter: 100mm Length: 225mm Explosive: 3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Nitro Penta
KHF-2 CHEMICAL The mine has an integral fuze well and an external power source. Externally, the KHF-1 resembles a bounding fragmentation mine. It consists of a cylindrical sheet-metal container containing a smaller cylindrical sheet-metal explosive unit. The external shell has a carrying handle and single groove through which the electrical detonating wire passes. A threaded metal plug closes the chemical filler hole on the top of the inner cylinder. Electrical initiation ignites the black powder propellant and a timed safety fuze. The safety fuze serves as a delay and ignites a second detonator, which explodes the chemical canister at a height of 4 to 8 meters. The area of contaminant coverage is 250 to 300 square meters (10 meter diameter). fragmentation mine Diameter: 150mm Weight: 15kg Explosive: 10g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Melinite
KN-10 This mine is similar to the Vietnamese MDH-10 and former Soviet MON-100 mines. The mine can be used against both light skinned vehicles in an antipersonnel role. The KN-10 is typically command initiated. However, it can be emplaced with a variety of tripwire-initiated fuzes. fragmentation mine Diameter: 220mm Length: 80mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 2kg Explosive/filler type: TNT
KP 77 The mine has one fuze well. The KP 77 antitank mine is an indigenously produced Finnish mine. This is a relatively simple, pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. The plastic case does provide the mine with a non-metallic construction, thereby limiting the total metal content of the mine to fuze components and makes the mine difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Weight: 10kg Explosive: 9.5kg Range: 100m
KP 87 The mine has a power source and one fuze well. The mines are assessed to have a plate-charge lethal mechanism and magnetic influence fuzing. Due to its relatively simple design, the magnetic influence fuze will have an inherent antidisturbance capability. anti-tank mine Range: 10m
KVKM 73 The KVKM 73 is a Finish simple side-attack mine. This mine is essentially a large plate charge mounted on a tripod. When the warhead is fired, the plate is formed into a slug which is propelled by the explosives, destroying the target. Although the mine is currently fired by command detonation only, it could be upgraded with an IR or breakwire fuze. anti-tank mine Weight: 2.5kg Explosive: 1.6kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: hexolite
KVKM 73 This is a command detonated anti-tank mine. The mine is steel. anti-tank mine Diameter: 158mm Length: 164mm Weight: 2.27kg Explosive: 2.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: hexolite
KVKM 81 The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The KVKM 81 is a Finish simple side-attack mine. This mine is essentially a large plate charge which can be mounted on a tripod. When the warhead is fired, the plate is formed into a slug which is propelled by the explosives, destroying the target. Although the mine is currently fired by command detonation only, it could be upgraded with an IR or breakwire fuze. anti-tank mine Weight: 18.5kg Explosive: 12kg Range: 500
L.PZ.MI The Old German light antitank mine L.PZ.MI is a metallic mine that was employed against both personnel and lightly armored vehicles. The mine is cylindrical with a raised central cap covering a safety screw. Five fuze bolts and three body bolts protrude through the mine body. Pressure on the mine crushes the body, exerting pressure on one or more of the fuze housings and forcing plungers upward. As the plunger moves upward, it compresses the outer spring, releases locking balls, and frees the striker. The striker driven by the striker spring explodes a percussion cap. Flame from the cap travels through a radial flame tube to the central flame chamber igniting the detonator, booster, and main explosive charge. anti-tank mine Diameter: 266mm Weight: 4.1kg Explosive: 2.2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
L10A1 The British L10A1 is a scatterable antipersonnel mine which is designed to be laid by the Ranger antipersonnel mine laying system. The system is mounted on a FV432 armored personnel carrier and consists of 72 tubes each loaded with 18 mines, for a total of 1296 mines per load. The mine is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, the integral fuze is functioned and the mine detonates. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 60mm Length: 30mm Weight: 136g Explosive: 110g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: RDX
L14A1 The L14A1 is the British designator for their armys version of the French MI AC AH F1. It is a side-attack mine which is essentially a large plate charge which is mounted on an aiming base. When the warhead is fired, the plate is formed into a slug which is propelled by the explosives, destroying the target. Although the British version of the mine is currently fired by a breakwire, it could be upgraded with the French-designed Infrared (IR) sensor. anti-tank mine Diameter: 200mm Length: 260mm Weight: 12kg Explosive: 7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Hexolite
L3A1 The L 3 antitank mine was designed in the in the late fifties by the UK. This is a relatively simple, pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 325mm Weight: 7.7kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
L9A1 AND L9A2 (BARMINE) The British L 9 is also known as the barmine because of its distinctive shape. It is a relatively simple, pressure-activated, large, blast antitank mine. The usual fuze can operate both as single and double impulse pressure fuze. New fuzes including full-width mechanical, influence single and double impulse, and antidisturbance are now available. The plastic body does limit the total metal content to fuze components. A copy of the L 9 is made in India as the AT 3A. anti-tank mine Length: 1.2m Weight: 10.4kg Explosive: 8.1kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Hexogen
LANDMINE, AT, NON-METALLIC anti-tank mine Diameter: 340mm Length: 120mm Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
LI-11 This is a blast type mine. The mine is detonated when subjected to pressure on its edge. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 78mm Weight: 198g Explosive: 121g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
LI-12 / TRUPPMINA 12 The mine has a curved, shallow rectangular body mounted on two bipod legs. As with the Claymore, the major effect of the LI-12 is produced from hardened steel balls encased in hexotol. The LI-12 antipersonnel mine is based upon the concept of the US Claymore mine. The LI-12 is manufactured by LIAB and has been produced for the Swedish Army as the Truppmina 12. anti-personnel mine Width: 170mm Height: 100mm Weight: 3kg Explosive/filler type: Hexotol
LIGHT The mine consists of a rectangular metal container loaded with picric acid. A metal cover, which fits over the loaded container, rests on two pressure-types igniters or fuzes. anti-tank mine Diameter: 206mm Length: 241mm Weight: 3.3kg Explosive: 2.76kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Piric Acid
LMG The LMG rocket mine consists of a rocket, a rocket-launching base, an initiation-and-propellant charge, an MUV fuze, and a tripwire. As the target vehicle acts on the tension wire, the retaining pin on the MUV fuze is withdrawn. The fuze, in turn, sets off the ignition-and-propellant charge and launches the rocket. Upon impact, the warhead is detonated by means of a secondary percussion base detonating fuze. Additionally this mine can be initiated by an observer utilizing a wire connected to the MUV retaining pin. anti-tank mine Weight: 10kg Explosive: 3.2kg Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT
LORY The Italian LORY antipersonnel mine was intended to be a general-purpose, fully scatterable, nondetectable, blast-type antipersonnel mine. It was capable of being hand scattered from the ground, low-flying aircraft, and moving vehicles. The mines slight metallic content, 20 grams, resulted from a steel spring and the steel tip of a firing pin. The pneumatic pressure fuze served well in resisting initiation from overpressure on ground impact. The latter was important in the hand scattering of this mine as no delay arming feature was incorporated. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 115mm Weight: 250g Explosive: 82g Range: 15g Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
LORY (AIR DROPABLE) The mine resists shock and is waterproof. The mine can be laid from moving vehicles, helicopters, or low flying aircraft. The mine is nonmetal. anti-personnel Diameter: 119mm Weight: 227g Explosive: 1.4kg Range: 400m
LUNGE The mine consists of a conical shaped hollow charge, with a wooden handle at the apex of the cone and three metal legs welded to the base. The conical charge is housed in a steel container. Fitted into the base of the charge is a hollow, truncated cone designed to give the mine the increased power of penetration of this hollow charge. A well in the apex of the charge contains the detonator. The wooden handle has a steel striker fitted in one end. This end is encased in a metal cylinder and is held there by a safety pin and a copper shear wire. The cylinder is attached to the neck of the charge container by a threaded connecting ring. Three metal legs 6 inches long are welded to the base of the charge container at 120 degree intervals. They guarantee the proper stand-off to obtain the maximum effect from the hollow charge. Used as an antitank weapon. Capable of penetrating 6 inches of steel plating. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Length: 2m Weight: 6.5kg Explosive: 3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M AZ AC The M AZ AC is a wide area mine under development by the French. The mine uses acoustic sensors to identify approaching targets and, when a valid target nears, launches a "skeet" over the target. Within the skeet are a top attack warhead and a secondary sensor which initiates the warhead as the skeet flies over. The warhead forms an EFP capable of penetrating the top armor of the target. The M AZ AC has two skeet warheads which can engage targets anti-tank mine Range: 20m
M/41-47, & PRACTICE The mine can use one of three pressure activating components. (1) Pentagonal spider. Used when normal burial in temperate climates is required. (2) Three-pronged spider. Used when the terrain is likely to be covered by ice. (3) Tiltrod. Used in deep snow or in terrain where vegetation will conceal the Tiltrod. The mine may contain a M/47 fuze, a M/47F delay detonator, or a boobytrap mine fuze 1. The practice mine is similar to the service mine except it contains a concrete filler, and a conduit for a smoke-producing element. Smoke ducts (not shown) lead from the conduit to the sides of the body of the mine. The practice mine also contains a practice M/47 fuze (igniter) and a smoke-producing element and can use a practice boobytrap fuze 1. This is a pressure-actuated, antitank (AT) landmine, used primarily against tanks and armored personnel carriers. anti-tank mine Diameter: 250mm Length: 120mm Weight: 8kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/43 The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The M/43 is a cardboard-box antipersonnel mine containing an explosive charge, pressure device, and safety/arming disk. The mine is rectangular, camouflage painted, and protected from moisture by a paraffin coating. On one side of the mine is a hole for inserting the M/43 detonator. A rubber plug is provided to cover the detonator opening. A follow-on version, the M/43 T, uses a 120 grams of TNT instead of the 125 grams of nitrolit contained in the original M/43. anti-personnel mine Length: 105mm Weight: 470g Explosive: 125g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Nitrolit
M/43 (AT) The wooden lid fits down over the lower wood case onto a pressure block. The mine is initiated by a 150.0- to 250.0-kg pressure, which breaks a wood shear piece. A striker release block, under this shear piece, then pushes the "T"-shaped release pin out of the fuze, allowing the striker to impinge on the detonator. A booster charge transmits the explosion to the main TNT charge. This is an anti-tank mine. anti-tank mine Length: 293mm Weight: 6.2kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/44 49B The practice version of the mine is identical except for a dummy main charge. The mine uses either an M/42-48P or M/48 (pull type) percussion igniter and two portable uprights. This is a high-explosive (blast), pressure-actuated landmine. It is used against landing aircraft. airfield mine Diameter: 380mm Length: 520mm Weight: 40kg Range: 10m
M/453 Similar model to the Italian SB-81, the Spanish C-5, and the Iranian YM II. anti-tank mine Height: 90mm Width: 230mm N.E.W.: 2.20kg
M/47B, C, D, & PRACTICE, M/47-52B The mine can use one of the three following pressure pieces: (1) Pentagonal spider. Used when normal burial in temperate climates is required. (2) Three-pronged spider. Used when the terrain is likely to be covered by ice. (3) Tiltrod. Used in deep snow or in terrain where vegetation will conceal the tiltrod. These are pressure-actuated, blast antitank (AT) landmines, used primarily against tanks and armored personnel carriers. The mine may contain an M/47 fuze, an M/47F (delay detonator), or a boobytrap mine fuze 1. The M/47-52B practice mine is similar to the service mine, except it contains a concrete filler and a conduit for the smoke-producing element. Smoke ducts lead from the conduit to the sides of the body of the mine. The practice mine also contains a practice M/47 fuze (igniter) and a smoke-producing element and can use a practice boobytrap fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 350mm Length: 100mm Weight: 9.5kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/48 (SERVICE), & M/48 (PRACTICE) The M/48 practice landmine is identical, except it is concrete loaded. This is an antipersonnel (apers) landmine. It is used against foot soldiers in wooded or grassy areas, and has an effective range of 15.0 meters (49.2 feet). The service landmine uses a pull fuze or an M/46 detonator (non-electric) and safety fuse. The practice landmine uses a practice fuze. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 90mm Length: 180mm Weight: 2.9kg Explosive: 227g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/49 The M/49 fuze has a small four-pronged pressure spider and a safety clip. The M/49 is a Swedish antipersonnel mine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 75mm Weight: 240g Explosive: 180g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/49 B The M/49 B is a Swedish antipersonnel mine housed in a camouflaged cardboard case. It uses a TNT main explosive charge and a pressure fuze. A pressure of 5.0 to 10.0 kg on the domed pressure lid of the M/49 B fuze breaks a shear membrane, releasing a spring-cocked striker that impinges on the percussion detonator. Another version of this mine, the M/49, is identical with the exception of the fuze. The M/49 fuze has a small four-pronged pressure spider and a safety clip. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 75mm Length: 55mm Weight: 240g Explosive: 180g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/52 The M/52B is similar to the M/52 except for the elimination of filler holes. The practice mine is similar to the service mines except that the practice mine contains a concrete filler, a smoke-producing element, a practice fuze, and a conduit from one side of the mine case to the other. Each mine may contain either an M/47 fuze, M/47F (delay detonator), or a boobytrap mine fuze 1. This is a pressure-actuated, blast, antitank (AT) landmine, used primarily against tanks and personnel carriers. Combat-loaded mines are painted olive drab and marked with a gold ring or a gold square, and the designation M/52 or M/52B stenciled in black on a yellow background on the side of the case. Practice mines are marked with a blue ring or a blue square with the letters ASKAD stenciled on top of the case. Fuze painting and markings are unknown. These mines can use one of three pressure pieces. (1) Pentagonal spider. Used when normal burial in temperate climate is desired. (2) Three-pronged spider. Used when the terrain is lik anti-tank mine Diameter: 340mm Length: 150mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 7.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/52 B The Swedish M/52 and M/52 B antitank mines are similar in shape, construction, and employment. However, the M/52 B will normally have as option the tilt rod or small three-pronged pressure spider. The M/52 will normally use the large five-pronged pentagonal pressure spider. The plywood-cased antitank mines were an interim design between the steel-cased M/41-47 and the caseless MI 101-103 series of antitank mines. Regardless of the fuze-actuating device used, the fuze operates in the same manner. When sufficient force is applied on the pressure plate, an eggshell-thin crown is crushed. Pressure on the fuze plunger then causes the shear pin to fail. Further movement of the plunger frees the striker-retaining balls, allowing the striker to detonate the mine. The overall M/52 B mine height with the three-pronged pressure spider is 155 mm. anti-tank mine Diameter: 343mm Weight: 9.5kg Explosive: 7.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/71 The Egyptian M/71 is a copy of the former Soviet Union TMN-46. The mine can be emplaced mechanically but the lack of a delayed-armed fuze makes the operation hazardous unless the mines are fuzed after they are emplaced. Copies of this mine are also produced in Israel known as the No. 6. There is a truncated tilt-rod fuze available, although it has not been reported in this region. Easily detectable. anti-tank mine Diameter: 305mm Weight: 9.8kg Explosive: 6.25kg Range:400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/80 The Egyptian M/80 antitank mine is based on the Italian TC/2.4 antitank mine. Both mines are manufactured from plastic making them difficult to detect with metallic hand-held detectors. The main explosive charge contained in the M/80 is TNT and hexogen while the Italian version uses Composition B as its main charge. anti-tank mine Range: 10m Explosive/type: TNT/Hexogen
M/966 The M/966 is a copy of the US designed M2A4 bounding fragmentation mine. Also produced by Belgium as PRB M966. The dual action fuze can operate either by pressure or tripwire. When the fuze is functioned, a charge at the bottom of the mine projects a 60 mm mortar shell into the air and starts a pyrotechnic delay element. The warhead explodes approximately 2 meters above the ground. Since there is no access to the detonator the mortar bomb body, this mine cannot be completely disarmed. fragmentation mine Width: 100mm Height: 244mm Weight: 3kg Explosive: 154g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/966-B The M/966-B is a Portuguese-produced blast/fragmentation antipersonnel mine. The mine is actuated using a trip-wire fuze. The mine effect is derived from the metallic case fragmenting. The effective radius of this mine is limited because the mine rests on the ground at the time of detonation. fragmentation mine Length: 90mm Width: 80mm Height: 50mm Weight: 500g Explosive: 400g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M/969 M/969 is a plastic-bodied, pressure-operated anti-personnel blast mine. The mine is a copy of the Belgian PRB M409. The fuze incorporates two opposing spring-steel firing pins. The strikers are held apart by a sliding bolt attached to the pressure plate. The bolt has an aperture holding two igniters. When the bolt is displaced, the strikers are released onto the igniters and the flash is channelled to the detonator. The detonator is sealed into the mine and cannot be removed. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 82mm Height: 28mm Weight: 183g Explosive: 80g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT and Composition B
M-08 Moored, contact. naval mine
M1 This complete round consists of three parts: the loaded mine body, the fuze, and a spider which fits over the fuze to increase the effective size of its head. The spider consists of a ring and two cross members, each with a hook on either end, spot-welded together as shown in the illustration. The hooks engage the flange on the mine body and the center of the spider rests on the striker head of the fuze. The antitank mine is an explosive device designed to be laid on the ground or planted flush with the surface for defense against armored cars and tanks. anti-tank mine Diameter: 179mm Length: 70mm Weight: 4.7kg Explosive: 2.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M1 & M1B1 (PRACTICE) The M1 and M1B1 are practice landmines. All these mines have manually armed, pressure-actuated fuzes. The practice mines have smoke charges incorporated into the fuze. practice Diameter: 203mm Length: 102mm Weight: 4.8kg Explosive: 11g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Red Phosphorus
M1 (ROUND) anti-tank mine Diameter: 191mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 1.59kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M1 (SQUARE) anti-tank mine Diameter: 70mm Length: 191mm Range: 20m
M1 101 (BOFORS) The booster is integral with the main charge. A fuze well, centrally located in the top of the explosive, is fitted with a threaded plastic fuze-well insert. This insert serves as a means of securing the combination pressure spider and fuze to the mine. A cord carrying handle is affixed to the mine body. This blast type mine is nonmetallic and has no casing. Thus, it cannot be located with an electrical mine detector. anti-tank mine Diameter: 304mm Weight: 12.5kg Explosive: 11kg Range: 150m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M1 and M1A1 The M1 and M1A1are high-explosive metal-cased anti-tank blast mines. The mines are initiated by pressure, but are resistant to blast because of the "spider" pressure plate. The M4 is very similar, but incorporates auxiliary fuze wells in the base. The M1B1 is a practice mine with a smoke charge. Pressure on the spider is transferred to the head of the fuze, where it breaks an internal shear pin and depresses an internal collar to release a striker retaining ball. This releases the spring-loaded striker onto the detonator to initiate the booster and main charge. Since these mines are likely to be old and contain cocked strikers, they should not be disarmed. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Height: 75mm Weight: 5.3kg Explosive: 27.5kg Range: 500m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M10 & M10A1 (PRACTICE) The M10-series are practice landmines. The practice mines have smoke charges incorporated into the fuzes. practice Diameter: 178mm Length: 127mm Weight: 2kg Explosive: 17g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Pyrotechnic Composition
M12, M12A1, & M20 (PRACTICE) The M12-series and M20 are practice landmines used to simulate tactical mines during training. practice Diameter: 334mm Length: 125mm Weight: 13.6kg Explosive: 17g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Pyrotechnic Composition
M14 M14 is a small minimum-metal antipersonnel blast mine. A modified version, M14E1, differs from the M14 only in minor structural detail. Rotating pressure plate from S to A arms the fuze. Pressure on the top surface inverts a Belleville spring to drive the firing pin into the stab-sensitive detonator Do not actuate fuze mechanism once the mine has been disarmed. Very difficult to detect. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 56mm Height: 40mm Weight: 100g Explosive: 29g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
M14E1 The M14E1 differs from the M14 in minor structural changes only. The M14 and Ml4E1 are nonmetallic, pressure initiated, blast, antipersonnel (apers), high explosive (HE) landmines which use an integral fuze with a steel firing pin. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 58mm Length: 38mm Weight: 85g Explosive: 20g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
M15 The M15 may employ a tilt-rod fuze with the use of a fuze adapter. They also contain two secondary fuze wells; one in the side of the mine and one in the bottom. The figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the M15 landmine and the M624 tactical mine fuze. The M15 is a high explosive (HE), heavy antitank (AT) landmine. The mines have manually armed pressure actuated primary internal fuzes. anti-tank mine Diameter: 333mm Height: 150mm Weight: 14.3kg Explosive: 10.3kg Range: 500m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M15 WITH M600, M601, & M603 FUZES The M15 may employ a tilt-rod fuze with the use of a fuze adapter. They also contain two secondary fuze wells; one in the side of the mine and one in the bottom. The figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the M15 landmine and the M624 tactical mine fuze. The M15 is a high explosive (HE), heavy antitank (AT) landmine. The mines have manually armed pressure actuated primary internal fuzes. anti-tank mine Diameter: 334mm Length: 334mm Weight: 13.6kg Explosive: 10kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M16 The M16 is a steel-cased bounding fragmentation anti-personnel mine, initiated by tripwire or pressure. The mine is externally identical to the M16A1, other than markings. M16A2 is similar, but has an offset fuze well. When the fuze is actuated, the striker is released onto an igniter, which fires the propellant charge after a short delay; this blows the mine body out from the casing and ignites the pyrotechnic delays. When the mine reaches a height of approximately 1 m, the detonators initiate the main charge to shatter the steel body in all directions. This mine can be neutralized by removing the fuze, but cannot be disarmed as the detonators are integral. fragmentation mine Diameter: 103mm Height: 203mm Weight: 3.75kg Explosive: 575g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M16 WITH M605 FUZE These are high-explosive (HE), bounding, fragmenting, antipersonnel (apers), mines actuated by an M605 combination pull/pressure fuze. fragmentation mine Diameter: 105mm Length: 191mm Weight: 3.6kg Explosive: 585g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M16A1 The M16A1 is a steel-cased bounding fragmentation anti-personnel mine, initiated by tripwire or pressure. The mine is externally identical to the M16, other than markings; the main internal revisions are smaller detonators and boosters. M16A2 is similar, but has an offset fuze well. When the fuze is actuated, the striker is released onto an igniter, which fires the propellant charge after a short delay; this blows the mine body out from the casing and ignites the pyrotechnic delays. When the mine reaches a height of approximately 1 m, the detonators initiate the main charge to shatter the steel body in all directions. This mine can be neutralized by removing the fuze, but cannot be disarmed as the detonators are integral. fragmentation mine Diameter: 105mm Height: 203mm Weight: 3.75kg Explosive: 575g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M16A2 The M16A2 is a steel-cased bounding fragmentation anti-personnel mine, initiated by tripwire or pressure. The mine is externally similar to the M16 and M16A1, but has an offset fuze well. The main internal revision is the use of a single detonator and booster in place of the two used in earlier versions. When the fuze is actuated, the striker is released onto an igniter, which fires the propellant charge after a short delay; this blows the mine body out from the casing and ignites the pyrotechnic delays. When the mine reaches a height of approximately 1 m, the detonator initiates the main charge to shatter the steel body in all directions. This mine can be neutralized by removing the fuze, but cannot be disarmed as the detonator is integral. fragmentation mine Diameter: 103mm Height: 203mm Weight: 2.8kg Explosive: 601g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M17 (PRACTICE) The M17 is externally identical to the M14 except for color and markings. practice Diameter: 58mm Length: 38mm Weight: 113g Explosive: 13g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Charge
M18 These are directional, fragmentation, high explosive (HE) antipersonnel (apers) landmines which may be electrically or non-electrically initiated. They may be used as controlled-fired mines in offensive or defensive situations. fragmentation mine Diameter: 235mm Length: 83mm Weight: 1.1kg Explosive: 340g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: Composition C-3
M-18 The CARDOEN antipersonnel directional fragmentation mine is used for the defense of military bases and installations, against enemy infantry, and for the defense of infantry positions. This mine is effective over a wide area and it is simple to activate. It is also effective against light vehicles. The fragmentation charge consists of metal shrapnel that is dispersed in a 60 degree angle. The mine can be installed in post, tress or single placed on the ground. The M-18 is a copy of the M18A1 antipersonnel mine designed by the United States. fragmentation mine Length: 231mm Weight: 1.6kg Explosive: 500g
M18A1 CLAYMORE & PRACTICE, M68 The M68 practice mine is similar to the M18A1 mine except that the inert loaded M33 mine body replaces the high explosive loaded M18A1 mine body, and the empty practice blasting cap M10 replaces the loaded blasting cap. These are directional, fragmentation, high explosive (HE) antipersonnel (apers) landmines which may be electrically or non electrically initiated. They may be used as controlled fired mines in offensive or defensive situations. fragmentation mine Diameter: 216mm Length: 216mm Weight: 1.6kg Explosive: 680g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: Composition C-4
M19 This is a nonmetallic, high explosive (HE) heavy antitank (AT) landmine which uses the M606 mechanical pressure actuated fuze. This mine has provisions for secondary firing devices. anti-tank mine Length: 332mm Height: 94mm Weight: 12.5kg Explosive: 9.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M-19 The M-19 is a heavy, difficult to detect landmine. The fuze contains very little metal (less than 3 grams). The mine body has a handle which is attached to one side, and there are two secondary fuze wells, one on the bottom and one on the side. anti-personnel Length: 332mm Weight: 12.56kg Explosive: 9.53kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M19, INERT TRAINING, AND TRAINING M80 These are training mines for the M19 high-explosive (HE) heavy antitank (AT) landmine which uses the M606 mechanical pressure-actuated fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 332mm Length: 75mm Range: 10 Explosive/filler type: None
M-1979 anti-personnel/anti-vehicular Diameter: 198mm Range: 10m
M1A3 This pyrotechnic landmine is initiated by an integral pull (slack tripwire) or pull/tension-release (taut tripwire) fuze. It is used as a warning signal and as a means of illumination. illumination mine Diameter: 60mm Length: 114mm Weight: 585g Explosive: 327g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: Pyrotechnic Composition
M2 The mine consists of a base plate to which a short length of thin-walled tubing is welded, and to which a pipe nipple is threaded. The cavity in the base plate contains the propelling charge, which consists of 20 grains of black powder assembled in a small bag. The mortar tube, containing the fuzed shell, is sealed with a metal cap. Attached to the pipe nipple is a coupling into which is fitted the primer and igniter assembly (standard firing device base with a black powder igniter crimped in place). The primer is protected during handling and shipment by a metal cap. The firing pin assembly of the firing device is shipped separately in a tube, in the same box with the mine. The firing device used with this mine is Combination Firing Device M1. M2 is similar to a small mortar, and projects a shell about 6 feet in the air, where it explodes. Designed for use against personnel, it has an effective radius of about 30 feet. anti-personnel mine Weight: 1.36kg Explosive: 163.3g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M2 SERIES These are bounding fragmentation anti-personnel landmines with minor variations in external appearance. The mines have been copied by countries such as Belgium (PRB M966) and Portugal (M/966). The dual action fuze can operate either by pressure or tripwire. When the fuze is functioned, a charge at the bottom of the mine projects a 60 mm mortar shell into the air and starts a pyrotechnic delay element. The warhead explodes approximately 2 meters above the ground. Since there is no access to the detonator the mortar bomb body, this mine cannot be completely disarmed. Easily detectable. fragmentation mine Width: 104mm Height: 244mm Weight: 3kg Explosive: 154g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M2; AND TRAINER, M299 (SELECTABLE LIGHTWEIGHT ATTACK MUNITION (SLAM))) This is a small, compact, hand-emplaced, multi-purpose mine which is readily portable. It is lethal against wheeled and tracked armored infantry combat vehicles, parked aircraft, ammunition, and petroleum, oil, and lubricant (POL) storage sites. The mine is manually armed and initiated magnetically, by infrared, by timer countdown, or by command detonation. multipurpose Diameter: 56mm Length: 132mm Weight: 2.2kg Explosive: 280g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: LX-14
M21 This is a high-explosive (HE) antitank (AT) landmine which uses the Misznay-Schardin effect (high-explosive wave that propels a concave steel plate at extremely high velocity) against the underside, tracks, or wheels of armored vehicles. It is activated by an M607 fuze which functions upon application of either horizontal or vertical pressure. anti-tank mine Diameter: 229mm Length: 114mm Weight: 8.2kg Explosive: 4.8kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M24 This is a remotely actuated, off-route, high-explosive (HE) antitank (AT) landmine system which uses the 3.5-inch HEAT rocket to defend against tracked and wheeled vehicles. anti-tank mine Diameter: 89mm Length: 609mm Weight: 8.2kg Explosive: 853g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M25 This mine is a copy of the Canadian C3A1, or ELSIE, antipersonnel mine. The mines pointed end is pushed into the ground so as only to expose the top portion of the mine. The shipping plug is removed and the charge assembly with safety clip is inserted into mine the body assembly. Once emplaced into the ground, the safety collar of the mine is removed to arm the mine. Mine will actuate when 7-12 kg force is applied. Upon activation, an explosive charge will detonate sending an explosively formed penetrator upward. The M25 is an antipersonnel blast/shape-charge mine that was produced by the United States. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 51mm Weight: 90g Explosive: 7.3g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M26 The M26 landmine is a high-explosive (HE), bounding, fragmentation (frag), antipersonnel (apers) landmine with integral fuzing. fragmentation mine Width: 79mm Height: 145mm Weight: 907g Explosive: 170g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M2A3 & M2A4 GROUP The M2A3 & M2A4 are high-explosive (HE), bounding, fragmenting, antipersonnel (apers) landmines. Each modification has an inert counterpart which is externally identical except for painting and markings. fragmentation mine Diameter: 84mm Length: 236mm Weight: 2.3kg Explosive: 198g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M3 This a nonmetallic, non-detectable anti-personnel mine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 79mm Weight: 93g Explosive: 68g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M3 These are high-explosive, fragmenting, antipersonnel landmines. The inert M3 counterpart is externally identical except for painting and markings. These mines may employ either the M3 or M7 series combination pull/pressure fuzes. fragmentation mine Width: 89mm Height: 137mm Weight: 4.36kg Explosive: 410g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT, flaked
M3 FAMILY The mine consists of a rectangular body containing high explosive, with fuze wells on two opposite sides and one end. The filling hole on the other end is closed by a disc. The mine is activated by the Fuze M7A1. anti-personnel mine Length: 137mm Weight: 4.3kg Explosive: 453g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M3, M3A1, & M381; & LANDMINE, INERT, M3 These are high-explosive, fragmenting, antipersonnel landmines. The inert M3 counterpart is externally identical except for painting and markings. These mines may employ either the M3 or M7 series combination pull/pressure fuzes. fragmentation mine Diameter: 89mm Length: 135mm Weight: 4.4kg Explosive: 454g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M34 All of the mines have factory-set self destruct times. A version of this mine is in service in the Japanese Self Defense Force, Type 1 scatterable mine. This scatterable mine is dispensed from the M56 helicopter mounted mine scattering system. Three versions of the mine were produced, a simple blast antitank/antivehicular mine, a mine with a double impulse fuze, and an antidisturbance variant. anti-tank mine Length: 264mm Weight: 2.68kg Explosive: 1.3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: H-6
M35 (PRACTICE) The M35 is identical to the M26 landmine except for color, markings, and the presence of a puff port and a hexagon socket setscrew on the top of the mine. The M35 is a practice version of the M26 mine, which emits a blue smoke cloud. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 79mm Length: 145mm Weight: 1kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Un-specified
M395 (155mm) The projectile contains a payload of 63 submunition grenades, M85 and an expulsion charge. The 155-mm dual-purpose HEAT ICM projectile M395 is intended for use against infantry troops and materiel targets, such as tanks, APCs and SP cannons. The range of the M395 is 23 kilometers (14.3 miles) projectile (cluster munitions) Diameter: 155mm Length: 802.5mm Weight: 46.3kg Explosive: 2.77kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX
M396 (155mm) Contains 49 M85 bomblets. Using an improved aerodynamic shape and base-bleed technology attains the range extention to 30km. The M396 extended-range cargo projectile is compatible with the standarrd propelling charges employed in NATO, including high-energy charges. It can be fired from all 39-calibre 155-mm artillery guns. It is in full serial production at I.M.I. since 1986. projectile (cluster munitions)
M4 The M4 is a high-explosive metal-cased anti-tank blast mine; it is similar to the M1 and M1A1 but incorporates auxiliary fuze wells in the base. The mine is initiated by pressure, but is resistant to blast because of the "spider" pressure plate. Pressure on the spider is transferred to the head of the fuze, where it breaks an internal shear pin and depresses an internal collar to release a striker retaining ball. This releases the spring-loaded striker onto the detonator to initiate the booster and main charge. Since these mines are likely to be old and contain cocked strikers, they should not be disarmed. Anti-lift devices may be present in the auxiliary fuze wells. Easily detectable. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Height: 102mm Weight: 4.8kg Explosive: 1.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M41 The mine is used in a conventional manner against foot troops. The Trampmina M/41 is a Swedish wooden-box antipersonnel mine. The mine consists of an upper hinged lid that fits over a lower section filled with an explosive block. Pressure exerted on the lid causes a downward movement, releasing a "T"-shaped striker retaining pin. The striker is then freed to impact on the percussion cap in the fuze. The pressure required to actuate the mine varies but may be as low as 2.0 kg. anti-personnel mine Length: 200mm Weight: 349g Explosive: 118g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M412 The M412 is the Portuguese licensed-produced copy of the Italian SB-33 scatterable, blast resistant, low-metallic antipersonnel mine. The mine has a unique irregular shape to impede visual detection. The mine can be either hand emplaced or scattered using a helicopter mounted mine scattering system. This type of Italian designed pressure fuze is very resistant to explosive countermeasures. Indeed, Italian landmine developers have consistently demonstrated their systems as survivable against fuel-air explosives and bulk explosive countermeasures. anti-personnel Diameter: 88mm Weight: 130g Explosive: 400g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: PETN
M42 One of the most common submunitions. Behaves like frag mines. submunition Diameter: 38mm Height: 81mm Weight: 198g Range: 20m Explosive: 33g
M421 M421is a copy of the Belgian NR-413 tripwire-initiated anti-personnel fragmentation stake mine. Once armed (by the removal of a safety pin), pull on any of the tripwires lifts the striker and compresses the striker spring. A retaining ball then escapes to release the striker onto the stab-sensitive detonator assembly. fragmentation mine Diameter: 46mm Height: 114mm Weight: 640g Explosive: 100g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M421 / NR-413 The mine is an anti-personnel fragmentation mine that uses trip wires to function the mine. Figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the M421 Landmine. This mine is a copy of the Belgian NR-413 mine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 46mm Height: 114mm Weight: 640g Explosive: 100g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M432 The M432 is a steel-cased bounding fragmentation anti-personnel mine, normally initiated by pressure. When the fuze is actuated, the striker is released onto an igniter, which fires the propellant charge; this blows the mine body out from the outer casing. When the mine reaches the correct height, the tether wire becomes taut and releases the internal striker onto the detonator to fire the main charge. fragmentation mine Diameter: 105mm Height: 268mm Weight: 3.9kg Explosive: 800g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M43T This is a standard Swedish mine. It consists of a rectangular case that contains a charge and an integral fuzing system. On one edge of the mine is a detonator well closed by a rubber stopper. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 40mm Length: 105mm Weight: 470g Explosive: 136g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M453 The mine can either be emplaced by hand or scattered by a helicopter-mounted mine scattering device. The ability of the mine to absorb the rapid pressure loading of the ground impact explains why blast resistance is a standard feature on this type of Italian mine fuze. The SB-81 is produced by Italy and Spain, both of which also produce and electronic version with anti-handling features, the SB-81/AR. The M453 is a Portuguese copy of the Italian SB-81 antitank mine. The mine is a pressure-activated, blast-resistant mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 232mm Weight: 3.1kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M45B The anti-personnel, M45B is a bounding type landmine. anti-personnel mine Range: 20m
M46 A pull on the tripwire removes the striker retaining pin, permitting the striker to hit and fire the percussion cap. The detonator and the main charge are fired in turn. The mine is attached to stake, post, or tree and rigged with a tripwire. When the mine is tripped it gives a warning of the approach of enemy troops. anti-personnel mine Length: 101mm Weight: 49g Range: 10m
M483 & M483A1 (155MM) These are Army, howitzer-fired projectiles which carry a payload of 88 dual-purpose (armor defecting and antipersonnel) grenades. When the dual-purpose projectile has an expulsion charge assembled, the payload is expelled; with a spotting charge assembled, the payload is detonated. projectiles (cluster munitions) Diameter: 155mm Length: 843mm Weight: 47kg Explosive: 3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX
M49 & M49B The M49 landmine uses the M49 and M49B fuzes. The M49 is a nonmetallic, high-explosive (HE) blast antipersonnel (apers) landmine. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 75mm Length: 33mm Weight: 240g Explosive: 178g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M49 (PRACTICE) The M49 practice landmine contains a spotting charge, and is used for training purposes. The M49 practice landmine is used for training purposes. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 73mm Length: 36mm Weight: 98g Explosive: 3g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Black Powder
M5 The M5 is a nonmetallic high-explosive (HE), antitank landmine which uses an M5 pressure activated, chemical fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 254mm Length: 140mm Weight: 6.6kg Explosive: 2.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M5 (PRACTICE) The mines are all similar, differing only in size and weight. The Mi 101 and Mi 102 have secondary fuze wells on the side and bottom for antidisturbance devices. The Mi 103 (M 5) does not have secondary fuze wells, but can be emplaced with anti-removal or anti-lift devices. At one time the Mi 102 and Mi 103 were offered in square versions measuring 254 millimeters (10.00 inches) and 295 millimeters (11.61 inches), respectively. The Mi 101 mine weighs 12.5 kilograms (27.6 pounds), the Mi 102 8.0 kilograms (17.6 pounds), and the Mi 103 10.0 kilograms (22.0 pounds). Practice mines have weights identical to the service mines. The practice landmine is a non-explosive version of the service mine and contains a smoke charge. Figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the service landmines. These mines were originally designated Mi 101, Mi 102, and Mi 103 by the manufacturer, Bofors. The Mi 101 and Mi 102 are obsolete, but the Mi 103 is in service and has been designated M5 (STRIDSVAGNSMINA 5) by the Swedish army. anti-tank mine Diameter: 332mm Length: 77mm Weight: 10kg Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Charge
M6 (IMPROVISED ROCKET) The A/T rocket M6 may be employed by placing the rocket, nose-up in its container, in a hole about two feet deep, either in a roadbed or horizontally on the side of a cut or bank. It can be set to fire electrically by arranging a circuit containing the rocket, a battery, and an improvised circuit closer. Connections to the rocket are made on the ignition wires: one from the brass ring on the nose, the other from the fins. Ordinary field telephone wire will serve; the battery and connections should be protected from water if necessary. anti-tank mine Diameter: 60mm Length: 546mm Range: 20m
M6 SERIES The M6 and M6A1 mines, designed to employ the M600 and M601 chemical fuzes and M3 arming plug, have been modified and designated M6A2, by incorporation of the M120 booster, booster retaining ring, M603 mechanical fuze, and the M4 or M4B1 arming plug. The M6-series are high-explosive (HE), heavy antitank (AT) landmines. All these mines have manually armed pressure actuated primary internal fuzes. They also contain two secondary fuze wells; one in the side of the mine and one in the bottom. . anti-tank mine Diameter: 333mm Height: 83mm Weight: 9.1kg Explosive: 4.45kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M-62 This is a nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast), antipersonnel (apers) landmine which uses a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. This mine resembles the PMD-7TS Soviet AP mine. It is used primarily along the Hungarian border to prevent intrusion. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 50mm Length: 187mm Weight: 320g Explosive: 75g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
M66 & PRACTICE M69 The M66 is a remotely actuated, off-route, high-explosive antitank (HEAT) landmine system which uses the 3.5-inch HEAT rocket to defend against tracked and wheeled vehicles. The M69 is identical to the M66 except it uses a practice rocket. The landmine system components are painted olive drab. The tactical rocket may have an olive drab or black warhead with identifying data stenciled in yellow. The rocket motor may be brown or olive drab with a brown band. The practice warheads are painted blue with identifying data stenciled in white. The motor is identical to the tactical motor. The contact ring and groove on the rocket are unpainted. The rocket warhead and motor are steel, the fuze fins and additional snap-on spring-loaded fins are aluminum, and the contact ring is copper. The launcher tube, biped assembly, sighting assembly, and data processor are plastic. The geophone is plastic and steel. anti-tank mine Diameter: 89mm Length: 598mm Weight: 18.1kg Explosive: 853g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M7 series The inert M7 mine is externally identical to the M7-series tactical mines. The M7 and M7A1 mines have been modified to the M7A2 by incorporation of the M120 booster. The M7-series are high explosive (HE) antitank (AT) landmines. The M10-series are practice landmines. All these mines have manually armed, pressure actuated fuzes and provisions for a secondary firing device. The practice mines have smoke charges incorporated into the fuzes. anti-tank mine Length: 178mm Width: 114mm Height: 64mm Weight: 2.2kg Explosive: 1.6kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
M74 Both covers have four tripline ports, 90 degrees apart. This is a scatterable, bi-directional, electromechanically armed antipersonnel (apers) landmine. It is fired by tripline sensors or self-destruct timers. However, some mines contain an additional antidisturbance feature. It is designed to disrupt and disorganize troops, deny utilization of key areas, and thwart mine clearance operations. It is used for rapid, large-scale mining in support of barrier and obstacle planning. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 121mm Length: 66mm Weight: 1.4kg Explosive: 420g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
M75 This is a scatterable, bi-directional-shaped-charge (Misznay-Schardin) antitank/antivehicle (AT/AV) landmine. It is electro-mechanically armed, and is magnetic influence, antidisturbance, or self-destruct fired. It is designed to disable or destroy tracked and wheeled vehicles. It is used for rapid, large-scale mining in support of barrier and obstacle planning. anti-vehicular/anti-tank mine Diameter: 66mm Length: 121mm Weight: 1.8kg Explosive: 590g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: RDX/Estane
M7A1 The M7 mines uses a mechanical pressure type fuze M603 and booster M120. The light type mine weighs about five pounds. A light antitank mine requires a pressure of 140 to 240 pounds to initiate the fuze. The light antitank mine is intended to be used against light tanks or vehicles. A group of two or more light mines can be used against heavy tanks. The M7 series mines use TNT as the filler. anti-tank mine Length: 178mm Weight: 2kg Explosive: 1.47kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Tetrytol
M8 (PRACTICE) The mine simulates the operation of the M16 series service mines. These are sound and smoke producing mines actuated by an M10, M10A1 (M8 mine), or M10A2 (M8A1 mine) combination pull/pressure fuze. practice Diameter: 84mm Length: 236mm Weight: 2.3kg Explosive: 11g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Black Powder
M86 PURSUIT DETERRENT MUNITION (PDM) The M86 mine is a scatterable, hand-deployed, antidisturbance or self-destruct-fired, bounding antipersonnel (apers) mine. The mine is used by special forces for area denial, or to delay or disrupt pursuing enemy forces and is designed to self-destruct 4 hours after arming. scatterable munitions Diameter: 59mm Length: 67mm Weight: 680g Explosive: 21g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: RDX
M8A1 (PRACTICE) The mine simulates the operation of the M16 series service mines. These are sound and smoke producing mines actuated by an M10, M10A1 (M8 mine), or M10A2 (M8A1 mine) combination pull/pressure fuze. practice Diameter: 84mm Length: 236mm Weight: 2.3kg Explosive: 2g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Composition, Yellow
M9 (PRACTICE) The M9 is a practice landmine used for training purposes and uses an M12 practice chemical fuze. practice Diameter: 245mm Length: 140mm Weight: 4.1kg Explosive: 1g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Signal Composition, Yellow
MACIPE anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 105mm Range: 20m
MAGNETIC (AS, LIMPET MINE) This is a molded plastic semi-cylindrical limpet mine which uses a mechanical time-delay metal fatigue fuze. Delay can be set from 5 minutes to 832 hours by use of 6 delay tabs. The mine has two horseshoe magnets on both ends. The mine has two fuze wells and an arming device 180 degrees from the fuze wells. A cylindrical cavity charge is mounted on a bridge supported by the 2 horseshoe magnets. The magnets provide a standoff of 1.6 centimeters. The mine is used for disabling or sinking ships. anti-ship mine Diameter: 114mm Length: 266mm Weight: 2.8kg Explosive: 952g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: Tritonal
MAI 68 The MAI 68 is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine designed by the Romanians. The mine is detonated when pressure is applied to the top of the mine. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 78mm Weight: 230g Explosive: 90g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
MAI-75 This is a pressure-actuated, nonmetallic, high-explosive blast, antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The landmine contains a cocked firing pin. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 95mm Height: 61mm Weight: 300g Explosive: 120g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MAIGA-4 The MAIGA-4 is a Romanian-produced directed fragmentation mine. Although the mine is advertised as an anti-vehicular mine, it can also be employed in an antipersonnel role. The mine is normally command-detonated. fragmentation mine Length: 400mm Weight: 22.8kg Explosive: 12kg Range: 150m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MAI-GR 1 The MAIGR 1 is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine designed by the Romanians. The mine can be either hand emplaced or scattered using a helicopter mounted mine scattering system. The mine is detonated when pressure is applied to the top of the mine. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 75mm Weight: 110g Explosive: 40g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MAI-GR 2 The MAI-GR 2 is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine designed by the Romanians. The mine can be either manually emplaced or scattered from helicopters. The mine is detonated when pressure is applied to the top of the mine. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 70mm Length: 45mm Weight: 110g Explosive: 50g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: RDX
MAL/17 (SHALLOW WATER) The MAL\17 shallow water mine is used as a defense against amphibious assaults. The 18 kg warhead will do significant damage to most types of landing craft. The three pressure sensors and mooring chain combine to create a formidable shallow water threat. The mines are normally emplaced just below the low tide water level. These mines can be difficult to detect visibly, depending on the water clarity. A copy of this mine is produce in Egypt as the MAL-17. shallow water mine Explosive: 18kg Range: 500m
MANTA Bottom, influence. naval mine Height: 430mm Width: 980mm N.E.W.: 180kg
MAP II This is an antipersonnel (apers) blast landmine which is also used against light vehicles. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 112mm Length: 80mm Weight: 600g Explosive: 400g Explosive/filler type: Mexatol C
MAPP 78 F-2 The MAPP 78 F2 is an antipersonnel blast mine using the body of a high impact plastic hand grenade. Chile produces two different versions of this antipersonnel mine. The first, the MAPP 78 F2 is pressure activated and contains 0.087 kg. of TNT. The MAPT 78 F2 version is tripwire initiated and weighs 17 grams less than the pressure version. However, the MAPT 78 F2 then has the fragmentation sleeve of the hand grenade added for fragmentation effect. The MAPP 78 F2 is shipped with a plastic collar under the pressure plate that is removed once the mine is armed. anti-personnel blast mine Weight: 200g Explosive: 87g Explosive/filler type: TNT
MARK 1 The mine has a pressure plate and central fuze well with detonator and booster charge. The mine is used in road blocks, minefields, etc. anti-tank mine Diameter: 190mm Weight: 3.2kg Explosive: 1.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Baratol
MARK 2 This mine is laid in antipersonnel minefields for security and in antitank minefields to hinder reconnaissance and breaching parties. anti-personnel Diameter: 89mm Length: 139mm Weight: 4.5kg Explosive: 453g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
MARK 5, H.C. This mine is effective against most medium tanks, but may not cut the track of heavy tanks unless laid double. It is employed in large tactical minefields, road blocks, and unit security. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Length: 101mm Weight: 5.6kg Explosive: 3.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MARK 7 This is similar to the German Tellermine type. The mine is actuated through a waterproof pressure plate and uses a pressure-mechanical fuze which fits into a centrally located fuze well. Another well is located in the bottom of the case for boobytrapping devices. The mine was designed to replace the antitank mine, Mark 5. This is a anti-tank mine. This mine is capable of stopping heavy tanks by cutting the tracks. anti-tank mine Diameter: 325mm Length: 130mm Weight: 13.6kg Explosive: 8.89kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MAS/22 (SHALLOW WATER) The mine has three stabilization spikes which maintain the mines placement even in rough waters. Employment is normally right below the water surface at low tide. Visual detection is extremely difficult when located within the active surf zone. The MAS/22 shallow water mine is employed in the surf-zone as an obstacle to amphibious forces. Its 18 kg of explosives is sufficient to do significant damage to most landing crafts. shallow water mine Explosive: 18kg Range: 500m
MAT 80 F5 The MAT 80 F5 is a heavy, low-metallic content antitank mine. The cylindrical body is composed of high impact plastic which makes detection difficult. The MAT 80 F5 is a blast effect mine whose fuze is inserted along the side. anti-tank mine Weight: 6.5kg Explosive: 9.3kg Explosive/filler type: Pentolite
MAT F5 The MAT F5 is a plastic bodied antitank mine in service with the Chilean Army. The main charge of the MAT F5 is 9.3 kg which is substantially heavier than the Chilean antivehicle mine (MP-APVL F4). The MAT F5 is a conventional, circular blast mine produced by FAMAE Fabricaciones Militares of Santiago, Chile. anti-tank mine Weight: 10.3kg Explosive: 9.3kg Explosive/filler type: Pentolite
MAT/5 This is a pressure activated antitank landmine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 290mm Length: 108mm Weight: 7kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 100m
MAT-46 The metal case should make the mine easy to detect using magnetic mine detectors. Copies of the TM-46 have also been produced by Egypt and Israel. Another Soviet version, the TMN-46, provided secondary fuze wells for boobytrap purposes. The MAT-46 is the Romania copy of the Former Soviet TM-46. The mine is a relatively simple, pressure-activated blast antitank mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Weight: 8.3kg Explosive: 5.3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
MAT-62B The mine has a relatively large fuze-well which will accommodate a variety of mine fuzes, including the fuzes the Soviets designed for the TM-62 series and the TM-72. The MAT-62B is the Romania copy of the Former Soviet TM-62P. The mine is a relatively simple, pressure-activated, blast antitank mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 340mm Weight: 7.2kg Explosive: 7.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
MAT-76 The MAT-76 is a blast antitank mine made of cast TNT covered with a fiberglass resin protective coating. The fuze well accepts any fuze compatible with former Soviet TM-62 or -72 series mines. The MAT-76 does not have secondary fuze wells cast into the body, but the thin resin coating can be easily cut away, and an expedient well created in order to fit an anti-lift device. By the same token, the MAT-76 can be cut apart easily and the explosive used for other purposes. The very small metallic content of the P-62 fuze used with the MAT-76 mine makes it difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Height: 135mm Weight: 10kg Explosive: 9.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MAT-87 The MAT-87 is the Romania modernized version of the MAT-62 and MAT-76 mines. The mine is a relatively simple, pressure-activated, blast antitank mine. The mine has a relatively large fuze-well which will accommodate a variety of mine fuzes, including the fuzes the Soviets designed for the TM-62 series and the TM-72. However, the updated fuze designed by the Romanians has a small amount of metal which should make the mine difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 220mm Weight: 5.2kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 100m
MATS This landmine contains 1.5 kilograms (3.3 pounds) of various types of explosive. A larger diameter, 260 mm (10.24 in), version of this landmine is also available. This larger mine contains a 2.4 kilogram (5.3 pound) main charge. anti-tank mine Diameter: 220mm Length: 90mm Explosive: 93.5g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: Various Types
MATS/1.4 The MATS/1.4 is a light, pressure-activated, blast antitank mine. The mine can be emplaced by hand or scattered from a helicopter-mounted delivery system. If emplaced by hand, several mines can be stacked to increase the effect of the mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 220mm Weight: 3.6kg Explosive: 1.5kg Range: 100m
MATS/2 This is a pressure activated antitank landmine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 260mm Length: 90mm Weight: 4kg Explosive: 2.6kg Range: 100m
MATS/2.6 The MATS/2.6 is a light, pressure-activated, blast antitank mine. The mine can be emplaced by either by hand or scattered from a helicopter-mounted delivery system. . If emplaced by hand, several mines can be stacked to increase the effect of the mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 260mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 2.4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
MAT-U-9-10 The Romanian produced MAT-U-9-10/20/30 series of antitank mines are pressure initiated blast effect mines with decreasing amounts of explosive content. The relatively small exposed surface of the fuze increases the mines survivability to explosively produced blast overpressures. However, at the same time it also reduces the effective area exposed to the target. Reportedly three explosive fills are available: TNT, Hexolite, or Pentolite., These nonmetallic mines are described as impossible to detect by "means of electromagnetic detection apparatus". anti-tank mine Weight: 12kg Explosive: 11.2kg Range: 150m Explosive/filler types: TNT
MAT-U-9-20 The Romanian produced MAT-U-9-10/20/30 series of antitank mines are pressure initiated blast effect mines with decreasing amounts of explosive content. The relatively small exposed surface of the fuze increases the mines survivability to explosively produced blast overpressures. However, at the same time it also reduces the effective area exposed to the target. Reportedly three explosive fills are available: TNT, Hexolite, or Pentolite., These nonmetallic mines are described as impossible to detect by "means of electromagnetic detection apparatus.". anti-tank mine Weight: 10kg Explosive: 9.3kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler types: TNT
MAT-U-9-30 The Romanian produced MAT-U-9-10/20/30 series of antitank mines are pressure initiated blast effect mines with decreasing amounts of explosive content. The relatively small exposed surface of the fuze increases the mines survivability to explosively produced blast overpressures. However, at the same time it also reduces the effective area exposed to the target. Reportedly three explosive fills are available: TNT, Hexolite, or Pentolite. These nonmetallic mines are described as impossible to detect by "means of electromagnetic detection apparatus.". anti-tank mine Weight: 8kg Explosive: 7.3kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MAUS (AIR DROPABLE) The mine is designed to be dropped by airplane or helicopter behind enemy lines of in areas of guerilla activity. anti-personnel Diameter: 89mm Length: 48mm Weight: 248g Explosive: 20g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
MAUS, MAUS/1; & LANDMINE, PRACTICE, MAUS MAUS stands for (Mina Antiuomo Seminabile) which translates to (Antipersonnel Scatter Mine). These mines were developed for rapid placement of minefields using helicopters, hand-placement, or scattered from moving vehicles. An early model of the MAUS mine was manufactured without ribs. The MAUS and MAUS/1 are identical except the MAUS/1 has an additional plug that either provides access to the expansion bulb or possibly acts as a vent from the diaphragm. The tactical mines are high-explosive (blast), antipersonnel (apers) landmine which uses an integral, safety-pin armed, pressure-actuated, pneumatic fuze. The pneumatic fuze is designed to withstand explosive overpressure for short duration and deployment impact. The MAUS may be deployed 1.00 meter (39.37 inches) under water. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 89mm Length: 46mm Weight: 275g Explosive: 16g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
MBV-78A1 The MBV-78A1 is an anti-personnel fragmentation stake mine similar to the Russian POMZ-2 and Chinese Type 58. This mine is usually tripwire initiated using an MUV-type pull fuze. Pull on the tripwire extracts the striker retaining pin, releasing the spring-loaded striker onto the stab-sensitive detonator assembly. Multiple tripwires may be used. fragmentation mine Diameter: 64mm Height: 130mm Weight: 1.7kg Explosive: 75g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MBV-78A2 The landmine uses the Soviet MUV-2 type fuze. Difficult to detect. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 53mm Height: 80mm Weight: 150g Explosive: 65g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MC-71 This mine is very similar to two obsolete French mines, the metallic and non-metallic Model 1951 shaped-charge mines. In these mines the detonator well at the base of the mine doubled as a boobytrap well. While no information suggests that this is the case with the MC-71, it should be considered as a possibility. The MC-71 is a large egg-shaped antitank mine utilizing a shaped charge. The shaped charge is assessed to use a copper liner, and the body is assessed to be metallic, making the MC-71 readily detectable. The Romanian MC-71 is a shaped-charge antitank mine that consists of two truncated cones, back to back. The lower assembly contains the explosive shaped-charge and the detonator well. The upper assembly functions as a cover intended only to allow precise formation of the shaped-charge jet. The mine is initiated by a tiltrod assembly which is driven into the ground adjacent (within a few meters) to the mine. Firing is through a detonating cable connecting the base of the tiltrod assembly to the detona anti-tank mine Diameter: 260mm Weight: 8.8kg Explosive: 5.1kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MCX 7A (MIN CHIEN XA) The top plate has three blasting cap wells that fit into the tetryl booster charges. The CX 7A pressure fuzes fit into the blasting cap wells and the pressure covers screw down over the fuzes to provide added resistance to the functioning of the fuzes. The secondary fuze well on the bottom of the mine is for boobytrapping and antilift purposes. The CX 7A pressure fuze consists of an aluminum base, blasting cap, percussion cap, and an aluminum cap with a striker pin. This mine is used to cause damage to wheeled or tracked vehicles. anti-vehicular Diameter: 276.8mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MD-82B The MD-82B is a pressure initiated, blast anti-personnel mine. Its appearance is similar to the US M14, but it is crude and simple. Pressure on the top surface compresses a spring in an internal steel fuze assembly. Once the spring is fully compressed, a bar moves aside to release the striker onto the stab-sensitive detonator assembly. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 57mm Height: 53mm Weight: 100g Explosive: 28g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MDH TYPE The Vietnamese MDH is a large directed fragmentation mine. The mine can be used against both light skinned vehicles in an antipersonnel role. The mine is mounted on a stand which can be set in the ground or attached to a tree or similar item. Although the mine is designed to be initiated by a MUV-type fuze, it can also be command detonated. anti-material/anti-personnel mine Diameter: 220m Weight: 5kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MDH-10 The MDH-10 is a large directional fragmentation mine, similar to the Russian MON-100. The mine can be used against both light skinned vehicles and in an antipersonnel role. Copied by Cambodia as KN-10. The mine can be initiated by a tripwire attached to the pin of an MUV-type fuze, or command detonated. fragmentation mine Diameter: 220mm Height: 80mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MDH-2 The MDH-2 is small Vietnamese-produced antipersonnel directed fragmentation mine. The mine is in the shape of a small box and has a sheet metal casing. The explosive charge in the mine can be initiated with a tripwire or command detonated. fragmentation mine Length: 190mm Width: 54mm Height: 120mm Explosive: 1.2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MDH-4K The MDH-4K is a large directed fragmentation mine. The mine can be used against both light skinned vehicles in an antipersonnel role. The mine is mounted on a stand which can be fixed in the ground or attached to a tree or similar item. Although the mine is designed to be initiated by a MUV-type fuze, it can also be command detonated. fragmentation mine Diameter: 232mm Weight: 8kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MDH-5 The MDH-5 is a small directed fragmentation mine. The mine is mounted on a stand which can be set on the ground or attached to a tree or similar item. Although the mine is designed to be initiated by a MUV-type fuze, it can also be command detonated. fragmentation mine Diameter: 106mm Length: 49mm Weight: 800g Explosive: 265g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: RDX (TNT/HEXOGEN)
MDH-7 The Vietnamese MDH-7 is a large directed fragmentation mine. The mine can be used against both light skinned vehicles in an antipersonnel role. The mine is mounted on a stand which can be set in the ground or attached to a tree or similar item. Although the mine is designed to be initiated by a MUV-type fuze, it can also be command detonated. fragmentation mine Diameter: 200mm Weight: 3.8kg Explosive: 1.58kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MDH--8K The Vietnamese MDH-8K is a directed fragmentation mine, similar to the MDH-10, but larger. The mine can be used against both light skinned vehicles and in an antipersonnel role. The mine can be initiated by a tripwire attached to the pin of an MUV-type fuze, or command detonated. fragmentation mine Diameter: 325mm Weight: 10kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MDH-C40 The MDH-C40 is Vietnamese copy of the US M18 Claymore directed fragmentation antipersonnel mine. The support legs for the MDH-C40 are similar to the US M18 in both location and design. There are some differences in the mines, such as the casing of the Vietnamese mine is metal, unlike the M18. Although the MDH-C40 and the US M18 mine bodies are similar in size, the MDH-C40 contains 800 grams of TNT which will yield twice the blast effect of the M18 mine, yielding a greater fragment range. fragmentation mine Length: 228mm Weight: 1.66kg Explosive: 800g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT
METAL CYLINDERS (INCENDIARY) These cylinders are filled with thermite and have an igniter located in the center of the top section. Four types of cylinders have been recovered which differ as to type of casings and igniters. One casing is a plain cylinder, while the other type has vents around the top to allow more rapid escape of the thermite. Both casings can be fitted with either a friction pull igniter or a scratch type igniter. Both igniters are of conventional design and both employ a delay element and a 5-gram first fire charge of antimony sulphide, aluminum, and potassium chlorate. A circular piece of wood with rough sides is provided as a scratch block for the scratch type igniter. The block is wrapped in wax paper and taped to the top of the cylinders in which it is used. incendiary mine Diameter: 70mm Length: 171mm Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Thermite
METAL POT MINE The mine has a central fuze well. A cover pressure plate fits on top of the case. This is an anti-tank mine. anti-tank mine Explosive: 2.5kg Range: 400m
METRA SPRINGMINE These are high-explosive (HE), bounding, fragmenting, antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The mine may be command fired with a special electric blasting cap or initiated with a mechanical pull fuze. fragmentation mine Diameter: 107mm Length: 155mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 595g Explosive/filler type: TNT
MGP.30 The MGP.30 antipersonnel mine is a small circular nonmetallic mine of conventional design that can be laid manually or scattered from aerial platforms or land vehicles. It is completely waterproof and is armed by the removal of a pin on the side of the mine body. Training versions of the MGP.30 are also available. anti-personnel Diameter: 90mm Length: 40mm Weight: 130g Explosive: 80g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MGP.31 The MGP.31 is a light antitank blast mine with limited effects due to its relatively small explosive charge. Specific information on performance data is not available. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 130mm Range: 10m
MI 101 The mines are all similar, differing only in size and weight. The Mi 101 and Mi 102 have secondary fuze wells on the side and bottom for antidisturbance devices. The Mi 103 (M 5) does not have secondary fuze wells, but can be emplaced with anti-removal or antilift devices. At one time the Mi 102 and Mi 103 were offered in square versions measuring 254 millimeters (10.00 inches) and 295 millimeters (11.61 inches), respectively. These are nonmetallic, caseless, antitank (AT) landmines with pressure fuzes. The practice landmine is a non-explosive version of the service mine and contains a smoke charge. anti-tank mine Diameter: 370mm Length: 72mm Weight: 12.5kg Explosive: 12kg Range: 150m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
MI 102 The mines are all similar, differing only in size and weight. The Mi 101 and Mi 102 have secondary fuze wells on the side and bottom for antidisturbance devices. The Mi 103 (M 5) does not have secondary fuze wells, but can be emplaced with antiremoval or anitilift devices. At one time the Mi 102 and Mi 103 were offered in square versions measuring 254 millimeters (10.00 inches) and 295 millimeters (11.61 inches), respectively. These are nonmetallic, caseless, antitank (AT) landmines with pressure fuzes. The practice landmine is a nonexplosive version of the service mine and contains a smoke charge. anti-tank mine Diameter: 305mm Length: 72mm Weight: 8kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
MI 103 (M5) These mines were originally designated Mi 101, Mi 102, and Mi 103 by the manufacturer, Bofors. The Mi 101 and Mi 102 are obsolete, but the Mi 103 is in service and has been designated M5 (STRIDSVAGNSMINA 5) by the Swedish army. These are nonmetallic, caseless, antitank (AT) landmines with pressure fuzes. The practice landmine is a non-explosive version of the service mine and contains a smoke charge. The service mines are painted dark olive drab and may be marked with a yellow ring or yellow square. Early versions were marked with the manufacturers symbol and model number. The M 5 service mine is marked with the number 5 in a white rectangle. Early versions of the practice mines were marked with the manufacturers symbol and model number and had the words ASKAD (demonstration), BLIND (dummy), or INERT (inert), and ROK (smoke) stenciled on the top. The M 5 practice mine is dark green with a blue color band around the fuze well. The number 5 is stenciled in a blue rectangle on the side of the mine. The mines are anti-tank mine Diameter: 332mm Length: 77mm Weight: 10kg Explosive: 9.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
MI AC ARGES The MI AC PED ARGES is a side-attack mine under development by France, Germany, and the UK. This mine is essentially a tandem warhead rocket mounted on a tripod attached to an IR sensor package. When a valid target passes into the field of view of the sensor, the rocket is fired, destroying the target. anti-tank mine Weight: 14kg Range: 20m
MI AC CP.1 PLATE CHARGE This is one of a series of three mines: one antipersonnel, one antivehicular, and one antitank mine. These mines are all flat-cylindrical in shape. The antipersonnel and antivehicular versions use a shaped-charge effect to project fragments. The antitank mine uses a steel plate. All three mines utilize a two-piece stand with four legs, a rear centrally located fuze well, and a top-mounted aiming device with a flat dovetailed viewing section. These mines are normally fired by controlled electric detonation., This antitank plate-charge mine is "aimed" horizontally at a target area. The device is reported to be capable of penetrating 50 mm of armor plate at 50 meters, leaving a 200-mm puncture hole. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Weight: 13kg Explosive: 7.3kg Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Menilite
MI AC DISP F1 The MI AC Disp F1 scatterable antitank mine was originally developed to be delivered by the GIAT EBG armored engineer vehicle, but new delivery systems are being developed, including the OMI 155 H1 artillery projectile, the Minotaur vehicle mounted mine scattering system, the Mitra portable remote-controlled mine scattering system, and a helicopter mounted mine scattering system. The mine has a dual shaped charge warhead and a magnetic fuze. A companion antipersonnel mine is also being developed. anti-tank mine Diameter: 135mm Range: 20m
MI AC PED GIAT The MI AC PED GIAT is a side-attack mine under development by France. This mine is essentially a rocket with a HEAT warhead mounted on a tripod attached to a breakwire sensor package. When a target breaks the wire sensor, the rocket is fired, destroying the target. anti-tank mine Diameter: 115mm Weight: 15kg Range: 20m
MI AC PM E The mine does not have any fuze wells but does have a power source. The MI AC PM E is the electronic version of the French MI AC PM antitank mine. The mine can either be emplaced by hand or by a mechanical mine layer. The mine has a plastic body which contains an electric/mechanical fuze which is functioned when pressure is applied to the pressure plate. anti-tank mine Diameter: 185mm Length: 280mm Weight: 8.5kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m
MI AC PR F2 The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The MI AC PR F2 is a pressure initiated, blast antitank mine. The mine can either be emplaced by hand or by a mechanical mine layer. The plastic body does provide the mine with a non-metallic construction, thereby limiting the metal content of the mine to fuze components. anti-tank mine Length: 280mm Explosive: 5.8kg Range: 100m
MI AC X 35 The mine has three fuze wells and no power source. The MI AC X 35 is an antitank training mine based on the MI AC 35 mine body. The mine contains a smoke charge which is initiated when pressure is applied to the mine fuze. The mine can also be booby-trapped with pull fuzes in either of the two secondary fuze wells so that the smoke charge will initiate if an attempt is made to move the mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 85mm Weight: 8kg Range: 20m
MI AC X 51 (TRAINING) The MI AC X 51 training mine is a smoke charge mine similar in appearance to the MI AC ID 51 antitank mine. The mine can be initiated either by applying pressure to the primary fuze or by moving the mine and functioning one of the secondary fuzes. When the mine is functioned, a cloud of smoke is released. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Weight: 7.5kg Range: 20m
MI AP DV 59 Low metal content, hard to detect. The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The French MI AP DV 59, or inkstand mine, was developed as the replacement to the Model 1951 antipersonnel mine. The mine is plastic bodied with a nondetectable pressure friction fuze. The mine has a removable metal detector plate, which is normally removed prior to emplacing the mine. A practical version of this mine is produced for training purposes. anti-personnel Diameter: 62mm Height: 55mm Weight: 130g Range: 5m Explosive: 70g Explosive/filler type: TNT
MI AP ED.1 This is one of a series of three mines: one antipersonnel, one antivehicular, and one antitank mine. These mines are all cylindrical in shape. The antipersonnel and antivehicular mines use a shaped-charge effect to project fragments. The antitank mine uses a steel plate. All three mines utilize a two-piece stand with four legs, a rear centrally located fuze well, and a top-mounted aiming device with a flat dovetailed viewing section. These mines are normally fired by controlled electric detonation. This heavy antipersonnel directed-fragmentation plate-charge mine is "aimed" horizontally at a target area. The device is reported to create a cone of fragments that will strike a target 15 meters long and 2 meters high with three fragments per square meter at a range of 200 meters. fragmentation mine Diameter: 380mm Length: 380mm Weight: 20kg Explosive: 9.3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Melinite
MI AP EFDR F1 The French designation MI AP EFDR means, Mine, Antipersonnel, A Effet Dirige which translate to Mine Antipersonnel, Effect, Direct. The Model MAPED Mk-F1 represents the French version of the M-18 claymore mine. The mine has a curved plastic rectangular body that is "aimed" within a 60-degree sector. Five-hundred steel balls are projected with a lethal area of coverage to 50 meters. The mine is normally mounted on two "a" type legs. Several initiation options are available, including command, tripwire, and electronic break wire detonation. A practice version of the MAPED Mk-F1 is produced for training purposes. fragmentation mine Length: 180mm Weight: 1kg Explosive: 400g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: P.E. 4 Plastic Explosive
MI AP EFDR X F1 (TRAINING) The MI AP EFDR X F1 is the training version of the MI AP EFDR F1 directed fragmentation mine. The training mine uses the same electronic tripwire fuze, the AL ELN RU FIL F2, as the MI AP EFDR F1. When the trip wire fuze is functioned, a cloud of smoke is released. The mine can also be command detonated. fragmentation mine Length: 162mm Weight: 1.7kg Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Composition
MI AP ID 48 The MI AP ID 48 is a small SCHU-type antipersonnel box mine. It has a hinged lid that rotates down under pressure onto a mine body with fuze and detonator wells. This mine and fuze are completely nonmetallic and are extremely difficult to detect anti-personnel Length: 100mm Weight: 590g Explosive: 170g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MI ECL FIXE 50 The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The MI ECL FIXE 50 illumination mine is used to provide a visual warning when an invading force has entered a protected area, and to illuminate the area immediately around the mine. The mine is normally initiated with a tripwire fuze. The pyrotechnic compound burns for about 45 seconds and will provide sufficient illumination up to 50 meters away. illumination mine Diameter: 55mm Height: 155mm Weight: 420g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Pyrtechnic Composition
MI ECL FIXE 56 The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The MI ECL FIXE 56 illumination mine is used to visually warn of invading troops in a protected area, and to provide illumination over the area around the mine. The mine is normally functioned with a tripwire initiated fuze. The pyrotechnic material in the mine will burn for 45 seconds and will provide illumination up to 50 meters away. illumination mine Diameter: 50mm Height: 97mm Weight: 510g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Pyrotechnic Composition
MI ECL FIXE LDU F1 The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The MI ECL FIXE LDU F1 is a long duration illumination mine used to visually alert if invading troops have entered a protected area, and to illuminate the area around the mine. The mine is normally functioned by a tripwire fuze. The mine will burn for six minutes and produce 50,000 candlepower. The pyrotechnic charge comes in three different colors: white, red or green. illumination mine Diameter: 73mm Length: 350mm Weight: 2.1kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Pyrotechnic Composition
MI ECL FIXE LDU F1 A, B The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The MI ECL FIXE LDU F1 A and the MI ECL FIXE LDU F1 B, are both long duration illumination mines used to provide a visual alarm if invading troops enter a protected area. The two mines are essentially the same, with the F1 B version having an additional membrane between the mine cap and the pyrotechnic compound. Both mines are normally functioned by a tripwire fuze. A spring at the bottom of the mine keeps the top of the burning compound above the upper edge of the mine to provide for a better, more consistent light output. The mines will burn for 6 minutes and produce 50,000 candles of light. illumination mine Diameter: 75mm Length: 385mm Weight: 2.5kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Pyrotechnic Composition
MIACAH F1 AND PRACTICE, MIACAH XF1 The MIACAH F1 is a plate-charge directional antitank (AT) landmine with three fuzing options: a breakwire or command firing selection (basic) fuze; an infrared sensor with a selectable target counter or command firing selection (IRMAH F1) fuze; or a programmable, delayed action, self-neutralizing or self-destroying, breakwire firing selection (ITS-260) fuze. The MIACAH XF1 practice landmine uses the same fuzing as its service counterpart. Externally, the MIACAH XF1 practice landmine is identical to the service MIACAH F1 landmine. One inset shows the landmine with an IRMAH infrared (IR) influence fuze installed. The barrier sensor is attached to the mine body. Another inset shows the rear view of a MIACAH F1 landmine with an ITS-260 fuze installed. The remaining inset shows the front view of a MIACAH XF1 practice landmine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 260mm Length: 200m Weight: 12kg Explosive: 6.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Hexolite
MIFF The MIFF is an antiarmor minelet dispensed as a submunition from the former West German MW-1 weapon system. The mine is a belly-attack munition with back-to-back shaped-charges. If no target is detected within a preset interval, self-destruction will occur. As a secondary killing effect, the mine uses 38 plate charges located around the periphery of the body. anti-tank mine Diameter: 132mm Weight: 3.4kg Range: 20m
MIN (GRENADE SHAPED) The MIN is a relatively simple Vietnamese antipersonnel fragmentation mine. The mine is placed above the ground level by attaching it to the top of a stake. The mine is functioned when the tripwire of fuze is pulled. fragmentation mine Diameter: 51mm Length: 165mm Weight: 1kg Explosive: 100g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MIN AC AP NM AE T-AB-1 anti-personnel Diameter: 240mm Length:134mm
MINELBA TYPE A Both the Minelba Type A and B antipersonnel mines were designed to be emplaced by hand or scattered from a ground vehicle. The mine is not equipped with a boobytrap well and is detectable by electronic mine detectors. The distinctive firing system of this mine, which is activated by air pressure within the fuze, is designed to prevent actuation by sources of very short duration. The materials used are believed to have a very short shelf life. Prior to emplacement of the Type A mine, the detonator well plug is removed, the detonator is inserted, and the plug is replaced. When the safety pin is removed, the mine is armed and ready for emplacement. When a force is applied to the pressure plate, air is forced through the intake-stage air orifice, forcing the firing pin forward. When the firing pin passes the second-stage air orifice, it is accelerated and forces the retaining pin free, detonating the mine. This is a small round antipersonnel mine. The Minelba Type A antipersonnel mine is an pneumatically operated anti-personnel Diameter: 108mm Weight: 170g Range: 10m
MINELBA TYPE B The Minelba Type B antipersonnel mine is an pneumatically operated mine manufactured by the Minelba Company, Milan, Italy. A similar development is the Minelba Type A. Both the Minelba Type A and B antipersonnel mines were designed to be hand emplaced or scattered from a ground vehicle. The mine is not equipped with a boobytrap fuze well and is detectable by electronic mine detectors. The distinctive firing system of this mine, which is activated by air pressure within the fuze, is designed to prevent actuation by sources of very short duration. The materials used are believed to have a very short shelf life. Prior to emplacement of the Type B mine, the detonator well plug is removed, the detonator is inserted, and the plug is replaced. This mine is not equipped with a safety pin. When a force is applied to the pressure plate, air pressure forces the actuating fork forward until the striker-retaining balls move into the retaining-ball recess, releasing the firing pin, which detonates the mine. anti-personnel Diameter: 108mm Weight: 198g Explosive: 30g Range: 10m
MINI-MS 803 The Mini-MS 803 is a simplified version of the Claymore type directional fragmentation mine. It has a lethal range of 15.00 to 30.00 meters (49.21 to 98.43 feet). The mine is normaly initiated by electrical command. fragmentation mine Length: 220mm Width: 35mm Height: 70mm Weight: 1kg Explosive: 460g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: PE9
MINOS The MINOS is a side-attack mine under development by Germany. This mine is essentially a rocket with a HEAT warhead mounted on a tripod attached to a acoustic/seismic and IR sensor package. The mine uses acoustic/seismic sensors to identify approaching targets and to turn on the secondary IR sensor. When a valid target passes into the field of view of the sensor, the rocket is fired, destroying the target. anti-tank mine Range: 20m
MIRJAM This is an influence-fired mine employed in inland waterways against amphibious and snorkeling vehicles. It uses an antitank (AT) NR-26 mine as the main explosive charge. This mine is designed to remain operational for 80 days and to sterilize itself between 80 and 120 days after planting. naval mine Diameter: 600mm Length: 120mm Weight: 18kg Explosive: 8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MK 1 & 2(II) The Mine Mk II consists of the following component parts: the outer mine canister, the inner case, the detonator-pistol mechanism, and the cartridge-pistol mechanism. The outer mine canister is nothing more than a container for the inner case and acts as a small mortar to propel the inner case into the air. The inner case rests on a shoulder in the bottom of the outer canister. Below this shoulder in the canister is a small recess acting as an expansion chamber for the propellant gases. A long recess is located on the outside of the canister to retain the lever of the detonator pistol. The inner case is a cylindrical container for the explosive charge. Two holes are located in the top of the inner case, one of which passes completely through the case for the insertion of the cartridge pistol, while the other leads into the explosive charge for the insertion of the detonator-pistol mechanism. During normal shipment and storage, the inner case is held in the outer canister by two screws passing through the bott anti-personnel mine (shrapnel) Diameter: 89mm Length: 139mm Weight: 4.5kg Explosive: 453g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
MK 5 GS The Mk 5 GS is a high-explosive metal-cased anti-tank blast mine. The mine is initiated by pressure, but resistant to blast because of the "spider" pressure plate. The Mk 5 had two variants: the Mk-5, G.S. (general service) and the Mk-5, H.C. (higher content). The two mines are identical in appearance and size. The only difference is that the H.C. model has explosives on both sides of the inner wall of the case. Pressure on the spider is transferred to the head of the fuze, where it crushes the cap and breaks the striker -retaining shear pin. This releases the spring-loaded striker onto the detonator to initiate the booster and main charge. Since these mines are likely to be old and contain cocked strikers, they should not be disarmed. Easily detectable. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Height: 127mm Weight: 4.4kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MK 5 HC The Mk 5 HC is a high-explosive metal-cased anti-tank blast mine. The mine is initiated by pressure, but resistant to blast because of the "spider" pressure plate. The Mk 5 had two variants: the Mk-5, G.S. (general service) and the Mk-5, H.C. (higher content). The two mines are identical in appearance and size. The only difference is that the H.C. model has explosives on both sides of the inner wall of the case. Pressure on the spider is transferred to the head of the fuze, where it crushes the cap and breaks the striker -retaining shear pin. This releases the spring-loaded striker onto the detonator to initiate the booster and main charge. Since these mines are likely to be old and contain cocked strikers, they should not be disarmed. anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Height: 107mm Weight: 5.7kg Explosive: 3.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MK 7 The Mk-7 antitank mine consists of a circular metal housing with a handle attached to the side. The mine body contains the explosive charge and a single or double impulse pressure fuze. The top portion of the mine is slightly domed, rising toward the center where the fuze well is located. The Mk-7 is a heavy antitank mine containing 8.89 kg of TNT, sufficient for use as a full-width attack antitank mine. Although not often encountered, there is a tiltrod fuze designed for use in this mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 325mm Height: 130mm Weight: 13.6kg Explosive: 8.89kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MK 7, MK 7/1, MK 7/4 & MK 7/7 The Mk-7 antitank mine consists of a circular metal housing with a handle attached to the side. The mine body contains the explosive charge and a single or double impulse pressure fuze. The top portion of the mine is slightly domed, rising toward the center where the fuze well is located. The Mk-7 is a heavy antitank mine containing 8.89 kg of TNT, sufficient for use as a full-width attack antitank mine. Although not often encountered, there is a tiltrod fuze designed for use in this mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 325mm Weight: 13.6kg Explosive: 8.89kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MK III (CLAM) The Mk III limpet mine consists of a rectangular metal body filled with explosives. This limpet has two magnets (one on each end) for attachment to metallic targets. At one end of the mine is an open fuze covered by a metal retaining clip. The mine is designed for sabotage use against ships, fuel tanks, etc., but has frequently been employed by terrorists. The delay fuze utilizes a lead delay, which is cut by a spring loaded wire. The cutting of the lead strip allows the striker assembly to initiate the charge. limpet mine Explosive: 227g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
MK-2 TRIP FLARE The mine consists of a flare pot filled with pyrotechnic compound, a picket, and a spring tensioned tripwire attached to the fuze. When the tripwire is activated, the detonator ignites the compound, firing a visual signal and illuminating the surrounding area. The MK-2 trip flare is intended to give a warning of infiltration of enemy troops and the illumination of these troops. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 76mm Length: 145mm Weight: 180g Range: 20m
MKB Moored, contact. Ordinance used with: antiparavane device naval mine Height: 1.32m Width: 876mm
MKB-3 Moored, contact. Ordinance used with: antiparavane device naval mine Height: 1.2m Width: 876mm
MKT Mod 72 MKT Mod 72 is a pressure-operated anti-tank blast mine copied from the Russian TM-46. The fuze uses a spring-loaded striker, which is released onto a detonator assembly when the pressure plate is depressed. A variant known as MKT Mod 72 (PX) has an auxiliary fuze well in the base for booby trapping. Easily detectable. anti-tank mine Diameter: 305mm Height: 110mm Weight: 8.6kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System), M77 Potentially the most lethal method for delivering cluster munitions from the ground to a target is the Multiple Launch Rocket System launching M26 warheads. This rocket system can fire from a mobile platform 32 to 38 kilometers (20 to 23.5 miles) away from the target. The MLRS can fire 12 rockets in 60 seconds. Each rocket releases 644 M77 dual-purpose bomblets that are anti-armor and anti-personnel. Submunition fragments can penetrate up to 10 centimeters (four inches) of steel while shrapnel can travel over seven meters (eight yards) in any direction. An M77 bomblet is the size of a D battery. It has a drag ribbon, which, when fired, unfurls to stabilize the bomblet. The ribbon will vibrate in the wind, arming the bomblet. If the ribbon does not unfurl, or becomes entangled, the bomblet will not be armed, and therefore will not explode on impact, resulting in a dud that could explode later. Due to the compact size of M77s, it is possible for a majority of the duds to become hidden when they land, resulti rocket launching system
MN-111 The MN-111 is the ground version of the PLATAN antitank mines. The operational difference between this mine and the MN-121 is that the MN-111 has self-extending ground stakes rather than self-extending righting legs. No parachute is used to retard the MN-111 after ejection from its launch tubes, leaving enough velocity for the ground stakes to fully penetrate into the surface. anti-tank mine Diameter: 116mm Weight: 3.4kg Explosive: 800g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Hexogen
MN-121 This Polish scatterable mine is parachute retarded with self-righting legs. The self-destruct settings are manually selected when the mines are loaded into the PLMK-1-6/9 launching tubes for the PLATAN mine scattering system. The same procedures are followed when the mines are loaded into the cargo section of 122 mm rockets. anti-tank mine Diameter: 116mm Weight: 2.5kg Explosive: 700g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Hexogen
MN-79 The Vietnamese MN-79 is a copy of the US M14 pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine. The main difference is that the MN-79 has a metal Belleville spring which makes it more detectable than the M14. Rotating pressure plate from K to M arms the fuze. Pressure on the top surface inverts a Belleville spring to drive the firing pin into the stab-sensitive detonator. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 56mm Height: 40mm Weight: 100g Explosive: 29g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL (UNKNOWN), WITH FUZE, PRESSURE, MODEL (UNKNOWN) The landmine uses a fuze similar to the German WWII landmine fuze S-Mi.Z.35. This is an antipersonnel-fragmentation (apers-frag) landmine. The fuze is pressure actuated. fragmentation mine Diameter: 48mm Length: 152mm Weight: 453g Range: 20m
MODEL 123 The mine has an almost square shaped appearance. The mine has two swivel metallic bipod legs that are pushed into the ground to support the mine when placed into a firing position. The Model 1 2 3 is a small directed fragmentation antipersonnel mine produced in Thailand. fragmentation mine Length: 115mm Width: 60mm Height: 90mm Weight: 1.5kg Explosive: 250g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type RDX
MODEL 1947 (AT) This is a pressure-actuated, blast, nonmetallic, antitank (AT) landmine. It uses either a Model 1950 pressure-chemical fuze or a Model 1952 pressure-friction fuze. The mine has provisions for one or two boobytrap fuze(s). The Model 1951 pull-friction fuze has been known to be used as a boobytrap fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 340mm Length: 110mm Weight: 11kg Explosive: 5.4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 1948 (AT) The mine has provision for one or two boobytrap, Model 1951 Pull-Friction fuzes. This is a metallic, blast, pressure-actuated, antitank (AT) landmine. It uses either a mechanical, pressure-actuated, Model 1948 Pressure fuze, or a mechanical, pressure- or pressure-release-actuated, Model 1952 Pressure/Pressure Release fuze. The latter fuze provides an antiwithdrawal feature for the mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 318mm Length: 102mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 5.2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 1948 (AT-PLATE CHARGE) The Model 1948 Plate Charge AT landmine is typical of models 1948T, 1951, and 48/55. These are high-explosive (HE), plate charge, antitank (AT) landmines. These mines are usually emplaced in pairs, connected by detonating cord to a common, metallic offset fuzing device or by using a tiltrod fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 140mm Weight: 12.9kg Explosive: 6.9kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 1948T (AT-PLATE CHARGE) These are high-explosive (HE), plate charge, antitank (AT) landmines. These mines are usually emplaced in pairs, connected by detonating cord to a common, metallic offset fuzing device or by using a tiltrod fuze. The mines may be emplaced in pairs, connected by detonating cord to a pressure-actuated, Model 1948 heavy AT landmine; or command fired. The mines are steel, except the Model 1951 caseless mine, which uses the same steel plate but has a fiberglass-and resin-reinforced main charge. The fuzes and offset fuzing device are metal. anti-tank mine Diameter: 270mm Length: 137mm Weight: 12.5kg Explosive: 7.3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 1951 Shapes/appearance may vary slightly with the manufacture. Manufacturers are permitted some leeway as to specific body shape presumably on the theory that shapes do not affect the functioning. These are pressure-actuated, friction-flame-initiated landmines. The high-explosive antipersonnel (apers) mine produces a small blast (concussion). The practice mine produces a puff of smoke and is used to train personnel. The mine is nonmetallic. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 69mm Length: 48mm Weight: 85g Explosive: 51g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 1951 "GRILLE" This is a nonmetallic, blast, pressure-actuated, probe-proof, antitank (AT) landmine. It uses either a Model 1950 Pressure-Chemical fuze, or a Model 1952 Pressure-Friction fuze, and has provision for secondary fuzing. The explosive charge, which consists of blocks of plasticized PETN, can be penetrated by a probe without revealing the mines presence. anti-tank mine Diameter: 240mm Length: 173mm Weight: 8.1kg Explosive: 7.3kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: PETN
MODEL 1951 & 1952 (AT, NONMETALLIC) They use either a Model 1950 pressure-chemical fuze or a Model 1952 pressure-friction fuze and have provision for boobytrap fuzing. Figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the Models 1951 and 1952 landmines. The only difference between the two models are size and the weight of the explosive charge. These are nonmetallic, blast, pressure-actuated antitank (AT) landmines. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Length: 94mm Weight: 7kg Explosive: 7kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 1951 (APERS, PRACTICE) These are pressure-actuated, friction-flame-initiated landmines. The high-explosive antipersonnel (apers) mine produces a small blast (concussion). The practice mine produces a puff of smoke and is used to train personnel. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 63mm Length: 53mm Weight: 82g Explosive: 58g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: Manganese dioxide-ammonium perchlorate signal char
MODEL 1951 (AT, NONMETALLIC SHAPED CHARGE) This is a nonmetallic, high-explosive antitank (HEAT) shaped charge landmine. It uses a Model 1947 pressure fuze, or a Model 1950 pressure-chemical fuze, or a Model 1952 pressure/pressure-release fuze, or a Model 1952 pressure-friction fuze in an offset device, and/or a Model 1951 pull-friction fuze as a boobytrap device. The mines are usually laid in pairs and connected to a common offset fuzing device, or a pressure-actuated Model 1947 or Model 1951 nonmetallic antitank landmine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 170mm Length: 390mm Weight: 3.6kg Explosive: 2.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Hexolite
MODEL 1951 (AT, Non-metallic) It is not locatable by conventional electronic detectors. This mine has two secondary fuze wells, one located in the side and one located in the bottom. The French antitank, Model 1951 is a blast type landmine. anti-tank mine Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 1951 (AT, Shaped Charge) This is a metallic, high-explosive antitank (HEAT) shaped charge landmine. It uses a Model 1948 pressure fuze, or a Model 1950 Pressure-Chemical fuze, or a Model 1952 pressure-Friction fuze in an offset device and/or a Model 1951 Pull Friction fuze as a boobytrap device. The mines are usually laid in pairs and connected to a common offset fuzing device or landmine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 200mm Length: 350mm Weight: 3.8kg Explosive: 1.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Hexolite
MODEL 1951 (AT-PLATE CHARGE) These are high-explosive (HE), plate charge, antitank (AT) landmines. These mines are usually emplaced in pairs, connected by detonating cord to a common, metallic offset fuzing device or by using a tiltrod fuze. The mines may be emplaced in pairs, connected by detonating cord to a pressure-actuated Model 1948 heavy AT landmine; or command fired. The mines are painted olive drab and the nomenclature is stenciled on the top of the mine. Some mines have no markings. The painting and markings of the offset firing device and the fuzes are unknown. anti-tank mine Weight: 12kg Range: 10m
APP M57 Contains enough metal to be easily detected. anti-personnel blast mine Length: 205mm Height: 40mm Weight:450g Range: 10m Explosive: 200g
MODEL 1952 (AT, NONMETALLIC) The only difference between the two models are size and the weight of the explosive charge. These are nonmetallic, blast, pressure-actuated antitank (AT) landmines. They use either a Model 1950 pressure-chemical fuze or a Model 1952 pressure-friction fuze and have provision for boobytrap fuzing. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Length: 115mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 9.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
ATM-44 The mine is a larger version of the U.S.S.R. TMD-44 mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 290mm Weight: 9.8kg Explosive: 6.7kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
APP M57 Contains enough metal to be easily detected. anti-personnel blast mine Length: 205mm Height: 40mm Weight:450g Range: 10m Explosive: 200g
ATM-72 It is a larger version of the U.S.S.R. TM-46. anti-tank mine Diameter: 333mm Length: 135mm Weight: 13kg Explosive: 9kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
ATM-46N The mine has a secondary fuze well. Can also use TNT. The mine is made of metal. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Length: 108mm Weight: 8.6kg Explosive: 5.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
ATM-72 It is a larger version of the U.S.S.R. TM-46. anti-tank mine Diameter: 333mm Length: 135mm Weight: 13kg Explosive: 9kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
MODEL 36 The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The model 36 is a relatively simple fragmentation mine produced by Hungary. The mine is placed above the ground level by attaching it to the top of a stake which is packed with the mine. The mine is command detonated using an electrical detonator. The fragments are formed from the wire which is wound around the explosive charge. fragmentation mine Diameter: 35mm Length: 267mm Weight: 1.8kg Explosive: 99g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
ATM-72 It is a larger version of the U.S.S.R. TM-46. anti-tank mine Diameter: 333mm Length: 135mm Weight: 13kg Explosive: 9kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
MODEL 42 The Model 42 antitank mine consists of a wooden case that houses a main explosive charge, a booster charge, and a fuze well. The fuze well is a shallow circular cup recessed in the top of the box. A hole in the center of the cup accepts the detonator so that it rests in the booster charge. Two projecting lids opposite each other on the rim of the fuze well cup serve as a means of wiring the fuze in position. anti-tank mine Length: 350mm Weight: 6kg Explosive: 4.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 42 The Model 42 antitank mine consists of a wooden case that houses a main explosive charge, a booster charge, and a fuze well. The fuze well is a shallow circular cup recessed in the top of the box. A hole in the center of the cup accepts the detonator so that it rests in the booster charge. Two projecting lids opposite each other on the rim of the fuze well cup serve as a means of wiring the fuze in position. anti-tank mine Length: 350mm Weight: 6kg Explosive: 4.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 43 This is a hinged box-type Swiss antipersonnel. The mine uses a 200-gram block of TNT as its main explosive charge. It is activated by pressure on the hinged lid, which pushes a retaining pin from the fuze body, allowing the striker to impinge on the detonator. anti-personnel mine Length: 190mm Weight: 420g Explosive: 200g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 48/55 These are high-explosive (HE), plate charge, antitank (AT) landmines. Model 48/55. This mine used the electromagnetic, pressure-actuated, Model 1954 Tiltrod fuze. The mines may be emplaced in pairs, connected by detonating cord to a pressure-actuated, Model 1948 heavy AT landmine; or command fired. The mines are painted olive drab and the nomenclature is stenciled on the top of the mine. Some mines have no markings. The painting and markings of the offset firing device and the fuzes are unknown. The mines are steel, except the Model 1951 caseless mine, which uses the same steel plate but has a fiberglass-and resin-reinforced main charge. The fuzes and offset fuzing device are metal. anti-tank mine Diameter: 200mm Length: 100mm Weight: 15kg Explosive: 7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
Elsie (CRV9)
MODEL 49 & TRAINING, MODEL UNKNOWN The Swiss Model 49 is cylindrical with a carrying handle. The mine has one fuze well on top of the mine and is not equipped with any provisions for boobytraps. A training version made of cast iron is also available. A smoke charge is used with the training fuze ZDZU 49. The combustion residues from this smoke charge are very poisonous. Three mines without fuzes are packed in either a wooden or metal box. Total weight of the wooden crate is approximately 27.7 kg; the metal container weighs 28.1 kg. The crates have gray labels with a yellow band on the top and black lettering in German, French, and Italian to show the number, type, and serial numbers of the mine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 152mm Length: 224mm Weight: 8.6kg Explosive: 453g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 49 (AP) This mine is cased in concrete. The mine charge is in an axial internal cylinder with a fuze well on the top, closed by a cap during storage and transit. On the bottom of the mine is a threaded well for a holder to fasten the mine to a stake. Accessories are spring tripwire tensioners, mine holder, fuze key, and spool of tripwire with a reel. This mine is designed for use against foot or airborne troops. fragmentation mine Diameter: 150mm Length: 223mm Weight: 8.6kg Explosive: 500g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 49 (AT) This mine uses the DkZ.49 pressure fuze. There is also a practice version of the 49 mine utilizing the DkZU.49 pressure fuze and a smoke producing charge. This is a pressure-actuated high explosive antitank landmine used against tanks and other heavy vehicles. Painting and marking for the mine are unknown. The body is steel. anti-tank mine Diameter: 304mm Length: 125mm Weight: 7.1kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 5 The mine has 1 main fuze well at the top. The antitank, Model 5 landmine is a blast type mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 335mm Weight: 10kg Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
MODEL 51/55 This is a bounding, antipersonnel (apers), fragmentation (frag) landmine. It uses either a mechanical, pressure-actuated Model 1952 fuze or a mechanical, pull- or pressure-actuated Model 54 or TPr 54/58 fuze. The mine and fuzes are olive drab. Markings for the mine, the Model 1952, and the Model 54 fuze are either black or white. The TPr 54/58 fuze has white markings. The mine and fuzes are steel. fragmentation mine Diameter: 99mm Length: 160mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 410g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Piric Acid
MODEL 56 These are pressure-actuated, friction-flame-initiated, antipersonnel (apers) landmines. The mines are called "detectable at will" because of the capability to retain a removable metal plate whose presence ensures detection. Without this plate, the mine is virtually impossible to detect with an ordnance locator. anti-personnel Diameter: 70mm Length: 78mm Weight: 165g Explosive: 82g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 59, "INKSTAND" These are pressure-actuated, friction-flame-initiated antipersonnel (apers) landmines. They use the Model NM SAE 59 fuze. These mines are called "detectable at will" because of the capability to retain a removable metal plate whose presence insures detection. Without this plate, the mine is virtually impossible to detect because it has no other metal parts. The practice mine produces a puff of smoke and is used to train personnel. anti-personnel Diameter: 62mm Length: 54mm Weight: 128g Explosive: 54g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 61 "PICKET" These are pressure-actuated, friction-flame-initiated antipersonnel landmines. The service mines are contact, blast, and casualty-producing. The practice versions of these mines produce a puff of smoke and are used to train personnel. These mines use the Model NM SAE 59 fuze. They are called "detectable at will" because of the capability to retain a removable metal plate whose presence insures detection. Without this plate, the mine is virtually impossible to detect because it has no other metal parts. anti-personnel Diameter: 35mm Length: 270mm Weight: 125g Explosive: 56g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL 64 This is a high explosive (HE), bounding, fragmenting, antipersonnel (apers) landmine which uses the Model ZKZ 64 pull/tilt fuze. fragmentation mine Diameter: 98mm Length: 291mm Weight: 4.6kg Explosive: 458g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
Model 67 This is a nonmetallic, pressure-actuated antitank (AT) landmine used against heavy tanks and other heavy-tracked and wheeled vehicles. anti-tank mine Diameter: 283mm Length: 280mm Weight: 8.30kg Explosive: 7.40kg Explosive/filler type: TNT
Model 75 Nonmetallic, making it difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 120mm Weight: 8.20kg Explosive: 7.4kg
MODEL 9 (ILLUM, SIGNAL, SOUND, & PRAC) The size of the mines may be increased by screwing additional steel tubes together. The figures show the appearance and dimensions of the Model 9 landmines. This is an antipersonnel (apers) landmine with versions including illumination, signal, sound, and practice. It uses one of three pull-actuated fuzes (Types 41, 42, 42P). These fuzes are similar in appearance and identical in functioning. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 37mm Length: 188mm Weight: 730g Explosive: 125g Range: 100m
M-966
MODEL MITRAL This is a dispensed French antitank landmine. The MITRAL is a developmental mine which is capable of being delivered by a variety of systems such as aircraft, rockets, and vehicle mounted mine scattering systems. However, the mines limitations, such as simple pressure fuzing and a blast warhead, means this mine may never be produced as armies opt for more capable scatterable mines. anti-tank mine Diameter: 100mm Length: 300mm Explosive: 283.5g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: RDX
MODEL TC-6 This is a pressure fired antitank mine. The mine body is plastic and the external pressure plate is rubber coated plastic. anti-tank mine Diameter: 273mm Length: 179mm Weight: 9.25kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
MODEL UNKNOWN The mine can be emplaced manually or by rocket. The arming delay time varies from 2.5 to 3.0 minutes. The self-destruct times are 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, or 13-15 days. The mine may contain an antidisturbance feature. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 70mm Length: 50mm
M6A2
MDM Because of the relatively small amount of explosive, this mine was most probably designed as a detonating device for a larger charge. anti-vehicular mine Diameter: 305mm Length: 203mm Explosive: 900g Range: 300m
M7A2
MODEL UNKNOWN (AP) The fuze is tripwire actuated. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 48mm Length: 223mm Range: 20m
MODEL UNKNOWN (AT) This landmine is a copy of the Italian SAC1. This landmine contains 7.0 kilograms (15.4 pounds) of TNT and an RDX booster of unknown weight. (3) The operating force required to function this mine is 63.5 kilograms (14.0 pounds) to 362 kilograms (798 pounds). The total weight is unknown at this time. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 205mm Explosive: 7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL UNKNOWN (AT) anti-tank mine Diameter: 203mm Length: 260mm Range: 20m
PMA-1
MODEL UNKNOWN (directed fragmentation mine) fragmentation mine Diameter: 310mm Length: 310mm Explosive: 10kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Melinite
MON-100 The MON-100 is a cylindrical directional fragmentation mine designed by the former Soviet Union. The mine has a lethal range of 100 meters; at this range, 50% of the fragments will strike within 5 meters of the mines aiming point. The mine is not only effective against dismounted infantry, but also lightly armored vehicles. The MON-100 is normally command detonated, but can be initiated by a tripwire, break-wire or a variety of minefield control devices fragmentation mine Diameter: 236mm Height: 83mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MON-100 The MON-100 is a cylindrical directional fragmentation mine designed by the former Soviet Union. The mine has a lethal range of 100 meters; at this range, 50% of the fragments will strike within 5 meters of the mines aiming point. The mine is not only effective against dismounted infantry, but also lightly armored vehicles. The MON-100 is normally command detonated, but can be initiated by a tripwire, break-wire or a variety of minefield control devices fragmentation mine Diameter: 236mm Height: 83mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MON-200 The MON-200 is a larger version of the MON-100 mine with a lethal range of 200 meters. The mine can be attached to any fixed object or mounted on its own metal stand. The mine is not only effective against dismounted infantry but also against personnel in lightly armored vehicles. The MON-200 is normally command detonated, but can be initiated by a tripwire, break-wire or a variety of minefield control devices fragmentation mine Diameter: 434mm Height: 130mm Weight: 25kg Explosive: 12kg Range: 500m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL UNKNOWN (ILLUMINATION) This is a pyrotechnic mine which is initiated by an integral pull fuze. It is used as a warning signal and as a means of illumination. The mine case is brown with the mine designation and other data stamped in Hebrew letters and Arabic numerals on the bottom of the mine case. The fuze is unpainted and unmarked. The mine case is Bakelite, the mine cap and the fuze are steel. illumination mine Diameter: 64mm Length: 58mm Weight: 283g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Pyrotechnic Composition
MON-50 The MON-50 is a directional anti-personnel and anti-materiel mine closely based on the US M18A1 claymore mine. The two fuze wells will accommodate a variety of standard pull fuzes and detonator assemblies. Initiation is normally by command. anti-personnel mine Length: 226mm Width: 56mm Height: 156mm Weight: 2kg Explosive: 700m Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: PW-5A Plastic Explosive (SOVIET)
MODEL UNKNOWN (SCHU TYPE) This is a nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast) antipersonnel (apers) landmine with a pressure-actuated fuze. The mine is intended to produce disabling injuries to personnel and is capable of inflicting light damage to wheeled vehicles. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 134mm Length: 37mm Weight: 351g Explosive: 185g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MODEL UNKNOWN, BOUNDING This is a bounding fragmentation mine. The mine has a pressure/pull fuze. The pressure mode requires 5.0 Kg (11.02 pounds) of pressure to function the mine. The pull mode requires 2.0 Kg (4.41 pounds) of tension on the tripwire to function the mine. The weight and dimensions of the landmine are unknown at fragmentation mine Range: 20m
MODEL UNKNOWN, BOUNDING, STAKE This is a bounding fragmentation mine that contains 5,000 steel balls. The mine uses a pressure/pull fuze. The pressure mode requires 5.0 Kg (11.02 pounds) of pressure to function the mine. The pull mode requires 2.0 Kg (4.41 pounds) of tension on the tripwire to function the mine. The total weight is unknown at this time. fragmentation mine Diameter: 54mm Length: 165mm Range: 20m
MODEL UNKNOWN, SIGNAL The landmine uses a fuze with a cocked-striker firing pin. This is a signal, trip-flare landmine. The fuze is pull-release actuated. signal mine Diameter: 56mm Length: 91mm Weight: 295g Explosive: 216g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: illuminant composition
MODEL V The training version of this mine (not shown) contains a smoke charge with holes drilled in the mine cylinder to permit the smoke to escape. This is a high-explosive (HE) fragmentation (frag) antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The stake is wood and the serrated cylinder and cap are metal. The fuze is metal. fragmentation mine Diamter: 38mm Length: 394mm Weight: 910g Explosive: 91g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-62B The TM-62 series are high-explosive, blast, antitank (AT) landmines used against track and wheeled vehicles. These mines can be planted in the open (above ground), covered (below ground), and in shallow water. Mines are emplaced manually, by mechanical mine-laying equipment, or dispensed from a helicopter-carried dispenser. Some of the TM-62 series mines also have secondary fuze wells. anti-tank mine Diameter: 315mm Height: 67mm Weight: 8.1kg Explosive: 7.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT / Aluminum
PDM-6 The mine has four fuze wells and no power source. Little detailed information is available on this mine. It is similar to its predecessor, the PDM-1M. The major and possibly the only difference is the fuzing. Whereas the PDM-1M has a single tilt-rod fuze located on the top center of the mine, the PDM-6 has four fuzes. Three tilt-rod fuzes are centered on top of the mine in a triangular pattern. A fourth antilift fuze is located in the center of the base plate. underwater mine Diameter: 1m Weight: 477.5kg Explosive: 28kg Range: 500m Explosive/filler type: PETN
PFM-1 and PFM-1S A self-destruct variant of this mine, the PFM-1S, is intended to randomly self-destruct over a period of time. While the nominal period for 85% self-destruct is 40 hours, the mines remain functional for far longer. PFM-1S mines are known to continue to randomly self-destruct for weeks after deployment. The first positive confirmation that the former Soviet armed forces had within their inventory an antipersonnel scatter mine system came shortly after their invasion of Afghanistan. The former Soviets employed a small plastic mine designated PFM-1. This mine consists of a pressure-fuzed liquid explosive in a green or sand-brown plastic case and has been used extensively to interdict trails and resupply routes within Afghanistan. The PFM-1 mine is a reverse-engineered copy of the US BLU-43 mine used in Southeast Asia and is an extremely effective casualty-producing item. scatterable munitions Length: 120mm Width: 20mm Height: 61mm Weight: 75g Explosive: 37g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Liquid Plastic Explosives
MODELS HPD F1 (SERVICE) This is a battery-powered, manually or mechanically armed, double-influence (seismic and magnetic)-fired Misznay - Schardin effect antitank (AT) landmine with a self-neutralizing circuit (later models may contain a self-destruct feature). The mine also contains an inherent antidisturbance feature. anti-tank mine Diameter: 188mm Length: 278mm Weight: 6kg Explosive: 1.8kg Range: 400m
PMA-1
MPP-B The TM-62 series of conventional antitank blast mines are considered the current mainstay of the former Soviet antitank mine inventory. They exist in four distinct versions: the TM-62M (metallic case), TM-62P (plastic case), TM-62B (caseless), and TM-62D (wooden case). All are circular except for the TM-62D, which is rectangular. Retracing the history of former Soviet antitank mine development reveals that the impetus for the TM-57, the TM-62s predecessor, was the need to incorporate a new series of delay-armed fuzes in order to facilitate mechanical emplacement. The TM-62 mines represent the first physically similar series of mines to allow mechanical emplacement and varying degrees of detectability. The Polish MPP-B antitank mine is a copy of the former Soviet TM-62M. A Polish magnetic fuze and a pressure fuze are available for this mine as well as any TM-62 compatible fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Weight: 10.5kg Explosive: 9kg Range: 100m
MRUD MRUDis a directional fragmentation, anti-personnel mine which may be electrically or non-electrically initiated. The two fuze wells will accommodate a variety of standard pull fuzes and detonator assemblies. Initiation is normally by electrical command. fragmentation mine Length: 231mm Width: 46mm Height: 89mm Weight: 1.5kg Explosive: 900g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: Plastic Explosive
MSS The MSS is a Romanian bounding fragmentation mine. The dual action fuze can operate either by pressure or tripwire. When the fuze is functioned, a charge at the bottom of the mine projects the mine upward where the main charge is detonated, propelling the fragments outward. The mine can also be command detonated. fragmentation mine Diameter: 85mm Length: 225mm Explosive: 30g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-62M TM-62M is a pressure-operated anti-tank blast mine. This is one of a series of TM-62 mines with different casing materials and shapes. The metal-cased TM-62M can be emplaced manually, by mechanical mine-laying equipment, or dispensed from a helicopter-carried dispenser. Some of the TM-62 series mines also have secondary fuze wells. MVP-62, MVZ-62 and MVCh-62 are conventional pressure fuzes. MVN-72 and MVN-80 are magnetic influence fuzes offering full-width attack against vehicles. Magnetic influence fuzes may be sensitive to movement. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Height: 128mm Weight: 9.5kg Explosive: 7.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
OZM (3,4,&72)
OZM-3 OZM-3 is a high-explosive, fragmentation bounding antipersonnel landmine that may be initiated either mechanically or electrically. Initiating the fuze or electrical charge ignites a propellant charge in the base of the mine, which blows out a disc to propel the mine body into the air. A pyrotechnic delay then initiates the detonator and main charge to shatter the steel body into fragments. fragmentation mine Diameter: 75mm Length: 120mm Weight: 3kg Explosive: 75g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
MZD-2 This antitransport / antivehicle mine is very similar to the MZD-1 multipurpose mine. Differences include a lesser amount of explosive in the MZD-2; the MZD-2 also contains a secondary vibration fuze in addition to its primary EKHV delay fuze. This latter feature gives the MZD-2 an antidisturbance feature. multipurpose Length: 215mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 800g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-57 TM-57 is a pressure-operated anti-tank blast mine, incorporating a secondary fuze well for booby trapping. The pressure fuze has a clockwork arming delay and a spring-loaded striker, which is released onto a stab-sensitive detonator assembly when a shear-pin is broken. Has an auxiliary fuze well in the side for booby trapping. anti-tank mine Diameter: 316mm Height: 102mm Weight: 8.5kg Explosive: 6.3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX / TNT / Aluminum
OZM-4 OZM-4 is a high-explosive, fragmentation bounding antipersonnel landmine that is normally tripwire initiated. The OZM-4 replaced the OZM-3 and is larger. Initiating the fuze ignites a propellant charge in the base of the mine, which blows out a base plug to propel the mine body into the air. A tether cord then initiates the internal mechanical fuze, firing the detonator and main charge to shatter the steel body into fragments. fragmentation mine Diameter: 90mm Height: 140mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 170g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMN-4 The mine can be manually implanted or scattered from a moving vehicle. It contains numerous metal parts and should be detectable with a mine detector. This is a high explosive (HE), delay armed, pressure fired, anti-personnel (APERS) blast mine. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 95mm Length: 46mm Weight: 300g Explosive: 55g Range: 50m
PMD-6 and PMD-7 series PMD-6 is a wooden-cased, pressure-operated blast anti-personnel mine, based on the German World War II Schu-mine 42. PMD-6M is slightly larger and incorporates a small leaf spring in the lid to increase the operating pressure. The PMD-7 series use cylindrical 75 g TNT blocks. The specifications given below are for PMD-6M. The lid of the box rests on the wings of the striker retaining pin, with a slot in the box lid to accommodate the striker shaft. When sufficient pressure is applied to the lid, it forces the winged retaining pin out of the spring-loaded striker, releasing it onto the stab-sensitive detonator assembly. anti-personnel blast mine Length: 190mm Width: 90mm Height: 65mm Weight: 400g Explosive: 200g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
NO. 22 The mine has three fuze wells and no power source. The No. 22 antitank mine is an Israeli pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. The small, centrally located fuze is functioned when pressure is applied anywhere on the large pressure plate. The plastic case does provide the mine with non-metallic construction, thereby limiting the total metal content of the mine to fuze components. The mine has two secondary fuze wells, one on the side and one on the bottom, for boobytrap purposes. anti-tank mine Length: 114mm Height: 114mm Range: 10m
PMD 6M
NO. 3 The No. 3 is an Israeli-produced pressure-initiated, fragmentation antipersonnel mine. The mine is similar in appearance to the former Soviet PMD-6 wooden box mine. The No. 3 also has a wooden box casing which contains a 200 gram cast block of TNT, but it also contains a fragmentation sleeve. The fuze used in this mine works identically to an MUV-type fuze, i.e., a downward pressure on the raised lid of the box forces the lid down and a notch in the side of the lid pulls the release pin from the fuze. The mine can also be configured to function as a tripwire. fragmentation mine Explosive: 200g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMD-6 Contains enough metal to be easily detected. anti-personnel blast mine Length: 190mm Height: 65mm Weight: 400g Range: 10m Explosive: 200g
PMZ-40 This mine consists of three parts: A charge container with a flanged base, a central fuze well, and a bottom filler hole and plug; a retaining band featuring four shear bolt grooves; and a pressure plate with four shear bolts. The shear bolts are used to make the PMZ-40 an antitank mine. When the pressure plate is rotated so that the shear bolts do not come into play, the pressure plate rests directly on the fuze and the mine is antipersonnel. This mine was thought too dangerous for use and was replaced by the TM-41 antitank mine. multipurpose Diameter: 280mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 3.6kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Amonal
NO. 6 No 6 is a copy of the TM-46 pressure-operated anti-tank blast mine. The fuzes use a spring-loaded striker released onto a stab-sensitive detonator assembly. The No 61 pressure fuze can be neutralized by replacing the arming pin. Easily detectable. anti-tank mine Diameter: 305mm Height: 110mm Weight: 8kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
No. 69 MK 1 This is a high-explosive apers landmine. It can also be used against soft-skinned vehicles. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 120mm Length: 210mm Weight: 3.3kg Explosive: 380g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
NO. 75 MK 1 (GRENADE MODIFIED) This grenade is commonly used as an anti-tank mine, but may be adapted for anti-personnel use. The mine is used as a blast-type anti-personnel mine. The mine should be laid just below the level of the ground, with a slight covering of soil or foliage for concealment. Care should be taken to ensure that stones or small pieces of wood do not become lodged between the striker plate and the mine body. anti-personnel/anti-tank mine Length: 165mm Weight: 1.36kg Explosive: 680g Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
NO. 75 MK II The No. 75 Mk II is a simple, pressure-initiated, metal-cased, blast antitank mine. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, the pressure plate bends and crushes one or both of the chemical fuzes. The resulting chemical reaction causes a flame which sets off the booster, and in turn, the mine. anti-tank mine Length: 179mm Weight: 1.3kg Explosive: 650g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
PMN The PMN is a pressure-operated anti-personnel blast mine with a substantial explosive charge. Copied by China and Iraq, with several similar designs from other countries. The fuze incorporates a lead-shear arming delay, after which the transverse striker is retained by the central plunger. Pressure aligns a window in the plunger to release the striker onto the detonator assembly. Easily confused with similar mines from other countries, such as the Chinese Type 58. Easily detectable. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 112mm Height: 56mm Weight: 550g Explosive: 240g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMN-2 PMN-2 is a pressure activated anti-personnel blast mine and the successor to the PMN mine. The main improvement over the PMN is the incorporation of a blast resistant fuze. Once armed, depressing the pressure plate allows the detonator assembly to move into line, then releases the spring-loaded striker onto it. This mechanism will resist a rapid pressure pulse, making it resistant to most explosive countermeasures. The PMN-3 is identical in appearance and incorporates an electronic anti-handling feature. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 120mm Height: 53mm Weight: 420g Explosive: 100g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT - RDX - A1
No. 8 It has a 7.00 kilogram (15.43 LB) RDX/TNT 60/40 main charge. A water-proof detonator, and a 3-gram CH 6 booster. The mine is difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 259mm Height: 175mm Weight: 7.4kg Explosive: 700g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
NO. 92 (40mm) It uses a base-detonating, self-destroying fuze. The grenade contains approximately 1,000 2.0 to 2.3 mm steel ball fragments. The self-destruct time is 15 seconds. grenade Diameter: 40mm Length: 102mm Explosive: 28g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: RDX
NO-MZ 2B This is a bounding APERS mine. Difficult to detect. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 57mm Height: 80mm Weight: 660g Explosive: 65g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
Non-metallic anti-personnel mine This South African mine is a direct copy of the Chinese Type 72; a pressure-operated anti-personnel mine, with a plastic casing and minimal metallic content. Very few of these mines were produced and none are believed to have been used. Removing the arming pin allows a spring-loaded safety ring to rotate; the top of the mine is then rotated manually until marks on the casing align. This releases the safety blocks on the pressure plate. Sufficient force then depresses the plate, causing the Belleville spring to invert, driving the firing pin into the ignitor. This initiates the detonator, booster and main charge. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 78mm Height: 38mm Weight: 140g Explosive: 51g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
NR 141 This is a nonmetallic pressure operated antitank landmine. The plastic fuze contains two steel fuze strikers and aluminum primer caps. anti-tank mine Diameter: 230mm Length:130mm Weight: 6.9kg Explosive: 5.99kg Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
NR 15 The mine does not have a fuze well or power source. The NR 15 is the Dutch name for the French MI AP ND 48 blast antipersonnel mine which has been adopted by the Dutch army. The explosive component of the mine is 175 grams of TNT. The mine is initiated by a non-detectable chemical fuze when 6-25 kg of pressure is applied to the top of the mine. anti-personnel blast mine Length: 95mm Weight: 600g Explosive: 170g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
NR 201 This is a nonmetallic pressure operated antitank landmine. The plastic fuze contains two steel fuze strikers and aluminum primer caps. anti-tank mine Diameter: 230mm Length:130mm Weight: 6.9kg Explosive: 5.99kg Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
POMZ-2 The POMZ-2 is an anti-personnel fragmentation stake mine. The POMZ-2 was replaced by the POMZ-2M, which has 5 rows of grooves and a threaded fuze well. Copies of this mine have been produced by numerous countries including China, former East Germany, and North Korea. This mine is usually tripwire initiated using an MUV-series pull fuze. Pull on the tripwire extracts the striker retaining pin, releasing the spring-loaded striker onto the stab-sensitive detonator assembly. Multiple tripwires may be used. fragmentation mine Diameter: 60mm Height: 130mm Weight: 2.3kg Explosive: 75g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
POMZ-2M The POMZ-2M is an anti-personnel fragmentation stake mine. The POMZ-2M replaced the POMZ-2, which has 6 rows of grooves and an unthreaded fuze well. Copies of this mine have been produced by numerous countries including China, former East Germany, and North Korea. This mine is usually tripwire initiated using an MUV-series pull fuze. Pull on the tripwire extracts the striker retaining pin, releasing the spring-loaded striker onto the stab-sensitive detonator assembly. Multiple tripwires may be used. fragmentation mine Diameter: 60mm Height: 107mm Weight: 1.8kg Explosive: 75g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
NR 409 Low metal content, hard to detect. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 82mm Height: 28mm Weight: 183g Range: 5m Explosive: 80g
NR 413 This is a high-explosive fragmentation (HE-frag) antipersonnel (apers) landmine containing a multiple trip wire actuated fuze. fragmentation mine Diameter: 46mm Length: 230mm Weight:640g Explosive: 96.39g Explosive/filler type: Composition B
NR 442 The mine consists of an inner container of fragments around an explosive core inside an outer metal sleeve. Upon fuze activation, a propelling charge at the base of the mine hurls the inner container into the air. A steel cord attached to both the mines base and the inner canister reaches its full length and releases the striker pin which detonates the main charge. fragmentation mine Diameter: 105mm Length: 245mm Weight: 4.50kg Explosive: 560g Explosive/filler type: TNT
NR-15 This is a nonmetallic pressure-actuated blast antipersonnel (apers) landmine which uses an NR-15 pressure-actuated chemical fuze. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 88mm Length: 65mm Weight: 599g Explosive: 175g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
NR-25 This is a pressure-actuated antitank (AT) landmine using the NR-29 pressure-mechanical fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 310mm Length: 132mm Weight: 13kg Explosive: 9kg Range: 400 Explosive/filler type: TNT
NR-26 This is a nonmetallic pressure-actuated antitank landmine which uses an NR-26 pressure-friction fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 297mm Length: 113mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 9kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-35 The mine is one of the earliest series of former Soviet metallic-cased landmines. A flat metal plate is attached to the top of the pressure lid by a pressure bolt that projects through the lid. The bottom of the bolt is connected to a lever. As pressure depresses the bolt, the lever "see-saws," removing the striker retaining pin from the MUV fuze. A wire handle is located at the hinge side of the mine. Access to the fuze is provided by a side hole closed with a pivoted fuze well cover. anti-tank mine Length: 229mm Weight: 5.2kg Explosive: 2.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
OINTMENT BOX The mine is employed around unit positions, in ditches and along roads and trails for its nuisance value. The mine is effective against only the man who steps on it or it may burst a vehicle tire running over it. anti-personnel/anti-vehicular mine Weight: 226.8g Explosive: 85g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
OM-1-SHM This is a delayed-action mine. delayed-action mine Diameter: 235mm Length: 705mm Weight: 64.20kg Explosive: 47.20kg
OZM (IMPROVISED) During World War II, the former Soviets employed the improvised OZM bounding fragmentation mine with several mortar and artillery shells. These included the 120-mm mortar shell and the 122- and 152-mm artillery shells. The shells were buried in the ground nose down. Under the nose was a UVK-1 pyrotechnic delay propelling charge with a flash tube leading to the ground surface. Initiation was accomplished by remote electrical firing, pressure, or tripwire activation. This initiation continued along the flash tube, which, in turn, ignited the propellant and delay element. The shell was ejected from the ground, and simultaneously the delay element burned. Detonation normally occurred 1.5 to 2.4 meters above ground, and the target was either personnel or a vehicle. fragmentation mine Diameter: 152mm Range: 10m
TM-46 & TMN-46 TM-46 is a pressure-operated anti-tank blast mine; TMN-46 is a variant incorporating a secondary fuze well for booby trapping. Copied by Egypt (M/71) and Israel (No 6). When the standard fuze cap is employed, the fuze well will contain an MV-5 or MV-5K fuze. All three types of fuze use a spring-loaded striker released onto a stab-sensitive detonator assembly.The TMN-46 can also be fuzed with an MUV-2 or MUV-3 fuze in the auxiliary fuze well. The TMN-46 is identical to the TM-46 from above, but may be fitted with an anti-disturbance device. anti-tank mine Diameter: 305mm Height: 108mm Weight: 8.6kg Explosive: 5.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
OZM-160 A subsequent development, the OZM with UVK-1, utilized any of a variety of artillery or mortar shells as the main charge. The OZM-160 mine is a complete package with a standardized charge, an integral fuze, and a munition that is contained in a cylinder for simplified logistics and employment. Employment should not differ substantially from the techniques used with other bounding fragmentation mines. The OZM-160 is one of the original OZM bounding fragmentation mines. fragmentation mine Diameter: 170mm Weight: 8.8kg Explosive: 4.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-62P The TM-62 series are high-explosive, blast, antitank (AT) landmines used against track and wheeled vehicles. These mines can be planted in the open (above grade), covered (below grade), and in shallow water. Mines are emplaced manually, by mechanical mine-laying equipment, or dispensed from a helicopter-carried dispenser. Some of the TM-62 series mines also have secondary fuze wells. anti-tank mine Diameter: 310mm Length: 100mm Weight: 10kg Range: 10m
P2 Mk 2 (AT) and P3 Mk2 The mine has two fuze wells and does not have a power source. The P2 Mk 2 antitank mine, like the other Pakistani antitank mines, uses a very unique detonation mechanism. A Pakistani antipersonnel mine (like a P2 Mk2 or P4 Mk1) is placed under the raised reinforced plastic pressure plate cover. If 180-300 kg of force is applied to this cover plate, it will break, allowing the antipersonnel mine to function. The antipersonnel mine therefore serves as both the fuze and booster, setting off the main charge of the P2 Mk 2 antitank mine. The mine can also be emplaced without the pressure plate cover, essentially making it difficult to detect. Although rarely used, a large metallic detector ring is shipped with the mine to aid in the detection. anti-tank mine Length: 270mm Width: 270mm Height: 130mm Weight: 6.5kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
P2 MK 3 A Pakistani antipersonnel mine (the P4 Mk1) is placed under the raised reinforced plastic pressure plate cover. If 180 to 300 kg of force is applied to this cover plat, it will break, allowing the antipersonnel mine to function. The antipersonnel mine therefore serves as both the fuze and booster, setting off the main charge of the P2 Mk3 antitank mine. The mine can also be emplaced the pressure plate cover, essentially making it a very large antipersonnel mine. The P2 Mk3 antitank mine, like the other Pakistani antitank mines, uses a very unique detonation mechanism. anti-tank mine Range: 10m
P2 Mk2 (AP) This antipersonnel mine can also be used as the fuze for the Pakistani antitank mines such as P2 Mk 3, or the P3 Mk 1. anti-personnel Diameter: 70mm Height: 38mm Weight: 140g Explosive: 30g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
TM-62P3 The TM-62 series are high-explosive, blast, antitank (AT) landmines used against track and wheeled vehicles. These mines can be planted in the open (above grade), covered (below grade), and in shallow water. Mines are emplaced manually, by mechanical mine-laying equipment, or dispensed from a helicopter-carried dispenser. Some of the TM-62 series mines also have secondary fuze wells. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 85mm Weight: 8.7kg Range: 10m
P3 MK 2 This is a bounding antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The mine is initiated with a pull/pressure fuze. The mine and fuze are very similar to the U.S. M26 apers landmine and the U.S. M605 landmine fuze. The mine contains a black powder expelling charge of unknown weight, and a modified ARGES 69 hand grenade containing a PETN main charge of unknown weight. anti-personnel bounding mine Length: 260mm Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: PETN
TM-72 Fuzes for this mine have the same mounting threads and basic operation as the TM-62 series mine fuzes. This is an antitank landmine. The mine is cylindrical in shape. anti-tank mine Diameter: 250mm Height: 80mm Weight: 6kg Explosive: 2.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT - RDX - A1
P4 Mk1 The exterior of the P4 Mk1 has knurled edges along the lower portion of the mine body. The P4 Mk1 is a conventional blast antitank mine which can be used as an antipersonnel mine or as the fuze to the PZ Mk2 and PZ Mk3 antitank mines. Low metal content, hard to detect. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 70mm Height: 38mm Weight: 140g Explosive: 30g Range: 5m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
TM-83 This is a high explosive antitank penetration mine. The mine has a two-color IR sensor and a seismic sensor as shown. It may also use a MVZ-72 breakwire type firing device. The seismic sensor is stored on the back of the mine and is attached by electronic cable, the mine can also be detonated remotely. The kill mechanism is a self forging fragment with an effective range of 50.00 meters (164.04 feet). anti-tank mine Diameter: 250mm Length: 440mm Explosive: 9.6kg Range: 400m
TMD-44 TMD-44 is a wooden-cased pressure-operated anti-tank mine. The mine uses the MV-5 or MV-5K pressure-actuated fuze. Sufficient pressure on the top of the mine collapses the lid and compresses the spring of the MV-5 fuze until the retaining ball escapes, releasing the striker onto the stab-sensitive detonator assembly. anti-tank mine Length: 320mm Width: 290mm Height: 160mm Weight: 9.5kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT & Picric Acid
TMD-B TMD-B is a wooden-cased pressure-operated anti-tank mine. The mine uses the MV-5 or MV-5K pressure-actuated fuze. Sufficient pressure on the top of the mine collapses the lid and compresses the spring of the MV-5 fuze until the retaining ball escapes, releasing the striker onto the stab-sensitive detonator assembly. anti-tank mine Length: 320mm Width: 290mm Height: 160mm Weight: 9.5kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT & Picric Acid
TM-89 The TM-89 is a influence fired, anti-tank (AT) blast type landmine. The mine contains a magnetic proximity fuze of unknown sensitivity. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 132mm Weight: 11.5kg Explosive: 6.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TG-40(SOVIET)
TMK-2 This is a metallic plate-charge antitank (AT) landmine. It uses a pressure-actuated tiltrod fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 307mm Height: 11.3m Weight: 12.5kg Explosive: 6.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TG-50
P5 MK2 The P5 Mk 2 antipersonnel mine appears to be an evolutionary change from the P5 Mk 1 claymore type mine. The P5 Mk 2 is larger than its predecessor, and its legs are set wider apart, presumably for increased stability. Although the exact lethal range of this mine is not known, other similar mines have lethal ranges of up to 50 meters. anti-personnel Explosive/filler type: P.E. 4 Plastic Explosive
P59 This is a pressure-activated landmine used as an apers munition. The mine is painted black and yellow. Information on markings is unknown. The mine is plastic nylon. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 71mm Length: 53mm Explosive: 57g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
P-62 The fuze has a large detonator similar to the one contained in the MVZ-57 mine fuze. The type and amount of explosive used is unknown. The fuze appears to be very brittle. If it breaks at the shear point, it could cause the mine to function as an antipersonnel mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 124mm Length: 45mm Range: 10m
P7 MK 1 The landmine bounds an ARGES 69 hand grenade in the air. anti-personnel bounding mine Diameter: 71mm Length: 160mm Range: 20m
PARM 1 anti-tank mine Diameter: 128mm Range: 20m
PATVAG 59 The mine consists of a yellow removable shipping/caution cover, weatherproof cover, mine body, firing mechanism, and explosive charge. A variable-thickness glass plate, used to adjust the amount of pressure required for mine initiation, is contained within the mine pressure plate and the striker. During shipping an inert white detonator well plug safely locks the striker out of line with the detonator well. During arming, this safety plug is replaced by a red plug containing the detonator. Pressure applied to the mine forces the striker to break the glass plate, impinging on the detonator. Components of this mine were manufactured in former West Germany and shipped to Switzerland for assembly and explosive filling. The Swiss PATVAG 59 is a small, lightweight, antipersonnel mine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 72mm Explosive: 6g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PATVAG M3 The Model M3 is a small antipersonnel mine manufactured by the firm PATVAG AG of Switzerland. The mine may be buried or surface emplaced. A 15.0-kg pressure on the mine case forces the striker to impinge on the detonator, initiating firing of the mine. For safe storage a white shipping plug in the detonator well doubles as a safety, preventing striker movement. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 79mm Weight: 90g Explosive: 7g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PD-MI-PK The mine can be fired electro-mechanically by a contact cable, by command detonation or mechanically with a tripwire. This is an antivehicle mine. All measurements are approximate. anti-vehicle mine Diameter: 401mm Length: 125mm Weight: 8.5kg Explosive: 4.99kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
PICKET (ANTIPERSONNEL) Riveted to the underside of the lid is the stirrup-shaped holder, into the center of which is pressed the detonator-locating tube. Passing diametrically through the lid, through slots in the side, is the aluminum cap holder, which is located in the armed and unarmed positions by the spring. The coiled end of the spring engages in the groove in the armed position and in the groove in the unarmed position. The loops at the ends of the cap holders enable the cap holders to be pulled into the armed position by remote control and at the same time prevent it from being pulled out completely. The mine proper consists of a cylinder around which is wound the strip metal loading. The mine is mounted on a wooden picket and contains a 100-gram cartridge of TNT. The mine is closed by a screw-on lid which carries the spring-loaded striker. anti-personnel Diameter: 40.6mm Length: 447mm Weight: 794g Explosive: 100g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PIGNONE P-2 The mine does not have a power source. The Pignone P-2 is an Italian antitank mine developed by Misar. The P-1 and P-2 antitank mines were follow-ons to Italian World War II landmines. The P-2, a lighter version of the P-1, has a plastic mine body with plastic fasteners and features a rope carry handle. The mine is described as nonmetallic, including even the shear pins, fasteners, and springs. An integral pressure fuze that uses a shear pin and ball release is employed. The P-2 mine fuze pressure plate moves downward under a heavy load, compressing a rubber collar that pushes against the fuze head. Under a 100- to 150-kg load, the fuze head ruptures a shear pin, allowing the fuze pin to compress a rubber cylinder between the striker head and striker until the two retaining balls slide into their side recesses. This releases the striker to fire the percussion cap, booster, and main charge. anti-tank mine Diameter: 330mm Height: 127mm Weight: 7kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PINEAPPLE-SHAPED This is a fragmentation landmine, shaped liked a pineapple type grenade. fragmentation mine Diameter: 254mm Length: 127mm Range: 20m
PIPE OR SHELL CASING The mine has fuze tube with a slow burning fuze and pressure-type detonator. This is an Antipersonnel, Pipe or Shell Casing mine. anti-personnel mine Range: 20m
PLASTIC (AP) It has 1 fuze well at the end. The brittleness of the bakelite makes the mine more effective, since, on detonation, it scatters into many small pieces. This is a blast type mine. anti-personnel blast mine Length: 137mm Weight: 148g Range: 10m
PLASTIC (AT) The casing consists of 3 parts: a base (plate type), a cover which screws on the base, and a partitioned insert without a bottom. There are 2 fuze wells; the main well is top center and the auxiliary well is located on the side of the base. This is a blast type, with a "teller" type casing. anti-tank mine Diameter: 315mm Weight: 595g Range: 10m
PM 83 This is an antitank mine and can be initiated by pressure, tilt rod movement, and/or remote control. . anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 140mm Weight: 7.50kg Explosive: 4kg
PM M/47-1 It uses an M/47-I or M/47-II fuzes. This is a metallic high-explosive (blast) antitank (AT)-landmine. The fuze is pressure or pressure/pressure-release actuated. anti-tank mine Diameter: 315mm Length: 91mm Weight: 10kg Explosive: 6.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PM M/47-II The mine uses a Bt m/47-I fuze. This is a nonmetallic high-explosive (blast) pressure-actuated antitank (AT) landmine. The fuze is pull/pressure-actuated. The mine is unpainted. Markings are unknown. The mine body and pressure plate are wood; the mine bottom is masonite. anti-tank mine Diameter: 279mm Length: 89mm Weight: 7.2kg Explosive: 5.4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PM M/52 This is a nonmetallic high-explosive (blast) antitank (AT) landmine which employs four pressure-actuated chemical fuzes. The mine is brown plastic; the fuze plungers are transparent; the fuze bodies are white plastic. Markings are unknown. The mine is plastic. anti-tank mine Diameter: 305mm Length: 124mm Weight: 11.4kg Explosive: 8.6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PM-60 This is a pressure-actuated, nonmetallic, antitank (AT) landmine. It uses either a mechanical or a chemical fuze. Difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 125mm Weight: 11.3kg Explosive: 10kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PM-79 This is a delay-armed, pressure-actuated, blast, antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The mine may be mechanically or manually emplaced. It is believed that there is a training/practice version of this mine. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 88mm Length: 50mm Weight: 250g Explosive: 75g
PMA-1, PMA-1A, & PRACTICE VPMA-1A . The differences between the PMA-1 and PMA-1A are unknown. The PMA-1 and PMA-1A are pressure-actuated, high-explosive, nonmetallic antipersonnel (apers) landmines. The VPMA-1A is a practice pressure-actuated nonmetallic antipersonnel landmine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 140mm Length: 30mm Weight: 400g Explosive: 200g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMA-1A The PMA-1 and PMA-1A are pressure-actuated, antipersonnel blast mines with a minimal metallic content. The VPMA-1A is the practice version. Pressure on the hinged lid crushes the end of the fuze to create a flash, which initiates the detonator and main charge. anti-personnel blast mine Length: 140mm Width: 70mm Height: 30mm Weight: 250g Explosive: 200g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMA-2 The PMA-2 is a minimum-metal anti-personnel blast mine with a pressure-actuated fuze. The VPMA-2 is a practice version of the PMA-2. The mine uses the UPMAH-2 fuze. Pressure on the fuze prongs forces the base of the plunger into a friction-sensitive composition to initiate the detonator and main charge. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 68mm Height: 61mm Weight: 135g Explosive: 95g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMA-3 PMA-3 is a minimum-metal antipersonnel blast mine. VPMA-3 is the practice version. Once the arming band has been removed, pressure on the edge of the mine tilts the top half and shears the end off the fuze, scraping a pin through a friction-sensitive composition to cause initiation. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 111mm Height: 40mm Weight: 180g Explosive: 35g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
PMC The mine has one fuze well. The PMC antipersonnel mine is an Italian munition that consisted of three parts - a fuze, a fuze holding board, and an explosive charge. The board is approximately 100x100x12 mm and holds a PMC-43 pressure fuze with OTO type detonator. Any explosive charge can be placed under the bearing board. The only metallic content of this mine is found in the metal fuze striker point and the aluminum detonator. The OTO detonator is stored in a hole on the side of the bearing board, held in place by a swivel cover. anti-personnel Diameter: 100mm Length: 100mm Range: 10m
PMD-1 The fuze is electromechanical and is reported to be a contact (pressure) fuze. It has a self-destruct time of 2 to 96 hours. anti-personnel Diameter: 112mm Length: 33mm Weight: 140g Explosive: 25g
PMD-57 The lid section is hinged to the lower box at one end and is designed to close over the lower box. In the armed position, the lid rests on a striker retaining pin at the end of the fuze. When pressure is applied, the lid removes the pin, beginning the initiation process. Probing for small "shu" type mines with their low pressure thresholds is a very hazardous operation. The PMD-57 is a wooden version of a box or "shu" mine with a two-piece case. The lower section is a rectangular wooden box housing the main TNT charge, the MUV-type fuze, and the detonator. anti-personnel mine Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMFC-1 This stake mine is mounted on a wooden stake with an MUV-type fuze placed on top of the concrete fragmentation sleeve. fragmentation mine Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMFH-1 The PMFH-1 is an antipersonnel fragmentation mine known in Spanish as Mina Antipersonnel de Fragmentation de Hierro. This Cuban stake mine consists of a serrated cast-iron fragment sleeve containing 75 grams of TNT and an MUV-type tripwire fuze, and wooden stake. This mine appears to be a direct copy of the PP Mi-Sk former Czechoslovakian fragmentation stake mine. Tripwire deployment of the PMFH-1 includes extending a single tripwire or placing tripwires in two directions approximately 4 meters apart from the top of the mine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 60mm Weight: 2kg Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMK-40 This is a pressure-actuated antipersonnel (apers) landmine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 70mm Length: 38mm Weight: 91g Explosive: 57g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMM-1 The PMM-1 is a small antipersonnel mine commonly referred to as a "shu" mine. The lower section is a rectangular wooden box containing a 200 gram block of TNT, an MUV-type fuze, and a detonator. In the armed position, the lid rests on a striker retaining pin at the end of the fuze. When pressure is applied, the lid removes the pin, beginning the initiation process. Probing for "shu" mines with their low pressure thresholds is hazardous. anti-personnel Diameter: 54mm Length: 103mm Weight: 500g Explosive: 200g Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMM-3 This metallic mine consists of a main charge container (bottom) and a pressure plate lid (top). An oval carrying handle is affixed to the center of the lid. A safety pin projects through a hole in the side of the lid and charge container and into the fuze assembly. This pin separates the striker and the percussion detonator. The fuze, which is screwed into the center of the main charge container, consists of an inverted U-shaped metal leaf spring, a striker, and a percussion detonator. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 100mm Explosive: 50g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMM-5 This box mine is divided into two compartments. One compartment houses a built-in spring-loaded striker pin and the other a 200-gram block of TNT. One end of the metallic case is open so that the main charge and percussion detonator can be inserted. The top and side surfaces of the main charge compartment are covered with a serrated fragmentation jacket. Pressure on the U-shaped pressure bar releases the spring-loaded striker and allows it to impinge on the MD-type detonator. fragmentation mine Length: 150mm Explosive: 200g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMP This is a pressure-actuated antipersonnel (apers) landmine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 36mm Length: 120mm Weight: 145g Explosive: 1g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: EC Powder
PMP-71 The mine does not have a power source. The PMP-71 is a large antipersonnel mine designed by the former East German Army with two nearly identical variants, the PMP 71 (PMP 71/1) and the slightly modified PMP 71/2. They both weigh approximately 1.25 kg and contain 0.1 kg of TNT. Both are plastic AP blast mines. The PMP 71/1, the first developed, was subject to trials at the frontier forces experimental laboratories; as a result, the design was changed from cylindrical body to a truncated cone, and safety pin holes were slightly enlarged. The improved mine, the PMP 71/2, was developed in 1972, was then delivered to former East German Army and frontier units, where it replaced the older PMN. The PMP 71/2 has a height of 150 mm, a maximum diameter of 125 mm, and a minimum diameter of 65 mm. When a load of 6.0 to 8.0 kg is applied to the integral pressure fuze, a "belleville" spring (a spring-tension washer) is inverted, forcing the striker into the detonator. anti-personnel Diameter: 175mm Height: 150mm Weight: 1.5kg Explosive: 100g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMP-71/2 The mine does not have a power source. In principle, the PMP-71 and PMP 71/2 antipersonnel mines are identical. They both weigh approximately 1.25 kg and contain 0.1 kg of TNT. Both are plastic antipersonnel blast mines. The PMP 71/1, the first developed, was subject to trials at the frontier forces experimental laboratories; as a result, the design was changed from cylindrical body to a truncated cone, and safety pin holes were slightly enlarged. The improved mine, the PMP 71/2, was developed in 1972, was then delivered to former East German Army and frontier units, where it replaced the older PMN. The PMP 71/2 has a height of 150 mm, a maximum diameter of 125 mm, and a minimum diameter of 65 mm. When a load of 6.0 to 8.0 kg is applied to the integral pressure fuze, a "belleville" spring (a spring-tension washer) is inverted, forcing the striker into the detonator. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 125mm Height: 150mm Weight: 1.5kg Explosive: 100g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMR-1 PMR-1is a tripwire-activated anti-personnel fragmentation stake mine. It is similar in appearance to the more common PMR-2A, but has a different fuze and a smaller charge. This mine is tripwire initiated using a pull fuze. Pull on the tripwire extracts the striker retaining pin, releasing the spring-loaded striker onto the percussion detonator assembly. Easily detectable. fragmentation mine Diameter: 80mm Height: 120mm Weight: 2kg Explosive: 75g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMR-2A and PMR-2AS PMR-2A is a tripwire-activated anti-personnel fragmentation stake mine. PMR-2AS has a modified fuze which fires a signal cartridge into the air when the mine is triggered. This mine is tripwire initiated using a pull fuze. Pull on the tripwire extracts the striker retaining pin, releasing the spring-loaded striker onto the percussion detonator assembly. Easily detectable. fragmentation mine Diameter: 66mm Height: 140mm Weight: 1.7kg Explosive: 100g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMR-3 The PMR-3 is an antipersonnel (apers) fragmentation landmine. The VPMR-3 is a practice antipersonnel (apers) fragmentation landmine. Weight. Unknown. Difficult to detect. fragmentation mine Diameter: 78mm Height: 134mm Weight: 2kg Explosive: 410g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMRS This is a metallic, pull-actuated, antipersonnel, fragmentation, and illumination landmine. illumination and fragmentation mine Diameter: 66mm Length: 132mm Weight: 1.7kg Explosive: 100g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMS An external button on the top of this mine houses a spring-loaded antiremoval switch and must remain depressed once the mine is armed. An internal circuit also has an arming safety switch, which is spring loaded but held open by a string leading from the breaker, through the case, to an external hook, nail, or eyelet. A third circuit switch is the pressure actuator, which is external and remote to the mine and connected to the firing circuit by wire leads. The sole access to the main charge and firing circuit compartment is through a hinged door on the mines top. multipurpose Length: 165mm Explosive: 450g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PMU It is reported to be a copy of the Soviet PMN mine. It uses a lead shear delay for arming and a pressure actuated fuze for firing. anti-personnel Diameter: 112mm Length: 57mm Weight: 550kg Explosive: 240kg
PP 56 The Yugoslavian PP 56 is an anti-personnel landmine. anti-personnel mine Weight: 4kg Explosive: 198.4g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PP Mi-Ba PP Mi-Ba is a simple pressure-operated anti-personnel blast mine with a plastic body and minimal metallic content. Difficult to detect. The mine is made in two halves which screw together. The RO-7-II fuze is held in the center of the mine. anti-personnel blast mines Diameter: 102mm Height: 52mm Weight: 340g Explosive: 152g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PP Mi-D PP Mi-D is a wooden-cased, pressure-operated blast anti-personnel mine, directly copied from the German World War II Schu-mine 42. Easily detectable. The mine consists of an explosive charge housed in a wooden box with a hinged lid. A simple pull fuze (RO1) is inserted through a hole in the opening end of the box. The fuze is fitted with a winged retaining pin. anti-personnel blast mines Width: 105mm Length: 135mm Height: 55mm Weight: 500g Explosive: 200g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PP Mi-Sr PP Mi-Sr is a steel-cased bounding fragmentation anti-personnel mine, normally initiated by pressure. Easy to detect. fragmentation mine Diameter: 102mm Height: 152mm Weight: 3.2kg Explosive: 360g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PP Mi-Sr II PP Mi-Sr II is a steel-cased bounding fragmentation anti-personnel mine, normally initiated by pressure. It is externally identical to the PP Mi-Sr, other than the markings. fragmentation mine Diameter: 102mm Height: 152mm Weight: 3.2kg Explosive: 360g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PPM-2 This is a delay-armed, pressure-actuated blast-type antipersonnel (apers) landmine. It is intended to produce casualties and to cause light damage to wheeled vehicles. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 124mm Length: 63mm Weight: 292g Explosive: 111g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
P-PMA-1 (NONMETAL) The case contains a fuze, detonator, and explosive charge. The bottom of the case has 2 holes for draining the mine prior to removal if laid in wet terrain. anti-personnel mine Length: 152.4mm Weight: 277.8g Explosive: 198.4g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PP-MI-BA This is a nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast), manually implanted antipersonnel (apers) landmine which uses either a Ro-7-II pressure-actuated fuze or a Ro-7-III pressure-actuated/antiremoval fuze. The Ro-7-II and Ro-7-III fuzes are externally identical. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 102mm Length: 52mm Weight: 340g Explosive: 130.41g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PP-MI-D This is a high-explosive (blast), pressure-actuated, nonmetallic, antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The RO-1 is a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. The fuze is black plastic and the striker is marked 51 a VII. The mine is made of wood. The fuze is plastic but contains internal metal parts. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 127mm Length: 64mm Weight: 454g Explosive: 226.8g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PP-MI-S1 The mine is battery powered using 2 1.5-volt batteries and has 3 self-destruct settings between 12 and 24 hours. The mine is dispensed in a canister containing 5 mines. The mine has 3 tripwires at either end so it may eject up to 6 tripwires for a range of 10.00 meters (32.81 feet). The mine is scattered by using the 40-tube launcher on the high capacity mobile obstacle creating set or the 3-tube MV-3 minelayer. The mine falls to the ground by parachute, which is later released. scatterable munitions Diameter: 116mm Length: 96mm Weight: 1.75kg Explosive: 170mm Range: 100m Explosive/filler type:
PP-MI-SB This is a high-explosive fragmentation (HE-frag), concrete, antipersonnel (apers), stake landmine. The RO-1 is a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. fragmentation mine Diameter: 76mm Length: 140mm Weight: 2kg Explosive: 155.93g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PP-MI-SK This is a high-explosive, fragmentation, antipersonnel (Apers), stake landmine. The RO-1 is a pull/pressure-actuated fuze, but it is used only in the pull mode in this mine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 60mm Length: 137mm Weight: 1.6kg Explosive: 75g Range: 50m
PP-MI-SR This is a metallic bounding fragmentation antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The mine usually uses an RO-8 pressure actuated fuze, but may be found with an RO-1 pull/pressure actuated fuze or with two RO-1 fuzes used with a Y connector. The mine may also be found with an antisafing fuze installed or be command-detonated by using an electric squib. The RO-1 fuze may be inserted into the detonator well with the detonator upside down, which converts the mine to a nonbounding antipersonnel mine. The mine is painted olive drab with markings in black on top. The RO-1 fuze is black plastic, and the RO-8 fuze is unpainted. The fuzes are unmarked. The mine and RO-8 fuze body are steel. The RO-1 fuze has a plastic body. The projecting sleeve may be steel or plastic. fragmentation mine Diameter: 102mm Length:222mm Weight: 3.2kg Explosive: 311.85g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PP-MI-ST-46 Normally used as a stake mine in grassy or brushy areas. anti-personnel Diameter: 70mm Length: 173mm Weight: 1.6kg Explosive: 73.71g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
Practice AP-M/56 This is a slightly larger copy of the French Model 1951 landmine. The total weight and explosive filler weight is unknown at this time. The mine is nonmetallic. anti-personnel Diameter: 70mm Length: 52mm Range: 10m
PRB 408 The PRB 408 consists of a polyethylene case with a carrying handle located on one side. The mine contains the explosive charge, pressure-initiated fuze, and the pressure plate. The fuze fits into the fuze well in the center of the mine body and is covered by the pressure plate. The fuze functions when the pressure plate collapses. The PRB M3409 is waterproof and may be used in shallow water. It is probably the predecessor to the PRB M3 antitank mine. Its primary difference is that the body is actually a bulk explosive charge fitted with a large (larger than the PRB M3) pressure fuze. It is uncertain if the mine contains secondary fuze wells for boobytrap purposes. anti-tank mine Length: 215mm Weight: 4.13kg Explosive: 3.33kg
PRB BAC This is a nonmetallic pressure-actuated antipersonnel, fragmentation landmine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 89mm Length: 28mm Explosive: 51.03 Explosive/filler type: Torpex
PRB M3 and PRB M3A1 PRB M3 is a minimum-metal anti-tank blast mine. A version with two auxiliary fuze wells (one in the side and one in the base) is designated PRB M3A1. Sufficient force on the top of the pressure plate assembly shears the retaining pins and pushes a plunger onto the head of the fuze. Within the fuze body, a shutter moves down to release two spring-steel wires onto flash igniters, which initiate the detonator. Very difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Length: 230mm Width: 230mm Height: 130mm Weight: 6.8kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PRB M35 Low metal content, hard to detect. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 65mm Height: 60mm Weight: 158g Range: 5m Explosive: 100g
PRB M409 The PRB M409 is a plastic-bodied, circular antipersonnel mine. During transport, the pressure membrane of the mine is protected by a safety plate with raised ridges. The fuze is a double percussion type with two opposing steel firing pins. The strikers are held apart by a sliding bolt attached to the pressure plate. The bolt has an aperture holding two percussion caps. When the bolt is displaced, the strikers are released and detonate the percussion caps. The only metal components are firing pins and two aluminum primer caps. A copy of the PRB M409 is also produced in Portugal as the M 411. anti-personnel Diameter: 82mm Weight: 180g Explosive: 80g Explosive/filler type: Trialene
PRB-ATK-M3 This nonmetallic landmine uses a pressure-actuated M30 fuze. Has no provisions for an antilift device. It is a variant of the PRM-ATK-M3. anti-tank mine Diameter: 233mm Length: 130mm Explosive: 6.58kg Explosive/filler type: Torpex
PRB-IV This is a nonmetallic pressure-actuated antitank (AT) landmine which uses a PRB-BAC antipersonnel landmine as the fuze to initiate a detonation. anti-tank mine Diameter: 228mm Length: 99mm Explosive: 9.07kg Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
PRESSURE & TRACTION A wooden block is secured by two bolts to the underside of the lid and serves to operate the pull igniter by pressure exerted on the cover. The explosive charge is in a separate container with the igniter and detonator inserted in the center block. A pull wire extends from the igniter over to the wire rod directly under the wooden block attached to the underside of the lid. To this wire rod are attached a trip wire which passes out through the cover to be secured to a tree or other suitable object and an antilifting wire attachment which passes through a hole in the base of the box and is secured to a peg. The igniter contains ignition composition and a pellet of powdered glass in red cement. Used as an antitank or antipersonnel mine. anti-personnel/anti-tank mine Diameter: 241mm Length: 317mm Explosive: 907g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PRM-ATK-M3 This nonmetallic landmine uses a pressure-actuated M30 fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 233mm Length: 130 Explosive: 6.58kg Explosive/filler type: Torpex
PROM 2 PROM-2 is a pressure or pull actuated bounding APERS landmine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 85mm Length: 200mm Weight: 1.3kg Explosive: 350g Range: 200m
PROM-1 PROM-1 is a bounding, fragmentation, antipersonnel landmine. The mine uses the UPROM-1 pressure/tilt fuze and is normally tripwire initiated. The mine may be planted in water up to half a meter deep. The practice version of the mine, the VPROM-1 with the VUPROM practice fuze, is identical in appearance and dimensions with the exception of vent holes in the mine body and painting and markings. Initiating the fuze ignites a propellant charge in a central tube, which blows off the base to propel the mine body into the air. A tether wire fed from the base then initiates the detonator and main charge to shatter the steel body into fragments. Easily detectable. fragmentation mine Diameter: 75mm Height: 260mm Weight: 3kg Explosive: 425g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
PROM-1 & PRACTICE VPROM-1 The mine uses the UPROM-1 pressure/tilt fuze. The practice version of the mine, the VPROM-1 with the VUPROM practice fuze, is identical in appearance and dimensions with the exception of vent holes in the mine body and painting and markings. This is a bounding, fragmentation, antipersonnel landmine. The mine may be planted in water up to 500 millimeters (19.69 inches) of depth. fragmentation mine Diameter: 75mm Length: 271mm Weight: 2.7kg Explosive: 439g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PROM-KD The mine uses what is believed to be a combination pull/pressure fuze. The pull rod is located at the top of the fuze and appears to be removable. Information from a photograph shows the fuze appears to have a safing and arming lever located just above the junction of the fuze and mine body. The pull rod associated with the fuze could also be considered a tilt rod. Arming lever may or may not be present. anti-personnel mine Range: 20m
PS-1and PS-1A The differences between the PS-1 and PS-1A are internal. These are metallic bounding fragmentation antipersonnel (apers) landmines using a pull-actuated fuze to initiate an expelling charge. The PS-1 contains a grooved inner body, whereas the PS-1A inner body contains metal fragments. fragmentation mine Diameter: 98mm Length: 127mm Weight: 3.8kg Explosive: 450g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PSM-1 This is a high-explosive, bounding, fragmenting, antipersonnel landmine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 75mm Length: 135mm Weight: 3kg Explosive: 1.59kg
PT MI-BA II (VARIANT) The PT-Mi-BA II antitank mine is a rectangular low-metallic mine made almost entirely from bakelite-type plastic while the variant is manufactured with a metal body. The mine is transported inside a wooden case with the lid placed upside down over the mine body. The two RO-7-II fuzes, two pressure switch extensions, and internal supports are stored adjacent to the mine. The mine has two fuze wells and will function if either of the fuzes are crushed. anti-tank mine Diameter: 230mm Length: 395mm Weight: 10.19kg Explosive: 6.44kg Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT MI-BA III PT-Mi-Ba III is a pressure operated anti-tank blast mine with a minimal metallic content. . The BT-Mi-Ba III practice mine is externally identical to the tactical mine except it has six holes in the shipping plug. Difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 330mm Height: 101mm Weight: 9.2kg Explosive: 7.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT Mi-Ba-II PT Mi-Ba-II is a pressure operated anti-tank blast mine with a minimal metallic content. Difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Length: 395mm Width: 230mm Height: 135mm Weight: 9.6kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT Mi-D Easily detectable. PT Mi-D is a wooden-cased pressure-operated antitank mine. Most versions use the RO-1 pull fuze, but the RO-7-II pressure-actuated fuze may also be used. anti-tank mine Length: 320mm Width: 230mm Height: 140mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 6.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT Mi-K Easily detectable. PT Mi-K is a metal-cased anti-tank blast mine. The mine is initiated by pressure, but is resistant to blast because of the "spider" pressure plate it normally uses. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Height: 102mm Weight: 7.2kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT MI-P The PT Mi-P is a relatively simple, heavy plate charge antitank mine. The mines plate charge warhead is capable of penetrating 200 mm of armor, which is approximately 7 to 10 times the thickness of the belly armor of all current main battle tanks. The RO-9 tilt-rod fuze gives the mine a full-width attack capability. anti-tank mine Diameter: 238mm Weight: 10kg Explosive: 5.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT-56 This is an anti-tank mine. This mine has a rectangular plastic case. The PT-56 bears a strong resemblance to the TMA-2 antitank mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 260mm Length: 330mm Weight: 7kg Explosive: 5.4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT-MI-BA This is a pressure-fired, nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) landmine. The mine uses either an Ro-7, Ro-7-II pressure-actuated fuze, or an Ro-7-III pressure-actuated /antiremoval fuze. The fuzes are externally identical. anti-tank mine Diameter: 324mm Length: 107mm Weight: 7.6kg Explosive: 5.602kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT-MI-BA III and PRACTICE, BT-MI BA III This is a high-explosive (blast), nonmetallic, antitank (AT) landmine. The BT-Mi-Ba III practice mine is externally identical to the tactical mine except it has six holes in the shipping plug. The fuze is pressure-actuated. anti-tank mine Diameter: 330mm Length: 108 Weight: 10kg Explosive: 7.258kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT-MI-D II When the mine is shipped, the two pressure plungers are removed and the lid is reversed. The mine case is wood. anti-tank mine Diameter: 390mm Length:115mm Weight: 7.8kg Explosive: 5.55kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT-MI-DI These are high-explosive (blast), pressure-actuated, nonmetallic, antitank (AT) landmines. The RO-1 is a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. The RO-7-II is a pressure-actuated fuze. The RO-7-III is a pressure-actuated/antiremoval fuze. Each mine may contain either two of each fuze, or a combination of these fuzes. In addition, the mine may incorporate a wire mousetrap boobytrap device that detonates the mine if the pressure block is lifted. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 140mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 6.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT-MI-DIII These are high-explosive (blast), pressure-actuated, nonmetallic, antitank (AT) landmines. The RO-1 is a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. The RO-7-II is a pressure-actuated fuze. The RO-7-III is a pressure-actuated/antiremoval fuze. Each mine may contain either two of each fuze, or a combination of these fuzes. In addition, the mine may incorporate a wire mousetrap boobytrap device that detonates the mine if the pressure block is lifted. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 140mm Weight: 9kg Explosive: 6.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT-MI-K 2(II) This mine is a larger version of the PT-Mi-K mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Length: 106mm Weight: 7.4kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 400 Explosive/filler type: TNT
PT-MI-U The mine has one fuze well and does not have a power source. The PT Mi-U is a Czechoslovakian conventional antitank mine. The mine has a dual purpose fuze which can operate in either a pressure or tilt-rod mode. The mine has a heavy plate charge warhead capable of penetrating the belly of all current main battle tanks. The mine can be either manually emplaced or laid by a mechanical minelayer. anti-tank mine Weight: 9.5kg Explosive: 7kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: hexogen
PYRKAL These 155 mm artillery-deliverable scatterable mines are being developed in Greece. The mines are assessed to have a plate-charge lethal mechanism and magnetic influence fuzing. Due to its relatively simple design, the magnetic influence fuze in this mine will have an inherent antidisturbance capability. anti-tank mine Range: 20m
PZ MI 85M The mine has three pressure fuzes located at the corners of the mine, although one of the fuzes can be equipped with a tilt-rod to provide a full-width capability. The mines other corner contains the arming/disarming mechanism. The mine has a heavy plate charge warhead capable of penetrating the belly armor of all current main battle tanks. anti-tank mine
PZ MI 88 The Austrian PZmI 88 mine has a plate charge warhead and a seismic-magnetic fuze. The fuzes processor decreases the possibly the mine will function if the vehicle passes by the mine without passing over. The mines heavy plate charge warhead is capable of penetrating the belly of all current main battle tanks. This mine has been exported. anti-tank mine Length: 251mm
R.MI.43 The Old German R.MI.43 Riegel mine is an obsolete bar mine used extensively during World War II. The mine consists of a steel tray containing two shear wires and two main fuzes, a sheet-metal-encased TNT charge that sits down on the shear wires, and a steel lid with three secondary fuze wells, which acts as the pressure plate. One secondary fuze well is located in the top center of the lid with the other two located on the side of the mine. anti-tank mine Length: 810mm Weight: 9.3kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
R2M1 and R2M2 The cylindrical mine body has a central tube, which is threaded at the bottom to receive the booster. Pressure applied directly to the striker assembly or edge of the pressure plate causes downward movement of the striker assembly. This compresses the striker spring, allowing three locking balls to be released. Once released, the striker moves forward and fires the detonator. The R2M1 antipersonnel mine is of South African design and manufacture. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 69mm Height: 57mm Weight: 128g Explosive: 58g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: RDX / Wax
RAILWAY, RATCHET The mine consists of two parts: the explosive container and the housing for the ratchet mechanism. A hinged wooden device with the leather strap is provided for carrying the mine. The wooden base is screwed to the base of the mine. railway ratchet mine Diameter: 155mm Length: 231mm Weight: 8.1kg Explosive: 2.3kg Range: 400m
RAMP This mine is essentially four blocks of explosive placed in an elongated case. It has a mechanical fuze with a spring-loaded striker and a metal stand to hold it in armed position. Force on the elevated or fuze end of the mine pushes the tongue out of the hole in the striker and releases it to hit the percussion cap. anti-personnel mine Length: 475mm Weight: 1.36kg Explosive: 820g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT
RAP No 1 ( ZAP No 1) and RAP No 2 ( ZAP No 2 ) This simple mine is based on the design of the British No. 6 anti-personnel (AP) "Carrot Mine." The initials ZAP stand for Zimbabwe Anti-personnel. Difficult to detect. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 36mm Height: 195mm Weight: 200g Explosive: 140g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Pentolite
REMOTE ANTIARMOR MINE SYSTEM (RAAMS) These are projectile-dispensed, setback-, centrifugally and flight-armed, ferromagnetic influence-fired mines used to cause delay or denial of a specific area. The mines incorporate either a 4-hour or a 48-hour self-destruct (SD) delay. Some mines incorporate an antidisturbance feature. anti-tank mine Diameter: 127mm Length: 61mm Weight: 2.26kg Explosive: 590g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: RDX / Estane
RICOCHET (EXPANDING, AP) Required pressure forces internal cylinder down, releasing steel balls and allowing the striker to hit the percussion cap and ignite the propellant charge. The mine cylinder is propelled upward from 0.7 to 1.5 meters and then explodes in shrapnel dangerous to a radius of 100 meters and lethal at 25 meters. This is a bounding type landmine. Principal components are casing, internal cylinder, detonators, and fuzes. fragmentation mine Range: 20m
RIEGEL MINE 43 The Old German R.MI.43 Riegel mine is an obsolete bar mine used extensively during World War II. The mine consists of a steel tray containing two shear wires and two main fuzes, a sheet-metal-encased TNT charge that sits down on the shear wires, and a steel lid with three secondary fuze wells, which acts as the pressure plate. One secondary fuze well is located in the top center of the lid with the other two located on the side of the mine. bar mine Length: 800mm Width: 95mm Height: 120mm Weight: 9.3kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
RM The Italian Model RM wooden box antipersonnel mine is an enhanced version of the Model R antipersonnel mine designed to be pressure or tripwire activated. The RM fuze employed is a modified R pull fuze with an additional collar placed on the fuze neck. Another difference from the Model R is that the explosive block is held in place by two wood space blocks. Additionally, one of the three fragmentation plates faces forward and is predrilled to provide passage for the detonator. With the RM fuze located such that the two collars straddle the mine case, the RM mine functions on 2.0 to 3.0 kg of pressure, identical to the Model R mine. With both collars inside the mine case, the fuze functions as a tripwire mine, identical to the V mine. fragmentation mine Length: 150mm Weight: 450g Explosive: 150g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
SACI (APERS) This is a nonmetallic, blast, antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The mine is olive drab. The fuze cap is black. Red and green dots appear on the arming lever and upper mine case. The mine and its cover are plastic. The fuze cap is rubber. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 69m Length: 64m Weight: 181g Explosive: 57g Range: 15m Explosive/filler type: TNT
SACI 54/5 This is a nonmetallic, blast, antitank (AT) landmines which use three AC52 pressure-actuated fuzes and/or an ACS52 antidisturbance fuze. The SACI 54/5 and SACI 54/7 may also use three S.1 pressure actuated fuzes with or without the ACS52 antidisturbance fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 282mm Length: 150mm Weight: 6.7kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
SACI 54/7 These are nonmetallic, blast, antitank (AT) landmines which use three AC52 pressure-actuated fuzes and/or an ACS52 antidisturbance fuze. The SACI 54/5 and SACI 54/7 may also use three S.1 pressure actuated fuzes with or without the ACS52 antidisturbance fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 282mm Length: 175mm Weight: 8.9kg Explosive: 7kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
SACI 54/9 These are nonmetallic, blast, antitank (AT) landmines which use three AC52 pressure-actuated fuzes and/or an ACS52 antidisturbance fuze. The SACI 54/5 and SACI 54/7 may also use three S.1 pressure actuated fuzes with or without the ACS52 antidisturbance fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 282mm Length: 205mm Weight: 10.2kg Explosive: 9kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
SATM These 122 mm rocket-deliverable scatterable mines are designed to be delivered by the Firos multiple rocket system as well as the ground-based mine scattering system Istrice. Six mines fit in each rocket warhead. The mines have a plate-charge lethal mechanism and magnetic influence fuzing. Due to its relatively simple design, the magnetic influence fuze in this mine will have an inherent anti-disturbance capability. anti-tank mine Diameter: 96mm Weight: 1.4kg Explosive: 400g Range: 200m
SB-33 Low metal content, hard to detect. The Italian SB-33 is a scatterable, blast-resistant, low-metallic-content antipersonnel mine. The mine has a unique irregular shape to impede visual detection. The mine can be either hand emplaced or scattered using a SY-AT mine scattering system. This type Italian designed pressure fuze is very resistant to explosive countermeasures. Indeed, Italian landmine developers have consistently demonstrated their systems as survivable against both fuel-air-explosive and bulk explosive countermeasures. Copies are made in Spain, Greece (EM-20), and Portugal (M412). An electronic version, the SB-33/AR, incorporates an antihandling device to deter mine clearance. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 85mm Height: 60mm Weight: 140g Explosive: 35g Range: 5m Explosive/filler type: TNT
SB-33, SB-33/AR-AN These are pressure and/or disturbance actuated, nonmetallic, scatterable, antipersonnel (apers) landmines. The mines can be laid by personnel, ground mechanical mine laying equipment, or by air via a helicopter-carried dispenser. The mines are designed to reduce the effectiveness of countermeasure techniques such as fuel air explosive (FAE). anti-personnel mine Diameter: 85mm Length: 33mm Weight: 140g Range: 10m
SB-33/AR The SB-33/AR is the electronic version of the SB-33 antipersonnel mine. The two mines are identical in external appearance, but the SB-33/AR has an electronic fuze which can be functioned by both pressure or movement. Typically, several SB-33/AR mines are placed in a minefield of SB-33 mines to discourage removal of the mines. The mines can be emplaced manually or scattered by a helicopter delivery system. anti-personnel electronic mine Diameter: 88mm Weight: 140g Explosive: 35g Range: 10m Explosive/filler: TNT
SB-81 & SB-81/AR-AN Both mines are identical in appearance and dimensions. The SB-81 is a pressure-actuated, high explosive, nonmetallic, scatterable antitank (AT) landmine. The SB-81/AR-AN landmine is also pressure-actuated but includes antidisturbance and self-neutralizing (through battery bleed-down) features. These mines are normally deployed by ground vehicles or helicopter carried dispensers. Both mines incorporate an anti-shock feature which reduce the effects of landmine countermeasure techniques such as fuel air explosives (FAE) and explosive line charge systems. Similar model to the Iranian YM II, the Spanish C-5, and the Portuguese M/453. anti-tank mine Diameter: 230mm Length: 90mm Weight: 3.3kg Explosive: 2.1kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
SB-MV AND SB-MV/AR These are battery-powered, seismic-activated, magnetically fired, shaped charge antitank (AT) landmines. The SB-MV/AR and SB-MV/1 may have an antitilt/antiopening system and a programmable self-neutralization and self-destruction device. The SB-MV may or may not incorporate these features. anti-tank mine Diameter: 236mm Length: 101mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 2.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
SB-MV/1 This is a battery-powered, seismic-activated, magnetically fired, shaped charge antitank (AT) landmines. The SB-MV/AR and SB-MV/1 may have an anti-tilt/anti-opening system and a programmable self-neutralization and self-destruction device. The SB-MV may or may not incorporate these features. anti-tank mine Diameter: 235mm Length: 113mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 2.4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
SBP-04 The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The SBP-04 is a conventional, pressure-fuzed antitank mine. When force is applied to the pressure plate of the mine, the plate crushes, causing the fuze to function and the mine to detonate. The plastic body does provide the mine with a non-metallic construction, thereby limiting the metal content of the mine to fuze components. A carrying handle is provided to aid in transportation. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Weight: 8.2kg Explosive: 7kg Range: 100m
SCRAM 95 This mine is essentially a rocket with a HEAT warhead mounted on a tripod attached with an IR sensor package. When a valid target passes into the field of view of the sensor, the rocket is fired, destroying the target. anti-tank mine Length: 780mm Weight: 5.40kg
SH-55 & FD Figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the SH-55 landmine. The FD mine is identical except for minor differences in construction and dimensions. The FD mine was adopted to replace the SH-55 mine because of design and construction deficiencies in the SH-55 mines body (cracking), and the lack of optimum explosive effect. All fuzes are very similar in external appearance. These are nonmetallic, blast, antitank (AT) landmines which use pneumatic, pressure-actuated, (FD-64, SH-160, and VS-N) fuzes. In addition, it is believed that the pressure-actuated pneumatic fuzes could be replaced with either the VSN/AR-AN, the VS-N-EL2, or the VS-N-TLC pneumatic/electronic fuzes. These fuzes incorporate a pneumatic anti-shock design which reduces the effects of explosive minefield countermeasure techniques such as fuel air explosives (FAE) and explosive line charges. The mines are normally olive drab, brown, sand, or khaki colored plastic. The color will be dependant on the users requirements. Early SH-55 mines have t anti-tank mine Diameter: 269mm Length: 137mm Weight: 7.3kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
SHALLOW WATER MINE Moored, contact. naval mine N.E.W.: 18kg
SICA OY The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The SICA OY is actually a Finish mining charge which can be used as a side-attack mine. The device is a large plate charge which is mounted on a stand. The charge comes in three sizes, ranging from 3.2 kg to 21.5 kg. When the warhead is fired, the plate is formed into a slug which is propelled by the explosives, destroying the target. Although the device is currently fired by command detonation only, it could be upgraded with an IR sensor. anti-tank mine Weight: 21.5kg Range: 20m
SIGEEL/400 Bottom, influence. naval mine N.E.W.: 400kg
PPM-2 Contains enough metal to be easily detected. anti-personnel Diameter: 134mm Height: 60mm Weight: 375g Range: 5m Explosive: 110g
SMI 21/3C Unlike most directed fragmentation mines, this mine has a metallic casing. The SMI 21/3C can be initiated with a tripwire or command initiated. fragmentation mine Length: 240mm Weight: 8.20kg Explosive: 4.20kg Explosive/filler type: Composition B
PRB-409
APERS No. 6 HE Blast
SOAP (INCENDIARY) The bar burns with an intense flame, but is easily extinguished by water. It is difficult to ignite. No method of ignition has been found, but it is probable that some type of ignition device is inserted into the recess in the side of the bar. This incendiary bar is specifically designed to resemble a bar of "Ivory" soap. incendiary mine Diameter: 68mm Length: 106mm Weight: 397g Explosive: 397g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: Barium Nitrate
PP MI-NA This small mine is designed for quick mechanical laying from vehicles such as the VZ-92 minelayer and helicopters. This mine can also be laid manually. The mine is equipped with safety/arming catch on the side of the mine body to enable safe handling and to arm the mine during mine scattering operations. anti-personnel Length: 91.5mm Weight: 170g Explosive: 97g
SPR.R.MI Both ends of the explosive charge are recessed to accept one main fuze detonator and one boobytrap detonator. The mine is initiated by 200.0 kg pressure at either end of the mine or 400.0 kg pressure in the middle. The downward pressure shears one or both shear wires, lowering the explosive charge into the tray. The tray body pulls the actuating pin out of the Z.Z.42 fuze, firing the mine. The SPR.R.MI antitank mine is a munition used by the Old German Army in World War II. This bar mine was the prototype predecessor to the R.MI.43 and R.MI.44. The SPR.R.MI Spreng Riegel mine has also been described as the Spreng Riegel 8.0 kg and the R.MI.8. anti-tank mine Length: 840mm Weight: 9.1kg Explosive: 8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
STM-1 The STM-1 appears to be a Singapore copy of the French MI AC ID M 52 non-detectable antitank mine. It is a relatively simple, pressure-activated, blast antitank mine. Although the French make both pressure and tilt-rod fuzes for the MI AC ID M 52, the STM-1 has been advertised with only the pressure fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Weight: 7kg Range: 20m
SUB TYPE 2 (TORPEDO) Subtypes I and II heavy-case bangalore torpedoes are explosive-filled lengths of pipe with extremely threaded ends, ogival nose plugs, and base plugs. Internally threaded couplings join the individually lengths of pipes and facilitate fuze attachment. These bangalore torpedoes are high explosive and blast, and use a pull-friction time fuze. They are classed as light case and heavy case; the heavy-case type is further divided into three subtypes, depending on construction and size. These bangalore torpedoes are used to breach barbed wire entanglements and minefields, and may also be used as demolition charges, mines, or boobytraps. bangalore mine Diameter: 45.7mm Length: 990.6mm Range: 20m
SUCTION-CUP (ANTI-MATERIAL) Soldered to the circumference of the forward end, 180 degrees apart, are two metal loops. Into each loop is fitted a solid rubber plug, the forward end of which is made into a shallow suction cup. These suction cups are held in place by metal pins and extend just forward of the leading edge of the mine body. A wooden handle, consisting of two pieces held together by a metal sleeve, fits into a hollow extension welded to the top of the mine body. The initiating element, consisting of pull igniters, safety fuse, prima cord and blasting caps, is rigged in duplicate and extends the length of the handle into a well in the top of the mine body. Four blasting caps are used, two being crimped to forward end of the safety fuse and two being crimped to forward end of the prima cord. If only one section of the handle is used the prima cord may be omitted; in which case the blasting caps of the safety fuse are placed directly into the well of the mine. The initiating element is lashed to the handle of the mine with light anti-material mine Diameter: 111mm Length: 1.68m Weight: 3.4kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
KSF-1
T.MI.35(S) The T.MI.35(S) is an Old German antitank mine specifically designed for use in desert areas where prevailing winds shift the sandy soil. The mine differs from the T.MI.35 in that it has a fluted pressure plate to hold the sand cover in place, booster charges surrounding the three fuze wells, and a large threaded fuze well plug. The fuze well plug remains as a pressure plug over a Tellermine 42 or 43 fuze. It is removed if the Tellermine 35 fuze is used. The T.MI.35(S) antitank mine has a carry handle and two secondary fuze wells, one in the base and one in the side. anti-tank mine Diameter: 318mm Weight: 9.5kg Explosive: 5.25kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
T/78 The fuze opening is located at the front of the mine body where an MUV type fuze is hand installed. Downward pressure on the top of the cover forces the fuze retainer pin out of the striker, releasing the striker into the detonator which begins the explosive train. The T/78 antipersonnel is conventional blast mine commonly referred to as a "shu" mine. Easily detectable. anti-personnel blast mine Length: 135mm Weight: 270g Explosive: 190g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
T/79 The T/79 is a small, circular antipersonnel mine which was designed for air-scatterable delivery or can be hand-emplaced. Since the mine is blast resistant, it will defeat most explosive line charges and fuel air explosives. The T/79 antipersonnel mine, produced in Egypt, is a copy of the Italian VS-50. The main difference is that the Egyptian explosive filler contains TNT, rather than RDX. anti-personnel Diameter: 45mm Weight: 190g Explosive: 50g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
T/81 The mine has no power source. The T/81 antitank mine is a low metallic content munition which actuates when 150 to 310 kg of pressure is applied to the upper surface of the mine. The T/81 antitank mine can be equipped with an antilift device which is the same device used with the T-80 antitank mine. The mine is impermeable to water and can be employed in wet terrain or swamps. anti-tank mine Diameter: 270mm Weight: 8.2kg Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Hexolite
T40 (TYPE 2) Two filler plugs are located on the top, as is a central socket for the igniter and detonator. The mine is designed for use in the low-lying wetlands of the Netherlands, and is waterproof. anti-tank mine Diameter: 279mm Weight: 6kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PFM
T-AB-1 anti-personnel Diameter: 61mm Length: 61mm Explosive: 61g Explosive/filler type: Pentolite 50/50
TAHADDI Moored, contact. naval mine
TAP-4 The munition features an aiming sight, two fuze wells, and folding legs. Fuzing is either electrical for command detonation/sensor control or non-electric with a tripwire initiated fuze. The main explosive charge is TNT. The Nicaraguan Ejercito Popular Sandinista (Sandinista Peoples Army -E.P.S.), has developed and fielded a directional fragmentation antipersonnel mine. The directional fragmentation is achieved by the horizontally convex shape of the mines face. fragmentation mine Length: 270mm Weight: 3.8kg Explosive: 1.3kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TARANTEL The Tarantel is a wide area mine under development by Germany. The mine uses acoustic sensors to identify approaching targets and, when a valid target nears, launches a "skeet" over the target with rockets. Within the skeet are a top-attack warhead and a secondary sensor which initiates the warhead as the skeet passes overhead. The warhead forms an EFP capable of penetration the top armor of the target. anti-tank mine Range: 20m
TC 68 The mine uses two combination pressure/pull fuzes which appear to be functionally the same as the U.S. M10 series mine fuzes. The bounding portion of the mine is believed to contain a pyrotechnic fuze and uses an out-of-line detonator with a bore riding pin. This is a bounding anti-personnel mine. anti-personnel mine Length: 130mm Explosive: 160g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
TC/2.4 This is a high-explosive antitank (AT) landmine. It employs a pressure-operated fuze. The mine is plastic. anti-tank mine Diameter: 204mm Length: 106mm Weight: 3.5kg Explosive: 2.4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
TC/6 This is a pressure fired antitank mine. The mine body is plastic and the external pressure plate is rubber coated plastic. anti-tank mine Diameter: 270mm Height: 185mm Weight: 9.6kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
TCE/3.6 The fuze has one fuze well and a power source. The TCE/3.6 is one of a series of antitank mines designated and manufactured by Technovar of Italy. The mines are similar in shape and fuzing, differing only in explosive content and choice of fuze. The TCE/3.6 is pressure-fuzed with the inclusion of an electronic device for remote arming and disarming. The mine is 145 mm high and 270 mm in diameter. anti-tank mine Diameter: 270mm Weight: 6.8kg Explosive: 3.6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
TCE/6 The TCE/6 antitank mine has an electronic blast-resistant pressure fuze which incorporates an electronics package primarily intended for remote activation/deactivation with a hand-held remote controller. Currently, this version does not include antilift/antidisturbance/self-destruct features. However, these are normal options in most Italian electronic fuzes. The mine is identical in shape and size to the TC/6 antitank mines. anti-tank mine Diameter: 270mm Weight: 9.6kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
TELLERMINE 35 The T.MI.35(S) is an Old German antitank mine specifically designed for use in desert areas where prevailing winds shift the sandy soil. The mine differs from the T.MI.35 in that it has a fluted pressure plate to hold the sand cover in place, booster charges surrounding the three fuze wells, and a large threaded fuze well plug. The fuze well plug remains as a pressure plug over a Tellermine 42 or 43 fuze. It is removed if the Tellermine 35 fuze is used. The T.MI.35(S) antitank mine has a carry handle and two secondary fuze wells, one in the base and one in the side. anti-tank mine Diameter: 318mm Height: 76mm Weight: 9.1kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TELLERMINE 42 The information provided is unverified and is based on available sources (i.e. manufacturers literature) as of the issue date of this manual and is subject to change. Tellermine 42 is a pressure or pressure release antitank landmine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 317.5mm Length: 102mm Weight: 8.62kg Explosive: 4.99kg Range: 400m
TELLERMINE 43 The information provided is unverified and is based on available sources (i.e. manufacturers literature) as of the issue date of this manual and is subject to change. Tellermine 43 is a pressure or pressure release antitank landmine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 318mm Length: 102mm Weight: 8.16kg Explosive: 5.4kg Range: 400m
TINTYAVA This is a radio-controlled firing device with an arming delay. The firing device can be detonated by four methods: self-destruction, antilift (tilt assembly), counter-countermeasures (anti-disarming button), and command control. The firing device is composed of one to three explosive charge containers attached to a receiver. A separate command device (cabled to a separate radio system for power and transmission) transmits the detonation signal. The firing device can be buried or submerged in water to a depth of 500 millimeters (1.64 feet). A single command device can detonate up to four firing devices, either individually or as a group. The command device and receiver are marked with serial numbers. Painting is unknown. The firing device and the command device are metal. firing device Diameter: 225mm Length: 78mm Weight: 2.7kg Explosive: 2kg
T-IV The mine is part of the earliest series of former Soviet metallic-cased landmines. A flat wooden plate is attached to the top of the pressure lid by a pressure bolt that projects through the lid. The bottom of the bolt is connected to a lever. As pressure depresses the bolt, the lever "see-saws," removing the striker retaining pin from the MUV fuze. A wire handle is located at the hinge side of the mine. Access to the fuze is provided by a side hole closed with a pivoted fuze well cover. anti-tank mine Length: 210mm Weight: 4.3kg Explosive: 2.8kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-200 The TM-200 is a general-purpose demolition charge which is also utilized as an antipersonnel mine. It is a rectangular block of TNT with a nominal weight of 200 grams. A threaded well at one end (M 10 x 1 thread) accepts a variety of standard fuzes or detonators. The TM-200 can function in a number of boobytrap and antipersonnel mine roles, depending upon placement and fuzing. anti-personnel mine Length: 59mm Weight: 220g Explosive: 200g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-38 The mine is part of the earliest series of former Soviet metallic-cased landmines. A flat metal plate is attached to the top of the pressure lid by a pressure bolt that projects through the lid. The bottom of the bolt is connected to a lever. As pressure depresses the bolt, the lever "see-saws," removing the striker retaining pin from the MUV fuze. A wire handle is located at the hinge side of the mine. Access to the fuze is provided by a side hole closed with a pivoted fuze well cover. anti-tank mine Length: 220mm Weight: 4.7kg Explosive: 2.8kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-39 The mine is part of the earliest series of former Soviet metallic-cased landmines. A flat metal plate is attached to the top of the pressure lid by a pressure bolt that projects through the lid. The bottom of the bolt is connected to a lever. As pressure depresses the bolt, the lever "see-saws," removing the striker retaining pin from the MUV fuze. A wire handle is located at the hinge side of the mine. Access to the fuze is provided by a side hole closed with a pivoted fuze well cover. anti-tank mine Length: 600mm Weight: 5.2kg Explosive: 3.4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-41 This is an exact copy to the Soviet TM-41 mine and designed primarily for use as an antivehicular mine. Unless stacked it would be ineffective against tanks and armored vehicles. anti-tank mine Diameter: 248.92mm Weight: 1.61kg
TM-500 The TM-500 is a general-purpose demolition charge. It is a rectangular block of TNT with a nominal weight of 500 grams. A threaded well at one end (M 10 x 1 thread) accepts a variety of standard fuzes or detonators. The TM-500 can function in a number of boobytrap and antipersonnel mine roles, depending upon placement and fuzing. anti-personnel mine Length: 70mm Weight: 530g Explosive: 500g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TM-62D The TM-62 series are high-explosive, blast, antitank (AT) landmines used against track and wheeled vehicles. These mines can be planted in the open (above grade), covered (below grade), and in shallow water. Mines are emplaced manually, by mechanical mine-laying equipment, or dispensed from a helicopter-carried dispenser. Some of the TM-62 series mines also have secondary fuze wells. anti-tank mine Length: 340mm Weight: 11.3kg Range: 10m
TM-62P2 The TM-62 series are high-explosive, blast, antitank (AT) landmines used against track and wheeled vehicles. These mines can be planted in the open (above grade), covered (below grade), and in shallow water. Mines are emplaced manually, by mechanical mine-laying equipment, or dispensed from a helicopter-carried dispenser. Some of the TM-62 series mines also have secondary fuze wells. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 128mm Range: 20m
TMA-1 Along the body circumference, there are 4 openings set crosswise for the insertion of joints, designed to regulate the treading force. The "UTMAH"-1 plastic fuze is used with the mine. The mine is used against tanks, vehicles, personnel, and in demolitions. anti-tank mine Diameter: 302.2mm Length: 109.2mm Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMA-1A TMA-1A is a pressure-operated anti-tank mine using the minimum-metal UANU-1 pressure-actuated fuze. Sufficient pressure on the top of the mine collapses the lid by shearing the plastic pegs and applies pressure to the UANU-1 fuze. The fuze plunger is forced into a friction-sensitive composition to create a flash, which initiates the detonator, booster and main charge. Very difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 315mm Height: 100m Weight: 6.5kg Explosive: 5.4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMA-2 TMA-2 is a pressure-operated anti-tank mine using two of the minimum-metal UANU-1 pressure-actuated fuzes. The VTMA-2 is a practice AT mine. Sufficient pressure on the top of the mine collapses the lid and applies pressure to the UANU-1 fuze. The fuze plunger is forced into a friction-sensitive composition to create a flash, which initiates the detonator, booster and main charge. Very difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Length: 260mm Width: 200mm Height: 140mm Weight: 7.5kg Explosive: 6.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMA-3 TMA-3 is a minimum-metal pressure-actuated anti-tank mine using up to three UTMAH-3 fuzes. The practice mine, VTMA-3, uses smoke charges. Sufficient pressure on the top of any fuze breaks the fuze body, forcing the plunger into a friction-sensitive composition to create a flash, which initiates the detonator, booster and main charge. Very difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 265mm Height: 110mm Weight: 7kg Explosive: 6.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMA-4 TMA-4 is a minimum-metal pressure-actuated anti-tank mine using three UTMAH-4 fuzes. The practice mine, VTMA-4, uses smoke charges. Sufficient pressure on the top of any fuze breaks the fuze body, forcing the plunger into a friction-sensitive composition to create a flash, which initiates the detonator, booster and main charge. Very difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 284mm Height: 110mm Weight: 6kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMA-5 and TMA-5A TMA-5 is a pressure-operated anti-tank mine using the minimum-metal UANU-1 pressure-actuated fuze. TMA-5A differs only in minor detail. The VTMA-5 is a practice AT mine. Sufficient pressure on the top of the mine collapses the lid and applies pressure to the UANU-1 fuze. The fuze plunger is forced into a friction-sensitive composition to create a flash, which initiates the detonator, booster and main charge. Very difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Width: 275mm Height: 110mm Weight: 6.6kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMB-1 These are high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines which use a pressure-actuated fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 270mm Length: 130mm Weight: 6.6kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
TMB-2 These are high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines which use a pressure-actuated fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 274mm Length: 152mm Weight: 7kg Explosive: 5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
TMD-1 (STEEL, SCATTERABLE) The TMD-1 is one of the family of scatterable mines developed by the Bulgarians. Other mines in the family are the PMD-1 and POMD-1 antipersonnel mines. All three types of mines are carried in a KNURS-DM 122 mm rocket: 4 TMD-1, 1 POMD-1, and 16 PMD-1 mines. The mines can be programmed to self-destruct from 2 to 96 hours. After the TMD-1 mines land on the ground, they are oriented properly with the self-righting legs. The mines have first generation magnetic fuzes and have a penetration capability of 80 mm of hardened armor. anti-tank mine Diameter: 112mm Weight: 2kg Explosive: 860g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: A-1X-1 Explosive
TMD-1 (WOOD) The TMD-1 is a simple, pressure-initiated, blast, antitank mine. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, the lid is crushed, functioning the fuze. anti-tank mine Length: 320mm Weight: 7.5kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMD-1 and TMD-2 TMD-1 and TMD-2 are similar wooden-cased pressure-operated anti-tank mines copied from the Russian TMD-B. The mine uses the minimum-metal UANU-1 pressure-actuated fuze. Sufficient pressure on the top of the mine collapses the lid and applies pressure to the UANU-1 fuze. The fuze plunger is forced into a friction-sensitive composition to create a flash, which initiates the detonator, booster and main charge. Very difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Length: 320mm Width: 280mm Height: 140mm Weight: 7.5kg Explosive: 5.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMD-40 This rectangular wooden antitank blast mine is very similar to the mines that the former Soviets were producing in the 1940s. The 3.2 kg of TNT is placed in the box in the form of seven 400-gram and four 100-gram packages of explosive. The two MUV fuzes are located toward the two ends of the mine case. Pressure is transmitted to the fuzes by two "seesaw" devices. Access to the fuze compartment is provided by sliding doors on both ends of the mine case. It is on these sliding doors that the carrying handles are mounted. The mines nomenclature is stenciled on its top. Finally, the TMD-40 pressure plate has beveled edges, which collapse under a 250.0-kg load. anti-tank mine Length: 600mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 3.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMM-1 The TMM-1 is a pressure-actuated anti-tank blast mine copied from the German Tellermine 43. The mines can be planted either manually or by a mechanical minelayer. When the pressure plate is collapsed, a shear wire at the top of the fuze body is broken to release the spring-loaded striker onto the detonator assembly. Easily detectable. anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Height: 90mm Weight: 8.6kg Explosive: 5.6kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMP-1 The TMP-1 is a conventional, blast antitank mine possibly produced in Cuba. This antitank mine appears to be a variant of the SACI 54/5,7,9 mines manufactured in Italy. The SACI series of mines are plastic-bodied mines with AC 52 pressure fuzes. This mine has a similar secondary fuze well which can be equipped with the ACS 52 antidisturbance fuze which operates by pressure, twisting, or lifting of the mine body. anti-tank mine Diameter: 180mm Weight: 7.5kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMP-2 The TMP-2 is a conventional, blast antitank mine probably produced by Cuba. This mine appears to be a modified variant of the SACI 54/5,7,9 mines produced in Italy and Egypt. The mine contains a large pressure plate on the top of the mine covering a single fuze rather than the three AC 52 fuzes normally encountered in a SACI mine. The metal parts contained in this mine are contained within the fuze (P clip, striker, spring, percussion cap, and detonator). This mine cannot be equipped with an antidisturbance fuze without field modification. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Weight: 7.5kg Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TMRP-6 anti-tank mine Diameter: 290mm Height: 132mm Weight: 7,200g Range: 20m Explosive: 5,100g
TMSB These are high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines which use a pressure-actuated fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 287mm Length: 168mm Weight: 8kg Explosive: 6.1kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
TQ-MI The TQ-MI is a relatively simple, pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. The asphalt impregnated case does provide the mine with a non-metallic construction. However, the addition of metal scrap for additional fragmentation extends the metallic contents to far more than just the fuze components. anti-tank mine Diameter: 560mm Length: 139.7mm Weight: 10kg Explosive: 5.1kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TRUPPMINA 10 (LI-11), & PRACTICE The shipping plug and detonator holder are identical in appearance. This mine is designated Truppmina 10 by the Swedish army. LI-11 is the manufacturers designation. This is a nonmetallic, high-explosive (HE), antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The practice mine is a non-explosive, smoke-emitting version of the HE mine. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 81mm Length: 34mm Weight: 231g Explosive: 112g Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TRUPPMINA 9 This is a antipersonnel fragmentation mine. This "mine" consists of a piece of pipe threaded to accept various fuzes. The effective fragmentation radius is about 10 meters. Several sections can be assembled into a small bangalore torpedo, or one section can be fuzed for use as a hand grenade or flare pistol. fragmentation mine Diameter: 35mm Length: 190mm Weight: 590g Explosive: 122g Range: 100m
TS-50 The TS/50 is a small, blast antipersonnel mine produced by Technovar of Italy. The TS/50 is a cylindrical mine designed to be scattered from helicopters but is usually emplaced by hand, either surface-laid or buried. The mine is blast resistant and is designed to defeat most explosive countermeasures including explosive-line-charges and fuel-air-explosives. Low metal content, hard to detect. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 90mm Height: 45mm Weight: 186g Explosive: 50g Range: 5m Explosive/filler type: RDX
TURTLE The antiship "Turtle" mine is hemispherical in shape. Its flat-surfaced bottom is magnetized with two rows of circular magnets mounted nearly flush with the mines bottom surface. After being attached by the magnetized bottom to a metal surface, an approximately 45 pounds is required to pull the mine loose. A folding handle is attached near the bottom. The mine has 3 separate fuzes--two main detonator fuzes and 1 antidisturbance fuze. The mine can blow a hole 2 feet in diameter in the average ship. The mine is attached to a ships side, below the waterline, to damage or sink the ship. anti-ship mine Diameter: 297mm Weight: 6.8kg Explosive: 3kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
TURTLE-SHAPED A hinged pressure bar extends across the top of the mine, with a firing pin protruding downward through a guide located above the filler plug then into the filler plug and in line with the detonator, which is threaded into the center of the filler plug. The mine can be rounded or in an A-frame shape. This is an antimaterial, antipersonnel landmine. anti-material/anti-personnel mine Diameter: 226mm Length: 140mm Weight: 11.3kg Range: 20m
TURTLE-SHAPED, SERRATED This is an antipersonnel, anti-material landmine. The mine body is cement. anti-material/anti-personnel mine Diameter: 132mm Length: 254mm Weight: 5.89kg Range: 20m
TURTLE-SHAPED, SMOOTH This landmine has a smooth outer surface. This is an antipersonnel, antimaterial landmine. anti-material/anti-personnel mine Length: 3.55m Range: 20m
TYPE 3 The Type 3 is a relatively simple, pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 250mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 100m
TYPE 3A The mine is circular with a slightly concave top and a moderately convex base. This mine may be used as an antivehicular or antipersonnel mine. anti-personnel/anti-vehicular blast mine Diameter: 218mm Weight: 5.2kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Type 88 Explosive
TYPE 3B It is a standard mine manufactured to standard specifications and employing the type 88 explosive charge and its rubber container, the threaded rubber fuze seat, and the same type fuze used in the type 3 (a) land mine. The threaded rubber fuze seat is nailed to the bottom side of the top closing piece beneath a hole provided to allow insertion of the fuze. May be used as either antivehicular or antipersonnel mine. anti-personnel/anti-vehicular blast mine Length: 190.5mm Weight: 2.8kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Type 88 Explosive
TYPE 542-L The landmine can be fitted with an antilift device. It is also undetectable. anti-tank mine Diameter: 280mm Length: 105 Explosive: 6kg Range: 400m
Type 58 The Chinese variant of the former Soviet designed PMN antipersonnel mine is the Type 58. Two noticeable differences from the original former Soviet version include the all black color and a slightly modified cover on the delay-arming device of the Chinese version. Any remaining features are identical to the original. Contains enough metal to be easily detected. anti-personnel Diameter: 112mm Height: 56mm Weight: 550g Range: 10m Explosive: 240g Explosive/filler type: TNT
Type 59 (AP) Stake type mine. The Chinese Type 59 antipersonnel mine is closely patterned after the former Soviet POMZ-2M. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 60mm Weight: 1.17kg Explosive: 75g Explosive/filler type: TNT
Type 59 (AT) The Type 59 AT mine is a copy of the former Soviet TMN-46 AT mine. It has been offered for sale by both NORINCO and Poly Technologies, Inc. anti-tank mine Diameter: 315.7mm Weight: 8.47kg Explosive: 6.02kg Explosive/filler type: TNT
TYPE 63 (AP) The Japanese Type 63 is a small Japanese-produced antipersonnel bounding fragmentation mine. This mine is a copy of the Italian AUS 50/5 mine. The mine fuze is initiated when either pressure is applied to the pressure plunger or the tripwire is activated. This releases the striker pin which ignites black power in a flash tube igniting the bounding charge and main charge time-delay fuze. The entire mine (except for the bottom tip portion of the mine containing the bounding charge) bounds to a height of 50 cm and detonates. Surrounding the main charge is a cement casing imbedded with 858 metallic balls 9.5 mm in diameter. fragmentation mine Diameter: 140mm Weight: 1.3kg Explosive: 147.5g Range: 20m
TYPE 63 (AT) It has performance and lethality comparable to, or better than the US 19 nonmetallic HE antitank mine. Rubber seals and gaskets ensure waterproof operations for underwater use also. The bottom of the mine has 3 identical sized capped holes--one cap of which has an additional plug probably for an antilift device. The model (type) 63 antitank mine is a round, molded, nonmetallic mine and is similar in size and shape to the US 15 heavy antitank mine. anti-tank mine Diameter: 304mm Weight: 14.5kg Explosive: 10.9kg Range: 150m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
TYPE 63B The Type 63B is a variant of the Japanese Type 63 mine. It is a relatively simple, pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. This variant has a secondary fuze well on the bottom for boobytrap purposes which is not present on the Type 63. anti-tank mine Explosive: 10.9kg Range: 150m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
TYPE 66 The Chinese Type 66 antipersonnel mine is closely patterned after the US M18A1 Claymore. This type of directed fragmentation mine is used for defensive and ambush purposes. In the front part are 600 steel spheres embedded in a matrix, with a plasticized explosive behind the spheres. The fragmentation face is convex horizontally to direct the fragments and concave vertically to control vertical dispersion. This type mine is normally command detonated with an electrically controlled detonator. However, it can be activated by a pull or tripwire. fragmentation mine Length: 218mm Weight: 1.6kg Explosive/filler type: P.E. 4 Plastic Explosive
TYPE 67 The Type 67 is an antipersonnel blast/shape-charge mine that was produced by Japan. This mine is a copy of the Canadian C3A1, or ELSIE, antipersonnel mine. The mines shape is similar to a stake. The mines pointed end is pushed into the ground so as only to expose the top portion of the mine. The shipping plug is removed and the charge assembly with safety clip is inserted into mine the body assembly. Once emplaced into the ground, the safety collar of the mine is removed to arm the mine. Mine will actuate when 7-12 kg force is applied. Upon activation, an explosive charge will detonate sending an explosively formed penetrator upward. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 30mm Length: 90mm Weight: 90g Explosive: 7.3g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Tetryl
TYPE 68 It uses a combination pull/pressure fuze that appears to function the same as the M10 series of mine fuzes. The bounding portion contains a pyrotechnic fuze and utilizes an out-of-line detonator with a bore riding pin. The mine has a burst height of 1.20 meters (3.94 feet) and a lethal range of 20.00 meters (65.62 feet). anti-personnel mine Diameter: 79mm Length: 130mm Explosive: 160g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
TYPE 69 This is a high-explosive, bounding, fragmentation, antipersonnel (apers) landmine using a pull/pressure-actuated fuze containing a spring-loaded, cocked firing pin (cocked striker). It may be used as a nonbounding mine by installation of a fuze in lieu of the detonator retainer. fragmentation mine Diameter: 61mm Height: 168mm Weight: 1,350g Range: 20m Explosive: 105g
TYPE 72 (AP) The Type 72 antipersonnel mine is a small, plastic-bodied device. Low metal content, hard to detect. anti-personnel Diameter: 78mm Height: 38mm Weight: 140g Range: 5m Explosive: 51g Explosive/filler type: TNT - RDX - A1
TYPE 72 (AT) anti-tank mine Diameter: 270mm Height: 100mm Weight: 6,500g Range: 15m Explosive: 5,400g Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
TYPE 72B The Type 72 antipersonnel mine is a small, plastic-bodied device that has seen widespread use in Afghanistan, Cambodia, Kuwait, and increasingly throughout Africa. While not expected to be encountered, there are two antidisturbance variants of the Type 72. The Type 72B uses a ball-in-cage mechanism to function solely as an antipersonnel mine and a boobytrap device. There have been reports that the Type 72C is very sensitive and can be detonated in the presents of magnetic mine detectors. The South African Non-Metallic Antipersonnel Mine, indigenously produced, is a direct copy of the Chinese Type 72. anti-personnel Diameter: 78.5mm Weight: 140g Explosive: 50g Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
TYPE 72C The Type 72C AP mine is a second "look-a-like" version of the Type 72 AP mine. It is intended to function both as an AP mine and as a boobytrap device. anti-personnel Diameter: 78.5mm Weight: 280g Explosive: 46g Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
TYPE 80 The mine is buried in the ground with a dual action tripwire/pressure fuze attached. When the mine is activated, the internal bounding portion of the mine bounds upward to an altitude of 0.4 to 1.8 meters. The main charge of 134 grams of cast TNT then detonates, projecting steel fragments in a 360 degree direction. The Type-80 is a Japanese-produced antipersonnel bounding fragmentation mine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 77mm Weight: 1.2kg Explosive: 134g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
Type 81 The Type 81 signal mine is a warning device that creates an audible and visible alarm. The Type 81 has a snap-in stake to simplify installation. Fuzing is through either tripwire or pressure. The mounting stake, fuze, and detonator are the same as those of the Type 69 bounding fragmentation mine. The signal mines visible alarm is created by the launching of small star clusters up to a height of 80 meters. The visual signal is intended to be visible for 500 meters during daylight hours and 1000 meters at night. An audible signal is also generated that provides a warning up to 1000 meters away. signal mine Diameter: 38mm Height: 198mm Weight: 800g
TYPE 81 (122mm) This rocket may be found equipped with an ICM fragmentation warhead (model unknown). The ICM warhead contains 4,100 steel balls. The Type-81 is a 122-mm cluster munition rocket that contains 39 submunitions. These submunitions are called Type-90s (also known as MZDs) and are dual-purpose: once they explode on impact for a blast effect, they fragment into hundreds of steel spheres about 3.5 mm in diameter over a wide area. A reliable failure rate for this submunition is not known rocket Diameter: 122mm Length: 2.9m Weight: 66.8kg Range: 20m
Type 84 The Type 84 AT mine appears to be a modified version of the Type 59 AT mine. The reasons for the modification are to bring it to the same size standards as the other mechanically emplaceable mines (Type 69, Type 72, and Type 81 plastic mines). The Type 84 consists of a sheet-metal body with fold-out carrying handle; the explosive charge, fuzes, and boosters; and a diaphragm to separate the pressure plate and explosive charge. The noticeable difference is that there is no side mounted filler plug. Like its predecessor, the pressure plate is stepped on to facilitate crushing and a controlled actuation pressure results from this design. It is not known if the Type 84 has a secondary fuze well for boobytrapping. anti-tank mine Diameter: 272mm Height: 110mm Weight: 8kg Explosive: 5kg Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
TYPE 93 The mine is circular with a slightly domed top and flat bottom. The fuze assembly consists of a striker held under spring pressure by a shear wire, a percussion cap, a primary detonator, and a larger secondary detonator all incorporated in the fuze body which is threaded on the lower end to screw into the collar in the bottom of the mine. A safety cap is screwed into the upper end of the striker until the mine is laid. An additional safety feature is a brass cylinder with attached washer which fits over the brass safety cap and rests on top of the fuze body, the washer fitting under the leather washer of the brass plug. Antipersonnel and antitank. The Japanese have two sizes of shear wire for this mine. One for antipersonnel use shears at 70 pounds, the other, for antitank use shears at 250 pounds. These mines have been found buried upside down with additional explosives placed beneath them to increase their effect. The A/P fuze has a black upper body. anti-personnel/anti-tank mine Diameter: 171mm Length: 44mm Weight: 1.3kg Explosive: 907g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Piric Acid
TYPE 99 This is a hand-thrown or hand-placed, armor-piercing (AP), magnetically attached mine used to defeat armor. anti-personnel Diameter: 121mm Length: 38mm Weight: 1.2kg Explosive: 680g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
TYPE 99 (ARMOR PIERCING) Opposite the filling flap on the outer edge of the mine, is a metal adapter which is externally threaded to receive the fuze. Four equally spaced permanent magnets are attached by khaki webbing to the outer edge of the mine body. The mine is packed two to a wooden box complete with wooden shipping plugs in the fuze adapters. The fuzes are enclosed in tubular metal cases sealed with a paper band and tear string. For carrying on the field, the mines are packed individually in a khaki-colored cloth pouch. The mine resembles a canvas cloth bag, disc shaped, with a snap-fastened flap on the outer edge for inserting the eight blocks of explosive. Used as antitank or antivehicular mine, or against armored fortifications. anti-vehicle/anti-tank mine Diameter: 120mm Weight: 4.7kg Explosive: 3.6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
TYPE JE This is a hemispherical, chemical-horned, all-welded mine. The outer body forms a hemisphere and has two handles on its upper portion, a central opening on top to take the booster and safety switch, and two horn openings 180 degrees apart. The mine is divided internally into an explosive chamber and a chamber containing booster, wiring, safety switch, and horn electrodes. The division is made by a shallow, saucer-shaped steel section, which forms less than a hemisphere which is pressed into the outer body from the bottom and welded in place. A plate is then fitted into the bottom of the mine and is also welded in place. This last-mentioned plate also carries a filling plug in its center and is inset 13/16 of an inch to allow clearance for the plug. The horns, two in number, appear to be standard lead-acid mine horns. They are set at an angle of about 65 degrees and project above the level of the mine top; threads are left hand. In the firing circuit is a spring-loaded plunger whose upper end projects through anti-boat mine Diameter: 514mm Weight: 48kg Explosive: 21kg Range: 500m Explosive/filler type: Type 98
TYPE R The destructive action is fragmentation and concussion. The mine throws shrapnel 5-10 meters. Normal distance between mines is 5 paces. There is also a practice model of this mine used for troop training. The Italian Model R antipersonnel mine is similar to the World War II former German "shu" mine and the former Soviet PMD-6. However, the Model R has three scored metal fragmentation plates for increased effectiveness. The 150-gram explosive charge is held in place by a small wooden crossbar attached to the bottom of the case. A slight 2.0- to 3.0-kg pressure causes the hinged lid to rotate down over the lower portion of the case. The edge of the lid then pushes down on the butterfly-shaped striker retaining pin. Enough downward movement frees the cock striker, allowing it to impinge on the percussion cap, igniting the OTO detonator and firing the main explosive charge. fragmentation mine Length: 150mm Weight: 453g Explosive: 9.3g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: TNT
U/1 anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 57.15mm Weight: 136.08g Explosive: 59.54g Explosive/filler type: TNT
U/I Cardoen industries manufactured a variety of antipersonnel mines including this conventional fragmentation mine. The mine will function when 5 kg or more of pressure is applied to the lid of the mine. Once detonated, the mine will scatter metal fragments over a distance of 20 meters. Mines are shipped in boxes containing eight mines each. Fuzes are shipped in the safety position and detonators are placed in a separate box and then packaged in a special compartment within the box of each mine. fragmentation mine Length: 240mm Weight: 5.80kg
U/I The North Korean antitank mine is a copy of the former Soviet Union TMD-B wooden-box mine. The TMD-B has three pressure boards on the top, which, when crushed, will initiate the detonator. The small metallic content of the mine is found in the MV-5 fuze and in the nails used to hold the box together. A carrying handle is attached to one side of the box. The mines are designed so that they can be fabricated under field conditions with available materials, resulting in a variance of weights and dimensions. anti-tank mine Diameter: 315mm Weight: 9.7kg Explosive: 9.7kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
U/I (APERS) This is a bounding, fragmentation antipersonnel (apers) landmine which uses a tripwire pull fuze. fragmentation mine Diameter: 120mm Length: 300mm Weight: 3.6kg Explosive: 770g Range: 300m
U/I (BOUNDING FRAGMENTATION STAKE) The cylindrical mine can be actuated by applying 5 kg of pressure to the fuze or 2 kg of tension if the mine has been emplaced with tripwires. The mounting stake provides much needed stability in loose sandy soils, even though not normally associated with a bounding fragmentation type mine. This is a bounding fragmentation stake mine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 54mm Length: 165mm Range: 20m
U/I (BOUNDING) The mine fuze appears to be a copy of the No. 12 Israeli bounding fragmentation fuze. This bounding fragmentation contains a mine body which is propelled into the air by detonation of a small charge in the base of the mine. The mine is initiated by pressure or pull release if the mine is emplaced with tripwires. fragmentation mine Range: 20m
U/I (DIRECTED FRAGMENTATION) This mine is normally electrically command detonated. It is mounted on a set of supports and aimed horizontally. For sighting to a target area, a removable tube-shaped aiming piece is inserted in the top-located sight mounting. This heavy antipersonnel directed-fragmentation mine is reported to be effective to a range of 200 meters. A 10.0-kg charge of melinite is used to propel 676 19-gram fragments in a directed cone of coverage. At 200 meters one fragment per square meter coverage is generated. fragmentation mine Length: 310mm Weight: 21.5kg Explosive: 10kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Melinite
U/I (DIRECTED-FRAGMENTATION) This mine is similar to the U.S. claymore antipersonnel mine fragmentation mine Length: 165mm Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
U/I (FRAGMENTATION-PLATE CHARGE) All three mines utilize a two-piece stand with four legs, a rear centrally located fuze well, and a top-mounted aiming device with a flat dovetailed viewing section. These mines are normally fired by controlled electric detonation. This antivehicular directed-fragmentation plate-charge mine is "aimed" horizontally at large at a target area. The device is reported to be capable of striking a target 4 meters long and 2 meters high with 20 pieces of shrapnel at 90 meters. Thirteen of these hits will penetrate 10mm of armor plate. This is one of a series of three mines: antipersonnel, antivehicular, and one antitank mine. These mines are all flat-cylindrical in shape. The antivehicular versions use a shaped-charge effect to project fragments. anti-vehicle mine Diameter: 380mm Weight: 18kg Explosive: 11.1kg Range: 500m Explosive/filler type:
U/I (HU) This is an obsolete, WW II era mine. The case is cheap, and although it is somewhat waterproof, will not survive prolonged exposure to the elements. The one advantage the case does provide mine is its non-metallic construction, thereby limiting the total metal content of the mine to the fuze and making the mine difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 297mm Weight: 5.4kg Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Trotyl / Ammonite 80
U/I (NONMETALLIC) In the top center of the mine body is an angular groove encircling the detonator well. The detonator well is threaded and enclosed with a threaded closing plug, the head of which contains a screwdriver slot. This unknown model Swiss antipersonnel mine is a blast-effect mine intended to inflict light injuries against foot troops. The very small spheroid-shaped 44.5-mm-diameter mine has a total weight of 13.2 grams. The explosive content is 8.6 grams of high explosive (PETN). Despite the small size of the mine, it has been assessed to be an effective antipersonnel device. This Swiss mine is a small disk-shaped antipersonnel mine having a high-explosive-filled body with an integral striker located at the bottom of the detonator well. anti-perosnnel blast mine Diameter: 44.5mm Weight: 10g Explosive: 8.6g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: PETN
U/I (SHALLOW-WATER) Egypt produces a variety of shallow-water mines including the MAL/17 and this unidentified variant which are designed as moored mines. One version uses a single top-mounted pressure mast or tiltrod. The other type uses the more standard arrangement of three pressure masts. In both versions, the upper section contains the blast warhead. The lower sections contain buoyant material for flotation. anti-tank mine Diameter: 380mm Range: 10m
U/I (TH) This is a relatively simple, pressure-initiated, blast antitank mine. Although this is the only antitank mine produced by Thailand, they do produce two pressure activated antipersonnel mines. anti-tank mine Diameter: 230mm Length: 130mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 3.5kg Range: 100m
U/I (WOOD "SHU") The mine has one fuze well and no power source. This wooden antipersonnel mine is of the classic "Shu Mine" design. The case is a wooden box, impregnated with creosote or tar. A hinged lid serves as a pressure plate. Contained in the case are a simple pull-type fuze and a main charge enclosed wooden yoke that transmits the actuating pressure to the winged striker-retaining pin of the fuze. Some of the mines are fitted with a piece of thin sheet metal which is pivoted on the front of the case. When this strip is turned to a vertical position, a greater pressure is required to bend it and actuate the mine. anti-personnnel Length: 23mm Weight: 2.45kg Explosive: 1.72kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
U/I IT (STAKE) The mine has one fuze well and no power source. This Italian tripwire-initiated antipersonnel fragmentation mine is very similar in appearance to the Italian V5 stakemine. However, this mine is nearly twice as long as the V5 with a serrated metallic fragmentation body mounted on a wooden stake. A tripwire fuze is used in the top of the mine to initiate the charge within the fragmentation body. fragmentation mine Diameter: 38mm Height: 210mm Range: 20m
U/I TH (AP.1) When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, the fuze functioned, setting off the mine. The plastic body does provide the mine with a non-metallic construction, thereby limiting the total metal in the mine to fuze components. Two different models of antipersonnel mine are manufactured by Thailand. This is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine indigenously produced by the Thais. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 100mm Length: 400mm Weight: 130g Range: 10m
U/I TH (AP.2) This is a relatively simple pressure initiated, blast antipersonnel mine indigenously produced by the Thais. When pressure is applied to the top of the mine, the fuze is functioned, setting off the mine. Two different models of antipersonnel mine are manufactured by Thailand. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 80mm Length: 40mm Range: 10m
UDAR The UDAR is a bounding antipersonnel /antimateriel mine with a fuel air explosive warhead. This device was designed to function primarily as an antipersonnel mine. It has very little utility as a mine clearing system. There are two versions of the UDAR available, a light and heavy version. The smaller UDAR is half the total warhead size of the larger one. While possible to rig to function from traditional pressure, and contact fuzes, the preferred initiation method is command control. The UDAR mines were developed to the prototype state and then offered for international sales without ever going into full-scale production. anti-material/anti-personnel mine Weight: 40kg Explosive: 20kg Range: 500m Explosive/filler type: Explosive Fuel
UDM Bottom, acoustic-influence. naval mine N.E.W.: 645.35kg
UI-POM-2S The training mine is designed to be fired out of the same delivery systems as the actual mine, the UMZ vehicle mounted system, the PKM portable system, or the VSM-1 helicopter mounted delivery system. Like the POM-2S, the UI-POM-2S orients itself with self-righting legs and deploys its tripwires. However, only a small smoke charge is initiated if the wires are disturbed. The UI-POM-2S is a training version of the POM-2S scatterable antipersonnel mine. anti-personnel training mine Diameter: 60mm Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Charge
UI-TM-60 SIMULATOR The UI-TM-60 is a widely used training mine developed by the former Soviet Union. Smoke effects are incorporated in the functional fuze for use in exercises. When a tank track runs over this mine, the lid compresses two springs and continues downward to shear two copper shear pins. The shearing action allows two balls, involved in the load limiter, to fall aside and release the striker. The striker detonates the primer on the SP-60 signal cartridge. The primer initiates a pyrotechnic delay, and after 3 to 4 seconds the signal charge is ignited. The SP-60 emits two red and two green stars. The UI-TM-60 can also be electrically command detonated and is reusable. anti-tank mine Length: 320mm Weight: 8.7kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Composition
UITMD-B & UITMD-44 These are practice antitank (AT) landmines. The practice mines employ an MV-5/MV-5K pressure-operated fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 290mm Weight: 9.5kg Explosive: 390g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Charge
UKA-63 The UKA-63 is multipurpose in that it can operate as a belly-attack, track-attack, or side-attack mine with effective ranges from 0 to 50 meters. The plate-charge will probably have only limited success against tank armor when used in the side-attack mode but would be very successful against lightly armored vehicles. The size of this mine is consistent with that of other mines manufactured by the former Warsaw Pact countries. The UKA-63 can be emplaced mechanically as well as manually and by means of a chute. Although not expected to be encountered, there is a whole family of other fuzes designed for use in this mine, including a tilt-rod fuze. The UKA-63 is a metallic-cased cylindrical mine which produces its effect by means of explosively formed fragments. Few technical details are known, but comparative analysis of this and other similar mines has yielded some information. It is reported that four fuzing schemes are possible of which only a tilt-rod fuze is known. Other candidate fuzes are pressure, seismi anti-tank mine Diameter: 300mm Weight: 9kg Range: 20m
UTMD-B & UTMD-44 These are inert antitank (AT) landmines. The service and practice mines employ an MV-5/MV-5K pressure-operated fuze. The UTMD-B and UTMD-44 inert training mines and the UITMD-B and UITMD-44 practice mines are identical in appearance and dimensions to the service mines. anti-tank mine Diameter: 320mm Length: 290mm Weight: 9.5kg Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: None
V 5 The V 5 is an obsolete Italian-produced antipersonnel mine. This mine has a scored metallic fragmentation body mounted on a wooden stake. A tripwire fuze is used in the top of the mine to initiate the cast TNT charge within the fragmentation body. fragmentation mine Diameter: 50mm Length: 120mm Explosive: 90g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
V-69 Valmara 69 (V-69) is a bounding fragmentation antipersonnel landmine which can be actuated by pressure or pull on a tripwire. Actuation of the fuze initiates an ejection charge in the base of the mine, blowing the mine body out from the outer pot. A tether wire attached to the pot initiates the detonator once the mine reaches a height of approximately 45 cm. fragmentation mine Diameter: 130mm Height: 205mm Weight: 3.2kg Explosive: 420g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VALMARA he Valmara has a solid safety clip while the Valmara 59 and Valmara 69 have a spring-wire safety clip. There is a practice Valmara 69. The mines have a lethal radius of 25.00 meters (82.02 feet). These are bounding, fragmenting, antipersonnel (apers) landmines which are actuated by pressure, pull, or a combination of the two. fragmentation mine Diameter: 104mm Length: 201mm Weight: 3.6kg Explosive: 576g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VALMARA 59 These are bounding, fragmenting, antipersonnel (apers) landmines which are actuated by pressure, pull, or a combination of the two. fragmentation mine Diameter: 104mm Length: 201mm Weight: 3.6kg Explosive: 569g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VALMARA 69 & PRACTICE VALMARA 69 These are bounding, fragmenting, antipersonnel (apers) landmines which are actuated by pressure, pull, or a combination of the two. fragmentation mine Diameter: 104mm Length: 201mm Weight: 3.6kg Explosive: 569g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: TNT - RDX - A1
VAR/100/SP The VAR/100/SP is the fragmentation, tripwire variant of the VAR/100 antipersonnel mine. The mine body is made of cast iron with a three prong actuator assembly. The VAR/100/SP mine can be detonated by 12-13 kg of pressure or by 6 kg of pull force on the tripwires. Once detonated, the mine fragments into approximately 500 cast iron pieces extending over a 25 meter radius. The mine can also be mounted on an 80 cm stake. fragmentation mine Diameter: 120mm Weight: 1.7kg Explosive: 100g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VAR/40 anti-personnel mine N.E.W.: 40g
VAR100 Pressure required to fire the pressure fuze is 12.0 to 13.0 kilograms (26.0 to 29.0 pounds). The total weight is unknown at this time. anti-personnel Diameter: Length: Explosive: Range: Explosive/filler type:
VCONG This is an antipersonnel, antimaterial landmine. anti-material/anti-personnel mine Diameter: 191mm Length: 71mm Range: 20m
VCONG (FOUGASSE) This is an antipersonnel mine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 41mm Length: 406mm Weight: 3.17kg Explosive: 7.2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Black Powder
VIPER The Viper weighs 18.1 kilograms (39.9 pounds). The Viper with launcher weighs 22.5 kilograms (49.6 pounds). The main charge assembly consists of 43 high-explosive fragmentation grenades and approximately 32.0 meters (105.0 feet) of detonating cord containing PETN. Each grenade contains a 146-gram (5.1-ounce) RDX and TNT main charge, and a 20-gram PETN booster charge. The firing delay mechanism contains an explosive primer, a 2-gram delay element, and a detonator. The rocket motor contains five single-perforated propellant grains, a 4-gram black powder igniter, and an explosive squib. Figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the Viper. The Viper is a rocket-powered, parachute-retarded, electrically initiated, mechanically fired, landmine neutralization charge. The Viper is used to clear landmine fields, and is speculated to be a perimeter defense munition used against personnel. landmine neutralization charge Diameter: 160mm Length: 1040mm Weight: 18.1kg Explosive: 6.2kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: TNT
VMG This former Soviet mine can be utilized as either an antitank or an antipersonnel mine. The only difference between the two versions is that when the munition is used as an antipersonnel mine, approximately half of the main charge is removed and replaced with shrapnel. The two end panels can be removed, exposing the two actuating assemblies. Each assembly consists of a plunger, a plunger spring, and a lever arm, which is hinged at the bottom and connected to a striker. The top of the mine is a pressure plate, which is hinged on a wooden dowel. A tilting motion to either side transmits the pressure to one of the two plungers. multipurpose Length: 475mm Weight: 10kg Explosive: 7.5kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
VMG (VARIANT) DUAL PURPOSE This is a dual purpose mine. the VMG variation is very similar to its predecessor but simpler in design in that it employs two MUV fuzes. Each of these fuzes is attached to the tilting lid by a wire fastened to the striker retaining pin. Access to the fuzes is provided by a hole at each end of the mine case adjacent to the internal fuze wells. multipurpose Length: 475mm Weight: 10kg Explosive: 7.7kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
VPMR-2A (PRACTICE) This is a metallic, pull-actuated, practice apers frag landmine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 66mm Length: 132mm Weight: 1.7kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Composition
VPMR-2AS This is a metallic, pull-actuated, practice antipersonnel and illumination landmine. anti-personnel mine Diameter: 66mm Length: 132mm Weight: 1.7kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Smoke Composition
VS 1.6 When buried, the mine is non-detectable to electromagnetic detectors. It contains an anti-shock device and is waterproof to a depth of 1.00 meter (3.28 feet). anti-tank mine Diameter: 222mm Length: 93mm Explosive: 1.8kg Range: 100m
VS APFM 1 The mine does not have a fuze well or power source. The VS APFM 1 is a bounding fragmentation mine made by the Italian VALSELLA company. The mine has a body similar to that of the Valmara 69 bounding fragmentation mine with an add-on electronic fuze. The fuze has a electronic delay arming feature which deploys three sets of tripwires after a 10 minute time delay. The fuze also incorporates a self-neutralizing delay programmable up to 40 days. fragmentation mine Diameter: 130mm Weight: 3.5kg Explosive: 500g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VS-1.6 These are pressure-actuated, high-explosive (blast), nonmetallic, scatterable antitank (AT) landmines. They can be scattered from vehicles, helicopters, or fixed-wing aircraft. NOTE These mines can be fitted with an antidisturbance fuze, which may also incorporate a selectable-delay self-destroying feature. anti-tank mine Diameter: 233mm Length: 92mm Weight: 2.9kg Explosive: 1.7kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT - RDX - A1
VS-2.2 TYPE 1 The VS-N-EL2 and the VS-N-TLC electronic fuzes have an arming lever protruding from underneath and to the side of the fuze when the fuze is unarmed. It is not known if the VS-N/AR-AN electronic fuze has this arming lever. These are nonmetallic, high-explosive, blast, antitank (AT) landmines. Four fuzes are compatible with these mines: the VS-N, the VS-N-AR-AN, the VS-N-EL2, and the VS-N-TLC. The practice and training versions produce a smoke or noise effect when actuated. No further information on the practice and training mines is available at this time. All of the fuzes incorporate a pneumatic anti-shock design which reduces the effects of explosive minefield countermeasure techniques such as fuel air explosives (FAE) and explosive line charges. anti-tank mine Diameter: 242mm Length: 118mm Weight: 3.5kg Explosive: 2.1kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
VS-2.2 TYPE 2 These are nonmetallic, high-explosive, blast, antitank (AT) landmines. Four fuzes are compatible with these mines: the VS-N, the VS-N-AR-AN, the VS-N-EL2, and the VS-N-TLC. The practice and training versions produce a smoke or noise effect when actuated. No further information on the practice and training mines is available at this time. All of the fuzes incorporate a pneumatic anti-shock design which reduces the effects of explosive minefield countermeasure techniques such as fuel air explosives (FAE) and explosive line charges. VS-N fuze. This is a mechanical, pressure-actuated fuze. VS-N-AR-AN fuze. This fuze, believed to be an electronic version of the VS-N, is known to incorporate an antiremoval antidisturbance feature, it also incorporates a self-neutralization feature of 1 to 128 days, with a 15-minute delay arming time. VS-N-EL2 fuze. This is an electronic, field-programmable, delay-armed, pressure- and-or antiremoval-actuated fuze. VS-N-TLC fuze. This is an electronic, delay-armed, field-programmable anti-tank mine Diameter: 230mm Length: 115mm Weight: 3.8kg Explosive: 2.1kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
VS-3.6 This is a nonmetallic, high-explosive (HE), blast, antitank (AT) landmine. Four fuzes are compatible with this mine: the VS-N, the VS-N/AR-AN, the VS-N-EL2, and the VS-N-TLC. The practice and training versions of the mine produce smoke or noise when activated. No further information on the practice and training mines is available at this time. All of the fuzes incorporate a pneumatic anti-shock design which reduces the effects of explosive minefield countermeasure techniques such as fuel air explosives (FAE) and explosive line charges. VS-N fuze. This is a mechanical, pressure-actuated fuze. VS-N/AR-AN fuze. This fuze, believed to be an electronic version of the VS-N, is known to incorporate an antiremoval/antidisturbance feature, it also incorporates a self-neutralization feature of 1 to 128 days, with a 15-minute delay arming time. VS-N-EL2 fuze. This is an electronic, field-programmable, delay-armed, pressure- and/or antiremoval-actuated fuze. VS-N-TLC fuze. This is an electronic, delay-armed, field-progra anti-tank mine Diameter: 248mm Length: 115mm Weight: 5kg Explosive: 3.9kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
VS-50 Contains enough metal to be easily detected. VS-50 is a pressure-actuated blast, anti-personnel mine capable of being hand-emplaced or scattered. Similar mines are manufactured by other countries, including Egypt, Singapore and Iran. The mine uses a mechanical fuze incorporating a spring-loaded striker. A pneumatic system prevents actuation if the fuze is subjected to excessive shock, reducing the effectiveness of landmine countermeasure techniques such as fuel air explosives (FAE) and explosive line charges. The mine is functional in shallow water up to 1 meter deep. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 90mm Height: 45mm Weight: 185g Explosive: 43g Range: 5m Explosive/filler type: RDX
VS-9.0 The mine is plastic. The mine has one fuze well and a power source if VS-N-EL2 or VS-N-TLC fuze is used. The VS-9.0 is a large blast antitank mine in development by Valsella of Italy. The mine is a logical continuation of the existing series of mines which includes the VS-2.2 and VS-3.6 antitank mines. The mine has the same basic shape, only larger, and uses the same VS-N blast resistant fuze. Two electronic fuzes are also available for the mine. The VS-N-EL2 is an electronic pressure fuze which also has an antidisturbance feature and the VS-N-TLC is an electronic fuze which can be remotely turned on and off. The new fuzes seem to be replacements for the existing VS-N/AR-AN fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 335mm Height: 135mm Weight: 11kg Explosive: 8.7kg Range: 100m
VS-AT4 The mine does not have a fuze well or power source. The VS-AT4 is a conventional, pressure-fuzed antitank mine. Similar to other Italian pneumatic pressure fuzes, the VS-AT4 is very effective against blast countermeasures. The plastic body does provide the mine with a non-metallic construction, thereby limiting the metal content of the mine to fuze components. The mine can either be emplaced by hand or by a mechanical mine layer. A related development, the VS-AT4-EL, incorporates electronic fuzing. anti-tank mine Width: 188mm Length: 280mm Weight: 5.7kg Explosive: 4kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VS-DAFM 6 The mine does not have a power source. The VS-DAFM 6 is a large directed fragmentation mine. Although it is advertised as a weapon for light skinned vehicles, it can also be utilized in an antipersonnel role. The mine is mounted on a tripod, has a top mounted view sight, and can be initiated by a variety of methods. The fragments have sufficient power to penetrate 6 mm of armored steel at 50 meters and there is a fragment density of 2 fragments per square meter at 100 meters. fragmentation mine Length: 530mm Weight: 18.2kg Range: 10m
VS-DAFM 7 The mine does not have a power source. The VS-DAFM 7 is a large directed fragmentation mine. Although it is advertised as a weapon for light skinned vehicles, it can also be utilized in an antipersonnel role. The mine is mounted on a tripod, has a top mounted view sight, and can be initiated by a variety of methods. The fragments have sufficient power to penetrate 6 mm of armored steel at 50 meters and there is a fragment density of 2 fragments per square meter at 100 meters. This mine is patterned after the larger VS-DAFM 6 mine. fragmentation mine Length: 190mm Weight: 10.7kg Range: 10m
VS-DAFM-1 The mine has two fuze wells and possibly a power source for external command initiation by electric or non-electric means. The VS DAFM 1 is an Italian-produced directed fragmentation antipersonnel mine. The mine is very similar to the US M18A1 Claymore mine. The mine has two pair of scissor legs located at bottom of both sides of the mine body. These legs are used to position the mine on the ground. The VS-DAFM1 may be primed by two independent firing systems to be connected to two separate detonator wells fitted on the rear upper part of the mine. Upon initiation, the mine projects steel ball fragments in a 60 degree horizontal arc, covering at a 50 meter distance a casualty area of about 50 meters wide and a height of 3 meters. The mine may be tripwire initiated or command detonated. fragmentation mine Length: 315mm Weight: 3.8kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 100m
VS-ER-83 This is a detonator armed, fragmentation (frag), erecting antipersonnel (apers) landmine. The mine is designed to be activated electrically (antilift device, firing cable, or radio control) or actuated by a mechanical pull-firing device. fragmentation mine Diameter: 113mm Length: 345mm Weight: 4.3kg Explosive: 700g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VS-HCT & MOD 1 The VS-HCT is a battery-powered, mechanically armed, seismic-activated magnetically fired, shaped charge antitank (AT) landmine. The mine will have either a self-neutralization or self-destruct circuit that can be set from 1 day to 128 days. The mine can be hand or helicopter emplaced. There is an inert drill mine and a practice mine that contains a smoke charge. Additional information on the drill and practice mines is unknown. anti-tank mine Diameter: 222mm Length: 124mm Weight: 4.1kg Explosive: 2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VS-HCT2 & MOD 1 & 2 These are high-explosive (HE) antitank (AT) landmines. The mines contain an integral electronic programmable influence proximity (magnetic and seismic) fuze that is mechanically and electronically delay armed. The fuze may be programmed for self-destruction, self-neutralization, and/or antidisturbance. anti-tank mine Diameter: 260mm Length: 128mm Weight: 6.8kg Explosive: 2.3kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VS-HCT4 The VS-HCT4 is a full-width attack mine utilizing a seismic/magnetic fuze. The mines plate charge warhead is capable of penetrating the belly of all current main battle tanks or destroying tracks directly over the mine. The mine can either be emplaced by hand or by a mechanical minelayer. anti-tank mine Length: 580mm Weight: 5.5kg Explosive: 2.3kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VS-JAP The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The VS JAP is an Italian bounding fragmentation mine with an irregular-sided cylinder shaped body. The fuze has three pressure prongs or can be set up for tripwire initiation from the center activation prong. After the activation fuze has been initiated, the fuze fires an igniter cap which, in turn, fires the propelling charge. The internal body of the mine is then projected into the air approximately 45 cm. At that point a lanyard attached to the outer casing of the mine (still buried in the soil) and a striker fuze mechanism in the internal mine body is pulled taught, activating the detonator and booster in the internal body of the mine. The main charge of the internal body is then detonated, launching the 1200 fragments surrounding the body in a 360 degree direction. The lethal radius of the mine is approximately 25 meters. fragmentation mine Diameter: 130mm Weight: 2.8kg Explosive: 550g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VS-MK 2 & VS-MK 2 AR-AN The fuze housing retainer has 12 raised fins, a safety pin stop, and an alignment rib. The center of the retainer is hollow and accepts the pressure cover. The pressure cover has tapered sides with a protruding flat top that has a roughened finish. The body has a safety pin well in the side, a detonator well in the base, and 12 raised fins around the bottom of the body, 10 of which extend outward of the mine body. The detonator and shipping covers both have a screwdriver slot in their head for use during removal and installation. The standard safety pin has an enlarged elliptical head and a cylindrical shaft with a raised tab, a circumferential groove, and a rounded end. It is removable for manually laid mines. When the mine is used in an automatic scattering launcher the standard safety pin is removed and replaced with a special safety pin and safety cap. Figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the VS-Mk 2 landmine. A VS-Mk 2 AR-AN landmine, similar in external appearance and size, is also produced. Th anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 90mm Length: 33mm Weight: 135g Explosive: 33g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: RDX
VS-MK2-EL The VS-MK2-EL is the electronic version of the VS-MK2 antipersonnel mine. The two mines are externally similar and may be laid in the same minefield. However, the VS-MK2 is a simple pressure fuzed mine while the VS-MK2-EL fuze will function in both a pressure mode and as an anti-removal device. The VS-MK2-ELs electronic anti-removal fuze can also be remotely turned on and off. anti-personnel Diameter: 90mm Weight: 200g Explosive: 15g Range: 10m
VS-SAPFM3 The mine has a power source but no fuze well. The VS-SAPFM3 antipersonnel mine is designed to be used with a variety of systems including the ISTRICE mine scattering vehicle and the VS-SATM1 antitank mine. Other delivery options include Grillo and multiple rocket launchers. After being deployed, the mine rights itself by opening its upper cover and deploying the spring legs around the mines body. Under the cover are three tripwires which deploy after a ten minute delay. Tension on the wires causes the mine to bound into the air where it detonates, launching 1,600 fragments. fragmentation mine Diameter: 128mm Weight: 2.3kg Explosive: 450g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Composition B
VS-SATM1 The fuze has a 10-minute delay and has an active life of between 0 and 365 days, programmed in 1-hour increments. At the end of its life, the mine will self-destruct or self-neutralize, depending on what was selected by the manufacture. This is a scatterable mine but can also be hand employed. The total weight is unknown at this time. Figure shows the appearance and dimensions of the landmine. The mine contains 800 grams (1.76 pounds) of an unknown type of filler. The mine has magnetic influenced fuzing and has an anti-removal device. anti-tank mine Diameter: 128mm Length: 105mm Explosive: 800g Range: 300m
VS-T This is a pressure- or tiltrod-actuated illumination landmine. The mine is designed to give both an acoustic (blast) and visual warning of an intruder. The flare signal illuminates a circular area of approximately 57 meters (187 feet) for 40 seconds with an intensity of 50,000 candlepower. illumination mine Diameter: 70mm Length: 197mm Weight: 510g Explosive: 316g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: Barium Nitrate / Strontium Nitrate/Magnesium
VS-T-86 The VS-T-86 illumination mine gives both an acoustic and visual signal if the perimeter of a protected area is breached. illumination mine Diameter: 7mm Length: 22m Weight: 470g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: illuminant composition
VS-TA-90 ALARM The mine has one fuze well and no power source. The VS-TA-90 illumination mine gives both an acoustic and visual signal if the perimeter of a protected area is breached. The mine is functioned by either tension on a tripwire or pressure directly on the fuze. The VS-TA-90 has both a ground mounted flare and a flare which is launched into the air. The pyrotechnic compound in the ground mounted flare will illuminate an area 57 meters in radius at 15 lux for 50 seconds. The in air flare is launched after a 15 second delay and will produce 8 lux of illumination for 10 seconds at a range of 33 meters. Multiple air flares can be connected in either series or parallel for increased illumination. illumination mine Diameter: 8mm Weight: 690g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Pyrotechnic Composition
VTMM-1 (PRACTICE) The VTMM-1 is a pressure-actuated practice mine and has a yellow smoke-producing cartridge. anti-tank mine Diameter: 326mm Range: 10m
WATER MINE Mine has fuze at TNT and detonator. Water mines are command detonated. Before detonation, a soldier is stationed on one side of a river, with the mine on the other side, with a set wire leading to the soldier. When a boat approaches, the soldier pulls the mine into the path of the boat and detonates the mine. fragmentation mine Diameter: 381mm Length: 381mm Weight: 70.3kg Range: 20m Explosive/filler type: Potassium Chlorate and Sugar
WOODEN-CASED (AT) This is a blast-type mine in a wooden case. The mine used the MV-5 pressure actuated fuze. anti-tank mine Diameter: 315mm Length: 160mm Weight: 9.7kg Explosive: 9kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
YAM-10 These are nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines which use a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. The mines are normally painted green or white. Markings on the lid are black. The fuze is unpainted and has no markings. The mine case is wood. The fuze may be steel or plastic. anti-tank mine Diameter: 622mm Length: 215mm Weight: 11.8kg Explosive: 10.2kg Range: 150m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
YAM-5 These are nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines which use a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. The mines are normally painted green or white. Markings on the lid are black. The fuze is unpainted and has no markings. The mine case is wood. The fuze may be steel or plastic. anti-tank mine Diameter: 244mm Length: 129mm Weight: 6.4kg Explosive: 5.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
YAM-5K These are nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines which use a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. The mines are normally painted green or white. Markings on the lid are black. The fuze is unpainted and has no markings. The mine case is wood. The fuze may be steel or plastic. anti-tank mine Diameter: 600mm Length: 175mm Weight: 7.3kg Explosive: 5.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
YAM-5M These are nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines which use a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. The mines are normally painted green or white. Markings on the lid are black. The fuze is unpainted and has no markings. The mine case is wood. The fuze may be steel or plastic. anti-tank mine Diameter: 244mm Length: 187mm Weight: 7.3kg Explosive: 5.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
YAM-5U These are nonmetallic, high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines which use a pull/pressure-actuated fuze. The mines are normally painted green or white. Markings on the lid are black. The fuze is unpainted and has no markings. The mine case is wood. The fuze may be steel or plastic. anti-tank mine Diameter: 244mm Length: 200mm Weight: 6.4kg Explosive: 5.2kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type:
YARDSTICK One of the caps has a hole to take the safety wire, which is a single wire extending the length of the mine and passing through all the fuzes. A spring clip holds the safety wire in place. The explosive blocks flattened on one side do not completely fill the mine case. The space left between the flat side of the blocks and the wall of the case accommodates the protruding heads of the fuzes and also allows space for the side of the case to be depressed on the fuzes by the passage of a vehicle over the mine. The fuze consists of a short, cylindrical body which houses the striker release plunger, the striker housing which contains the striker and the striker spring, and the gaine. The gaine and the striker housing are identical in external appearance and screw into the sides of the cylindrical fuze body in diametrically opposite positions. The striker release plunger is a split pin with an enlarged flat head. It is positioned in the fuze body by a copper shear wire. A second hole 90 degrees from the shear wire h anti-vehicle mine Diameter: 85mm Length: 914mm Weight: 4.7kg Explosive: 2.7kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Piric Acid
YARM Used in shallow water, moored, contact. Ordnance used with: VRM, tiltrod, striker release. naval mine N.E.W.: 3.03kg
YM II Similar model to the Italian SB-81, the Spanish C-5, and the Portuguese M/453. anti-tank mine Height: 90mm Width: 230mm N.E.W.: 2.20kg
YM-1 YM-1 is a copy of the Italian TS-50 pressure-actuated blast, anti-personnel mine. The mine may be hand-emplaced or scattered by a ground vehicle or helicopter-carried dispenser. The mine uses a mechanical fuze incorporating a spring-loaded striker. A pneumatic system is used to release the striker, preventing actuation if the fuze is subjected to short-duration shock; this reduces the effectiveness of landmine countermeasures such as fuel air explosives (FAE) and explosive line charges. The mine is functional in shallow water up to 1 meter deep. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 90mm Height: 45mm Weight: 186g Explosive: 50g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: RDX
YM-1B YM-1B is a pressure-actuated blast, anti-personnel mine copied from the Italian VS-50. Similar mines are manufactured by other countries, including Egypt and Singapore. The mine may be hand-emplaced or scattered by a ground vehicle or helicopter-carried dispenser. anti-personnel blast mine Diameter: 90mm Length: 45mm Weight: 185g Explosive: 45g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: RDX
YM-III (YM-3) YM-III is a blast-resistant pressure-operated anti-tank blast mine copied from the Chinese Type 72 AT `non-metallic'. When the pressure plate is depressed, the striker spring is compressed until a retaining ball is released. Sudden pressure will not actuate the fuze, making the mine resistant to most explosive countermeasures. Difficult to detect. anti-tank mine Diameter: 270mm Height: 110mm Weight: 7kg Explosive: 5.7kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
YU-S-AT It has magnetic influence and self-destruct fuzing. The Yugoslav MLRS fires rockets containing 30 mines each. This is an anti-tank mine. scatterable munitions Diameter: 116mm Length: 116mm Explosive: 680.4g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: RDX
ZAPS (PLOUGH SHEAR) The ZAPS (Plough Shear) is an indigenously produced antipersonnel mine is speculated to indicate Zimbabwe Antipersonnel - Shrapnel. ZAPS is a directed fragmentation mine that has been commonly used as both as an antipersonnel mine and as a boobytrap device throughout Mozambique. ZAPS mines were heavily used during the 16 year long civil war in Mozambique. fragmentation mine Diameter: 200mm Height: 75mm Weight: 1.7kg Explosive: 500g Range: 30m Explosive/filler type: Pentolite
BLU-24/B, BLU-24B/B, BLU-66/B, & BLU-66A/B (JUNGLE BOMB) These are small, aerial dispensed, fin-stabilized, antipersonnel, fragmentation bombs which are centrifugal armed and fired when centrifugal force decreases (spin-armed, spin-decay fired). The BLU-24-series bombs were designed for low-speed delivery; the BLU-66-series bombs were designed for high-speed delivery. The BLU-66/B and BLU-66A/B are basically the BLU-24/B and BLU-24B/B, respectively, with the addition of a spoiler disk to provide a safe separation arming delay for the high-speed aircraft. The BLU-24/B and BLU-66/B differ from the BLU-24B/B and BLU-66A/B in that the latter bombs have grooved fragmenting bodies covered by a plastic cover to counter any adverse aerodynamic characteristics the grooves might create. The safety plug is removed before loading the bomb into a dispenser. scatterable munitions Diameter: 71mm Length: 94mm Weight: 726g Explosive: 119g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: Cyclotol
BLU-61A/B This is an aerial dispensed, centrifugal armed, impact-fired, high explosive incendiary, antimaterial, fragmentation bomb. It is detonated by an M219E1, all-way fuze. The bomb is painted olive drab without markings. Each hemisphere is made from a coined steel fragmentation liner, and a liner of pyrophoric material (for incendiary effect) of zirconium-tin. The hemispheres are encased in a urethane plastic shell. The clamp ring is stainless steel. scatterable munitions Diameter: 99mm Length: 99mm Weight: 1.2kg Explosive: 277g Range: 200m Explosive/filler type: Octol
BLU-43/B, -44/B, & -44A/B; MINE UNIT, TRAINING, BLU-43(T-1)/B & -43(T-2)/B The BLU-43/B, BLU-44/B and BLU-44A/B landmines, commonly referred to as Dragontooth. The mines are externally the same, however, they differ in their sterilization process. The BLU-43/B, BLU-44/B, and BLU-44A/B are aerially dispensed, hydraulically activated, contact-pressure-fired antipersonnel (apers) landmines. bombs (aerially dispensed landmines) Diameter: 119mm Length: 318mm Weight: 4kg Explosive: 8g Range: 10m Explosive/filler type: Nitromethane / Nitroethane
BLU-3/B, BOMB UNIT, SIMULATED, SPOTTING CHARGE, BDU-27/B The BLU-3/B is a small, aerial dispensed, drag-vane-stabilized, impact fired, antipersonnel (apers), fragmentation bomb. After release from the aerial dispenser, the bomblet was stabilized by six pop-out drag vanes. It detonated on impact, and dispersed 250 high-velocity steel pellets. The BDU-27/B is a small, aerial dispensed, drag-vane stabilized, impact-fired, black-powder-loaded, practice spotter bomb. scatterable munitions Diameter: 70mm Length: 95mm Weight: 785g Explosive: 165g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: RDX
BLU-42/B The BLU-42/B WAAPM (Wide-Area Anti-Personnel Mine) was a spherical anti-personnel fragmentation minelet. It was fitted with several surface and trip-wire sensors for detonation, an anti-tampering device, and a self-destruct system. There was also a BLU-42A/B variant, but no information about the differences is available. The BLU-54/B was externally identical to the BLU-42( )/B, but had a long-life self-destruct system. scatterable munitions Diameter: 60mm Weight: 500g Explosive: 71g Explosive/filler type: Composition B
RGD-5 These are hand-thrown, defensive fragmentation grenades which may also be used as boobytraps. They use the UZRG or UZRGM striker-release fuzing. The grenades are shipped with shipping plugs installed; the fuzes are inserted in the field. grenade Diameter: 58mm Length: 117mm Weight: 320g Explosive: 110.5g Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT
F-1 These are hand-thrown, defensive fragmentation grenades which may also be used as boobytraps. They use UZRG or UZRGM striker-release fuzing. grenade Diameter: 55mm Length: 117mm Weight: 699g Explosive: 51g Range: 50m Explosive/filler type: TNT
PG-2 This is a fin-stabilized, high-explosive antitank grenade fired from a shoulder launcher. It incorporates either a DK-2 or DK-4 fuze. The DK-2 is a setback-armed, impact-inertia-fired, graze-sensitive, base-detonating fuze. The DK-4 is a setback-armed, impact-inertia-fired, base-detonating fuze incorporating a self-destruct element. grenade Diameter: 81mm Length: 665mm Weight: 1.81kg Explosive: 525g Range: 300m Explosive/filler type: RDX/TNT
PG-7 This is a Chinese PG-7 practice projectile. The projectile is reusable up to six times. grenade Diameter: 64mm Length: 600mm Range: 20m
APID 51
MAP-1 anti-personnel mine
M-972 anti-personnel
POMZ-10
PRB M-5
M2A1
TMD-44 TMD-44 is a wooden-cased pressure-operated anti-tank mine. The mine uses the MV-5 or MV-5K pressure-actuated fuze. Sufficient pressure on the top of the mine collapses the lid and compresses the spring of the MV-5 fuze until the retaining ball escapes, releasing the striker onto the stab-sensitive detonator assembly. anti-tank mine Length: 320mm Width: 290mm Height: 160mm Weight: 9.5kg Explosive: 6kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: TNT & Picric Acid
PRB413
Jony 95 anti-personnel mine
Jony 99 anti-personnel
GLD-115 anti-personnel
TM-41 These are pressure-actuated, high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines. The TM-41 mine is olive drab. Markings for the TM-41 are shown ; painting and markings for the TM-44 mine are unknown. The mines are metal. The TM-44 landmine is similar to the TM-41, except it is larger and heavier. anti-tank mine Diameter: 254mm Length: 140mm Weight: 5.4kg Explosive: 3.9kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
GLD125 anti-personnel
PGMDM/ PTM-1S/ PTM-1G Both of these mines have been extensively used by former Soviet forces in Afghanistan. After ejection from the scattering system, a pyrotechnic element arms the mine (following a 30-second delay), initiates a clockwork self-destruct delay timer, and releases a safety bock enabling the mine pressure sensor. The clockwork timer has 12 incremental settings ranging from 1 to 20, presumably hours. Longitudinally inside the mine is a pressure tube that transmits pressure to the fuze. This scatterable antivehicular blast mine complements the PFM-1 (and PFM-1S) antipersonnel mine. anti-vehicular blast mine Length: 337mm Width: 70mm Height: 69mm Weight: 1.6kg Explosive: 1.1kg Range: 100m Explosive/filler type: PVV-12S, Liquid Plastic Explosives
POM-1 and POM-1S The POM-1 and POM-1S are ground- or aircraft-dispensed, scatterable, Electro- and hydro-mechanically armed, antidisturbance, antipersonnel (apers) landmines. The POM-1S also incorporates a self-destruct feature. Both mines deploy eight 6.00-meter (19.69-feet)-long tripwires. The POM-1 and POM-1S are identical in external appearance. scatterable munitions Diameter: 80.4mm Length: 80mm Weight: 750g Explosive: 100g Range: 50m
POMZ
M-969
PPMISR-II
T-69
NDP-2
CARDOEN anti-personnel
M-178 AP
CARDOEN II anti-personnel
DEXA anti-personnel
CICITEC anti-personnel
Gator
Volcano (M87)
Ground Emplaced Mine Scattering System (GEMSS)
PDM
Modular Pack Mine System (MOPMS)
NR 109
MI AP 51/55
MI AP Ecl
MI AP 51
MI AP Bond
M-35
unknown - Chinese
Type 72 A
P4-A1
M-409
PM-35
MR-16 A1
M-18-1 CLAYMORE
SAM-7b The SAM 7b is a man-portable, shoulder-fired, low-altitude weapon that possesses infrared technology and is highly explosive. Introduced for service in 1968, the SAM 7b is the updated version of the 7a. Unlike the 7a, it has a boosted propellant charge to increase range and speed. man portable surface-to-air missile Diameter : 70, LengthL: 1.4, Width: 4.71, Range: Max 5500, Min 500 LengthL: 1.4 Weigh: 4.71 Range: Max 5500, Min 500
SA-16 Introduced in 1986, the SA-16 is designed for destroying low flying aircraft and helicopters. The man-portable surface-to-air missile is an updated version of the SA-18. It possesses a more aerodynamic cone tip that the SA-18 lacks. Additionally, its two-color sensitivity technology minimizes its vulnerability to flares. portable anti-aircraft missile system Range: 500 -- 5,000 m, Max Speed: 2+ Mach, Effective Altitude: 3,500 m, Kill Radius: Unknown
-44 (TM) These are pressure-actuated, high-explosive (blast), antitank (AT) mines. The ™-41 mine is olive drab. Markings for the ™-41 are shown ; painting and markings for the ™-44 mine are unknown. The mines are metal. The ™-44 landmine is similar to the ™-41, except it is larger and heavier. anti-tank mine Diameter: 254mm Length: 140mm Weight: 7.7kg Explosive: 5.4kg Range: 400m Explosive/filler type: Amatol
-62 (TM)