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President James Madison

By the numbers
A sampling of intriguing facts and figures about the life and times of the nation's fourth president from the Madison magazine feature "By the Numbers"

James Madison

17

Jemmy goes digital! President James Madison's papers (17 print volumes) are being added to the University of Virginia's digital collection of Founding Fathers' documents. Madison's papers include letters, essays, account books, diaries and legal documents. See the collection at http://rotunda.upress.virginia.edu/founders/JSMN.html. — from Madison Fall 2010

20

Rt. 20 Montpelier is the lifelong home of James Madison. Montpelier's $25 million architectural restoration is complete, and visitors can see the progress via daily guided tour presentations, A Presidential Detective Story: Rediscovering the Furnishings and Decor of James and Dolley Madison. The 2,650-acre site offers many hands-on activities and garden and forest walking paths. Visit www.montpelier.org. — from Madison Spring/Summer 2010

200

During James Madison's first presidential term, the U.S. conducts its third census in 1810. The population totals 7.2 million, including 1.4 million African Americans, of whom 1.2 million are enslaved. The population west of the Appalachian Mountains is 1 million. Find out how things have changed after 200 years: http://2010census.gov/ — from Madison Spring/Summer 2010

1

March 4, 2009, marks the 200th anniversary of the inaugural of President James Madison at the House chamber of the capitol in Washington, D.C. James and Dolley Madison began the tradition of the Inaugural Ball that night, when the First Lady hosted the gala at Long's Hotel, 400 tickets sold for $4 each. — from Madison Spring 2009

70%

Though Barack Obama received 65 percent of the Electoral College votes, he did not best James Madison, who received 70 percent when he was elected president in 1809. — from Madison Winter 2010

13

"Jemmy," aka President Madison, had a keen sense of humor. In a Sept. 17, 1787, letter from Paris, Thomas Jefferson thanked James Madison for a shipment of pecans. Jefferson writes, "I have received the box with pecans, which you were so kind as to send me. There were 13 nuts in it, which I mention because I suspect that it had been pillaged." Since he was in Paris, Jefferson could not have known that Sept. 17, 1787, was the very day delegates from the 13 colonies signed the proposed U.S. Constitution at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. — from Madison Fall 2009

2

In his second annual message to Congress, on Dec. 5, 1810, President James Madison said, "A well-instructed people alone can be permanently a free people." Every donor to the university's Madison Century campaign honors the values of Founding Father James Madison, who also believed that "Knowledge will forever govern ignorance." — from Madison Winter 2009

4

Fourth president, Founding Father, Father of the Constitution — James Madison is featured on the fourth in the series of presidential dollar coins. The U.S. Mint has also released a $10 "first spouse" coin of Dolley Madison. Learn more at www.usmint.gov/. — from Madison Spring 2008

205

In 1801, (205 years ago) James Madison began serving as Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State. Dolley Madison also began her 16 years as "first lady," serving during the presidencies of both Jefferson and her husband. — from Madison Spring 2006

1

James Madison stands as an example to alumni volunteers everywhere. He was the first president of the Alumni Association of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), which considers him its first "graduate student." Madison earned his undergraduate degree in only two years (1770-71), but remained for a year to study Hebrew and ethics. — from Madison Summer 2008

220

In May 1787, 220 years ago, James Madison attended the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia and began writing the first of his 28 contributions to the Federalist Papers. — from Madison Winter 2008