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STEM Education Literature Review

Handbook of Research on STEM Education (May 2020). 

The Handbook of Research on STEM Education represents a groundbreaking and comprehensive synthesis of research and presentation of policy within the realm of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. What distinguishes this Handbook from others is the nature of integration of the disciplines that is the founding premise for the work – all chapters in this book speak directly to the integration of STEM, rather than discussion of research within the individual content areas

National Reports

1. 2019 Trends report: trends and predictions that will define STEM in 2020 (Jan 2020), 100Kin10

100Kin10 is a national network committed to solving one of our country’s most pressing challenges – giving kids a great STEM education – by adding 100,000 more, excellent STEM teachers to America’s classrooms by 2021.

2. Charting a Course for Success: America's Strategy for STEM Education (2018), National Science and Technology Council and the White House commitee on STEM Education

This report details the federal government’s strategy for expanding and improving the nation’s capacity for STEM education and preparing citizens with the skills necessary for the STEM economy of the future. The report is required by the America COMPETES Re-authorization Act of 2010 and is the second iteration of the 5-year STEM education plan; the Obama administration published the first in 2013.

3. The National Survey of Science and Mathematics Education (NSSME)  (2018), Eric R. Banilower, P. Sean Smith, Kristen A. Malzahn, Courtney L. Plumley, Evelyn M. Gordon, Meredith L. Hayes

This periodic study, funded by the National Science Foundation and conducted by Horizon Research, Inc., has provided data about mathematics and science education in the U.S. since 1977. Results have been widely disseminated and used extensively by researchers and policy makers (

4. STEM Education Coalition 2018 Annual Report

This report highlights the activities, accomplishments, and major media coverage of the work of the STEM Education Coalition over the past year. Coalition staff met with more than 100 legislators and their staffs, hosted briefings attended by more than 600 policymakers, and testified in front of congressional committees (

5. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Graduates: Where Are They 4 Years After Receiving a Bachelor’s Degree? (December 2017), US Department of Education

"The tables in this report represent data on the transition of 2007‒08 science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) bachelor’s degree recipients into the labor market and further education during the 4 years after college graduation. These data are of interest to federal and state policymakers because they provide information about the supply of bachelor’s-level STEM workers in the United States" (

6. Rethinking the STEM workforce, National Science Board, NSF (2015).

"The National Science Board (NSB, Board) examined recent STEM workforce studies and debates, consulted numerous experts, and explored data in our 2014 Science and Engineering Indicators (Indicators) report to develop insights that could facilitate more constructive discussions about the STEM workforce and inform decision makers."

Sources of STEM Education Facts and Statistics

1. 2019 Trends Report: Trends and predictions that will define STEM in 2020, 100K in 10. 

"100Kin10 is a national network committed to solving one of our country’s most pressing challenges – giving kids a great STEM education – by adding 100,000 more, excellent STEM teachers to America’s classrooms by 2021"

2. National Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups (STEM Degrees), National Center for Education Statistics. Last updated February 2019.

"This website presents key indicators that examine the educational progress and challenges students face in the United States by race/ethnicity. These indicators summarizes the latest racial/ethnic data as well as trends on topics such as demographics; preprimary, elementary, and secondary participation; student achievement; student behaviors and persistence in education, postsecondary education, and outcomes of education" (

3. National Science Foundation Science and Engineering Indicators 2018, National Science Board

"Science and Engineering Indicators is the most comprehensive source of high quality federal data on a wide range of topics that include trends in global R&D investments and knowledge-intensive industries, K-12 and postsecondary STEM education, workforce trends and composition, state level comparisons, public attitudes and understanding, and invention, knowledge transfer, and innovation"(

4. State of STEM, STEM Connector Report, 2018.

"State of STEM seeks to illustrate the current STEM landscape, including the organizations, systems, and forces that comprise and shape it in a comprehensive way that has not been done before. This report offers a detailed typology of STEM talent gaps and recommends areas of focus for practice and investment to address those gaps. It is a comprehensive, though not exhaustive, look across the ecosystem and issues surrounding STEM. This report is meant to provide a common language for those working in any sector that touches STEM, supporting those seeking to build connections across this complex system. State of STEM will serve as a framework for further exploration as well as action"

5. STEM Occupations: past, present, and future, 2017, National Bureau of Labor Statistics (PDF download available on this page)

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