Department of Biology

Dr. Martha J. Powell, Head

Professors

Bodkin, Dendinger, Dennis, Garrison, Grimm, Powell, Sellers

Associate Professors

Cocking, R. Harris, Renfroe, Silver, Wiggins, Winstead, Wyngaard

Assistant Professors

Babcock, Keffer, Masterson, Middleton, Monroe, Murphy, Reimer, Velhagen

Adjunct Assistant Professors

Kastendiek, Knight

Course Descriptions: Biology and Interscience Research

The Department of Biology provides graduates with subject matter competency within the context of a liberal arts education. In addition, the department seeks to:

The department has created a Biology Resource Center to ensure computer and information access skills. The center consists of computer, graphics, instructional technology and image analysis laboratories and computer stations. The department also is committed to ensuring mathematics competency in its majors. Finally, a biology capstone experience is provided, which is a series of requirements that seek to ensure subject breadth at an academic level above the lower division core requirements; hands-on experience through independent research projects or at least one course emphasizing research participation; and some activity which is interdisciplinary or includes a significant component illustrating the application of biology to solve real-world problems. This applied-experience requirement can be met through employment or volunteer positions in field, laboratory, public policy or interpretive activities, or formal internship programs. It can also be met by selecting a course including a focus on applications. Students are also encouraged to attend presentations in the Department of Biology weekly seminar series, the Spring Undergraduate Biology Research Symposium, and seminars or forums held in other science departments.

Major in Biology

The department offers a four-year, B.S. degree program for a major in biology and for a major in biology qualifying for the Secondary Collegiate Professional License. Requirements for the B.A. degree can be met by adding the completion of an intermediate level foreign language and three credit hours in philosophy.

Application to the biology major is made after successful completion of introductory course work which ultimately may be applied toward the major requirements. This may be done as a transfer from the pre-biology program or from undeclared or another major. Pre-biology, which any student can designate without entrance criteria, may not be used as a degree major. Students in the pre-biology program are expected to take the qualifying introductory course work during their freshman and sophomore years.

Admission to the biology major is dependent upon verification of data presented on the Application to Biology Major form which is available in the Department of Biology office, Burruss Hall, Room 304. The form should show completion of the following course work with a 2.5 or better grade point average in these courses:

BIO 120. General Zoology
BIO 130. General Botany
CHEM 131. General Chemistry I
CHEM 132. General Chemistry II
CHEM 131L-132L or CHEM 135-136L.
General Chemistry Laboratories
Choose one of the following:
BIO 220. Cell Biology
BIO 230. Genetics or
BIO 351. Introduction to Ecology
BIO 352. Honors.

To be used as prerequisites for biology courses, grades of "C" or higher must be earned in the following: BIO 101, BIO 120, BIO 130, CHEM 131, CHEM 131L, CHEM 132, and CHEM 132L.

The minimum requirement for an undergraduate major in biology is 40 credit hours including the following core courses:

Credit
Hours
BIO 120. General Zoology 4
BIO 130. General Botany 4
BIO 220. Cell Biology 3
BIO 230. Genetics 4
BIO 351. Introduction to Ecology 3
Upper division Capstone experiences: 1
Subject Distribution Capstone
Organismal Biology (300 level or above) 3-4
Molecular Biology or Physiology 4
(300 level or above)
Research experience Capstone (minimum of one activity)
A biology course with a significant research component
Applied experience Capstone
(minimum of one activity)
A biology course with an applied component
A course with an applied biology content taught outside the department (does not count toward the 40-hour biology major requirement.) Examples include:
EDUC or SEED 480. Student Teaching (Subject: Biology)
GERN/SOCI 280. Social Gerontology
HTH (any three-credit 300 to 400-level course)
PHIL 333. Problems in Applied Ethics
Other courses may be approved in advance by the student's adviser.
Evidence of at least two months of full-time equivalent biology-oriented work experience approved in advance by the student's adviser.
A biology-oriented internship or similar experience approved in advance by the student's adviser.

1 All biology courses taken to fulfill core and capstone experience requirements are applied toward the 40-credit-hour biology major course requirement. Individual courses may be used to satisfy more than one requirement.

At least 20 credit hours of the biology program must be earned in upper-division (300 or above) biology courses.

The following may be counted as part of the 40-credit-hour requirement:

Maximum
Credit
Hours
BIO 325. Topics in Biology 7
BIO 494. Internship in Biology 6
BIO 495. Biotechniques 6
BIO 496. Research Literature 2
BIO 497. Biological Research 6
BIO 499. Honors in Biology 6
ISCI 450. Interscience Research 6

Additional courses in biology must be elected, in consultation with an adviser, to complete the 40-credit-hour program. These are free-choice electives and may be chosen to tailor a program according to the particular needs and interests of the student. Alternatively, a student may select elective credit in biology in an area of concentration. All chemistry and core requirements should be completed as early in the program as possible.

Credits in the following support courses are required for the biology major:

Credit
Hours
CHEM 131-132. General Chemistry I-II 6
CHEM 131L-132L. General Chemistry Laboratories 2
CHEM 341-342. Organic Chemistry Lecture 6
CHEM 346L. Organic Chemistry Laboratory 2
Choose one of the following combinations: 1 9-11
MATH 205-206. Introductory Calculus I-II and either MATH 220. Elementary Statistics, or MATH 285. Data Analysis
MATH 235-236. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I-II and either MATH 220. Elementary Statistics or MATH 285. Data Analysis or MATH 318 Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Choose one of the following combinations:
PHYS 125 and PHYS 126. Principles of Physics with Biological Applications I-II
PHYS 140-140L. and PHYS 150-150L. College Physics I-II with Laboratories

1 Mathematics beyond this minimum requirement is desirable in many areas of biology.

Credit by Examination

The Department of Biology offers credit by examination in most of its courses, at the discretion of the course instructor or coordinator, when evidence of sufficient background or preparation is presented. Students seeking such credit should make arrangements with the course instructor or coordinator.

Minor in Biology

Students choosing to minor in biology must complete a program of at least 23 credit hours:

Credit
Hours
BIO 120. General Zoology 4
BIO 130. General Botany 4
BIO 220. Cell Biology 3
Biology electives 12
23

Minor in Biochemistry

See page 191 for the description of the interdisciplinary biochemistry minor.

Department Concentrations

After completion of the freshman year, students may elect to complete their program of study beyond the general biology core and support requirements in an area of concentration. Students who plan to pursue a concentration should contact the appropriate coordinator.

Biotechnology

Dr. Douglas E. Dennis, Coordinator

BIO 380. General Microbiology
BIO 460. Plant Cell and Tissue Culture
BIO 480. Molecular Biology
CHEM 361-362. Biochemistry I-II
CHEM 366L. Biochemistry Laboratory

Ecology

Dr. W. Dean Cocking, Coordinator

Choose one of the following:
BIO 351. Introduction to Ecology
BIO 352. Honors Introduction to Ecology
Choose three of the following:
BIO 404. Evolution
BIO 435. Insect Ecology
BIO 451. Ecological Systems
BIO 452. Population Biology
BIO 453. Microbial Ecology
BIO 459. Limnology

Entomology

Dr. James K. Grimm, Coordinator

BIO 310. General Entomology
BIO 415. Immature Insects
BIO 425. Medical Entomology
BIO 435. Insect Ecology

Microbiology

Dr. Bruce A. Wiggins, Coordinator

BIO 380. Microbiology
Choose two of the following:
BIO 442. Basic Immunology
BIO 444. Basic Virology
BIO 453. Microbial Ecology

Molecular-Physiology

Dr. Cletus M. Sellers, Coordinator

Choose four of the following:
BIO 370. Vertebrate Physiology
BIO 442. Basic Immunology
BIO 444. Basic Virology
BIO 455. Physiology of Vascular Plants
BIO 460. Plant Cell and Tissue Culture
BIO 480. Molecular Biology

Plant Sciences

Dr. Norlyn L. Bodkin, Coordinator

Choose four of the following:
BIO 315. Introduction to Plant Pathology
BIO 340. Morphology and Anatomy of
Vascular Plants
BIO 385. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
BIO 455. Physiology of Vascular Plants
BIO 460. Plant Cell and Tissue Culture
BIO 465. Plant Somatic Cell Genetics
BIO 470. Morphology of Nonvascular Plants

Zoology

Dr. Reid N. Harris, Coordinator

Choose four of the following:
BIO 305. Ornithology
BIO 310. General Entomology
BIO 316. Vertebrate Embryology
BIO 320. Comparative Anatomy of
Vertebrates
BIO 370. Vertebrate Physiology
BIO 404. Evolution
BIO 490. Biomechanics

Typical Program for a Major in Biology (B.S. Degree)

Credit
Freshman Year Hours
BIO 120. General Zoology 4
BIO 130. General Botany 4
CHEM 131-132. General Chemistry I-II 6
CHEM 131L-132L. General Chemistry Laboratories 2
ENG 101-102. Reading and Composition 6
Mathematics courses 6-8
Liberal studies course 3
31-33
Credit
Sophomore Year Hours
Choose one of the following: 3
BIO 220. Cell Biology
BIO 351. Introduction to Ecology 1
BIO 230. Genetics 4
CHEM 341-342. Organic Chemistry Lecture 6
CHEM 346L. Organic Chemistry Laboratory 2
Liberal studies courses 12
Mathematics course 3
Physics course 4
34
Credit
Junior Year Hours
Choose one of the following: 3
BIO 220. Cell Biology
BIO 351. Introduction to Ecology 1
Liberal studies courses 6
Molecular-physiological biology course 4
Organismal biology course 3-4
Social science courses 6
Biology electives 3
Physics 4
29-30
Credit
Senior Year Hours
Liberal studies courses 6
Biology electives 11-12
Electives 15
32-33

1 BIO 404, 435, 451, 452, 453 and 459 offered only in alternate years. BIO 351 is prerequisite.

Initial Secondary Teaching License

In addition to the liberal studies and academic major requirements, biology majors desiring secondary teacher licensure must complete the following as a part of their program.

Credit
Hours
EDUC 360. Foundations of American Education 3
(junior year)
EDUC 370. Instructional Technology (junior year) 3
EDUC 410. Multicultural Education (senior year) 1
EDUC 416. School Discipline and Classroom 1
Management (senior year)
HTH 370. The School Health Program 2
(any appropriate time)
PSYC 270. Psychology for Teachers of the 3
Pre-adolescent and Adolescent Child 1
(sophomore year)
READ 414. Reading and Writing in the 1
Content Areas (senior year)
SEED 371I. Clinical Techniques, Natural Science 3
Methods (normally in first semester of
senior year)
SEED 381. Field Experience (Practicum) in 3
Secondary Education (normally in first semester
of senior year)
SEED 480. Student Teaching (senior year) 12
SPED 402. Teaching Mildly Disabled Students 1
in Regular Classes (senior year)

1 PSYC 160 is a prerequisite for PSYC 270.

Biology majors need courses in physics and geology as well as inorganic and organic chemistry.

It is necessary to be admitted to the teacher education program prior to enrolling in professional education courses. See pages 147-148 in this catalog for admission procedures to the teacher education program.

Students seeking licensure are encouraged to consult regularly with an education adviser.

College of Science and Mathematics Directory

Undergraduate Catalog Contents


1996-97 Undergraduate Catalog
Last reviewed: 30 November 1996
Information Publisher: Division of Academic Affairs
James Madison University