Department of History

Dr. Michael J. Galgano, Head


Bland, Boyd, Boyd-Rush, Congdon, Galgano, Gerome, Lembright, Loe, C. Marshall, H. Myers, Riley, J. Wood, C. Yoon

Associate Professors

Arndt, Butt, Guerrier, C. Hallman, Hyser, Owusu-Ansah, J. Walker

Course Descriptions: History

The Department of History is designed for students whose primary academic interest is history as a humanity or social science. The program provides a broad background for careers in business, industry and government as well as thorough preparation for teaching, law, medicine or other professions.

Students graduating with a Bachelor of Arts in history will have received a firm educational foundation within the liberal arts tradition. Majors will have an understanding of the past, its relationship to the present and the process of social change. Graduates will have developed an understanding of the historical process and have become acquainted with the fundamental tools of historical investigation and research. They will be able to think and read critically and objectively, and to express themselves in a clear, creative manner. Further, they will be familiar with the latest technological applications that influence the discipline. Finally, the major prepares students for active citizenship in a global community emphasizing knowledge and appreciation of different peoples, cultures and historic times.

The study of history will develop a deeper understanding of economic and geographic concepts and of the interconnected nature of different times, places, societies and cultures. History will enhance the student's self-awareness, provide a basis for appreciating other fields and disciplines, and prepare the individual for a richer and more meaningful life.

The department offers both a major and a minor. The major in history requires 39 credit hours of history. The minor in history is available with the B.A., the B.S. or any other degree. The minor requires 21 credit hours of history, including HIST 101-102. At least six of the remaining hours must be in nonwestern history.

In 1990 the American Historical Association Task Force in the Association of American College's Project on Liberal Learning, Study in Depth and the Arts and Science Major issued its report as part of a national review of arts and sciences majors. Liberal Learning and the History Major (1990) was, and remains, the cornerstone for informed efforts to improve the history major. Its authors identify seven objectives for all students:

Virtually all recent studies of the history major, including the one noted above, concur that there is neither the standard content nor prescribed sequencing found in other majors; therefore, coherence must be established in other ways. To achieve its objectives, the major includes several specific components, including a strong foundation course designed to acquaint students with the diversity of the global setting in which they live; a research and writing seminar in historical methods; and an integrating or synthesizing course. The 400-level courses satisfy this goal. Courses throughout the major inculcate critical thinking, analytical and writing skills, and the latest methods of locating, identifying and evaluating evidence. Seeing history as an integrating discipline, the program fosters interdisciplinary experiences, creating meaningful links with other academic areas. Supplementing more traditional courses, the department also offers a range of public history classes and internship experiences.

HIST 101, World History to 1650, and HIST 102, World History Since 1650, are the required foundation courses. These introduce all students to the nature of history, survey the globe in a historical context, introduce students to primary and secondary sources, and focus on analysis, critical reading and evaluation of texts, and writing. The department accepts credit by examination for superior students in place of these courses and permits transfer credit for genuinely comparable courses. HIST 101 and 102, along with most of the 200-level courses, acquaint students with the diversity of the global setting. All courses at the upper level do as well, though to differing degrees. These courses also expose students to elementary computer skills to assist in identifying sources, interpreting them, and communicating findings orally and in writing.

HIST 395, History Seminar, is the required seminar in historical research methods. It teaches students the most sophisticated computer applications for research and writing. It is one of several seminars with significant research and writing components. These same courses also integrate and synthesize what has been learned throughout the major.

The 100- and 200-level courses are global or regional surveys, covering extensive periods of time; while the 300- and 400-level courses focus on specific nations, time periods or themes. The latter also require more extensive analysis of sources, texts and interpretations, and include more writing.

Majors in history are strongly encouraged to continue study in foreign languages beyond the minimum university requirement and to integrate
that knowledge into their history classes when appropriate.

Major in History B.A. Degree

HIST 101. World History to 1650 1 3
HIST 102. World History Since 1650 1 3
Take two courses from one 200-level area and 9
one course from the other
HIST 201. Europe to 1789
HIST 202. Europe 1789 to the Present
HIST 233. U.S. to 1877
HIST 234. U.S. Since 1877
HIST 267. Latin America
HIST 268. Contemporary Latin America
HIST 263. Africa.
HIST 270. Modern Middle East
HIST 273. Asia to 1600
HIST 274. Modern Asia
HIST 395. History Seminar 2 3
Seven other 300- or 400-level courses 3 21

1 Can double count as liberal studies credit.

2 Prerequisite for any 400-level course.

3 Majors must complete a minimum of four courses (12 credit hours) on the 400 level. Majors must complete three courses (nine credit hours) outside the field of U.S. History on the 300 and 400 level. Nonmajors may enroll in 400-level classes without completing HIST 395 with instructor's permission. For honors majors, only three hours of HIST 499, Honors Thesis, may be counted among the four 400-level courses required for the major.

Credit By Examination

The Department of History offers credit by examination for all survey courses at the 100 and 200 levels. Students who want permission to take an examination must apply in writing to the department head during the regular registration period. Upon application, students should follow the general policies for credit by examination outlined on page 55. The examinations are administered during the first month of each semester at a time and place set by the department.

Initial Secondary Teaching License

In addition to the liberal studies and academic major requirements, history majors desiring secondary teaching licensure must complete HIST 233-234 and the following as part of their program:

EDUC 360. Foundations of American Education 3
(junior year)
EDUC 370. Instructional Technology (junior year) 3
EDUC 410. Multicultural Education (senior year) 1
EDUC 416. School Discipline and Classroom 1
Management (senior year)
HTH 370. The School Health Program 2
(any appropriate time)
PSYC 270. Psychology for Teachers of the 3
Pre-adolescent and Adolescent Child 1
(sophomore year)
READ 414. Reading and Writing in the 1
Content Areas (senior year)
SEED 371H. Clinical Techniques, Social Studies 3
Methods (normally in first semester of
senior year)
SEED 480. Student Teaching (senior year) 12
SPED 402. Teaching Mildly Disabled Students 1
in Regular Classes (senior year)

1 PSYC 160 is a prerequisite for PSYC 270.

It is necessary to be admitted to the teacher education program prior to enrolling in professional education courses. See pages 147-148 in this catalog for admission procedures to the teacher education program.

Students seeking licensure are encouraged to consult regularly with an education adviser.

History and Business

Many graduate business schools encourage applications from liberal arts majors. History majors who wish to prepare specifically for admission to a master of business administration program should schedule from the following courses. No more than 27 hours in this program can be chosen from courses offered by the College of Business. Students should consult regularly with the associate dean of the College of Business.

ACTG 241. Financial Accounting 3
ACTG 242. Managerial Accounting 3
BLAW 218. Legal Environment of Business 3
ECON 201. Principles of Economics (Micro) 3
ECON 202. Principles of Economics (Macro) 3
FIN 345. Managerial Finance 3
IDS 191. Business and Economic Statistics 3
IDS 204. Computer Information Systems 2
MGT 300. Management Principles 3
MKTG 380. Principles of Marketing 3

Major in History (B.A. Degree)

Freshman Year Hours
ENG 101-102. Reading and Composition 6
HIST 101. World History to 1650 3
HIST 102. World History Since 1650 3
Foreign language courses 6-8
Liberal studies courses 10
Sophomore Year Hours
200-level history surveys 9
HIST 395. History Seminar 3
Foreign language courses (if needed) or electives 6
Liberal studies courses 12
Junior Year Hours
Philosophy course 3
History electives (mix 300 and 400 levels) 9
Electives 18
Senior Year Hours
History electives (mix 300 and 400 levels) 12
Electives 18

College of Arts and Letters Directory

Undergraduate Catalog Contents

1996-97 Undergraduate Catalog
Last reviewed: 30 November 1996
Information Publisher: Division of Academic Affairs
James Madison University