Effective the 1994-95 academic year, the minimum number of credit hours required for graduation will be 120. Degrees listed below, requiring more than 120 credit hours, are in transition. Please check with your academic adviser on specific programs.
Credit Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Hours
Foreign language courses 6-14 (intermediate level required) Liberal studies courses  44 Philosophy course  3 (in addition to liberal studies courses) Major concentration courses and electives  67-75
Credit Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A.) Hours
Core program - business courses 42 Liberal studies courses  44 Major concentration courses 24 Electives 18
Credit Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.) Hours
Core program - art courses 24 Liberal studies courses  41 Area of emphasis courses 39 Art and art related electives 22 Electives 2
Credit Bachelor of General Studies (B.G.S.) Hours
General education courses 35 Major concentration courses 30 Elective program 63
Credit Bachelor of Music (B.M.) Hours
Core music program courses 26 Liberal studies courses  41 Major concentration courses and electives 67-71
Credit Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Hours
Liberal studies courses  44 Mathematics course 3 (in addition to liberal studies courses)  Social science or natural science course(s)  3-4 Major concentration courses and electives  77-78
Credit Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.) Hours
Liberal Studies courses  44 Nursing courses 62 Other supportive courses 20 Elective 2
Credit Bachelor of Social Work (B.S.W.) Hours
Core program - social work courses 39 Liberal studies courses  44 Electives 45
NOTE: An individual course in areas 1-10 may not be used to satisfy requirements in more than one of these areas, even if the course is listed under two or more areas. However, courses taken to satisfy requirements in areas 1-10 may be counted toward a major program if permitted by the provisions of that program. Only the courses in area 11 may be counted both toward the major and toward a requirement in one of the other areas.
Credit Requirement Summary Hours
ENG 101-102. Reading and Composition 3-6 Fine arts/aesthetics course 3 History/civilization courses 6 Literature course 3 Mathematics course 3 Natural science courses 6-12 Oral communication course 3 Philosophy/religion course 3 Physical education/dance course 2 Social science courses 6 Cultural studies courses 0-6
1. Composition ENG 101-102. Reading and Composition (3-6)To improve, through critical reading and various strategies of writing, the student's ability to develop and communicate ideas, interpretations, and judgments; to enable the student to locate, evaluate and use library resources effectively.
2. Fine Arts/Aesthetics (3)To inculcate awareness of the importance of creativity; understanding of the value of fine art in the individual life experience and as a major cultural force in human societies present and past; connections between the imagination and other mental functions; better perceptual skills; fundamental understanding of artistic uses of sound, movement, and/or images; sensitivity to and enjoyment of aesthetic experiences; ability to make enlightened aesthetic choices.
Select one course (three hours) from: ART 200. Art in General Culture ARTH 201. Art and Its Purpose ARTH 205. Survey I: Prehistoric Through Medieval Art ARTH 206. Survey II: Renaissance Through Modern Art ARTH 413. Masterpieces of Italian Renaissance Art ARTH 414. Masterpieces of Spanish Art ARTH 415. Masterpieces of British Architecture ARTH 416. Masterpieces of British Art ARTH 417. Masterpieces of French Art DANC 248. History of Dance: Renaissance Through the 20th Century LS 250. Meaning and Response in the Arts MUS 200. Music in General Culture MUS 203. Music in America MUS 356. History of Jazz in America THEA 210. Introduction to Theater
3. History/Civilization (6)To inculcate a basic ability to confront historical evidence by analyzing primary texts; an understanding of the way in which human experience has unfolded over time; familiarity with the interrelationships of the political, intellectual, religious, economic, and artistic developments that have shaped lives and formed the world; a tradition of experience to draw upon in framing humane solutions to contemporary issues.
Select two courses (six hours) from: HIST 101. World History to 1650 and HIST 102. World History Since 1650 HIST 101. World History to 1650 or HIST 102. World History Since 1650 Plus one course from the following: HIST 233. United States to 1877 HIST 234. United States Since 1877 HIST 263. Africa HIST 267. Latin America HIST 268. Contemporary Latin America HIST 270. Modern Middle East HIST 273. Asia to 1600 HIST 274. Modern Asia
4. Literature (3)To inculcate detailed knowledge, within a larger conceptual framework, of a broad selection of acknowledged masterpieces of creative literature; skill in fundamental techniques of literary criticism.
Select one course (three hours) from: CHIN 265. Chinese Literature in Translation CLAS 266. Greek and Roman Classics in Translation ENG 231. Survey of Poetry ENG 232. Survey of Drama ENG 233. Survey of Prose Fiction ENG 235. Survey of English Literature: From Beowulf to the 18th Century ENG 236. Survey of English Literature: From the 18th Century to the Modern Period ENG 238. Survey of World Literature: From the Ancient World Through the Renaissance ENG 239. Survey of World Literature: From the Enlightenment Through the Modern Age ENG 247. Survey of American Literature: From the Beginning to the Civil War ENG 248. Survey of American Literature: From the Civil War to the Modern Period ENG 260. Survey of African-American Literature FL 265. Modern Japanese Literature in Translation FL 266. African Literature of the 20th Century FL 267. The Literature of Opera in Translation FR 265 or 266. French Literature in Translation GER 265. German Literature of the 18th and 19th Centuries in Translation GER 266. Contemporary German Literature in Translation ILS 290. Selected Topics in International Liberal Studies RUS 265 or 266. Russian Literature in Translation SPAN 265. Spanish Literature in Translation SPAN 267. Spanish-American Literature in Translation
5. Mathematics (3)To inculcate an understanding of the nature, methods, power, growth and ethical use of mathematics; experience and awareness of the precise and careful reasoning used to solve problems with mathematics, including the use of computers as appropriate; and ability to connect particular subjects in mathematics with the discipline as a whole and with other disciplines.
Select one course (three hours) from: MATH 103. The Nature of Mathematics MATH 107 or 108. Fundamentals of Mathematics MATH 205. Introductory Calculus I MATH 206. Introductory Calculus II MATH 220. Elementary Statistics MATH 235 or 236. Analytic Geometry and Calculus(See footnote [2 ]on page 47.)
6. Natural Science (6-16)To inculcate a substantial body of currently valid scientific facts, theories and models; basic knowledge about the philosophy, ethics, historical development, current methods and data bases, and limits of science, and of how science and technology influence human life; awareness that scientific truth emerges from the interplay of imagination and observation and that it is often ambiguous and always tentative; basic ability to distinguish non-scientific from scientific classifications and theories, and to engage with critical awareness in the sequence, observation - hypothesis - test - retry.
NOTE: The number of credit hours required depends on the option chosen and must include courses from at least two different disciplines, although the two selected might be from the same department, e.g., physics and astronomy or geology and oceanography.
Select two of the following (or the corresponding multi- course substitutions in parenthesis). Include at least two disciplines. BIO 101. Contemporary Biology (or BIO 120. General Zoology and BIO 130. General Botany) CHEM 100. Chemistry Today (or CHEM 131-131L and 132-132L. General Chemistry I-II with Laboratories) GEOL 100. The Earth and Man (or GEOL 110. Physical Geology and GEOL 230. Evolution of Earth) GEOL 211. Introduction to Oceanography LS 300. History of Modern Science LS 310. The British Foundations of Modern Science PHYS 115. Physics as Inquiry (or PHYS 130 and 135. General Physics I-II) (or PHYS 240. Principles of Mechanics and PHYS 250. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism) PHYS 120. The Astronomical Perspective PHYS 201. Discovering Physics
7. Oral Communication (3)To improve the student's ability to develop, deliver, assume responsibility for and absorb oral messages, especially as a speaker before small and large groups; to inculcate knowledge of the variables that affect successful communication.
Select one course (three hours) from: SCOM 120. Interpersonal Communication SCOM 121. Basic Human Communication SCOM 122. Public Speaking
8. Philosophy/Religion (3)To foster knowledge and a sensitive understanding of the world's great philosophical and religious traditions, with emphasis on their systematic interpretation and investigation by scholars; students develop the intellectual skills and attitudes, including some of the forms of reasoning, which enable them to critically analyze such fundamental and perennial questions as the nature of the self and the world, the character of the divine, what we can know, the meaning of human life, and the nature of morality.
Select one course (three hours) from: AMST 250. Introduction to American Studies ANTH/SOCI 313. Processes of Social and Cultural Change ANTH 350. Magic, Witchcraft and Religion ART 380. Seminar in Aesthetics CLAS 265. The Individual and Society in Ancient Greece and Rome CLAS 336. Myth in Classical and Modern European Literature CLAS 337. Human Values: The Classical Tradition EDUC 360. Foundations of American Education ENG 250. Literature and Values ENG 306. The Bible for Students of Literature LS 200. The Age of Pericles LS 240. Aesthetic Values in American Society LS 260. The West African Experience: Its Impact on the West PHIL 101. Introduction to Philosophy PHIL 200A. Philosophers in Cultural Context: Ancient Greek Philosophy PHIL 250. Introductory Logic PHIL 260. Philosophy and Contemporary Life PHIL 270. Introduction to Ethics PHIL 300. Reasoning: Methods and Problems REL 101. Religions of the World REL 200. Exploring Religion REL 201. Introduction to the Literature and Religion of the Old Testament REL 202. Introduction to the Literature and Religion of the New Testament REL 270. Religion and Moral Values REL 300. Religion and the Contemporary World SCOM 346. Free Speech in America SOCI/ANTH 368. Modern American CultureNOTE: Courses in literature, area 4, will also satisfy the requirement in philosophy/religion.
9. Physical Education/Dance  (2)To inculcate knowledge of the relationship between body, mind and spirit; skills in at least one lifetime physical activity that contributes to fitness and a sense of well being; knowledge and skill needed to design a realistic fitness program based on scientific information; and commitment to continuous adjustment of lifestyle to maintain a positive environment for the individual and society.
Select one course (two hours) from: DANC 140. Elementary Modern Dance DANC 141. American Folk Dance DANC 142. Elementary Ballet DANC 143. International Folk Dance DANC 144. Ballroom Dance DANC 146. Jazz Dance DANC 147. Tap Dance DANC 240. Intermediate Modern Dance I DANC 242. Intermediate Ballet KIN 105. Kinesiology Adapted Activities KIN 122-138. Elementary Sports KIN 145 or 148. Conditioning Activities KIN 149. Aerobic Dance KIN 154. Elementary Gymnastics KIN 160. Elementary Swimming KIN 225-231. Intermediate Sports KIN 245. Swim Conditioning KIN 260. Intermediate Swimming KIN 266. Water Polo KIN 267. Advanced Swimming KIN 325. Advanced Tennis KIN 331. Advanced Skiing
10. Social Science (6)To prepare students to handle social science information intelligently by inculcating basic knowledge about the historical development, philosophy, ethics, theories, methods and disciplinary range of social science, and of how social science is influenced by technology; by fostering understanding of the differences between individual and social problems and their resolutions, other cultures, and the contingent, value-ridden nature of "truth" in social science; and by engaging students in the sequence, observation/assumption - questioning - hypotheses - methodology - testing - theory - application - evaluation.
Select two courses (six hours), representing separate disciplines, from: ANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology and Linguistics ANTH 196. Physical Anthropology and Archeology ANTH 227. World Prehistory ANTH/SOCI/SOWK 348. Third World Societies: An Introduction ECON 131. Principles of Economics (Micro) GEOG 120. Introduction to World Geography GEOG 280. Introduction to Cultural Geography POSC 110. Introduction to Political Science POSC 210. Introduction to Law and Jurisprudence POSC 225. U.S. Government POSC 230. International Relations POSC 240. Comparative Politics PSYC 101. General Psychology I PSYC 102. General Psychology II PSYC 160. Life Span Human Development SOCI 101. Introductory Sociology SOCI 102. Social Problems SOCI 240. Individual in Society SOWK 288. Social WelfareNOTE: An individual course in areas 1-10 may not be used to satisfy requirements in more than one of these areas, even if the course is listed under two or more areas. However, courses taken to satisfy requirements in areas 1-10 may be counted toward a major program if permitted by the provisions of that program. Only the courses in area 11 may be counted both toward the major and toward a requirement in one of the other areas.
11. Cultural StudiesTo inculcate an informed understanding of cultures within the U.S. and outside the U.S. and Western Europe, and to examine critically how various cultures are interconnected.
Select one course (three hours) in U.S. cultures and a separate course (three hours) in non-U.S. and non- Western European cultures from the following lists. The same course may not be used to satisfy both parts of this requirement. U.S. Cultures (select one course from): ANTH 312. North American Indians ANTH 327. North American Prehistory ANTH 382. Cultures of Appalachia ARTH 409. American Art ARTH 411. American Art Since 1945 ECON 210. Economic History of the United States ECON 345. Industrial Organization ECON 455. Economics of Regulated Industries EDUC 360. Foundations of American Education ENG 247. Survey of American Literature: From the Beginning to the Civil War ENG 248. Survey of American Literature: From the Civil War to the Modern Period ENG 260. Survey of African-American Literature GEOG 136. Geography of North America HIST 233. United States to 1877 HIST 234. United States Since 1877 HIST 300. U.S. Military History HIST 310. American Business History HIST 320. Women in U.S. History HIST 323. The Old South HIST 330. U.S. Diplomatic History HIST 350. Virginia HIST 353. Trans-Mississippi West HIST 355. Afro-American History to 1865 HIST 356. Afro-American History Since 1865 HIST 402. Workshop in Colonial American Life HIST 411. Colonial America HIST 415. The Age of James Madison HIST 420. U.S. History, 1763-1800 HIST 425. Civil War and Reconstruction HIST 430. The Gilded Age: U.S. History, 1877-1901 HIST 431. Reform, World War and Prosperity: U.S. History, 1901-1929 HIST 432. Depression, War and Cold War: U.S. History, 1929-1961 HIST 433. Reform, Upheaval and Reaction: U.S. History Since 1961 LS 240. Aesthetic Values in American Society MCOM 330. History of American Journalism MCOM 460. Movies as Mass Communication MCOM 461. Movies as Visual Communication MUS 203. Music in America MUS 356. History of Jazz in America PHIL 370. American Philosophy POSC 225. U.S. Government POSC 325. Constitutional Law POSC 326. Civil Rights POSC 330. American Political Thought POSC 370. U.S. Foreign Policy POSC 405. American Political System POSC 450. Contemporary Problems in American Government PSYC 275. Psychology of Human Intimacy PSYC 345. Social Psychology PSYC 355. Health Psychology PSYC 410. Industrial/Organizational Psychology REL 300A. African and Afro-American Religion SCOM 248. Intercultural Communication SOCI 302. Business in American Society SOCI 345. Sociology of Occupations and Professions SOCI/ANTH 368. Modern American Culture SPAN 267. Spanish-American Literature in Translation SPAN 327. Survey of Spanish American Literature SPAN 415. The Spanish-American Novel THEA 485. American Theater History Non-U.S. and Non-Western European Cultures (select one course from): ANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology and Linguistics ANTH 325. Aztec, Maya and Their Predecessors ANTH 355. Culture and Ecology ANTH 380. Chinese and Japanese Society and Culture ARTH 301. African Art ARTH 302. Far Eastern Art CHIN 265. Chinese Literature in Translation ECON 365. Economic Development ENG 238. Survey of World Literature: From the Ancient World Through the Renaissance ENG 239. Survey of World Literature: From the Enlightenment Through the Modern Age FL 265. Modern Japanese Literature in Translation FL 266. African Literature of the 20th Century GEOG 335. Geography of Africa GEOG 337. Geography of Latin America GEOG 348. Geography of U.S.S.R. GEOG 349. Geography of East Asia HIST 263. Africa HIST 267. Latin America HIST 268. Contemporary Latin America HIST 270. Modern Middle East HIST 273. Asia to 1600 HIST 274. Modern Asia HIST 371. India HIST 385. Russia to 1855 HIST 386. Russia Since 1855 HIST 445. Latin America and the United States HIST 446. Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean HIST 447. South America HIST 460. Modern Japan HIST 470. Modern Africa HIST 473. The Islamic World HIST 474. The Byzantine Empire HIST 475. Soviet Russia HIST 476. Ancient History HIST 478. Eastern Europe HIST 480. Modern China HIST 485. The Arab Middle East, 1945 to Present LS 260. The West African Experience: Its Impact on the West NUTR 380. Global Nutrition POSC 320. Radical Political Theory Since 1844 POSC 337. Russian Political System POSC 338. Russian Foreign Policy POSC 339. Politics of Communist and Post-Communist Systems POSC 340. Political Development in the Third World POSC 350. Latin American Politics REL 101. Religions of the World REL 300A. African and Afro-American Religion REL 300B. Religion in World Politics REL 380. Regional Studies in the Religions of the World RUS 265 or 266. Russian Literature in Translation RUS 308. Introduction to Russian Civilization RUS 405. Russian Literature of the19th Century RUS 420. Russian Drama RUS 426. Russian Literature of the 20th Century SOCI/SOWK/ANTH 348. Third World Societies: An Introduction SPAN 308. Latin American Civilization SPAN 385. Latin American Drama and Short Stories________
Transfer students who enter JMU with junior status (60 or more credit hours) should declare a major upon acceptance to the university.
The present Honor System has been adopted by the students to uphold individual and community integrity. Each student is expected to observe complete honesty in all academic matters and to assume responsibility in cases in which honor is violated. Penalties for violations of the Honor System range from a minimum of one semester suspension and a grade of "F" in the course in which the violation was committed to permanent expulsion from the university.
The Honor System is administered by a student Honor Council. Every student who matriculates at the university, whether graduate or undergraduate, becomes a member of the Honor System. The cooperation of faculty and administrators is expected. Full information is set forth in the Student Handbook and assistance is available from the Honor Council office.
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Last reviewed: Sept. 10, 1994