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Department of Sociology and Anthropology

Dr. William P. Boyer Jr., Department Head

See page 5 for information regarding curricular changes.


Bradfield, Busching, Carter, Geier, Steele, R. Thompson, Wylie

Associate Professors

Boyer, Travers

Assistant Professors

Funke, R. Lewis, Seligmann, Spivey



Adjunct Assistant Professor

L. Lewis

The Department of Sociology and Anthropology offers both the Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts degrees with majors in sociology and anthropology. In addition, the department offers minors in sociology and anthropology, and participates in the interdisciplinary minors in human services and criminal justice.

The department offers programs for students interested in the study of society, culture, social relationships and social services. These programs offer a broad general background for careers in government, business and industry, education, and social work, and provide the basis for advanced graduate training.


Dr. Timothy J. Carter, Coordinator

The sociology program is designed for liberal arts students who want to develop those abilities which enable them to better understand society, social institutions, human interactions and social forces which influence human conduct.

Faculty are available to assist students in the preparation of individual programs which, in addition to providing a major in sociology, will prepare the student for advanced training in business, education, law, medicine, social work and other fields. Students are encouraged to consult their advisers early in their JMU careers regarding such planning.

Graduating seniors are expected to participate in assessment activities. Assessment information is used to assist faculty in modifying curricula.

Major Requirements

Students pursuing either the B.A. or B.S. degree can elect to major in sociology. Minimum requirement for the major in sociology is 36 credit hours including a core curriculum of 18 credit hours.

In addition to completing the core courses, a sociology major must complete a minimum of 18 credit hours of electives in sociology. With prior approval of the sociology adviser, some of these electives may be chosen from other disciplines.

Required Courses                                   Hours
SOCI 101. Introductory Sociology                       3
SOCI 331. Introduction to Sociological Analysis        3
SOCI 380. Critical Analysis                            3
SOCI 382. Interpretive Analysis                        3
SOCI 384. Naturalistic Analysis                        3
SOCI 480. Senior Seminar in Sociology                  3
Electives                                             18


A concentration consists of four courses having some commonality of focus. While concentrations are not required, a student may select one of the following or construct one in prior consultation with their adviser.

Applied Sociology

Students who select this concentration should consider courses such as:
SOCI 265. Sociology of the Community
SOCI 302. Business in American Society
SOCI 315. Technology and Society
SOCI 321. Politics in Society
SOCI 352. Introduction to Population Studies
SOCI 412. The Study of the Future: A Multidisciplinary Approach
SOCI 492. Sociology Field Practicum

Deviance and Criminology

SOCI 102. Social Problems
SOCI 214. Social Deviance
SOCI 325. Criminology
SOCI 327. Juvenile Delinquency
SOCI/SOWK 330. Corrections

Family and Lifestyles

SOCI 276. Sociology of the Family
SOCI 301. Social Gerontology
SOCI 303. Sociology of Death and Dying
SOCI 334. Socialization and Society
SOCI 337. Male and Female Sex Roles
SOCI 377. Lifestyles

Occupations and Bureaucracy

SOCI 240. Individual in Society
SOCI 302. Business in American Society
SOCI 344. Sociology of Work and Industry
SOCI 345. Sociology of Occupations and Professions
SOCI 361. Bureaucracy and Society
SOCI 369. Law and Society
SOCI 375. Medical Sociology

Social Psychology

SOCI/ANTH 236. Race and Ethnic Relations
SOCI 240. Individual in Society
SOCI 334. Socialization and Society
SOCI 346. Leisure in Contemporary Society


For a minor in sociology, a student must complete a minimum of 18 credit hours of sociology course work including:
SOCI 101. Introductory Sociology
Choose two of the following:
  SOCI 380. Critical Analysis
  SOCI 382. Interpretive Analysis
  SOCI 384. Naturalistic Analysis

Teaching Licensure

Sociology is a strongly recommended major for students pursuing teaching licensure in elementary and middle school education. Students desiring secondary teacher licensure, in addition to fulfilling the requirements for a major, must complete the sequences of professional education courses listed on page 138. Students are advised to seek admission to the teacher education program before enrolling in any of the professional education courses (see pages 111-113).

Students seeking licensure are encouraged to consult regularly with the Department of Secondary Education, Library Science and Educational Leadership.

Minor in Human Services

The interdisciplinary minor program in human services is designed to prepare students to fulfill more effectively their responsibilities in public service settings. This program has three basic components - dealing effectively with persons on an individual basis, dealing with persons in a group setting, and coping with and understanding the complexities of an organization.

For more information see page 159.


Dr. Richard Thompson, Coordinator

The anthropology program provides students with a liberal arts education covering the four main areas of anthropology: cultural, physical, archeology and linguistics. The degree program is designed for those students seeking an in-depth understanding of the human condition as this is expressed both biologically and culturally across the spectrum of human societies. Students majoring in anthropology may select either the Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree. The courses offered prepare students for graduate degree programs in anthropology and, with the proper collateral training, a variety of careers in both the public and private sectors.

Faculty advisers assist students in developing a program that suits their intended career plans. Individual programs can be designed to permit students to complete a major in anthropology and prepare for advanced training for careers in business, law, medicine and other fields. Students are urged to consult their advisers early about individual programs.

Graduating seniors are expected to participate in assessment activities. Assessment information is used to assist faculty in modifying curricula.

Major Requirements

To receive a B.A. or B.S. degree in anthropology, students must complete a minimum of 36 credit hours; 15 of these credit hours are from required courses; the remaining 21 hours are electives, up to six hours of which can be taken in disciplines outside of anthropology (e.g., history, sociology, economics, geology, philosophy, biology, etc.). Courses applied to the major from other disciplines should be 300- or 400-level courses and must be approved by the student's adviser.

Core Requirements                                  Hours
ANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology and Linguistics        3
ANTH 196. Physical Anthropology and Archeology         3
ANTH 335. Ethnographic Genres                          3
ANTH 410. History of Anthropological Theory            3
Choose one of the following:                           3
  ANTH 450. Ethnographic Methods and Analysis
  ANTH 455. Archeology: Methods of Analysis   
  and Interpretation
Anthropology electives                                15
Approved electives (either anthropology or             6
  those from other disciplines)


In choosing their anthropology electives, students are encouraged, but not required, to select areas of concentration which will fit their particular needs and interests. A concentration consists of four or more courses including both anthropology and non-anthropology, and having some commonality of focus. Students selecting concentrations must have frequent consultations with their advisers.

Cultural Anthropology

Students in this concentration are encouraged to become proficient in a foreign language and develop an area specialization (e.g., Middle East, Asia, Latin America, American studies, etc.). Courses at the 300- and 400-levels in history, political science, economics and sociology are recommended as is ENG 417, English Linguistics.


Students choosing this concentration should select anthropology electives in archeology and courses in related disciplines such as geology, geography, history and biology.

Physical Anthropology

Students interested in physical (or biological) anthropology should select ANTH 315, Human Evolution, and related courses in biology, chemistry and geology. Especially important are BIO 230, Genetics, and courses dealing with anatomy and paleontology.

Minor in Anthropology

For a minor in anthropology, a student must complete a minimum of 18 credit hours in anthropology including ANTH 195, Cultural Anthropology and Linguistics; and ANTH 196, Physical Anthropology and Archeology.

Pre-M.B.A. Program

In conjunction with the College of Business, a cultural anthropology curriculum has been prepared which will permit students to attain a B.S. or B.A. degree in anthropology and, after one year of graduate study, receive the Master of Business Administration. This program is designed for students who wish to have a liberal arts education as a basis for future work in some area of business. While stressing a liberal arts base, the program incorporates courses from the College of Business which would make it possible for students to receive the M.B.A. in approximately one additional year, instead of the normal two. The advantage of the program is that its completion provides students with two career options: Successful completion of the curriculum requires students to maintain above average grades. In addition, acceptance to the business graduate school at JMU requires successful performance on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT).

Advisers for the program are professors Clarence Geier and Richard Thompson.

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Last reviewed: Sept. 10, 1994
Information Publisher: Academic Services