Biology Dr. Martha J. Powell, Head Chemistry Dr. Gary P. Crowther, Acting Head English Dr. David K. Jeffrey, Head Foreign Languages Dr. Alexander H.F. de Jonge, Head and Literatures Geology and Geography Dr. Joseph D. Enedy, Head History Dr. Michael J. Galgano, Head Mathematics Dr. Diane M. Spresser, Head Philosophy and Religion Dr. Sallie B. King, Head Physics Dr. H. Kent Moore, Head Political Science Dr. Kay M. Knickrehm, Head Sociology and Anthropology Dr. William P. Boyer Jr., Head
The College of Letters and Sciences serves two vital needs of JMU students. First, it offers high-quality programs of specialized study in the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, and in several pre-professional and interdisciplinary areas. Secondly, the college provides a challenging array of courses designed to promote lifelong liberal learning by enhancing and broadening cultural awareness; improving skills in mathematics, language and writing; sharpening analytical abilities; intensifying moral and aesthetic sensitivity; and fostering awareness of the contingent nature of knowledge. Linking these two missions is a college-wide commitment to free but rigorous and controlled inquiry into human nature and the physical universe.
African/African-American Pre-Dentistry Studies Pre-Law American Studies Pre-Medicine Asian Studies Pre-Pharmacy Biochemistry Pre-Physical Therapy Criminal Justice Pre-Theology Environmental Studies Pre-Veterinary Interdisciplinary Social Public Administration Science Russian Studies International Affairs Urban and Regional Latin American Studies Studies Medical Technology Women's Studies
The minimum requirement for a minor in African/African-American Studies is 18 hours with a maximum of nine hours in any one discipline. Courses credited to the minor may not be double-counted in fulfillment of liberal studies and/or major requirements. Students are required to successfully complete at least six hours from courses in which the content is focused on Africa:
Credit Hours ANTH/SOCI/SOWK 348. Third World Societies 3 ARTH 301. African Art 3 ARTH 489. Topics in Art and Art History  3 FL 266. African Literature of the 20th Century 3 GEOG 335. Geography of Africa 3 HIST 263. Africa 3 HIST 470. Modern Africa 3 HIST 489. Selected Topics in World History  3 LS 260. The West African Experience 3 POSC 340. Political Development in the Third 3 World________
Credit Hours ANTH/SOCI 236. Race and Ethnic Relations 3 ENG 260. Survey of African-American Literature 3 ENG 360. Major Black Writers: Fiction 3 ENG 361. Major Black Writers: Poetry 3 ENG 412. Special Topic Seminar  3 ENG 421. Studies in Caribbean Literature 3 HIST 355. Afro-American History to 1865 3 HIST 356. Afro-American History Since 1865 3 HIST 439. Selected Topics in U.S. History  3 HIST 489. Selected Topics in World History  3 MUS 356. History of Jazz in America 3 POSC 326. Civil Rights 3 REL 300A. African-American Religion 3________
ANTH 490. Special Studies in Anthropology FL 490. Special Studies in Foreign Languages GEOG 490. Special Studies in Geography HIST 490. Special Studies in History POSC 490. Special Studies in Political Science SOCI 490. Special Studies in SociologyStudents are also encouraged to participate in travel/study programs to Africa, the Caribbean, and other areas relevant to the minor. Students who want to earn one to three credit hours through participation in an accredited travel/study program are encouraged to do so with the prior approval of the program director(s).
For further information on the African/African-American minor, students should contact Dr. David Owusu-Ansah, Department of History, Jackson Hall, Room 222, or Dr. Jacqueline B. Walker, Department of History, Jackson Hall, Room 212
The minor program in American studies is open to all undergraduate students at JMU. The requirement is the successful completion of 24 hours drawn from the list of courses that follow. Three of the 24 hours must consist of AMST 250, Introduction to American Studies. No more than six of the 24 hours may come from 100- or 200-level courses. No more than nine hours in any one discipline is permitted. Sections oriented toward the needs of the students taking part in the program will be designated in the 100- or 200-level courses. (Program co-chairpersons will maintain such a list.) Students should consult co-chairpersons about new courses and the appropriateness of topics in special studies/special topics courses.
Further information may be secured from Dr. Sidney Bland, Department of History, Jackson Hall, Room 215, or from Dr. Cameron Nickels, Department of English, Keezell Hall, Room 409.
AMST 250. Introduction to American Studies  AMST 490. Special Studies in American Studies
ANTH 299. Prehistoric and Pioneer Virginia ANTH 312. North American Indians ANTH 327. North American Prehistory ANTH 368. Modern American Culture ANTH 382. Cultures of Appalachia ANTH 490. Special Studies in Anthropology 
ARTH 409. American Art ARTH 411. American Art Since 1945 ART/ARTH 490. Independent Studies in Art or Art History  ARTH 494. Introduction to Museum Work (cross-listed with history) ART/ARTH 495. Internship in Art or Art History 
MCOM 200. Foundations of Mass Communication MCOM 205. Mass Communication and Society MCOM 305. Topics in Mass Communication  MCOM 330. History of American Journalism MCOM 490. Special Studies in Mass Communication  MCOM 498. Senior Seminar in Mass Communication SCOM 313. Topics in Human Communication  SCOM 346. Free Speech in America SCOM 452. Political Communication SCOM 490. Special Studies in Speech Communication 
ECON 210. Economic History of the United States ECON 306. The Economics of Women and the Family ECON 315. Economics of Industrial Relations ECON 405. Political Economy ECON 460. Human Resources ECON 490. Special Studies in Economics 
ENG 247-248. Survey of American Literature  ENG 260. Survey of African-American Literature ENG 302. Special Topics in Literature and Language  ENG 341. Early American Literature ENG 345. American Romanticism 1820-1865 ENG 351. American Realism and Naturalism to 1914 ENG 352. The American Novel to 1914 ENG 353. The Modern American Novel ENG 354. Contemporary American Fiction ENG 355. Southern Literature ENG 360. Major Black Writers: Fiction ENG 361. Major Black Writers: Poetry ENG 410. Major British or American Authors  ENG 412. Special Topic Seminar  ENG 490. Special Studies in English
GEOG 136. Geography of North America
HIST 233-234. U.S. History  HIST 300. U.S. Military History HIST 310. American Business History HIST 320. Women in U.S. History HIST 323. The Old South HIST 330. U.S. Diplomatic History HIST 340. Internship in History HIST 350. Virginia HIST 353. Trans-Mississippi West HIST 355-356. Afro-American History HIST 402. Workshop in Colonial American Life HIST 411. Colonial America HIST 415. The Age of James Madison HIST 420. U.S. History 1763-1800 HIST 425. Civil War and Reconstruction HIST 430. The Gilded Age: U.S. History, 1877-1901 HIST 431. Reform, World War and Prosperity: U.S. History, 1901-1929 HIST 432. Depression, War and Cold War: U.S. History, 1929-1961 HIST 433. Reform, Upheaval and Reaction: U.S. History Since 1961 HIST 439. Selected Topics in American History  HIST 445. Latin America and the United States HIST 490. Special Studies in History  HIST 494. Introduction to Museum Work
MUI 221. Survey of the Music Industry MUS 203. Music in America MUS 356. History of Jazz in America
PHIL 370. American Philosophy PHIL 490. Special Studies in Philosophy 
POSC 225. U.S. Government  POSC 330. American Political Thought POSC 359. State and Local Government POSC 368. Interest Groups and Public Policy POSC 369. Political Parties and Elections POSC 370. U.S. Foreign Policy POSC 405. American Political System POSC 450. Contemporary Problems in American Government POSC 490. Special Studies in Political Science 
REL 490. Special Studies in Religion 
FAM 133. The Contemporary Family SOWK 287. Introduction to Social Work SOWK 372. Social Work Practice with the Aged
SOCI 101. Introductory Sociology  SOCI 302. Business in American Society SOCI 321. Politics in Society SOCI 360. Modern Social Movements SOCI 368. Modern American Culture SOCI 490. Special Studies in Sociology 
THEA 382. Contemporary Theater THEA 440. Seminar in Theater  THEA 485. American Theater History________
The minimum requirement for a minor in Asian studies is 18 credit hours. These 18 hours must include six hours of HIST 273, Asia to 1600, and HIST 274, Modern Asia. With the approval of the adviser to the program seven to eight hours of either Chinese or Japanese language may be included in the minor.
For further information on the Asian studies minor, students should contact Dr. Chong-kun Yoon, Department of History, Jackson Hall, Room 220.
Credit Minor Requirements Hours HIST 273. Asia to 1600  3 HIST 274. Modern Asia  3 Choose from the following: 12 ANTH 380. Chinese and Japanese Society and Culture (three credits) ARTH 302. Far Eastern Art (three credits) CHIN 101. Elementary Chinese (four credits) CHIN 102. Elementary Chinese (four credits) CHIN 231-232. Intermediate Chinese (six credits) CHIN 265. Chinese Literature in Translation (three credits)  ECON 312. Comparative Economic Systems (three credits) FL 490. Elementary Japanese (four credits) FL 490I. Intermediate Japanese (three credits) GEOG 349. Geography of East Asia (three credits) HIST 371. India (three credits) HIST 460. Modern Japan (three credits) HIST 480. Modern China (three credits) POSC 320. Radical Political Theory Since 1844 (three credits) POSC 339. Politics of Communist and Post-Communist Systems (three credits) POSC 340. Political Development in the Third World (three credits) POSC 355. East Asian Politics (three credits) REL 300. Religion and the Contemporary World - Asian Religion (three credits)  REL 380-A. Hinduism and Buddhism (three credits) REL 380-B. Religions of China and Japan (three credits) ____ 18________
Contact Dr. William Voige, Department of Chemistry, Miller Hall, Room 205, or Dr. N. E. Garrison, Department of Biology, Burruss Hall, Room 304, for further information.
The following are prerequisites for entry into the biochemistry minor program:
BIO 220. Cell Biology CHEM 131-132. General Chemistry I-II CHEM 341-342. Organic Chemistry including Choose from the following: CHEM 346L. Organic Chemistry Laboratory CHEM 387L-388L. Integrated Laboratory
Credit Minor Requirements Hours CHEM 361. Biochemistry I 3 CHEM 362. Biochemistry II 3 CHEM 366L. Biochemistry Laboratory 2 BIO 380. General Microbiology 4 BIO 480. Molecular Biology 4 Choose from the following: 3-4 Biology majors choose one of the following: CHEM 331. Physical Chemistry including CHEM 336L. Physical Chemistry Laboratory (four credits) CHEM 351. Analytical Chemistry (four credits) CHEM 440. Intermediate Organic Chemistry (three credits) CHEM 450. Nuclear and Radiation Chemistry including CHEM 450L. Nuclear and Radiation Chemistry Laboratory (four credits) Chemistry majors choose one of the following: BIO 370. Vertebrate Physiology (four credits) BIO 442. Basic Immunology (three credits) BIO 444. Virology (three credits) BIO 455. Physiology of Vascular Plants (four credits) ____ 19-20
The requirement for a minor in criminal justice is 24 credit hours of courses including:
Credit Minor Requirements Hours POSC 215. Introduction to Criminal Justice 3 POSC 302. Criminal Procedure 3 POSC 327. Criminal Law 3 PSYC 335. Abnormal Psychology 3 SOCI 325. Criminology 3 Electives (choose three of the following): 9 POSC 326. Civil Rights POSC 410. Administration in Criminal Justice POSC 415. Criminal Investigation POSC 417. Evidence SOCI 327. Juvenile Delinquency SOCI 330. Corrections ____ 24Students completing the minor are also encouraged to take an internship, field experience or field placement with a law enforcement, criminal court or corrections agency.
For further information and advisement regarding the criminal justice minor, students should contact Marion T. Doss, Maury Hall, Room 214, Department of Political Science.
Nineteen credit hours are required of which 18 must be course work. The remaining one credit hour will be a seminar that must be taken at least once by all students enrolled in the minor.
Credit Hours Natural sciences (choose from the following): 8 BIO 325D. Environment and Information (two-three credits) BIO 351. Introduction to Ecology (three credits) BIO 435. Insect Ecology (four credits) BIO 451. Ecological Systems (four credits) GEOL 310A-D. Environmental Impact (two-three credits) GEOL 320. Meteorology (three credits) GEOL 340. Soils and Land Use (three credits) GEOL 355. Geochemistry of Natural Waters (three credits) GEOL 450. Geology Seminar (one credit) Social science (choose from the following): 8 ANTH 355. Culture and Ecology (three credits) ECON 305. Environmental Economics (three credits) ECON 340. Economics of Natural Resources (three credits) GEOG 240. Geography and Resource Use (three credits) GEOG 295. Population Geography (three credits) GEOG 310A-D. Environmental Impact (two-three credits) GEOG 415. Climatology (three credits) HTH 352. Environmental Health (three credits) SOCI 352. Introduction to Population Studies (three credits) REL 300R. Environmental Ethics (three credits)A student may not receive dual credit for a course that is required and applied to both the major and minor.
Environmental research topics are encouraged through participation in the individual research options of the various departments involved. Oral presentations of this research in the environmental studies seminar is encouraged.
For information concerning the environmental studies minor contact Dr. Stan Ulanski, Department of Geology and Geography, Miller Hall, Room 234.
Students majoring in interdisciplinary social science must complete two sets of requirements: a core of required social science courses consisting of 15-16 hours, and a minor/cognate varying from 24 to 33 hours depending on the minor/cognate selected.
The following disciplines are included in this major: anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology and sociology. Students will select both their minor and their cognate field from these disciplines.
Students seeking teacher licensure must complete the secondary education requirements. Students may elect either the Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts degree with this major.
Credit Core Requirements Hours SOSC/PHIL 400. Philosophical Foundations 3 of Social Science (senior year) SOSC 450. Interdisciplinary Perspectives 3 on Social Issues (senior year) Methods requirements (choose one): 3-4 MATH 220. Elementary Statistics (three credits) PSYC 200. Psychological Statistics (four credits) Foundations requirements (choose two):  6 ANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology and Linquistics ECON 131. Principles of Economics (Micro) ECON 132. Principles of Economics (Macro) GEOG 120. Introduction to World Geography GEOG 280. Introduction to Cultural Geography POSC 225. U.S. Government POSC 230. International Relations POSC 240. Comparative Politics PSYC 101. General Psychology I PSYC 102. General Psychology II PSYC 160. Life Span Human Development SOCI 101. Introductory Sociology SOCI 102. Social Problems________
SOCI 101. Introductory Sociology Choose two of the following: SOCI 380. Critical Analysis SOCI 382. Interpretive Analysis SOCI 384. Naturalistic AnalysisSocial science courses taken for foundations credit may be applied to the minor, but no courses taken for liberal studies credit may be applied.
Students must meet the requirements for the minors and cognates as these are listed in the catalog under the appropriate departments. Please consult the catalog to determine the requirements and course prerequisites for the minor/cognate that is selected.
Credit History Minor Hours HIST 233. United States to 1877 3 HIST 234. United States since 1877 3 Six additional history courses with at least 18 six hours outside U.S. history ____ 24
Credit Political Science Cognate Hours Political science courses (above 300 level) 9
Credit Anthropology Minor Hours ANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology and Linguistics 3 ANTH 196. Physical Anthropology and Archeology 3 Anthropology electives 12 ____ 18
Credit Economics Cognate Hours Economics courses (above 300 level) 9Students may seek dual majors in interdisciplinary social science and one of the social sciences included within it. These students are encouraged to consult regularly with both advisers. A minor is not offered in interdisciplinary social science. Students seeking information concerning this major should contact the head of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology.
Credit Hours HIST 101. World Civilization to 1650 3 HIST 102. World Civilization Since 1650 3 POSC 110. Introduction to Political Science 3 PSYC 160. Life Span Human Development 3 ____ 12
Credit Core Requirements Hours SOSC/PHIL 400. Philosophical Foundations 3 of Social Science SOSC 450. Interdisciplinary Perspectives 3 on Social Issues Methods requirement (choose one): 3-4 MATH 220. Elementary Statistics (three credits) PSYC 200. Psychology Statistics (four credits) Foundations requirements: 6 GEOG 120. Introduction to World Geography POSC 225. U.S. Government ____ 15-16
Credit Other Major Requirements Hours ECON 131. Principles of Economics (Micro) 3 ECON 132. Principles of Economics (Macro) 3 Choose one of the following: 3 ECON 312. Comparative Economic Systems ECON 365. Economic Development GEOG 136. Geography of North America 3 GEOG 280. Cultural Geography 3 HIST 233. U.S. History to 1877 3 HIST 234. U.S. History Since 1877 3 U.S. history elective (400 level) 3 Non-U.S., non-European history elective 3 (300 or 400 level) POSC 359. State and Local Government 3 Political science elective 3 (300 level or above) ____ 33
Credit Hours EDUC 360. Foundations of American Education 3 (junior year) EDUC 370. Instructional Technology (junior year) 3 EDUC 410. Multicultural Education (senior year) 1 EDUC 416. School Discipline and Classroom 1 Management (senior year) HTH 370. The School Health Program 2 (any appropriate time) PSYC 270. Psychology for Teachers of the 3 Pre-adolescent and Adolescent Child (sophomore year)  READ 414. Reading and Writing in the Content 1 Areas (senior year) SEED 371H. Secondary Social Studies Methods 3 (normally in the first semester of the senior year) SEED 381. Field Experiences (Practicum) in 3 Secondary Education (normally in the first semester of the senior year) SEED 480. Student Teaching (senior year) 12 SPED 402. Teaching Mildly Disabled Students 1 in Regular Classes (senior year) ____ 33________
Credit Core Courses Hours ECON 131. Principles of Economics (Micro) 3 ECON 132. Principles of Economics (Macro) 3 ECON 312. Comparative Economic Systems 3 HIST 330. U.S. Diplomatic History 3 POSC 230. International Relations 3 POSC 240. Comparative Politics 3 POSC 370. U.S. Foreign Policy 3 POSC 489. Seminar in International Affairs 3 Choose one of the following: 3 FR 300. French Conversation and Composition GER 300. German Conversation and Composition RUS 300. Russian Conversation and Composition SPAN 300. Spanish Conversation and Composition Choose one of the following: 3 FR 308. Contemporary French Civilization GER 308. German Civilization Since 1800 RUS 308. Introduction to Russian Civilization SPAN 308. Latin American Civilization
The disciplines are political science, history, geography, economics and culture.
The categories are economics, geography and political science and cross culture.
Further information regarding the major and specific course offerings can be obtained from the Department of Political Science, Maury Hall.
For additional information, contact Dr. Frank Gerome, Department of History, Jackson Hall, Room 211.
Credit Minor Requirements Hours HIST 267. History of Latin America 3 HIST 268. Contemporary Latin America 3 Choose from the following: 12 ANTH 325. Aztec, Maya and Their Predecessors ANTH 385. Peoples and Cultures of Latin America ECON 312. Comparative Economic Systems ECON 365. Economic Development ECON 370. International Trade and Trade Policies ECON 372. International Finance and Payments GEOG 337. Geography of Latin America HIST 445. Latin America and the United States HIST 446. Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean HIST 447. South America POSC 350. Latin American Politics SOCI/ANTH/SOWK 348. Third World Societies SOCI 352. Introduction to Population Studies SPAN 300. Spanish Conversation and Composition SPAN 308. Latin American Civilization SPAN 315. Spanish Phonetics SPAN 327. Survey of Spanish-American Literature SPAN 330. Business Spanish SPAN 400. Advanced Conversation SPAN 415. The Spanish-American Novel Choose one of the following: ANTH 490. Special Studies in Anthropology ECON 490. Special Studies in Economics FL 490. Special Studies in Foreign Languages (Spanish)  GEOG 490. Special Studies in Geography HIST 490. Special Studies in History POSC 490. Special Studies in Political Science SOCI 490. Special Studies in Sociology ____ 18________
Certain courses are of value as preparation for legal study. These include courses in communication, including composition, language and speech, which enable students to express themselves well; in the liberal arts, including work in the humanities and social sciences, which help them appreciate and perform effectively in their culture and society; in logic, mathematics and the natural sciences, which develop skills of fact discrimination, analysis and synthesis; and in accounting.
Students interested in the pre-law program should contact Dr. Mary Lou Wylie, associate dean, College of Letters and Sciences. Students may also contact Dr. Arthur J. Hamilton, Department of Finance and Business Law. Students may join the Pre-Legal Society to participate in law-related activities.
A student in this program may major in any field he or she chooses, although the American Association for Theological Schools recommends substantial preprofessional training in philosophy and religion. This professional accrediting agency also recommends a broad background in English language and literature; history (American and European); both the physical and the life sciences; the social sciences (particularly psychology, anthropology and sociology); the fine arts; biblical and modern languages; and, of course, religion, including the Bible, history of religious traditions and theology.
Students interested in the pre-theology program should contact Dr. William W. Thomas, professor of philosophy and religion, for more information and a suggested program of study. Students are invited to join the Society of Philosophy and Religion and participate in its activities. This program is non-denominational and non-sectarian.
GEOG 348. Geography of the U.S.S.R. HIST 385. Russia to 1855 HIST 386. Russia Since 1855 HIST 475. Soviet Russia POSC 337. Russian Political System POSC 338. Russian Foreign Policy POSC 339. Politics of Communist and Post- Communist Systems RUS 265-266. Russian Literature in Translation RUS 300. Russian Conversation and Composition RUS 308. Introduction to Russian Civilization RUS 315. Russian Phonetics RUS 320. Advanced Russian Grammar RUS 405. Russian Literature of the 19th Century RUS 426. Russian Literature of the 20th Century Choose one of the following: ECON 490. Special Studies in Economics FL 490. Special Studies in Foreign Languages (Russian)  GEOG 490. Special Studies in Geography HIST 490. Special Studies in History POSC 490. Special Studies in Political Science SOCI 490. Special Studies in Sociology________
While satisfying the B.A. or B.S. requirements of their chosen major, students may complement that major with a minor in urban and regional studies. The minor requires 24 hours.
Credit Hours ECON 475. Regional Economics 3 GEOG 410. Urban Geography 3 POSC 360. Urban Politics 3 PUAD 425. Regional Planning and Organization 3 SOCI 265. Sociology of the Community 3 Choose from the following:  9 ECON 326. Public Finance (three credits) ECON 340. Economics of Natural Resources (three credits) FIN 210. Principles of Real Estate (three credits) GEOG 315. Field Studies (three credits) GEOL/GEOG 310A-D. Environmental Impact (two-three credits) GEOL 340. Soil and Land Use (three credits) POSC 359. State and Local Government (three credits) POSC 495. Internship in Political Science (three or six credits) SOCI 352. Introduction to Population Studies (three credits) SOCI 361. Bureaucracy and Society (three credits) ____ 24________
WMST 200, Introduction to Women's Studies WMST 400. Issues and Research in Women's StudiesThe remainder of the program is selected from a designated list of classes representing a number of academic fields. For additional information about the women's studies minor program see Dr. Violet Allain, coordinator, Education Building, Room 326.
Program Department Communication Sciences Communication Sciences and Disorders  Dietetics  Health Sciences Health (pre-public)  Health Sciences Medical Technology Biology Pre-Dentistry Biology Pre-Medicine Biology Pre-Pharmacy Chemisty Pre-Physical Therapy Biology________
Bernadette Bekkin, M.T. (ASCP), Program Director
Amy Shoemaker, M.T., (ASCP), Program Director
Janet Hiler, B.S., M.T. (ASCP), Program Director
Randall Vandevander, M.T. (ASCP),
Cheryl V. Leitch, M.T. (ASCP), S.H., Program Director
This program leads to the Bachelor of Science degree with a major in medical technology. It is offered cooperatively with schools of medical technology on the approved list of the Council of Medical Education and Hospitals of the American Medical Association, and the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences.
The degree is conferred by James Madison University upon the successful completion of the following three-year program at the university and the one calendar year clinical program at an approved school of medical technology. Upon completion of the program, the student is eligible for national examinations given by the Board of Registry of the American Society of Clinical Pathologists and the National Certification Agency.
Students interested in a major in medical technology should consult the biology department office or Dr. Beverly Silver, Department of Biology.
Credit Freshman Year  Hours BIO 120. General Zoology (Spring) 4 CHEM 131-132. General Chemistry with Laboratories 8 ENG 101-102. Reading and Composition 6 MATH 155 or 156. Functions and Probability 3 MATH 220. Elementary Statistics 3 Liberal studies course 3 Physical education/dance course 2 ____ 29
Credit Sophomore Year  Hours BIO 220. Cell Biology (Spring) 3 BIO 270. Human Physiology (Spring) 3 BIO 290. Human Anatomy (Fall) 4 CHEM 341-342-346L. Organic Chemistry 8 Liberal studies courses 12-14 Electives 0-2 ____ 32
Credit Junior Year  Hours BIO 380. General Microbiology (Fall) 4 BIO 442. Basic Immunology (Spring) 3 MGT 300. Management Principles 3 PHYS 115. Physics as Inquiry 3 Liberal studies courses 9 Electives 10 ____ 32________
To enter a school of medical technology, a separate application must be made by the student. A list of affiliated schools of medical technology is on file in the office of the medical technology adviser.
The university has an excellent reputation for preparing students for admission to medical, dental, veterinary and other schools of professional health. These schools are most concerned with the overall scope and quality of the undergraduate record, and it is therefore important that students choose an undergraduate area of study that interests them. This major should establish a foundation of knowledge, which will support career alternatives.
Medical and dental schools require at least three years of college preparation and prefer that students complete a program leading to a bachelor's degree. Absolute admission requirements are limited in order to provide for necessary flexibility in the undergraduate program. The course requirements of most medical/dental schools are similar and usually specify minimum credit in biology, chemistry and physics which can be met by completion of the following courses:
BIO 120. General Zoology BIO 220. Cell Biology BIO 370. Vertebrate Physiology CHEM 131-132. General Chemistry with Laboratories CHEM 341-342. Organic Chemistry with Laboratory PHYS 130-135. General Physics with LaboratoryMinimum requirements in mathematics vary considerably from school to school. Some require calculus (MATH 235-236 or MATH 205-206) and others recommend it. Note that MATH 135 (or equivalent) is a prerequisite for PHYS 130. A course in statistics (MATH 220) is recommended. Most preprofessional health students take mathematics courses, required or not, that will allow them to acquire the knowledge and skills they need to function in college chemistry and physics, and to perform well in medical school.
The material in the above section should be used only as a guide when planning your premedical curriculum. It is important that you do not interpret this guideline as a definitive statement regarding the admission requirements or policies of the schools and colleges of professional health. Each institution specifies its own requirements and procedures. It is essential that students become familiar with these requirements and make appropriate course selections in consultation with their academic adviser and the director of premedical studies.
Medical and dental schools recognize the desirability of students having a variety of interests and diverse backgrounds; applicants are urged to obtain a broad cultural background in such fields as literature, social science, psychology, philosophy and the fine arts.
Students entering JMU with an interest in preparing for medical or dental school should apply as a "premedical" or "predental" student. This classification as premedical or predental exists only to identify the student's future career interests; the student can not earn a "premedical" or "predental" degree. As students begin to clarify their academic interests through regular conversations with their assigned advisers, they will select a major in one of the regular four-year degree programs offered by the university while, at the same time, completing the necessary prerequisites for application/admission to medical or dental school.
Students who are planning professional health careers should discuss these goals with their undergraduate adviser(s) and refer to the "Premedical Handbook," which can be obtained from the Office of Premedical Studies. It is important to begin this planning process when college studies are initiated. It is imperative that students make plans for career options to accommodate alternatives.
Students are also encouraged to confer with Dr. Cletus M. Sellers Jr., director of premedical studies (703 568-6652); Dr. Robert C. Atkins, Department of Chemistry; Mr. John R. Gordon, Department of Physics; or Dr. Jacqueline B. Walker, Department of History.
The following are recommended courses that can meet the minimum requirements for most pharmacy colleges requiring pre-professional studies.
Credit Hours BIO 120. General Zoology 4 BIO 130. General Botany 4 CHEM 131-132. General Chemistry I-II 6 CHEM 131L-132L. General Chemistry Laboratories 2 CHEM 341-342. Organic Chemistry Lecture 6 CHEM 346L. Organic Chemistry Laboratory 2 ENG 101-102. Reading and Composition 3-6 Choose from the following: 6 MATH 155. Functions and Probability and MATH 205. Introductory Calculus I (three credits each) MATH 205-206. Introductory Calculus I-II (six credits) Choose from the following: 3 PHIL 250. Introductory Logic PHIL 270. Introduction to Ethics PHYS 130-135. General Physics I-II 8 Electives 18 ____ 62-65For additional information, contact Dr. Donna S. Amenta, Department of Chemistry, Miller Hall, Room 236.
The bachelor's degree in physical therapy has been phased out by some schools and, instead, a master's degree in physical therapy is offered. Other schools offer either or both degree programs. For admission to a bachelor's degree program, two years of prerequisite study are required.
For admission to a master's degree program some schools require three years of pre-physical therapy academic work; others require completion of a bachelor's degree before admission to a school of physical therapy. Students should ascertain the admission requirements of the physical therapy school(s) of their choice and select specific courses to meet these requirements.
Students planning to complete a bachelor's degree at JMU before entering a master's program in physical therapy must complete studies in an academic major subject area, as well as the physical therapy prerequisites. Coordination of both the major and the physical therapy program is critical to efficient academic progress, and can be facilitated by early contact with the physical therapy adviser.
The following are recommended courses that can meet the requirements of most physical therapy schools which still accept students after two years of study. Additional courses that may be suitable in the third year for applicants to master's programs are also listed. Students interested in physical therapy should consult the biology department office or Dr. Beverly Silver of the Department of Biology.
Credit Freshman Year Hours BIO 120. General Zoology (Spring) 4 CHEM 131-132. General Chemistry with Laboratories 8 ENG 101-102. Reading and Composition 6 MATH 155 or 156. Functions and Probability 3 MATH 220. Elementary Statistics 3 PSYC 101-102. General Psychology I-II 6 Physical education/dance course 2 (or sophomore year) ____ 30-32
Credit Sophomore Year Hours BIO 220. Cell Biology (Fall) 3 BIO 270. Human Physiology (Spring) 3 BIO 290. Human Anatomy (Fall) 4 PHYS 130-135. General Physics I-II (or junior year) 8 Choose one of the following 3 PSYC 160. Life Span Human Development Liberal studies course Social science course (non-psychology) 3 Electives  8 ____ 32________
Credit Hours CHEM 221-221L. Concepts of Organic 4 Chemistry with Laboratory  CHEM 222-222L. Concepts of Biochemistry with 4 Laboratory  KIN 383. Biomechanical Principles of Kinesiology 3 MATH 205. Introductory Calculus I  3 English literature courses (200 level) 6 Electives  12-14 ____ 32________
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Last reviewed: Sept. 10, 1994