[Catalog Icon]


Department of Sociology and Anthropology

*ANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology and Linguistics. 3 credits.

An introduction to the nature of culture and language and their relationship to economics, politics, kinship and other social institutions in diverse cultures. The course also provides an overview of the theories and methods used by cultural anthropologists in the study of cultural systems. (See note after ANTH 499.)

*ANTH 196. Physical Anthropology and Archeology. 3 credits.

Introduction to the concepts, methods and theories of physical anthropology and archeology. The course examines the biological and cultural origins of humans and human societies. Practical applications of these anthropological areas are emphasized. (See note after ANTH 499.)

*ANTH 227. World Prehistory. 3 credits.

A survey of world prehistory focusing on the transition from foraging to agricultural and state-level societies. Included is an examination of the origins and nature of both Old and New World civilizations.

ANTH/SOCI 236. Race and Ethnic Relations. 3 credits.

Comparative study of the causes and consequences of racial and ethnic inequality in the United States and around the world. Black/white relations in the United States and South Africa, native American rights and other ethnic and racial issues are discussed.

ANTH 284. Introduction to Folklore. 3 credits.

A survey of the field of folklore including narratives (myths, legends, tales), superstitions and witchcraft, and artifacts. Investigates the history, problems and issues of folklore.

ANTH 299. Prehistoric and Pioneer Virginia. 3 credits.

A study of the development and diversity of Indian society in Virginia, the initial European settlement and westward expansion. Economic and social problems of initial settlement and the interaction between European and Indian cultures is emphasized.

ANTH 312. North American Indians. 3 credits.

A study of the nature of Indian societies occupying different environmental areas of North America at the time of earliest historic contact. Indian groups such as Shawnee, Mandan, Nuunamiut, Natchez, Creek, Iroquois and Sioux will be considered.

*ANTH/SOCI 313. Processes of Social and Cultural Change. 3 credits.

Investigates the procedures through which a society operates and the manner in which it introduces and incorporates changes. Issues considered include: belief, innovation, directed change, coercive change, revitalization and revolution.

ANTH 315. Human Evolution. 3 credits.

An examination of the evidence for the emergence of humans and the factors which influenced it. Includes a review of fossil and artifact evidence for biological and cultural evolution.

ANTH 325. Aztec, Maya and Their Predecessors. 3 credits.

Survey of the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Maya and Aztec civilizations and the factors leading to their development, persistence and decline.

ANTH 327. North American Prehistory. 3 credits.

Studies the emergence of Native American societies prior to historic contact. Emphasizes prehistoric developments in the eastern United States.

ANTH 335. Ethnographic Genres. 3 credits.

This course introduces students to the distinct theories and methods anthropologists use in crafting ethnographies of different cultures, the historical context in which ethnographies are written, and their creative and analytical merits and drawbacks. Prerequisite: ANTH 195.

ANTH 345. Economic Anthropology. 3 credits.

Anthropological perspectives on subsistence patterns and economic organization in non-western and western societies. A comparative perspective is used to consider the extent to which neoclassical and political economic assumptions based on capitalist societies are applicable to other forms of economic organization. Prerequisite: ANTH 195.

*ANTH/SOCI/SOWK 348. Third World Societies: An Introduction. 3 credits.

This course will provide a critical examination of Third World societies within the global system. The course will address theoretical frameworks used to analyze Third World problems. Special attention will be given to persistent problems in the areas of population, poverty, health care, housing and social welfare.

*ANTH 350. Magic, Witchcraft and Religion. 3 credits.

Anthropological study of religion in society. The influence of religion on the development of social, legal, governmental and economic aspects of culture is emphasized.

ANTH 355. Culture and Ecology. 3 credits.

A comparative study of cultures from an ecological perspective. The course focuses on the effects of climate, environment and population interaction on shaping and determining human behavior. Basic ecological concepts and theories are introduced as they relate to the study and explanation of human behavior.

*ANTH/SOCI 368. Modern American Culture. 3 credits.

Analysis of American society as reflected in popular cultural forms. Cultural expressions such as music, literature, theater, films and sports will be examined as they reflect the values, quality of contemporary life and social structure of the United States.

ANTH 380. Chinese and Japanese Society and Culture. 3 credits.

An examination of the social structures of the Chinese and Japanese peasantries from the mid-18th century to present. Emphasis is placed on local level systems (town, village, lineage, household) in order to assess their importance for China and Japan's different paths to modernization. Particular attention is paid to China's "revolution" versus Japan's "evolution" and the social and cultural factors which led to their emergence.

ANTH 382. Cultures of Appalachia. 3 credits.

An overview of the peoples, cultures and special problems of the Appalachian region.

ANTH 385. Peoples and Cultures of Latin America. 3 credits.

A survey of various cultures of Latin America from an anthropological perspective through a discussion of such themes as colonialism, nationalism, ethnicity, development, aesthetic traditions, and urban and rural resistance movements within a historical context.

ANTH 410. The History of Anthropological Theory. 3 credits.

An examination of the historic emergence of modern anthropological theory. The contributions of major theoreticians and schools of approach are considered.

ANTH 450. Ethnographic Methods and Analysis. 3 credits.

An introduction to ethnographic strategies, methods and analysis including participant observation, key informant interviewing, direct and indirect observation, field note management, scaling, decision modeling and network analysis. Students will also gain experience with computer programs developed by anthropologists to analyze various types of data. Prerequisite: At least 12 credit hours in anthropology, including ANTH 195 and ANTH 335.

ANTH 455. Archeology: Methods of Analysis and Interpretation. 3 credits.

A review of the nature of inquiry, recent theory and its practical implications and applications of various methods of acquiring, analyzing and interpreting archeological data. In addition to training in methods of analysis used in contemporary practice, students will gain experience in archeological report preparation. Prerequisite: ANTH 195 and 196. (Formerly ANTH 374).

ANTH 490. Special Studies in Anthropology. 3 credits.

Course offers students an opportunity to do independent study under staff supervision. (Admission only by recommendation of the instructor and permission of the department head.)

ANTH 494. Field Techniques in Archeology. 4-8 credits.

Laboratory course directed at teaching students the basic field techniques and procedures of historic and prehistoric archeology. Classroom lectures will present techniques and relevant aspects of method and theory.

ANTH 495. Special Topics in Anthropology. 3 credits (repeatable).

Examination of selected topics which are of current importance to anthropology. (May be taken for a maximum of six hours credit toward the major.)

ANTH 499. Honors. 6 credits. Year course.

An independent research topic initiated and completed by qualified senior majors who wish to graduate with distinction.

NOTE: ANTH 195 replaces ANTH 150 and 210. ANTH 196 replaces ANTH 213. If you have taken ANTH 150 or 210, do not take ANTH 196. If you have taken ANTH 213, do not take ANTH 196. If you have only taken ANTH 227, you still need to take ANTH 196.

Catalog Table of Contents

JMU Home Page

Last reviewed: Sept. 10, 1994
Information Publisher: Academic Services