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Modern European Studies 

The minor in modern European studies provides a cross disciplinary understanding of social dynamics in Europe from the Enlightenment (18th century) through the present. Modern European studies minors will be prepared for careers in public, private, non-profit, and educational institutions and will be able to apply critical insights on European culture, thought, history and society in their professions. All minors must attain proficiency in French, German, Italian, Spanish or another European Union language at or above the intermediate level (FL 232 or above).

Students must complete 18 credit hours in addition to the language requirement. These 18 credit hours must include six core credits and 12 elective credits. Six elective credits must cover culture and thought, and six elective credits must cover history and society. The minor’s 18 credits must be distributed across at least three disciplines and must include at least one history course.


Credit Hours

Choose two from the following:


HIST 202. Europe Since 1815


HIST 382. Europe in the 20th Century


POSC 344. Politics of the European Union


POSC 345. Politics of Western Europe


POSC 346. Politics of Central and Eastern Europe


Culture and Thought Electives


Choose two from the following:


ARTH 313. Masterpieces of Italian Renaissance Art


ARTH 314. Masterpieces of Spanish Art


ARTH 315. Masterpieces of British Architecture


ARTH 316 or ARTH 316L. Masterpieces of British Art


ARTH 372. Modern Art from 1900–1945


ARTH 460. Nineteenth Century Art


ARTH 466. Art and Nationalism1


ARTH 469. Topics in Nineteenth Century Art


ARTH 472. Modern Art Since 1945


ENG 325. Romantic Literature


ENG 327. The Gothic: Change and Continuity


ENG 329. Victorian Literature


ENG 330. The 19th–Century English Novel


ENG 340. Modern British and Irish Literature


ENG 341. Contemporary British and Irish Literature


ENG 375. Irish and Anglo–Irish Literature


ENG 412L/THEA 449L/HUM 200L. The London Theatre (London only)


FR 308. Contemporary French Civilization


FR 405. Nineteenth–Century French Literature


FR 425. 20th Century French Literature


FR 446. Special Topics in Linguistics, Literature or Civilization2


FR 465. French Cinema, 1930–1980


FR 466. Contemporary French Cinema


GER 266. Contemporary German Literature in Translation


GER 307. History of German Civilization


GER 308. Contemporary German Civilization


GER 405. The Age of German Classicism


GER 426. Modern German Literature


GER 465. German Cinema


ITAL/HIST 308. Contemporary Italian Civilization


ITAL 425. Modern Italian Literature


ITAL 446. Special Topics in Italian Literature2


ITAL 465. Italian Cinema


ITAL 490F. Wine and Culture in Italy


PHIL 344. Existentialism


PHIL 375. Nineteenth–Century Philosophy and Theology


PHIL 390. Special Topics in Philosophy2


PHIL 465. Topics in Modern Philosophy2


PHIL 468. Phenomenology


PHIL 470. Topics in Contemporary Continental Philosophy


PHIL 475. Philosophy Seminar2


POSC 316. Contemporary Political Theory


POSC 321. Political Theory and Ideology


REL/PHIL 375. The 19th Century: Age of Ideology


SMAD 463L. Film Adaptations


SPAN 307. Spanish Civilization


SPAN 335 or SPAN 335S. Introduction to Spanish Literature


SPAN 390. Spanish Poetry of the 20th Century


SPAN 405. Spanish Novels of the 19th and 20th Centuries


SPAN 406. Spanish Drama of the 19th and 20th Centuries


SPAN 461. Postwar Literature in Spain


SPAN 465 or SPAN 465S. Spanish Cinema and Literature


History and Society Electives


Choose two of the following:


GEOG 332. Geography of Europe


HIST 202. Europe Since 18153


HIST 301. European Military History


HIST 308. Contemporary Italian Civilization


HIST 321. European Women's History


HIST 341. Selected Themes in World History2


HIST 382. Europe in the 20th Century3


HIST 384. England and the Empire–Commonwealth


HIST 388. Germany Since 1871


HIST 462. The Rise and Fall of Nazi Germany, 1918–1945


HIST 478. Eastern Europe


HIST 484. 19th–Century European Civilization, 1815–1914


HIST 486. Europe Since 1914


HIST 487. World War II


HIST 488. The Holocaust in Global Context


HIST 489. Selected Topics in World History2


IB 298I. Special Topics in International Business (Salamanca only)


SMAD/SCOM/WRTC 360L. British Media and Society


POSC 344. Politics of the European Union3


POSC 345. Politics of Western Europe3


POSC 346. Politics of Central and Eastern Europe3


POSC 371. Topics in Comparative Politics2, 3


POSC 371F. Comparative Politics: Italian Politics and Society


POSC 371S. Comparative Politics: Spain/US


POSC/SCOM/SMAD 472L. Media and Politics (London only)




1 This course is taught every other fall on campus and is occasionally offered as part of JMU's short–term Study Abroad Summer Program in Berlin.

2 This course may only be used in the minor when its topic is relevant to the minor. Questions should be directed to the minor coordinator.

3 This course may not be double–counted toward the minor.