Medical Consultation and Medical Examinations
Laboratory employees who work with hazardous chemicals should be given an opportunity to receive medical attention, including any follow-up examination that the examining physician determines to be necessary, under the following circumstances:
- Whenever an employee develops signs or symptoms associated with a hazardous chemical to which the employee may have been exposed in the laboratory, the employee shall be provided an opportunity to receive an appropriate medical examination.
- Where exposure monitoring reveals an exposure level routinely above the action level (or PEL) for an OSHA regulated substance for which there are exposure monitoring and medical surveillance requirement, medical surveillance shall be established for the affected employee as prescribed by the particular standard.
- Whenever an event takes place in the work area such as a spill, leak, explosion or other occurrence resulting in the likelihood of a hazardous exposure, the affected employee shall be provided an opportunity for a medical consultation. Such consultation shall be for the purpose of determining the need for a medical examination.
All medical examinations and consultations shall be performed by or under the direct supervision of a licensed physician and shall be provided without cost to the employee, without loss of pay and at a reasonable time and place.
The employer should provide the following information to the physician:
- identity of the hazardous chemical(s) to which the employee may have been exposed.
- description of the conditions under which the exposure occurred including quantitative exposure data, if available.
- description of the signs and symptoms of exposure that the employee is experiencing, if any.
For medical consultations required under OSHA Laboratory Standard 29 CFR 1910.1450, the employer shall obtain a written opinion from the examining physician which should include the following:
- any recommendation for further medical follow-up.
- results of the medical examination and any associated tests.
- any medical condition which may be revealed in the course of the examination which may place the employee at increased risk as a result of exposure to a hazardous chemical found in the workplace.
- a statement that the employee has been informed by the physician of the results of the consultation or medical examination and any medical condition that may require further examination or treatment.
The written opinion shall not reveal specific findings of diagnoses unrelated to occupational exposure.