- Clear the airway:
- Hold the victim's mouth open with one hand using your thumb to depress the tongue...
- Make a Hook with the pointer finger of your other hand, and in a gentle sweeping motion reach into the victim's throat and feel for a swallowed foreign object which may be blocking the air passage.
- If still not successful in removing blockage of the airway by sweeping the victim's mouth perform abdominal thrusts and the Heimlich maneuver for as long as necessary.
- Give mouth-to-mouth breathing.
- Put your hand on the victim's forehead, pinching the nose shut with your fingers, while holding the forehead back.
- Your other hand is under the victim's neck supporting and lifting up slightly to maintain an open airway.
- Tape a deep breath. Open your mouth wide. Place it over the victim's mouth. Blow air into the victim until you see his or her chest rise...
- Remove your mouth from the victim's. Turn your head to the side and watch the victim's chest for a falling movement while you listen for air escaping from the victim's mouth as he or she exhales.
- If you hear air escaping and see the chest fall you know that rescue breathing is working. Continue until help arrives.
- Repeat the cycle every 5 seconds (12 breaths per minute).
- Mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing for a small child.
- Be careful tilting a small child's head back to clear the airway. It cannot tilt as far back as an adult.
- Cover the child's mouth and nose with your mouth.
- Blow air in with less pressure than for an adult. Give small puffs. A child needs less.
- Feel the chest inflate as you blow...
- Listen for exhales.
- Repeat once every 3 seconds (20 breaths per minute).
Note: It may take several hours to revive someone. Keep up rescue breathing until help arrives to relieve you. Remember you are doing the breathing for the victim. If you stop - in about 5 minutes - he or she could be dead!