Introduction: What is an Emergency?
An Emergency is defined, for the purpose of this manual, as any major building fire, explosion, or other unusual mishap or act of nature, the severity of which is such that it has created a crisis which necessitates the coordination of various University departments either with or without liaison with and assistance from outside agencies of public safety, be they state, local, municipal, or federal.
Generally, experiences demonstrate that a major emergency in the campus setting takes the form of fire, sometimes explosion, but the scope of this plan is broad in that it is not limited to just those categories, for example:
- Unanticipated Operation Accidents - Such occurrences may result in fires, explosions, and or the release of toxic fumes. Hazards may arise due to incidents occurring in the vicinity or contiguous to the University campus which could effect portions or all of the area and operations unique to the community.
- Forces or Nature - Examples of such "Acts of God" may be, but not limited to, severe wind storms (hurricanes, tornadoes, etc.) which may or may not be accompanied by excessive precipitation, lightning, and floods.
- Deliberate Damage and or Destruction - Such acts may be motivated by criminal gain, malicious mischief, or political/ civil strife. A remote situation would be acts of war arising from international disputes.
To better deal with these contingencies, this plan fixes organizational responsibilities and authority. It sets priorities and goals. The plan serves as a general guide and point of departure. All details and unique contingencies cannot be anticipated or covered here. Each administrative division is responsible for establishing detailed procedures consistent with and supplemental to this general procedure. Special emphasis must be given to personal accountability, personnel accounting (head counts), area evacuation plans, accepted signals, routes, assembly points, and alternatives to the aforementioned. Flexibility is to be allowed in the face of unanticipated occurrences.