Skip to Main Content
You are in the main content
Cover Photo Image


Accountability Process

This page is hosted to provide a broad description of the Accountability Process; to access the full, accurate, and most up to date version of the Accountability Process refer to the JMU Student Handbook. Cases alleging sexual misconduct will follow the Sexual Misconduct Accountability Process.

Click here to download a diagram of the Accountability Process.




1. Charge Notification

The student receives an email informing them that the student has been charged with a violation(s).

  • The student must call the Office of Student Accountability & Restorative to schedule an Administrative Case Review with their Case Administrator by the date indicated on the email.

2. Administrative Case Review

The Case Administrator will meet with the student to:

  • Explain the violation(s)
  • Discuss the student’s rights
  • Have a conversation with the student regarding the incident
  • Review case documentation

The Case Administrator will provide their decision in the case to the student

  • Inform the student of the decision regarding the violation(s)
    • If the student is found not responsible, the Accountability Process ends here
    • If the student is found responsible, sanction(s) will be assigned

The student will has the right accept or reject the Case Administrator's decision

  • If the student accepts, they agree to fulfill their sanction(s) the Accountability Process ends here
  • If the student rejects, the case will be heard by an Accountability Board at an Accountability Board Case Review

For more information on an Administrative Case Reivew, please watch the following:

3. Accountability Board Case Review

The student attends an Accountability Board Case Review

  • The board will review the documentation included in the case file
  • The board will hear the student's perspective on the incident
  • The board will hear the perspectives shared by witnesses to the incident or called by the Accused Student (and Reporting Party, if applicable)

The Accountability Board will make a decision

  • The board will make a decision independently and without knowledge of the Case Administrator’s decision
  • If the student is found not responsible, the process ends here
  • If the student is found responsible, sanction(s) will be assigned; the sanction(s) assigned may be more, the same, or less severe than that assigned by the Case Administrator

The student will be given the choice to accept or appeal the decision

  • If the student accepts the decision, they agree to fulfill their sanction(s) and the Accountability Process Ends
  • If the student wishes to appeal the decision:
    • The student must submit his or her appeal in writing within seven days of the Accountability Board Case Review
    • Appeals must be submitted in writing for any or all of the following causes:

      • Due Process, meaning how the university failed to follow the stated process for the adjudication of the charge and how that affected the decision
      • New Evidence, meaning evidence that was not available or accessible to the Accused Student at the time of the Accountability Board Case Review 

4. Appeal

The student’s case will be reviewed by the Director of the Office of Student Accountability and Restorative Practices and determine if an Appeal Review will be granted to the Accused Student.

  • If an Appeal Review is granted, an Appeal Board will be convened consisting of new members of the Accountability Board
  • Appeal boards will review the case file, the written appeal, and the recording of the Accountability Board Case Review.
  • If an appeal is submitted by the Accused Student and an appeal review is granted by the Director of Office of Student Accountability and Restorative Practices based on due process, the Appeal Board will first vote to uphold, overturn, or alter the decision of responsibility rendered at the Accountability Board Case Review. If the Appeal Board upholds or alters the decision of responsibility, it will then vote to uphold or alter the sanctions assigned at the Accountability Board Case Review as applicable.
  • If an appeal is submitted by the Accused Student and an appeal review is granted by the Director of Office of Student Accountability and Restorative Practices based on new evidence, the Accused Student may present the new evidence or testimony in person to the board, who will then go into closed deliberation and first vote to uphold, overturn, or alter the decision of responsibility rendered at the Accountability Board Case Review. If the Appeal Board upholds or alters the decision of responsibility, it will then vote to uphold or alter the sanctions assigned at the Accountability Board Case Review as applicable.