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Judicial Process

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The Student Accountability Process

The following section explains the judicial process step-by-step. Each step explains what the actions of the Office of Student Accountability & Restorative Practices and what a student should expect when going through the process. For more detailed information regarding judicial processes and policies, please refer to the JMU Student Handbook.


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1. Charge Notification

The student receives an email informing them that a charge(s) of judicial violation(s) has been brought against them

  • The student must call the Office of Student Accountability to schedule an Administrative Option Hearing with their Hearing Officer by the date indicated on the email.

2. Administrative Option Hearing (video)*

*Note:  The sample hearing video above was filmed in the Spring 2011 semester.  The rights and sanctioning descriptions were correct at that time but may be
different at the time of your viewing.

The Hearing Officer will meet with the student to:

  • Explain the violation(s)
  • Discuss the student’s rights
  • Explain all judicial procedures
  • Have a conversation with the student regarding the incident

The Hearing Officer will make a decision

  • Inform the student of the decision regarding the violation(s)
    • If the student is found not responsible, the process ends here
    • If the student is found responsible, sanction(s) will be assigned

The student will be given the choice to accept or reject the decision

  • If the student accepts, they agree to fulfill their sanction(s) the process ends here
  • If the student rejects, the case will be referred to the Council to be re-heard

3. Council Hearing (video)*

*Note:  The sample hearing video above was filmed in the Spring 2011 semester.  The rights and sanctioning descriptions were correct at that time but may be different at the time of your viewing.

The student attends a Council Hearing

  • The council will, independently and without knowledge of the Hearing Officer’s decision, determine the student’s responsibility

The Council will make a decision

  • If the student is found not responsible, the process ends here
  • If the student is found responsible, sanction(s) will be assigned; the sanction(s) assigned may be more, the same, or less severe than that assigned by the Hearing Officer

The student will be given the choice to accept or appeal the decision

  • If the student accepts, they agree to fulfill their sanction(s) and the process ends here
  • If the student appeals:
    • They must submit their appeal in writing within three working days of the Judicial Council Hearing
    • Appeals must be submitted in writing for any of the following causes:
      • harshness of sanction(s)
      • violation of due process
      • submission of new evidence

4. Appeal Hearing

The student’s case will be reviewed

  • If the student is found not responsible, the process ends here
  • If the Council’s decision is reduced, a sanction will be assigned  and the student will be held accountable to fulfill their sanction
  • If the Council’s decision is upheld, the student will be held accountable to fulfill their sanction(s)