Outside Resources


Other state and federal agencies may be able to provide additional assistance or information about discrimation and harassment.


►The Office of Equal Employment Services (OEES) in the Virginia Department of Human Resource Management offers an additional option to Virginia state government employees and applicants for state government employment experiencing discrimination. 

The OEES enforces the Governor’s Executive Order, which prohibits discrimination against state government employees and applicants for state government employment. All individuals shall be afforded an equal employment opportunity without regard to race, gender (including sexual harassment and pregnancy), color, national origin, religion, age, veteran’s status, political affiliation, or disability. The Executive Order also prohibits retaliation against those persons filing a complaint or persons participating in the investigation of a complaint. Also, the OEES enforces Title II of the Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act (GINA) which prohibits the use of genetic information in making decisions related to any terms, conditions, or privileges of employment.*

Individuals may file a Discrimination Complaint with the OEES on-line or print and complete a form with OEES within 180 days of the last alleged discriminatory act.  This is different from the state grievance process.

Individuals seeking confidential advice on discrimination issues may call the OEES at (800) 533-1414 or (804) 225-2136 to speak with a State EEO Specialist between 8:15am and 5:00pm weekdays. Messages may be left after regular work hours. The Specialist will:

  • Listen to your concerns.
  • Explain the relevant employment laws and state policies
  • Advise you on your options for resolving your concerns
  • Refer you to other state and federal agencies for assistance, if necessary.
  • Explain how to file a complaint with OEES.


►The Virginia Human Rights Council (HRC) has a separate complaint process available to all Virginians to assist persons with discrimination on the basis of “race, color, religion, national origin, sex, pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions, age, or disability.”*


►The Virginia Office for Protection and Advocacy has additional resources available to all Virginians to assist people facing disability-related discrimination.


*Please note that under JMU’s non-discrimination policies, sexual orientation is a protected class.  However, current Virginia law and federal law (as of Jan. 2012) does not recognize sexual orientation as a protected class.



U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) – If you believe that you have been discriminated against at work because of your race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information, you can file a Charge of Discrimination with the EEOC.  Note that the EEOC has a worksharing agreement with the Virginia Human Rights Council (listed above) which means that the EEOC will receive a copy of charges filed with the HRC and vice versa.  You may file a complaint with either agency.   

If the complaint is filed with the HRC and you disagree with its findings, the EEOC will conduct a review of an HRC decision.  The request must be submitted in writing within fifteen (15) days of receipt of the HRC’s determination. If the EEOC receives your request for a review after the 15 day time frame, it will be considered untimely and the EEOC may not conduct a review. The request should also include the reason why you are requesting the review (e.g. relevant witnesses not contacted, evidence not considered, or presence of new evidence). 

The EEOC local office serving the Shenandoah Valley is located in Richmond.  1-800-669-4000.   


►Other Federal Resources:


Disclaimer: Information on the OEO website provides brief summaries of university and governmental policies and procedures.  Please read the specific policies and visit the official websites for complete information.