Stephen Ellis and Gerrie ter Haar argue in their book of Worlds of Power: Religious Thought and Political Practice in Africa ( Oxford University Press, 2004), “Religion is the emerging political language of today.” The phenomenon is encountered everywhere, most evidently in both the domestic politics of the United States and in the complexities of the Middle East, but also in Europe where in recent years the post-ancient regime separation of state and church has b een increasingly breached in recent years with the changing demographics of the continent.

In many respects, it is ironic that the separation of religious from political thought was invented in the West and exported to the rest of the world in colonial times when one considers that intrinsic to Europe’s financial revolution more than three centuries ago was the use of mathematics as a way of calculating risk, prompted in part by a new theology emerging from the Reformation. As Max Weber noted, the spirit of capitalist enterprise was originally associated with a religious view of the world.