For on-campus employment go to this link
Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
If your program of study requires you to complete an internship,
you may accept employment and receive pay. However, you MUST receive
approval from the DSO prior to beginning the
employment, and it must be registered into SEVIS. The employment/internship
may be either part-time or full-time, but you should be aware
that if it is a full-time position lasting for one year, it will
eliminate your ability to receive Optional Practical Training
following graduation. If you wish to apply for CPT, complete the Curricular Practical Training Form (found here), which must be authorized by your Department and brought to ISSS prior to beginning employment.
Optional Practical Training (OPT)
Changes were announced to the OPT rules on April 8, 2008, which affect the length of time an F-1 student can be in OPT, and also affect the reporting requirements for the same group.
OPT is designed to provide the international student with an
opportunity to gain actual employment experience in his/her chosen
profession for a maximum of one year. You may choose to take this
one year in shorter increments during summer vacations, or wait
and take the full year after graduation. The employment you accept
must be related to your major field of study. You must obtain
authorization by the USCIS prior to accepting employment under
If you wish to apply for OPT, you are strongly urged to attend the OPT session which will be presented by ISSS staff approximately 4 months prior to graduation each semester. At that session you will receive the OPT Checklist (found here), the Verification of Graduation Form (found here) which must be completed by your Department, and all other forms and information necessary to complete the application.
Employment based on severe economic necessity
For a very limited number of students, employment authorization
may be obtained based on severe economic need. To qualify for
this employment, you must have been in F-1 status for at least
one school year and you must be able to document that you are
facing unexpected extreme economic hardship that was not present
when you entered school. You must obtain approval by the USCIS
prior to accepting employment under this provision.