**BIO 114. Organisms (3, 3). 4 credits.**

An exploration of how diverse life forms carry out fundamental processes that sustain life including acquiring and using essential molecules, growing and reproducing, responding to environmental stimuli, and maintaining a stable internal environment. Labs will introduce students to the scientific method in a series of investigative lab and field experiences.

**BIO 222. Biology for Engineering and Physical Sciences. 3 credits.**

Case studies and an issues-based approach will provide a framework to understand the science of biology, to stimulate critical thinking, and to appreciate the interdisciplinary nature of biological investigations. This interdisciplinary biology course is intended for students who have at least sophomore status and who are physical science, engineering or mathematics majors. This course is not available for credit toward the major or minor in biology or biotechnology. *Prerequisite: MATH 231 or MATH 235*

**BIO 270. Human Physiology (3, 2). 4 credits.**

An introduction to basic physiological principles using humans as the primary organism. Physiological adaptations will be examined at the molecular through organismal levels. Intended for students in health-related fields and Cluster 3, Package C, of the General Education program, and not available for Biology major credit. Prerequisites: CHEM 120 or CHEM 131 or equivalent and MATH 220 or equivalent.

**CHEM 120. Concepts of Chemistry. 3 credits.**

A one-semester introduction to the fundamental principles, laws and applications of chemistry. Examples relating to the health sciences are emphasized. Not available for major or minor credit in chemistry.

**CHEM 131. General Chemistry I. 3 credits.**

The first of a two-course general chemistry sequence for science majors. It is designed to introduce students to basic chemical concepts including atomic structure, periodic properties of the elements, nomenclature, basic stoichiometry, theories related to reactivity and bonding and the behavior of materials. The laboratory and lecture portions of CHEM 131 must be taken concurrently. Chemistry majors take 135L rather than 131L.

**CHEM 131L-132L. General Chemistry Laboratories. 1 credit each semester.**

These laboratory courses are designed to complement and supplement the CHEM 131-132 lecture courses. The laboratory and lecture portions must be taken concurrently. Chemistry majors are to take CHEM 135L and 136L, listed below. Prerequisite for CHEM 132L: Grades of “C-” or higher in CHEM 131 and either CHEM 131L or CHEM 135L.

**GANTH 196. Biological Anthropology. 3 credits (B,R).**

An introduction to the origins, evolution and genetic variability of humans and their relationship to nonhuman primates. Examination of the fossil record, the relationship between biology and culture and human genetics are included. Theories and methods used in the study of biological anthropology are also introduced. Formerly GSCI 116. Students may not receive credit for both GANTH 196 and GSCI 116.

**GBIO 103. Contemporary Biology (3, 0). 3 credits.**

An in-depth exploration of selected biological concepts, connected to current, relevant topics and emphasizing an understanding of science as a way of obtaining knowledge. Not available for major or minor credit in biology. Formerly GSCI 103. Students may not receive credit for both GSCI 103 and GBIO 103.

**GEOL 110. Physical Geology (3, 2). 4 credits.**

A systematic study of earth materials including the internal and external processes that affect earth structure and landforms. Topics include the genesis/properties of rocks and minerals, plate tectonics and the agents of change that drive surface processes and land-form development.

**GEOL 200. Evolutionary Systems. (3, 2). 4 credits.**

An investment of a theoretical principle behind evolutionary systems of all types based on mathematical modeling in chaos, complexity theory, and artificial life studies with extensive computer experimentation and examples drawn from physical, chemical, biological, economic, and social systems. The purpose is to explore what is common and universal to all evolutionary processes.

**GEOL 211. Introduction to Oceanography. 3 credits.**

An introduction to the oceanography of coastal environs including barrier islands, estuaries and tidal marshes. The physical, geological and biochemical characteristics of coastal waters will be discussed in the context of the economic and social pressures brought to bear on these areas by an increasing global population.

**GGEOL 102. Environment: Earth (3, 0). 3 credits.**

A study of geological processes causing global change and their impact on human thought. The relationship between some geological processes and life on the Earth is also considered. Not available for major or minor credit in geology. Formerly GSCI 102. Students may not receive credit for both GGEOL 102 and GSCI 102.

**GISAT 100**. **Issues in Energy and the Environment**. **3 credits.**

This course focuses on developing students’ interest and understanding of issues in energy and environment. The course will develop the background chemistry and physics knowledge and apply it to air quality, water quality, conventional and alternative energy sources. We will also interweave issues of the social context of these science and technology issues.

**GISAT 112. Environmental Issues in Science and Technology (2, 3). 4 credits.**

This course integrates the study of biology, chemistry and statistics within the context of environmental issues that include ozone depletion, acid rain, global warming, waste management and biodiversity.

**GISAT 113. Issues in Science and Technology: Living Systems (2, 2). 3 credits.**

This course introduces current topics in the life science technologies through lecture and laboratory exercises. Topics include advances in genetic engineering, the hierarchy of life and the rise of infectious diseases.

**GISAT 151. Analytical Methods I. Applied Calculus. 4 credits.**

This course introduces the concepts of differential and integral calculus and ordinary differential equations to model real-world problems in the sciences, business, and economics. Includes a laboratory component emphasizing numerical applications on the computer. Course assumes familiarity with algebra and trigonometry.

**GISAT 251. Analytical Methods III. Introduction to Statistical Reasoning and Data Analysis. 3 credits.**

This course examines issues in modern science and technology as a means to introduce, develop and enhance critical thinking and problem solving skills. Current scientific and technological research and applications will be introduced to reinforce problem solving, instruction in systems thinking and critical inquiry. The course provides opportunities for using both oral and written communication in a variety of learning activities.

**GPSYC 122. The Science of Vision and Audition. 3 credits.**

A study of human interaction with sound and light waves. Topics include basic neuroanatomy, anatomy of the auditory and visual systems, visual perception (color vision, object perception, perceptual illusions), auditory perception (pitch, loudness, sound localization), and visual deficiencies. The course will include outside-of-class experiential activities. Prerequisites: Either MATH 103, MATH 205, MATH 220, MATH 231 or MATH 235. Formerly GSCI 122. Students may not receive credit for both GSCI 122 and GPSYC 122.

**GSCI 101. Physics, Chemistry and the Human Experience (3, 0). 3 credits.**

A survey of the fundamental concepts, principles and ideas of chemistry and physics. Particular emphasis is placed on understanding the development of the principles and their application in understanding the world around us. Prerequisite or corequisite: One of the following: MATH 103, MATH 107, MATH 205, MATH 220, MATH 231 or MATH 235.

**GSCI 104. Scientific Perspectives (0, 2). 1 credit.**

A study of topics selected to allow students to participate in mathematical and scientific problem solving approaches to knowledge. Prerequisite or corequisite as indicated on e-campus.

**GSCI 115. Earth Systems, Cycles and Human Impact. 3 credits.**

Earth System science views the Earth as a single system consisting of processes operating at time scales from seconds to the age of the Earth. Earth System science integrates aspects of geology, meteorology, oceanography and biology in which humans are an integral part of the system. Earth System science provides an important tool for understanding the relationship between humans and the Earth. From the Earth Systems perspective, humans are a part of the Earth System, dependent on it, impacting it and responding to its variability. The systems of the Earth have been in dynamic equilibrium for billions of years, cycling matter, gases and energy through a set of complex reservoirs (atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere and near space environment). During the last few thousand years, humans have assumed an even larger role in Earth processes. Prerequisite or corequisite: MATH 103, MATH 205, MATH 220, MATH 231 or MATH 235.

**GSCI 121. The Physical Nature of Light and Sound (3, 1). 4 credits.**

A study of the physical properties of light and sound waves. Topics include production, propagation and spectral analysis of waves. Applications to be covered include musical instruments, sound reproduction, room acoustics, optical instruments (cameras, projectors, lasers), and color in art and nature. The course will include outside-of-class experiential activities.

**GSCI 161. Science Processes. 1 credit.**

Observing, classifying, measuring, inferring, communicating, predicting and experimenting in all science disciplines. This course will introduce core science process skills for all science disciplines in a hands-on, integrated laboratory block.

**GSCI 162. The Science of the Planets. 2 credits.**

The course will focus on the Earth and its neighbors, including the formation, evolution and dynamics of the Solar System. Students will also explore the similarities and differences of different solar system bodies (stars, planets, asteroids, comets) and the possibilities for finding life elsewhere. Prerequisite: GSCI 161.

**GSCI 163. The Matter of Matter. 1 credit.**

This course will focus on the topic of matter: particle theory, forms, characteristics, properties, atomic theory and models, conservation of mass and energy, nuclear reactions, heat transfer within matter, chemical bonds and chemical structures.

**GSCI 164. Physical Science: Learning Through Teaching. 2 credits.**

A hands-on conversation on how technology, science and engineering come together to describe our world. The course will cover many of the traditional concepts presented in an introductory physics course. The course will treat coordinate systems and their use in describing motion, forces and energy conservation, thermodynamics (temperature, pressure, heat), light (color, ray model, wave model), waves (sound), magnetism, and electricity. The course will indirectly reinforce skills developed in other courses in the cluster including scientific tools (mathematics, graphing, diagramming, experimenting and analyzing data) and using informational resources. Corequisite: GSCI 163.

**GSCI 165. The Way Life Works. 1 credit.**

Patterns, energy, information, life’s machinery, feedback, community and evolution. These are major themes in how life works. This course will use these themes as a backdrop for looking at the way life works.

**MATH 103. The Nature of Mathematics. 3 credits.**

Topics such as geometry, computing, algebra, number theory, history of mathematics, logic, probability, statistics, modeling and problem solving intended to give students insight into what mathematics is, what it attempts to accomplish and how mathematicians think.

**MATH 105. Quantitative Reasoning. 3 credits. **

Offered fall and spring. Sets and Venn diagrams, numbers in the real world, financial mathematics, statistical reasoning and characterizing data, basic probability, risk assessment, mathematical models. *Not open to majors in mahtematics or statistics.*

**MATH 107. Fundamentals of Mathematics I. 3 credits each semester.**

Sets, logic, numeration systems, number theory, measurement, geometry, probability and statistics are topics covered. These courses will fulfill the requirements for licensure of prospective early childhood, elementary and middle school teachers. Prerequisite for MATH 107: MATH 155, MATH156 or sufficient score on the Mathematics Placement Exam.

**MATH 205. Introductory Calculus I. 3 credits.**

Topics from differential calculus with applications to the social, behavioral or life sciences and business or management. Prerequisite: MATH 155, MATH 156 or sufficient score on the Mathematics Placement Exam. Not open to mathematics or physics majors or to students who have already earned credit in MATH 235. Not recommended for chemistry majors.

**MATH 220. Elementary Statistics. 3 credits.**

Descriptive statistics, frequency distributions, sampling, estimation and testing of hypotheses, regression, correlation and an introduction to statistical analysis using computers. Prerequisite: MATH 155, MATH 156 or sufficient score on the Mathematics Placement Exam. Not open to majors in mathematics.

**MATH 231. Calculus with Functions I. 4 credits.**

MATH 231 and MATH 232 form a sequence that combines first-semester calculus with algebra and trigonometry. The sequence is designed for students whose pre-calculus skills are not strong enough for MATH 235. Calculus material in MATH 231 includes limits and derivatives of algebraic functions and their applications. Prerequisite: MATH 155, MATH 156 or sufficient score on the Mathematics Placement Exam. NOTE: MATH 231-232 together are equivalent to MATH 235 for all prerequisites. Not open to students who have already earned credit in MATH 235.

**MATH 235. Calculus I. 4 credits each semester.**

Differential and integral calculus of functions of one variable. Sequences and infinite series. Prerequisite for MATH 235: Sufficient score on the Mathematics Placement Exam. MATH 235 is not open to students who have already earned credit in MATH 232.

**PHYS 120. The Solar System. 3 credits.**

An introductory course in astronomy, which includes the following topics: motions of celestial objects, eclipses, historical development, the nature of light, telescopes, properties and evolution of the solar system.

**PHYS 121. Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology. 3 credits.**

An introductory course in astronomy which includes the following topics: the Sun, stellar properties, stellar evolution, black holes, the Milky Way, galactic evolution, quasars, cosmology.

**PHYS 140. College Physics I. 3 credits.**

The first semester of a noncalculus sequence in general physics. Topics include principles of mechanics, thermal properties of matter, wave motion and sound. Prerequisite: Algebra and trigonometry.

**PHYS 140L-150L. General Physics Laboratories. 1 credit each semester. **

These laboratory courses are designed to complement and supplement the PHYS 140-150 and PHYS 240-250 lecture courses. The laboratory and lecture portions must be taken concurrently. Corequisite for PHYS 104L: PHYS 140 or PHYS 240. Prerequisite for PHYS 150L: PHYS 140L and either PHYS 140 or PHYS 240. Corequisite for PHYS 150L: PHYS 150 or PHYS 250.

**PHYS 215. Energy and the Environment. 3 credits.**

Energy use, sources and trends; fossil fuels, heat-work conversions, thermodynamic restrictions and electric power production; nuclear fission reactors and fusion energy; solar energy and technologies; alternative energy sources; energy storage; energy conservation; issues of waste and safety. Environmental, social and economic aspects will be discussed. Not open to ISAT majors scheduled to take ISAT 212 as part of their degree requirements. Prerequisites: Two college courses in science and one in mathematics.

**PHYS 240. University Physics I. 3 credits.**

Kinematics, dynamics, energy and momentum conservation, oscillatory motion, fluid mechanics and waves. Corequisites: MATH 232 or MATH 235.