An important aspect of scholarship and creative effort is learning how to use other's works ethically and legally by citing sources and observing fair use. When you quote or paraphrase the idea of another person in a research paper, speech, or PowerPoint presentation, you should provide a proper citation in a bibliography or reference list. Otherwise you might be plagiarizing (using someone else's work without giving them credit--an honor code violation)
As stated in Go for the Gold Module 7, "Providing references for sources you used also lends credibility to your work, especially if you use authoritative sources." If you are still unsure after reading through the resources listed here, you might speak to a librarian to help clarify. To help you determine if your use is "Fair Use", please use the Fair Use Evaluator (the recommended tool at JMU for determining fair use).
What to Cite
Normally, in research and scholarship, we use other's writings and ideas--in quotes, or paraphrases. There are many tools that can help you understand how to do that, including those on JMU Libraries' Cite Your Sources page.
To use someone else's media (like a song, video, or image), you must also justify your use as being "fair use" or seek permission. You may usually use music, video, and images from public websites, like Youtube, in a face to face (F2F) presentations in a classroom. However, incorporating any media (including Youtube videos) into a fixed, tangible "presentation" or class site is less clear. (more) Regardless, you should still provide citations to give credit where credit is due.
- Fair Use Evaluator: helps you evaluate and document whether your use may be considered fair use.
- JMU's Go for the Gold module 7: An excellent tool to learn more about citing sources.
- JMU Libraries' Cite Your Sources page contains style manuals and other online tools to help you manage all your resources. JMU's honor code speaks to academic integrity and plagiarism.