Scoping Study on the Effects of Aging on Landmines Phase 2

Presented to the United States Department of State
Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement March 7, 2011

AP(M)         Anti-personnel (mine)
AT(M)        Anti-tank (mine)
ATR-FTIR    Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transfer Infrared Spectroscopy
BSE Back-scattered electron
CISR   Center for International Stabilization and Recovery
CMAC Cambodian Mine Action Centre
CKA C King Associates
CV Coefficients of variation
EC Electrical conductivity
EDS Energy-dispersive spectroscopy
EDX Energy dispersive x-ray
EPDM Ethylene propylene diene Monomer (M-class) rubber
ERW Explosive remnants of war
EOD Explosive ordnance disposal
DL Detection limit
FTIR Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
GWHF Golden West Humanitarian Foundation
NCDR National Committee for Demining and Rehabilitation
HE High explosive
IED Improvised explosive device
IR Infrared
JAF Jordanian Armed Forces
JMU James Madison University (location of the CISR)
LSM Liebermann-Storch-Morawski
LOI Loss-on-ignition
MAIC Mine Action Information Center
MRE Mine risk education
MAG Mines Advisory Group
NAMSA NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency
NGO Nongovernmental organization
NPA Norwegian People’s Aid
NMR Nuclear magnetic resonance
RCAF Royal Cambodian Armed Forces
RDX Research Department Explosive
SEM Scanning electron microscope
SERDP/ETSCP Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program/Environmental Security Technology Certification Program
SOM Soil organic matter
TNT Trinitrotoluene
UV Ultraviolet
UXO Unexploded ordnance
YR ‘Yellow-red’ (hue)
VI Vulnerability index
WRA Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (U.S. Department of State)