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CARE

Issue 3.3 | October 1999
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"The members of CARE have embodied the highest ideals of service, with visionary strategies to feed the hungry, to promote economic development and to instill hope where there was once despair." -President Clinton

History

CARE (Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere) is one of the world's largest private international relief and development organizations. CARE USA has operations in 50 countries around the world. Founded in 1945 to send emergency CARE Packages of food, clothing and medicine to Europe and Asia after World War II, CARE soon broadened its scope to help poor people around the world. CARE programs focus on disaster relief and development, including, small business assistance, primary health care, nutrition, girls' education, agriculture and natural resource management, and family planning. CARE International is in more than 60 countries in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and the former Soviet Union. In fiscal year1998 CARE USA supported programs in 50 countries.

More than 90 percent of CARE's expenses go toward program activities, less than 10 percent goes toward overhead. In 1998 CARE delivered $339 million in aid. CARE is supported through the generosity of more than 400,000 American individuals and some 300 U.S. corporations and foundations. In addition, supporters in Canada, Japan, Australia and Europe contribute through CARE International, a confederation of agencies from 10 nations. These private support helps CARE obtain funding and donated food commodities from governments and international organizations.

CARE Strives For:

¨ Basic education for children.
¨ Economic and social empowerment for women.
¨ Economic opportunities that provide sufficient income to meet basic needs.
¨ A stable supply of food that meets basic nutritional needs.
¨ Readily available clean water.
¨ Basic health care, including universal immunization of children against major diseases.
¨ Access to family planning services.
¨ A safe and sustainable environment.
¨ A role in the decisions that affect their families, communities and nations.

Over the years, CARE has adapted to meet changing human needs. In the 1950s, it expanded into emerging nations and used U.S. surplus food to feed the hungry. In the 1960s, they pioneered primary health care programs. In the 1970s, CARE responded to massive famines in Africa and helped prevent them with an innovation called agroforestry, which integrated environmentally sound tree and land management practices with farming programs. Today, CARE has expanded its efforts to also respond to the landmine crisis, and to the cries for help of the victims.

Land Mines, A Human Rights Issue; A Humanitarian Problem

Each year 26,000 people are killed by anti-personnel landmines. That translates into 70 people every day, most of them innocent men, women and children. Landmines don't just to kill; they maim and inflict terror. They are inhumane. Even when the war is over, landmines continue to inflict horror on innocents for years to come. Landmines also have a paralyzing effect in poor communities in many places around the world. They cut off access to markets, schools, water and farmland. CARE works in 39 of the 70 countries riddled with landmines, including Angola, Afghanistan, Cambodia and Bosnia.

Worldwide, Landmine Epidemic Inhibits Growth and Productivity of Nations

Once-fertile fields lie abandoned, haunted by the specter of death and disfigurement. Roads are deathtraps, even for relief workers in armored vehicles. Lands where children once played sit empty, the deadly areas sometimes marked, sometimes not. For the men, women and children who contend every day with landmines, the sheer numbers of the weapons make prospects bleak.


Angola is only one of many countries suffering from this global epidemic. Currently 110 million land mines cover 64 countries, with 2 million more added each year. The weapons, inexpensive to produce or buy and easy to distribute, are extremely difficult to detect and costly to remove. In some places, mines seem to multiply faster than people do. As a 1994 U.N. report stated, "Cambodia has more mines than children: two for every child."


CARE's Stand Against LandMines

In June of 1995, CARE joined the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL). This coalition of more than 400 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) takes a clear and unequivocal stand against the proliferation of these weapons. CARE will address the landmine problem directly through its new Systematic Landmine Removal Program. This program, the first attempted at the global level by an NGO, will clear areas of mines and educate local populations on mine avoidance and injury prevention. The program will begin in Angola, a country facing the prospect of 20 million landmines left over from its recently ended Civil War. CARE hopes to engage in similar work in Bosnia, Rwanda, Mozambique and Cambodia.

Since early 1995, CARE has lost four staff members to landmines, two in Afghanistan and two in Ethiopia, as well as $425,000 in vehicles. As CARE moves to implement its new land mine education and removal program, the risks for its workers will only increase. Ester Sacapa, a CARE landmine awareness instructor and a mother of five, she wishes all landmines could simply be removed. "Until then," she says, "we are saving our children's and neighbors' arms and legs by telling them where to walk and what to do if they see a land mine."

This summer, a CARE mine action team was driving through the small village of Kunje
in Angola's war-torn Bié Province on their way to clear mines and other explosives from a refugee camp that is home to hundreds of people displaced by the Civil War. A policeman signaling for help suddenly stopped CARE's team. The policeman led them to the local health post, where five young children, four boys and a little girl, lay hemorrhaging from severe wounds to the head, torso, arms and legs. The children, between the ages of eight and 11, had been playing with mortar fuses left by the Angolan army in a trench, about 20 yards from their homes. The CARE team immediately took the children to a hospital in Kuito, a poorly equipped facility by U.S. standards, but the only one within driving distance.

Simultaneously, CARE staff radioed to another mine action team, which immediately proceeded to the area, blocked off the trench, and disposed of the remaining 19 fuses before they could cause further tragedy. The 8-year old boy bled to death from a severe head injury caused by a direct hit from the mortar fuse. Even the best care would not have saved his life.

This type of incident is precisely what the European Union-funded CARE Mine Related Interventions (CAMRI) Project is working to prevent. "This was a very bad day," observed Willy Williscroft, CARE's technical advisor for the CAMRI Project, "and unfortunately, this type of incident is not an unusual occurrence here; but you can't let it affect your ability to carry on. There is so much work to be done."

CARE's 21-person mine action team frequently works seven days a week to keep up with the demand for their skills. All staff are trained to clear and dispose of mines and explosives safely, and can be deployed in small groups. Removing all the mines and explosives in Angola would be a monumental undertaking; there are an estimated 15 million landmines in Angola. The CAMRI Project is coordinating its activities with other CARE relief and rehabilitation activities to clear critical areas: pathways and roads to water sources and health posts, agricultural land, and in and around where people live. CARE also provides mine awareness training to parents and children, so that they have the information and skills necessary to identify a potential problem and seek help before disaster strikes.


Contact Information

CARE
151 Ellis Street NE
Atlanta, GA 30303-2439
1-800-521-CARE, ext. 999