Modern European Studies


The minor in modern European studies provides a cross disciplinary understanding of social dynamics in Europe from the Enlightenment (18th century) through the present. All minors must attain proficiency in French, German, Italian, Spanish or another European Union language at or above the intermediate level (FL 232 or above).


Students must complete 18 credit hours in addition to the language requirement. These 18 credit hours must include six core credits and 12 elective credits. Six elective credits must cover culture and thought, and six elective credits must cover history and society. The minor's 18 credits must be distributed across at least three disciplines and must include at least one history course.


Core Credit Hours
Choose two from the following: 6
HIST 202. Europe Since 1815  
HIST 382. Europe in the 20th Century  
POSC 344. Politics of the European Union  
POSC 345. Politics of Western Europe  
POSC 346. Politics of Central and Eastern Europe  
Culture and Thought Electives  
Choose two from the following: 6
ARTH 313. Masterpieces in Italian Renaissance Art  
ARTH 314. Masterpieces in Spanish Art  
ARTH 315. Masterpieces in British Architecture  
ARTH 316 or ARTH 316L. Masterpieces in British Art  
ARTH 317. Masterpieces in French Art  
ARTH 360. Nineteenth Century Art  
ARTH 466. Art and Nationalism 1  
ARTH 469. Topics in Nineteenth Century Art  
ARTH 372. Modern Art from 1900–1945  
ARTH 472. Modern Art Since 1945  
ENG 325. Romantic Poetry  
ENG 326. Romantic Era Prose  
ENG 327. The Gothic: Change and Continuity  
ENG 329. Victorian Literature  
ENG 330. The 19th–Century English Novel  
ENG 340. Modern British Novel  
ENG 341. Contemporary British Novel  
ENG 374. Introduction to Anglo–Irish Literature  
ENG 375. Studies in Anglo–Irish Literature  
ENG 412L/THEA 449L/GHUM 200L. The London Theatre (London only)  
FR 308. Contemporary French Civilization  
FR 405. Nineteenth–Century French Literature  
FR 425. 20th Century French Literature  
FR 446. Special Topics in Linguistics, Literature or Civilization 2  
FR 465. French Cinema, 1930–1980  
FR 466. Contemporary French Cinema  
GER 266. Contemporary German Literature in Translation  
GER 307. History of German Civilization  
GER 308. Contemporary German Civilization  
GER 405. The Age of German Classicism  
GER 426. Modern German Literature  
GER 465. German Cinema  
ITAL/HIST 308. Contemporary Italian Civilization  
ITAL 425. Modern Italian Literature  
ITAL 446. Special Topics in Linguistics, Literature or Civilization 2  
ITAL 465. Italian Cinema (1930–1980)  
ITAL 490F. Wine and Culture in Italy  
PHIL 344. Existentialism  
PHIL 375. Nineteenth–Century Philosophy and Theology  
PHIL 390. Special Topics in Philosophy 2  
PHIL 465. Topics in Modern Philosophy 2  
PHIL 468. Phenomenology  
PHIL 470. Topics in Contemporary Continental Philosophy  
PHIL 475. Philosophy Seminar 2  
POSC 316. Contemporary Political Theory  
POSC 321. Political Theory and Ideology  
REL/PHIL 375. The 19th Century: Age of Ideology  
SMAD 463L. Film Adaptations  
SPAN 307. Spanish Civilization  
SPAN 335 or SPAN 335S. Introduction to Spanish Literature  
SPAN 390. Spanish Poetry of the 20th Century  
SPAN 405. Spanish Novels of the 19th and 20th Centuries  
SPAN 406. Spanish Drama of the 19th and 20th Centuries  
SPAN 460. Postwar Literature in Spain  
SPAN 465 or SPAN 465S. Spanish Cinema and Literature  
History and Society Electives  
Choose two of the following: 6
GEOG 332. Geography of Europe  
HIST 202. Europe Since 1815  
HIST 301. European Military History  
HIST 308. Contemporary Italian Civilization  
HIST 321. European Women's History  
HIST 341. Selected Themes in World History 2  
HIST 382. Europe in the 20th Century 3  
HIST 384. England and the Empire–Commonwealth  
HIST 388. Germany Since 1871  
HIST 462. The Rise and Fall of Nazi Germany, 1918–1945  
HIST 478. Eastern Europe  
HIST 484. 19th–Century European Civilization, 1815–1914  
HIST 486. Europe Since 1914  
HIST 487. World War II  
HIST 488. The Holocaust in Global Context  
HIST 489. Selected Topics in World History 2  
IBUS 298I. Special Topics in International Business (Salamanca only)  
SMAD/SCOM/WRTC 360L. British Media and Society  
POSC 344 or POSC 344F. Politics of the European Union 3  
POSC 345. Politics of Western Europe 3  
POSC 346. Politics of Central and Eastern Europe 3  
POSC 371. Topics in Comparative Politics 2, 3  
POSC 371S. Comparative Politics: Spain/US  
POSC/SCOM/SMAD 472L. Media and Politics (London only)  


1 This course is taught every other fall on campus and is occasionally offered as part of JMU's short–term Study Abroad Summer Program in Berlin.

2 This course may only be used in the minor when its topic is relevant to the minor. Questions should be directed to the minor coordinator.

3 This course may not be double–counted toward the minor.