Department of Sociology and Anthropology

Sociology Program

Mission Statement
The mission of the sociology program is to develop students' ability to analyze the social world by using diverse sociological theories and research methods that stress the importance of social, cultural and historical contexts for understanding relationships between social actors and structures.

Goals
To fulfill its mission, the sociology program cultivates the sociological imagination by:
Developing students' appreciation of the social component of all dimensions of human experience, including:

To nourish disciplined, creative and spontaneous participation in the sociological endeavor by cultivating:

Career Opportunities and Marketable Skills
Working as a professional sociologist most often requires a graduate degree, but the following careers, some supplemented with collateral training, are representative of our previous graduates.

A major in sociology provides skills and perspectives that enhance all careers. Students who study sociology gain:

Further information about careers in sociology is available from the American Sociological Association website under "Careers and Jobs."

Co-curricular Activities and Organizations

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Degree and Major Requirements

Bachelor of Arts in Sociology

Degree Requirements

Required Courses Credit Hours
General Education 1 41
Foreign Language classes (intermediate level required) 2 0-14
Philosophy course (in addition to General Education courses) 3
University electives 23-37
Major requirements (listed below) and electives 39

  120

1 The General Education program contains a set of requirements each student must fulfill. The number of credit hours necessary to fulfill these requirements may vary.
2 The foreign language requirement may be satisfied by successful completion of the second semester of the intermediate level of the student's chosen language (typically 232) or by placing out of that language through the Department of Foreign Language's placement test.

Major Requirements
To earn the B.A. degree with a sociology major, students must complete a minimum of 39 credit hours in sociology. Of these credit hours, 18 are required courses; the remaining 21 credit hours are electives chosen from over 30 sociology courses.

Students must earn at least a "C-" in all sociology classes or any course that is substituted for a sociology core course. If a student earns below a "C-" in a course, he/she can re-take the course once in order to meet the "C-" standard.

Courses Credit Hours
GSOCI 110. Social Issues in Global Context 3
GSOCI 140. Microsociology: The Individual in Society 3
SOCI 200. Development of Social Thought and Method 1 3
SOCI 231. Introduction to Social Statistics 2 3
SOCI 300. Sociological Inquiry 3 3
SOCI 480. Senior Seminar 4, 5, 6 3
Sociology electives 7 21

  39

1 Prerequisite for SOCI 200: GSOCI 110, GSOCI 140 or SOCI 101.
2 Students can substitute SOCI 231 with MATH 220, PSYC 210 or COB 191, if SPSS is used in the course, but must take an additional sociology course to complete the required 39 hours of sociology.
3 Prerequisite for SOCI 300: SOCI 200 and SOCI 231 (or equivalent), sociology majors only.
4 Prerequisite for SOCI 480: SOCI 300.
5 This course fulfills the College of Arts and Letters writing-intensive requirement for the major.
6 Students may fulfill the senior seminar requirement by completing a supervised internship with a substantial writing expectation. Students must secure their own internship placement before enrolling in the internship course. Consult an adviser or the sociology program coordinator for details.
7 If a course other than SOCI 231 is used to meet the statistics requirement, 24 elective credits will be required to reach the 39 credit hour total.

Bachelor of Science in Sociology

Degree Requirements

Required Courses Credit Hours
General Education 1 41
Quantitative requirement 2 3
Scientific Literacy requirement 2 3-4
University electives 32-33
Major requirements (listed below) 39

  120

1 The General Education program contains a set of requirements each student must fulfill. The number of credit hours necessary to fulfill these requirements may vary.
2 In addition to course work taken to fulfill General Education requirement.

Major Requirements
To earn the B.S. degree with a sociology major, students must complete a minimum of 39 credit hours in sociology. Of these credit hours, 18 are required courses; the remaining 21 credit hours are electives chosen from over 30 sociology courses. Students must observe the prerequisite sequencing of required courses as shown in the course descriptions.

Students must earn at least a "C-" in all sociology classes or any course that is substituted for a sociology core course. If a student earns below a "C-" in a course, he/she can re-take the course once in order to meet the "C-" standard.

Courses Credit Hours
GSOCI 110. Social Issues in Global Context 3
GSOCI 140. Microsociology: The Individual in Society 3
SOCI 200. Development of Social Thought and Method 1 3
SOCI 231. Introduction to Social Statistics 2 3
SOCI 300. Sociological Inquiry 3 3
SOCI 480. Senior Seminar 4,5,6 3
Sociology electives 7 21

  39

1 Prerequisite for SOCI 200: GSOCI 110, GSOCI 140 or SOCI 101.
2 Students can substitute SOCI 231 with MATH 220, PSYC 210 or COB 191, if SPSS is used in the course, but must take an additional sociology course to complete the required 39 hours of sociology.
3 Prerequisite for SOCI 300: SOCI 200 and SOCI 231 (or equivalent), sociology majors only.
4 Prerequisite for SOCI 480: SOCI 300.
5 This course fulfills the College of Arts and Letters writing-intensive requirement for the major.
6 Students may fulfill the senior seminar requirement by completing a supervised internship with a substantial writing expectation. Students must secure their own internship placement before enrolling in the internship course. Consult an adviser or the sociology program coordinator for details.
7 If a course other than SOCI 231 is used to meet the statistics requirement, 24 elective credits will be required to reach the 39 credit hour total.

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Concentrations
The sociology program encourages majors to select electives that create a coherent program of study suited to their special needs and interests. Such a focus would involve four or more courses from the following concentration groupings: 1

Environment, Technologies and Innovations
SOCI 311. Sociology of the Environment
SOCI 313. Processes of Social and Cultural Change
SOCI 315. Technology and Society
SOCI 316. Space, Time, and the Human Environment
SOCI 344. Work and Society
SOCI 348. Introducing the Developing Societies
SOCI 354. Social and Cultural Stratification
SOCI 360. Social Movements
SOCI 361. Sociology of Organizations
SOCI 366. Sociology of Knowledge
SOCI 375. Medical Sociology

Political and Global Analysis
SOCI 214. Social Deviance
SOCI 260. Sociology of Culture
SOCI 313. Processes of Social and Cultural Change
SOCI 321. Politics of Society
SOCI 342. Muslim Movements in the Middle East
SOCI 344. Work and Society
SOCI 348. Introduction to Developing Societies
SOCI 354. Social and Cultural Stratification
SOCI 361. Sociology of Organizations
SOCI 375. Medical Sociology
SOCI 379. Africentric Social Thought
SOCI 478. Africa Centered Worldview

Community Action and Evaluation
SOCI 265. Sociology of the Community
SOCI 276. Sociology of Families
SOCI 280. Social Gerontology
SOCI 321. Politics of Society
SOCI 322. Sociology of Religion
SOCI 327. Juvenile Delinquency
SOCI 341. Sociology of Education
SOCI 352. Birth, Death, Sex: Exploring Demography
SOCI 360. Social Movements
SOCI 375. Medical Sociology

Markets and Cultures
SOCI 260. Sociology of Culture
SOCI 329. Psychological and Sociological Aspects of Sport
SOCI 341. Sociology of Education
SOCI 344. Work and Society
SOCI 345. Sociology of Occupations and Professions
SOCI 346. Leisure in Contemporary Society
SOCI 348. Introduction to Developing Societies
SOCI 358. Sociology of Consumption
SOCI 361. Sociology of Organizations
SOCI 368. Contemporary American Culture
SOCI 478. Africa Centered Worldview

Social Inequalities and Public Policy
SOCI 214. Social Deviance
SOCI 276. Sociology of Families
SOCI 311. Sociology of the Environment
SOCI 321. Politics in Society
SOCI 325. Criminology
SOCI 336. Race and Ethnicity
SOCI 337. Sociology of Gender
SOCI 354. Social and Cultural Stratification
SOCI 360. Social Movements
SOCI 366. Sociology of Knowledge
SOCI 367. Sociology of Sexuality
SOCI 369. Law and Society
SOCI 375. Medical Sociology
SOCI 379. Africentric Social Thought

1 Within any of the defined concentrations students may gain credits toward completing the concentration through certain special topics or other courses. On occasion, courses taken outside the major or university may qualify. For special topics courses in sociology, see the instructor of record for that course. For other questions or possibilities see an adviser or the sociology program coordinator.

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Recommended Schedule for Majors 1
The following is an example of a four-year course of study for a student seeking a degree in sociology.

First Year Credit Hours
GSOCI 110. Social Issues in a Global Context 3
GSOCI 140. Microsociolgy: The Individual in Society 3
Sociology elective 3

  9

Second Year Credit Hours
SOCI 200. Development of Social Thought and Method 3
SOCI 231. Social Statistics 3
Sociology electives 3

  9

Third Year Credit Hours
SOCI 300. Sociological Inquiry 3
Electives 6-9

  9-12

Fourth Year Credit Hours
Sociology electives 6-9
SOCI 480. Senior Seminar (majors take this during their final semester at JMU) 3

  9-12

1 Transfer students on a two-year course of study should change "Year" in this sequence to "Semester."

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Minor Requirements

Sociology Minor
To minor in sociology, a student must complete a minimum of 18 credit hours of sociology course work including three core credit hours and 15 elective credit hours.

Core Requirements Credit Hours
SOCI 200. Development of Social Thought and Method 3
Sociology electives 15

  18

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Anthropology Program

Mission Statement
Anthropology is unique among the social sciences in that it celebrates humans as biological organisms and as innovative, creative, culture-bearing beings. Through course work, field schools, study abroad, independent studies and internships, students learn about cultural, linguistic, and biological diversity, human biological characteristics, and the human past as revealed by archaeology. The anthropology program provides globally-oriented courses that stress critical thinking, method and theory, gathering and interpreting data, intensive reading and writing, hands-on learning, and the research methods and techniques used by anthropologists to understand contemporary human problems.

Goals
The anthropology program has the following goals:

Career Opportunities and Marketable Skills
An undergraduate degree in Anthropology provides a solid foundation for a wide range of rewarding careers. Students with a B.A. or B.S. degree in anthropology have gone on to become:

The anthropology major is a liberal arts program that stresses such marketable skills as:

Co-curricular Activities and Organizations

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Major and Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology

Degree Requirements

Required Courses Credit Hours
General Education 1 41
Foreign Language classes (intermediate level required) 2 0-14
Philosophy course (in addition to General Education courses) 3
University electives (beyond major) 25-39
Major requirements (listed below) 40-41

  120

1 The General Education program contains a set of requirements each student must fulfill.
The number of credit hours necessary to fulfill these requirements may vary.
2 The foreign language requirement may be satisfied by successful completion of the second semester of the intermediate level of the student's chosen language (typically 232) or by placing out of that language through the Department of Foreign Languages, Literatures and Cultures' placement test.

Bachelor of Science in Anthropology

Degree Requirements

Required Courses Credit Hours
General Education 1 41
Quantitative requirement 2 3
Scientific Literacy requirement 2 3-4
University electives 35-36
Major requirements (listed below) and electives 40-41

  120

1 The General Education program contains a set of requirements each student must fulfill. The number of credit hours necessary to fulfill these requirements may vary.
2 MATH 220, Statistics, is strongly recommended for those students who have not taken that course or an equivalent as part of their General Education.

Major Requirements
To earn a B.A. or B. S. degree in anthropology, students complete 40-41 credit hours in the major. Given the diverse opportunities the discipline provides, the major is designed to allow students the opportunity to work closely with their advisers to develop a curriculum appropriate to their personal and professional interests. Those students wishing to do so may elect to pursue a concentration in one of the three sub-disciplines of cultural, biological or archaeological anthropology.

The concentrations guide students in choosing courses to enhance opportunities for graduate school or allow them to pursue an area of personal interest within the larger discipline of anthropology. Up to two elective courses from a discipline outside of anthropology may be applied to the major. Elective courses from outside of the program must be approved by the student's adviser and must be at the 300- or 400-level. Students must receive at least a "C-" in a class to have it count toward the major.

General Program
The general program is the primary curricular option for the major. As such, it provides students with a wholistic introduction to the breadth of anthropology highlighting experience in the sub-disciplines of cultural, archaeological, and biological anthropology as well as introductory experiences in linguistics. The program is designed to provide students with a well-rounded understanding of the discipline in preparation for advanced graduate training or as an adjunct to their personal and professional aspirations.

Required Courses Credit Hours
GANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology 3
GANTH 196. Biological Anthropology 3
ANTH 197. Archaeology 3
ANTH 201. The Discipline of Anthropology 1
ANTH 375. History of Theory in Sociocultural Anthropology 1 3
One methods course from the following: 3-4
ANTH 435. Ethnographic Genres and Methods  
ANTH 410. Spatial Analysis for Anthropologists  
ANTH 420. Evolution of Human Behavior  
ANTH 455. Archaeology: Methods of Analysis and Interpretation  
One elective from each of the following: cultural anthropology, 9
biological anthropology and archaeology  
Other electives 2, 3 15

  40-41

1 Students should take two of GANTH 195, GANTH 196 or ANTH 197 and at least one anthropology elective before taking ANTH 375.
2 Students may take up to two adviser approved electives at the 300 or 400-level from courses outside of the program.
3 Students should consider including ANTH 305, Language and Culture, as one of their electives.

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Concentrations

Cultural Anthropology
Cultural anthropology is at the core of anthropology. It provides students with in-depth experience in the interpretation and comparison of cultures. It is closely linked to the humanities and to other social sciences. Students learn what culture is, how different cultural systems and forms of social organization work, how language both reflects and constitutes culture, and methodological and theoretical frameworks for interpreting cultural differences and similarities. Students work closely with cultural anthropology faculty to choose a series of electives from both within and outside of the department to refine their own research interests.

Students are encouraged (but not required) to become proficient in a foreign language beyond the level required for the B.A. and to develop a regional area of specialization through course work or a minor (e.g. Latin American studies, Africana studies, Middle Eastern studies, Asian studies). Outside upper-level electives are recommended in history, sociology, economics, religion, modern foreign languages and political science. Students are encouraged to pursue study abroad, ethnographic field school and internship opportunities.

Required Courses Credit Hours
GANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology 3
GANTH 196. Biological Anthropology 3
ANTH 197. Archaeology 3
ANTH 201. The Discipline of Anthropology 1
ANTH 375. History of Theory in Sociocultural Anthropology 1 3
ANTH 435. Ethnographic Genres and Methods 4
One upper-division course archaeology and biological anthropology 6
Electives 2, 3 18

  41

1 Students should take two of GANTH 195, GANTH 196 or ANTH 197 and at least one anthropology elective before taking ANTH 375.
2 Students may take up to two adviser approved electives at the 300 or 400 level from courses outside of the program.
3 Suggested electives include: ANTH 305, Language and Culture; area studies courses such as ANTH 265, Peoples and Cultures of Latin America and the Caribbean, ANTH 312, Native Americans, ANTH 280, Peoples and Cultures of Sub Saharan Africa, ANTH 380, Chinese Culture and Society; and upper-division courses addressing topical issues which are generally more theoretically intensive such as ANTH 390, Topics in Cultural Studies, ANTH 313, Culture Process and Change, ANTH 323, Visual Anthropology, ANTH 340, The Invention of Race, ANTH 370, Topics in the Anthropology of Gender, and ANTH 395, Special Topics. Students are encouraged to pursue study abroad, ethnographic field school and internship opportunities.

Archaeology
Archaeology is the study of the development and change of human societies from the prehistoric past to the present through the identification, gathering and interpretation of material remains and/or artifacts. While a major contributor to biological anthropology and forensics, archaeology is most closely tied to cultural anthropology and has been described as cultural anthropology in the past tense. As a major contributor to the emerging discipline of historical archaeology, the field has strong ties to the practice of history.

Students planning a career in archaeology should enroll in an archaeological field school. Those interested in historical archaeology should consider the cross disciplinary historical archaeology minor. Archaeology students are also encouraged to take ANTH 435, Ethnographic Genres and Methods. This sub-discipline shares strong methodological and thematic ties with history, geology, geography, biology and art history, and upper-level course electives from these areas are encouraged. Students are encouraged to consider co-majoring or minoring in these fields as a complement to their education.

Required Courses Credit Hours
GANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology 3
GANTH 196. Biological Anthropology 3
ANTH 197. Archaeology 3
ANTH 201. The Discipline of Anthropology 1
ANTH 375. History of Theory in Sociocultural Anthropology 1 3
ANTH 410. Spatial Analysis for Anthropologists or ANTH 490 2 3-4
ANTH 455. Archaeology: Methods of Analysis and Interpretation 4
One upper division course in cultural and biological anthropology 6
One regional archaeology course (ANTH 250, ANTH 324, ANTH 327, ANTH 333) 3
Electives 3, 4 11-12

  40-41

1 Students should take two of GANTH 195, GANTH 196 or ANTH 197 and at least one anthropology elective before taking ANTH 375.
2 Instead of ANTH 410 students may take ANTH 490, Special Studies, and complete a project that requires the analysis and interpretation of archaeological data.
3 Students may take up to two adviser approved electives at the 300 or 400-level from courses outside of the program.
4 Students are encouraged to take electives from across the breadth of biological and cultural anthropology as well as archaeology. ANTH 305, Language and Culture, is strongly recommended. An archaeological field school is strongly encouraged for any students wishing to pursue professional or graduate opportunities. ANTH 435, Ethnographic Genres and Methods, is also recommended.

Biological Anthropology
The focus of biological anthropology is the study of human biology from an evolutionary perspective. Biological anthropology is interested in understanding how and why the human species became what it is today. Thus, it involves the study of human evolution, human biology and its variation, human ecology (how humans interrelate with their environment), and primate behavior and biology (to place humans in the proper comparative context). Biological anthropologists also recognize that human culture, and learned behavior in general, are fundamentally important to understanding the human condition which leads them to emphasize a bio-cultural approach in which both biology and culture are integrated into a holistic understanding of humanity.

Students work closely with biological anthropology faculty to choose electives from both within and outside of the department to refine their own research and scholarly interests. Upper-level electives in biology and psychology are recommended depending on the student's particular goals. Students might consider taking a minor or second major in biology or psychology.

Required Courses Credit Hours
GANTH 195. Cultural Anthropology 3
GANTH 196. Biological Anthropology 3
ANTH 197. Archaeology 3
ANTH 201. The Discipline of Anthropology 1
ANTH 375. History of Theory in Sociocultural Anthropology 1 3
One upper division course in archaeology and cultural anthropology 6
Choose two of the following courses: 6
ANTH 315. Human Evolution  
ANTH 316. Human Evolutionary Psychology  
ANTH 317. Primate Evolutionary Ecology  
At least one additional upper level course (300-400) in biological anthropological 3
topics  
Electives 12

  40

1 Students should take two of GANTH 195, GANTH 196 or ANTH 197 and at least one anthropology elective before taking ANTH 375.

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Minor Requirements

Anthropology Minor
Students complete a minor in anthropology by completing 18 hours in anthropology including the core courses GANTH 195, Cultural Anthropology; GANTH 196, Biological Anthropology and ANTH 197, Archaeology.

Historical Archaeology Minor
The minor is designed for students interested in the field of historical archaeology, a discipline that integrates the research interests and methods of archaeology and history. For a full description of this program, refer to the cross disciplinary Historical Archaeology program.

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