Cluster Three: The Natural World

Scientific investigations into the natural world use analytical methods to evaluate evidence, build and test models based on that evidence, and develop theories. Mathematical studies of form and pattern can create a language that assists in these investigations. Courses in this cluster provide students with the opportunity to develop problem-solving skills in science and mathematics at the college level. Students will be introduced to a substantial body of scientific facts, concepts, models and theories, and they will also gain experience in using basic mathematics to obtain knowledge about the natural world. Each track is multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary, thereby demonstrating boundaries and connections among mathematics, the sciences and other aspects of culture.

Cluster Three: Track I and Track II
All students begin either Track I or Track II in Cluster Three during their first year and should complete it by the end of their sophomore year. Individual courses in the tracks satisfy requirements in a number of major and professional programs on campus. Students are encouraged to select appropriate courses in Cluster Three on the basis of their backgrounds, interests and educational objectives.

Track I
In this track, students take one course from each of three groups and are required to have at least one lab experience. Group 1 consists of mathematics courses, and Groups 2 and 3 consist of science courses. The groups may be taken in any order, except for courses denoted by an asterisk (*), which have a mathematics and/or science prerequisite or corequisite.

Group 1. Choose one of the following:
GISAT 151. Topics in Applied Calculus in ISAT
GISAT 251. Topics in Applied Statistics in ISAT
MATH 103. The Nature of Mathematics
MATH 205. Introductory Calculus I
MATH 220. Elementary Statistics
MATH 231. Calculus with Functions I
MATH 235. Calculus I

Group 2. Choose one of the following:
CHEM 120. Concepts of Chemistry
CHEM 131. General Chemistry I (CHEM 131L required lab corequisite)
GISAT 112. Environmental Issues in Science and Technology (includes lab)
GSCI 101. Physics, Chemistry and the Human Experience *
GSCI 121. The Physical Nature of Light and Sound (includes lab)
PHYS 140. College Physics I (PHYS 140L required lab corequisite)
PHYS 215. Energy and the Environment *
PHYS 240. University Physics I *

Group 3. Choose one of the following:
GANTH 196. Biological Anthropology
ASTR 120. The Solar System
ASTR 121. Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology
GBIO 103. Contemporary Biology
BIO 114. Organisms (includes lab)
BIO 222. Interdisciplinary Biology for Engineering and Physical Sciences
BIO 270. Human Physiology (includes lab) *
GGEOL 102. Environment: Earth
GGEOL 115. Earth Systems and Climate Change
GEOL 110. Physical Geology (includes lab)
GEOL 200. Evolutionary Systems (includes lab)
GEOL 210. Applied Physical Geography *
GEOL 211. Introduction to Oceanography
GISAT 113. Biotechnology Issues in Science and Technology
GPSYC 122. The Science of Vision and Audition

Lab Experience. Choose one of the following:
Group 2 course with a lab
Group 3 course with a lab
GSCI 104. Scientific Perspectives

Track II
In addition to the science and math content, Track II emphasizes the learning environment and the unifying themes that link each of the individual classes. Track II is meant to serve primarily, but not exclusively, IDLS majors. MATH 107 must be taken prior to GSCI 163; GSCI 161 and GSCI 162 are corequisites; GSCI 163 and GSCI 164 are corequisites. Corequisite pairs may be taken in any order.

MATH 107. Fundamentals of Mathematics I
GSCI 161. Science Processes
GSCI 162. The Science of the Planets
GSCI 163. The Matter of Matter
GSCI 164. Physical Science: Learning Through Teaching
GSCI 165. The Way Life Works

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Cluster Three Learning Objectives
After completing Cluster Three: The Natural World, students should be able to meet the following objectives grouped under three learning goals:

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