Biology

Business Law

Business and Marketing Education


Biology

Department of Biology

*BIO 114. Organisms (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered fall and spring.

An exploration of how diverse life forms carry out fundamental processes that sustain life including acquiring and using essential molecules, growing and reproducing, responding to environmental stimuli, and maintaining a stable internal environment. Labs will introduce students to the scientific method in a series of investigative lab and field experiences.

BIO 124. Ecology and Evolution (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered fall and spring.

In this course students will learn about variation within populations, the mechanisms of evolution, phylogeny and classification, population and community ecology, animal behavior and ecosystems dynamics. Labs will include investigations in laboratory and field settings. Prerequisite: Grade of C- or better in BIO 114. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 124 and BIO 351.

BIO 201. Trelawny Learning Community Seminar

1 credit. Offered fall.

An introduction to the biology major for freshmen living in the Trelawny Learning Community Topics will include research opportunities, careers, case studies and current topics. Faculty and upperclass students from the Department will interact with this course to provide different perspectives about the biology major. Prerequisite: Membership in the Trelawny Learning Community.

BIO 214. Cell and Molecular Biology (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered fall and spring.

Students will explore the physiology, metabolism, and reproductive biology of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Topics will include the structure and function of macromolecules, theoretical and mechanistic aspects of metabolism, bioenergetics, and signal transduction. Labs will include investigations that introduce students to various biochemical techniques. Prerequisites: Grades of C- or better in BIO 114 and either CHEM 132, CHEM 120 or permission of the instructor. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 214 and BIO 220.

BIO 220. Cell Biology

3 credits. Offered periodically.

A comparative and theoretical coverage of basic aspects of cell structure and function common to most biological systems, including integration of cell theory, metabolism and gene action. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 220 and CHEM 222. Prerequisite: CHEM 132 or CHEM 120 or equivalent. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 220 and BIO 214.

BIO 224. Genetics and Development (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered fall and spring.

The final course in the introductory series will explore how genetic information is utilized throughout the lifetime of the organism. Labs will make use of common model organisms highlighting the growing base of knowledge on the genetics and molecular biology of developmental processes. Prerequisites: Grade of C- or better in BIO 124 and BIO 214. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 224 and BIO 230.

BIO 230. Genetics (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered periodically.

A study of the major principles of biological inheritance through lectures, readings, experimentation and discussions. Prerequisites: BIO 120 and BIO 130. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 230 and BIO 224.

*BIO 270. Human Physiology (3, 2)

4 credits. Offered fall, spring and summer.

An introduction to basic physiological principles using humans as the primary organism. Physiological adaptations will be examined at the molecular through organismal levels. Intended for students in health-related fields and Cluster 3, Package C, of the General Education program, and not available for Biology major credit. Prerequisites: CHEM 120 or CHEM 131 or equivalent and MATH 220 or equivalent.

BIO 280. Allied Health Microbiology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered fall, spring and summer.

An introduction to the biology and significance of microorganisms. Emphasis will be placed on human- and health-related aspects of microbiology. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 280 and BIO 380. Not available for major credit. Prerequisite: CHEM 120 or GSCI 101 or GSCI 103 or equivalent.

BIO 290. Human Anatomy (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered fall, spring and summer.

A study of the basic body plan is reinforced by studies of dissected human cadavers and computer simulations. Emphasis is on the major body structures and systems.

BIO 305. Ornithology (1, 4)

3 credits. Offered spring.

Introduction to avian biology with exercises in field identification. Prerequisite: BIO 124 or permission of instructor.

BIO 310. General Entomology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered periodically

A laboratory and field study of insects. Morphology, physiology and behavioral aspects will be emphasized. Collection, identification and preservation of local insects by standard procedures will be part of the course. Prerequisite: BIO 124 or permission of instructor.

BIO 312. Animal Welfare

3 credits. Offered spring

An examination of the biological basis of animal welfare. Topics include the evolution of domestic animals, physiological and behavioral measurements of stress, welfare assessment and pain perception. Case studies examine the use of animals for companionship, food, medical research and entertainment. Prerequisite: BIO 124 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 316. Principles of Animal Development (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered fall

An introduction to the fundamental processes and mechanisms of animal development. The cellular and molecular bases of embryonic processes ranging from fertilization through organogenesis and of postembryonic processes including metamorphosis, regeneration, senescence and reproduction are explored in the primary vertebrate models (fish, frog, chick, mouse, human) and selected invertebrates. Prerequisite: BIO 224.

BIO 320. Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered spring

A study of the evolution of vertebrate organ systems that integrates structure, function, and development. Prerequisite: BIO 124 or BIO 290 or equivalent.

BIO 325. Topics in Biology

1-4 credits, repeatable to 7 credits. Offered periodically

Studies in special areas of biology. May be repeated for credit when course content changes. Prerequisite: See e-campus for prerequisites for specific topics.

BIO 326. Topics in Biology Laboratory

1 credit. Offered periodically

Laboratory studies in special areas of biology to accompany BIO 325. May be repeated for credit when course content changes. Prerequisite: An accompanying BIO 325 course (up to 3 credits) is Corequisite. See eCampus for prerequisites for specific topics.

BIO 330. Scanning Electron Microscopy

3 credits. Offered periodically

This course will include the theory and application of scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry. Students will learn to prepare, view and analyze specimens. An individual research project will be required of each student. Prerequisite: CHEM 132.

BIO 340. Morphology and Anatomy of Vascular Plants (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered spring even years

A detailed study of the comparative morphology and anatomy of tracheophytes. Prerequisite: BIO 124.

BIO/GEOL 350. Invertebrate Paleontology (3, 2)

4 credits. Offered periodically

The history of nonvertebrate life from its origin, through evolving biogeochemical cycles, origin of eukaryotes and multicellularity, evolutionary records of all major groups and theoretical issues such as major group origins, adaptive radiation patterns, extinctions, functional adaptations and paleoecology. Prerequisite: GEOL 230, BIO 114 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 351. Introduction to Ecology

3 credits. Offered periodically

An introduction to habitat, populations, communities and ecosystems with emphasis on the principles of ecology as they are applied and their relationships to other areas of science. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 351 and 352. Prerequisite: Two courses from BIO 120, BIO 130, GSCI 103 or equivalent. Students wishing to pursue upper division ecology courses should take BIO 351 in their sophomore year. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 351 and BIO 124.

BIO 352. Honors Introduction to Ecology (3, 1)

4 credits. Offered periodically

An introduction to ecological principles including independent study and/or a problem-solving seminar which distinguishes this course from BIO 351. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 351 and 352. Prerequisites: Meet university honors guidelines; two courses from BIO 120, BIO 130, GSCI 103 or permission of the instructor. Students wishing to pursue upper division ecology courses should take BIO 352 in their sophomore year.

BIO/CHEM 361. Biochemistry I

3 credits. Offered fall

An introduction to the molecules and chemical reactions of living systems. Structure and function of important classes of biomolecules are explored and the relationship of structure to function is stressed. Basic metabolic sequences are discussed. Prerequisites: CHEM 342 and permission of instructor.

BIO 364. Human Uses of Plants (3, 0)

3 credits. Offered fall

A survey of past, present and future uses of plants with emphasis on economically important plant families. Issues of cultivated plant origins, biodiversity, and germplasm preservation are considered. Prerequisite: BIO 124 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 365. Laboratory in Human Uses of Plants (0, 3)

1 credit. Offered fall

An investigative examination of plants and their constituents with an emphasis on their physiological ecology, adaptations and economic utilization by humans. Prerequisite or corequisite: BIO 364.

BIO 370. Animal Physiology (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered fall and spring

Design and function of cellular and organ physiology will be explored in both non-human and human animals. Class activities will emphasize problem-solving, and collaborative and independent learning. The laboratories will utilize computer simulations and animal/human experiments to examine principles of both physiology and scientific investigation. Prerequisites: BIO 214 and CHEM 132, or permission of the instructor; one semester each of calculus and statistics are recommended.

BIO 380. General Microbiology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered fall and spring

A study of the structure and function of microorganisms and their relationship to humans and to the environment. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 280 and BIO 380. Prerequisite: BIO 214 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 386. Field Botany (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered fall even years

An in-depth survey of vascular plants in the field, with emphasis on identification, diversity of form and function, and ecology. Laboratory topics will include techniques for sampling plant communities, identifying local flora and preserving botanical materials. Prerequisite: BIO 124.

BIO 404. Evolutionary Analysis

3 credits. Offered fall

An examination of the place of theoretical thought in biology. The concepts of phylogenetic relationships and the mechanisms of organic change as expressed through the principles of organic evolution will be stressed. Prerequisite: BIO 224 or permission of the instructor.

BIO/GEOL 405. Vertebrate Paleontology (3, 1)

3 credits. Offered periodically

A study of the origin and evolution of the vertebrates. Emphasis will be on understanding how the processes of Earth evolution and biological evolution have interacted through time to produce a coherent picture of vertebrate history. Prerequisite: GEOL 230, BIO 124, or permission of instructor.

BIO 409. Marine and Freshwater Invertebrates

3 credits. Offered fall

This course is an animal diversity course, the goal of which is to provide an understanding and appreciation of diverse ways animals function, reproduce, and interact with their environment. Invertebrate groups will be surveyed. How evolution has resulted in the great richness and diversity of life on earth today will be explored using the principles of adaptation and phylogenetic analysis. Prerequisite: BIO 124 or equivalent.

BIO 410. Advanced Human Anatomy (1, 6)

3 credits. Offered spring

An advanced study of topics in human anatomy using dissection techniques. Prerequisites: BIO 290 and/or BIO 320 and permission of instructor.

BIO 414. Clinical Anatomy for Occupational Therapists

4 credits. Offered summer

This course offers an in-depth study of the structure of the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems of the human body. Specific structural and neural pathologies will be examined in regards to impact on occupational performance. Laboratory experiences involving cadaver dissection, skeletal material, models and audiovisual technology will be utilized. Prerequisite: Admission to the Occupational Therapy program.

BIO 420. Medical Parasitology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered spring odd years

A study of the principal parasites of humans. Topics will include terminology, overview of host-parasite relationships, host defenses, organism’s response to host and laboratory methods. Morphology, lifecycle, epidemiology, geographic distribution, pathology and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and possible eradication will be studied for each organism. Prerequisite: BIO 214 or permission of instructor.

BIO 426. Advanced Topics in Biology

3-4 credits. Offered periodically

Advanced studies in specified areas of biology. May be repeated for credit when course content changes. Prerequisite: See e-campus for prerequisites for specific topics.

BIO 427. Advanced Topics in Biology Laboratory

1 credit. Offered periodically

Laboratory studies in special areas of biology to accompany BIO 426. May be repeated for credit when course content changes. Prerequisite: An accompanying 3-credit BIO 426 course is Corequisite. See eCampus for prerequisites for specific topics.

BIO 430. Human Genetics

3 credits. Offered spring and summer

Current topics in human genetics with emphasis on species and population variation, medical genetics and genetic applications that affect humans. Prerequisite: BIO 224.

BIO 440. Functional Neuroscience for Occupational Therapists

3 credits. Offered fall

This course will examine functional performance of all aspects of the human nervous system. Specific nervous system conditions will be introduced and their impact on occupational performance, performance components and environmental contexts discussed. Prerequisites: Admittance to the Occupational Therapy program and satisfactory completion of previous concentration course work. Credit may not be applied toward the biology major or minor.

BIO 442. Immunology

3 credits. Offered spring

A study of the molecular and cellular basis of the immune system. Topics include the properties of antigens and immunoglobulins, the development and regulation of humoral and cell-mediated immunity, resistance and immunization to infectious diseases, allergies, and autoimmune and immunodeficiency disorders. Credit may not be earned in BIO 442 and BIO 542. Prerequisite: BIO 214 or permission of instructor.

BIO 443. Immunology Laboratory (0,4)

1 credit. Offered spring

This course will introduce students to the theory and application of many of the methods currently used in clinical and research immunology. Laboratory exercises will focus on methods for identifying, quantifying, and assessing functional activities of immune cells and molecules. Students will gain experience using experimental animals and in animal cell culture techniques. Corequisite: BIO 442.

BIO 444. Virology

3 credits. Offered fall

A study of the fundamental aspects of both basic and medical virology. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 444 and BIO 544. Prerequisite: BIO 214 and BIO 224, or permission of instructor.

BIO 445. Neurobiology (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered periodically

Molecular, cellular and network mechanisms underlying behavior will be studied using problem-solving, discussion, lecture and critical reading of the primary literature. Similarities and differences between nervous systems and computers will be explored. Laboratories will utilize contemporary electrophysiology and computer simulation to examine the neurobiology of simple animal model systems. Prerequisite: BIO 370. Physics recommended.

BIO 451. Ecological Systems (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered periodically

Ecosystems are examined as basic ecological units which are comprised of communities interacting with their environments and are themselves components of landscape. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 451 and 551. Prerequisites: BIO 124 and BIO 214.

BIO 452. Population Ecology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered fall

Theoretical and applied aspects of distribution and abundance, population regulation, interactions between populations and conservation will be studied in selected organisms, including humans. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 452 and BIO 552. Prerequisite: BIO 124.

BIO 453. Microbial Ecology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered spring

The ecology of microorganisms will be covered, emphasizing the study of microbial growth and activity in natural environments. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 453 and BIO 553. Prerequisites: BIO 124 and BIO 380.

BIO 454. Introduction to Biometrics

3 credits. Offered spring even years

The design of biological experiments and applications of statistical techniques in ecology, cell biology, physiology, behavior, systematics, genetics and evolution. Experiments and data from the biological literature will be emphasized. Statistical software packages will be used. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 454 and BIO 554. Prerequisite: MATH 220 or equivalent.

BIO 455. Plant Physiology (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered spring odd years

Function and structure of plants including water relations, mineral nutrition, transport phenomena, metabolism, growth and development and selected topics in physiological ecology. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 455 and BIO 555. Prerequisite: BIO 214; Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 342.

BIO 456. Landscape Ecology (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered periodically

The functional and descriptive study of the interaction of the mosaic of ecosystems which comprise the landscape prevalent in a region. Prerequisite: BIO 124.

BIO 457. Environmental Toxicology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered spring

The study of the biological effects of environmental pollutants, examined at the molecular, cellular, organismal, population, community and ecosystem levels. Prerequisite: BIO 224 or equivalent.

BIO 458. Comparative Animal Physiology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered periodically

An investigation of animal physiological adaptations to biotic and abiotic environmental factors. Laboratory study emphasizes experimental methods utilized to examine adaptive mechanisms. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 458 and BIO 558. Prerequisite: BIO 270 or BIO 370.

BIO 459. Freshwater Ecology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered fall

Functional relationships and productivity of freshwater communities are examined as they are affected by their physical, chemical and biotic environment. Organisms inhabiting lakes, ponds, rivers, streams and estuaries are studied at the population, community and ecosystem levels. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 459 and BIO 559. Prerequisites: BIO 124 and CHEM 131 and CHEM 132.

BIO 460. Plant Cell and Tissue Culture (2, 4)

4 credits.Offered spring even years

Theory and practice of growing isolated plant cells, tissues and organs. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 460 and BIO 560. Prerequisites: BIO 114 and CHEM 132.

BIO 470. Morphology of Nonvascular Plants (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered periodically

Comparative morphology, ecology and taxonomy of representative algae, fungi and bryophytes. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 470 and BIO 570. Prerequisite: BIO 124.

BIO 480. Advanced Molecular Biology (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered fall

Cellular constituents and genetics are emphasized at the molecular level. Credit may not be earned in both BIO 480 and BIO 580. Prerequisite: BIO 214. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 342.

BIO 482. Human Histology (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered fall

Microscopic structure of cells, tissues, and major organ systems of the body. Basic anatomical and physiological function is presented to emphasize the histological significance of the examined organ systems. Prerequisite: BIO 270, or BIO 290 or equivalent.

BIO 486. Systematics of Vascular Plants (2, 4)

4 credits. Offered fall odd years

Study of systematic theory and an overview of the classification and evolution of higher plants, with particular attention to flowering plant families. Techniques for plant identification and collection and for construction of phylogenies will be taught in lab. Prerequisite: BIO 124 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 490. Biomechanics (3, 3)

4 credits. Offered spring

A study of the interactions of organisms with their physical environment. Concepts from fluid and solid mechanics are applied to biological form and function. Prerequisite: BIO 114 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 494. Internship in Biology (0, 2-12)

1-6 credits

Students participate in research or applied biology outside of this university. A proposal must be approved prior to registration and a final paper will be completed. Prerequisites: Biology major with a minimum of eight biology credit hours and a biology GPA of 2.5 or greater.

BIO 495. Biotechniques (0, 2)

1 credit

Emphasis is placed on theory, methodology and the development of manipulative abilities. Students must notify the biology office of their interest the semester before registration. May be repeated for credit when course content changes.

BIO 496. Research Literature (0, 2)

1 credit

A systematic review and study of the research literature in a selected field of biology. Proposal for study must be approved by sponsor and department head the semester before registration. May be repeated for credit when course content changes.

BIO 497A, B, C. Biological Research (0, 4-6)

1-3 credits, repeatable to 6 credits

Research in a selected area of biology as arranged with sponsor. Research outline must be approved by sponsor and department head the semester before registration.

BIO 499. Honors in Biology (0, 6)

6 credits

Three semester course taken as parts A, B and C; 2 credits each


Business Law

College of Business

BLAW 314. Real Estate Law.

3 credits

A study of the principles of law-governing interests in real estate including acquisition, encumbrance, transfer, rights and obligations of parties, and state and federal regulations thereof. Prerequisites: COB 218 and junior standing.

BLAW 470. Financial Products: Regulations and Protection.

3 credits. Offered once a year.

An inquiry into the legal environment of the financial marketplace. Topics explored include the role of regulatory agencies, the design of contrasts which minimize credit risk and maximize marketability and methods of protecting the proprietary component of innovative financial products. Prerequisites: COB 218 and junior standing.

BLAW 495. Business Law I.

3 credits. Offered fall and spring.

A study of the law of contracts, Article Two of the Uniform Commercial Code, product liability, legal liability of accountants, secured transactions and bankruptcy, with emphasis on the role these play in professional and personal decision making. The courts, the legislature and the interaction of these two braches of government in responding to a changing society are studies throughout. Prerequisites: COB 218 and COB 300 or permission of instructor.

BLAW 496. Business Law II.

3 credits. Offered once a year.

A study of Article Three of the Uniform Commerical Code, agency, partnerships, corporations, securities regulations, real property, trusts and decedents estates with emphasis on the role these play in professional and personal decision making. Prerequisites: COB 218 and COB 300 or permission of instructor.

BLAW 497. Legal Aspects of International Business.

3 credits. Offered spring.

Survey of legal implications of international business dealings including foreign direct sales, distributorship arrangements, licensing of technology and legal aspects of the multi-national corporation. The foreign legal environment, relevant conventionas and trade regulations and the transnational reach of regulatory law will be considered. Prerequisites: COB 218 and senior standing.

Business and Marketing Education

School of Education

BMED 200. Introduction to Business and Marketing Education

3 credits

A general survey of business and marketing principles as they relate to preparation for teaching, with emphasis on the history of business and marketing in America, the basic forms of business organizations, ownership, finance, management, taxes and wages, and labor relations.

BMED 230. Document Design and Production

3 credits

Experience in planning, designing and producing documents for the business office with focus on transferability of productivity among the genre of word processing software. Prerequisite: Keyboard in excess of 40 words per minute with at least 95 percent word accuracy without visual reference to the keyboard.

BMED 300. Data and Records Management

3 credits

Develops skills in managing the information of business by organizing data through the creation and use of computer spreadsheets and databases. Includes the management and organization of hard records.

BMED 376. Occupational Experience in Business

3 credits

Supervised internship providing business office experience for students seeking licensure as business education teachers in middle and secondary schools. A credit/no credit grade will be assigned. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

BMED 377. Occupational Experience in Marketing

3 credits

Supervised internship providing marketing (retail, promotion, entertainment, merchandising, etc.) experience for students seeking licensure as marketing education teachers in middle and secondary schools. A credit/no credit grade will be assigned. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

BMED 380. Demonstration Methods for Business and Marketing

3 credits

Development of an instructional model incorporating demonstrations and supervised walk-throughs in planning and directing the learning of computer-related and other complex business and marketing procedures and processes.

BMED 400. Business and Marketing Communications

3 credits

Develops skills in communicating effectively through formal and informal business reports, letters and memorandums. Emphasis on realistic problem solving involving collecting, organizing, analyzing, interpreting and presenting data. Prerequisites: GWRIT 101 and GWRIT 102 and BMED 230 or equivalent.

BMED 430. Desktop Publishing Design and Production

3 credits

Experience in planning, designing and producing the publications of business and education with focus on transferability of functions among the genre of desktop publishing software.

BMED 490. Independent Study in Business and Marketing Education

1-3 credits. Offered fall and spring

Provides opportunity to complete independent study or research on problems in business and marketing education. Prerequisite: Permission of the program coordinator.