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Bruce Wiggins

wigginba@jmu.edu
Contact Info

Professor of Biology


B.S. - Pennsylvania State University
M.S. - Cornell University
Ph.D. - Cornell University


Phone - 540-568-6196
Fax - 540-568-3333
Office - Bioscience 1028G

Office Hours

Courses: Biological Applications of Geographic Information Systems (BIO 457), Environmental Toxicology (BIO 465), Ecology and Evolution (BIO 124).

Research Interests:  Environmental Biology and Environmental Toxicology. 

I am interested in water quality, and how it is affected by surrounding landscape and land use.  Currently, my lab is investigating how streambank restoration practices in agricultural areas (such as tree plantings and cattle exclusion) affect the community structure of benthic macroinvertebrates in the streams.  Benthic macroinvertebrate communities are sensitive to sediment and nutrient pollution, and thus serve as indicators of water quality.  We collect samples from streams in the Shenandoah Valley that have undergone restoration, identify the organisms that are present, and determine macroinvertebrate diversity and abundance.  We also use GIS to measure the characteristics of the surrounding landscape that affect water quality, such as upstream riparian buffer width and percent of forest cover.  Our goal is to understand the role that land use plays in water quality, and to determine how well the various types of restoration practices are working.

 


Selected Publications
:

Trumbo, B., K. H. Nislow, J. Stallings, M. Hudy, E. P. Smith, D.-Y. Kim, B. A. Wiggins, and C. A. Dolloff.  2014.  Ranking Site Vulnerability to Increasing Temperatures in Southern Appalachian Brook Trout Streams in Virginia: An Exposure-Sensitivity Approach.  Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:  173-187.

Trumbo, B., M. Hudy, E. P. Smith, D.-Y. Kim, B. A. Wiggins, K. H. Nislow, and C. A. Dolloff.  2010.  Sensitivity and Vulnerability of Brook Trout Populations to Climate Change.  Pages 62-68 in R. F. Carline and C. LoSapio, editors. Wild Trout X: Sustaining wild trout in a changing world. Wild Trout Symposium, Bozeman, Montana.

Stoeckel, D. M., M. V. Mathes, K. E. Hyer, C. Hagedorn, H. Kator, J. Lukasik, T. L. O'Brien, T. W. Fenger, M. Samadpour, K. M. Strickler, and B. A. Wiggins.  2004.  Comparison of Seven Protocols to Identify Fecal Contamination using Escherichia coli:  Berkeley County, West Virginia. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38:6109-6117. 

Harwood, V. J., B. A. Wiggins, C. Hagedorn, R. D. Ellender, J. Gooch, J. Kern, M. Samadpour, A. C. H. Chapman, B. J. Robinson, and B. C. Thompson. 2003.  Phenotypic Library-Based Microbial Source Tracking Methods:  Efficacy in the California Collaborative Study.  J. Water Health 1:153-166. 

Ritter, K. J., E. Carruthers, C. A. Carson, R. D. Ellender, V. J. Harwood, K. Kingsley, C. Nakatsu, M. Sadowsky, B. Shear, B. West, J. E. Whitlock, B. A. Wiggins, and J. D. Wilbur.  2003.  Assessment of Statistical Models Used in Library-Based Approaches to Microbial Source Tracking.  J. Water Health 1:209-223. 

Wiggins, B. A., P. W. Cash, W. S. Creamer, S. E. Dart, P. P. Garcia, T. M. Gerecke, J. Han, B. L. Henry, K. B. Hoover, E. L. Johnson, K. C. Jones, J. G. McCarthy, J. A. McDonough, S. A. Mercer, M. J. Noto, H. Park, M. S. Phillips, S. M. Purner, B. M. Smith, E. N. Stevens, and A. K. Varner.  2003. Use of Antibiotic Resistance Analysis for Representativeness Testing of Multiwatershed Libraries.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:3399-3405.