Handout for "Seeing Trees" Lecture

Nancy Ross Hugo; nancyhugo@comcast.net

Legacy Trees

  1. White oak (Quercus alba)
  2. Swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
  3. Willow oak (Quercus phellos)
  4. Chestnut oak (Quercus prinus/ Q.montana)
  5. Northern red oak (Quercus rubra)
  6. Overcup oak (Quercus lyrata)
  7. Post oak (Quercus stellata)
  8. American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
  9. Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
  10. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
  11. Tulip polar (Liriodendron tulipifera)
  12. Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata)
  13. American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)
  14. Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
  15. Also, for eastern Virginia: baldcypress (Taxodium distichum)
  16. Also, for western and northern Virginia: sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
    eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

To learn more about tree lifespans (average and maximum):
Read "Tree life history strategies: the role of defenses," by Craig Loehle, Canadian Journal of Forestry, Vol. 18, 1988.
Or visit: http://www.web2.cnre.vt.edu/4h/bigtree/TreeAge.htm

Additional Resources:

  • Michael Dirr's Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, Stipes Publishing, 1998
  • David Allen Sibley's The Sibley Guide to Trees, Knopf, 2009
  • Donald Culross Peattie's A Natural History of Trees of Eastern and Central North America, Houghton Mifflin, 1991
  • Colin Tudge's The Tree: A Natural History of What trees are, how they live, and why they matter, Crown Publishers, 2005
  • David Streeter's The Natural History of the Oak Tree, Doring Kindersley, 1993
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