Rufous-sided Towhee — Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Order Passeriformes
Family Emberizidae
Genus Pipilo
Species erythrophthalmus

This species is readily recognized by its rufous sides. It is smaller and more slender than a Robin. The male's head and back are black, the sides rufous and the belly white. The eyes are usually red. The outer corners of the tail shows patches of white. The female is similar, but is brown where the male is black. This species is known for its habit of scratching in the leaves on the ground looking for insects. It is found in open woods, undergrowth and brushy areas. The Towhee nests from Canada south to Florida, moving further south in winter into the southern states.


Birds of the Arboretum

Summer Tanager

Summer Tanager
Photo by Greg Moyers

Swamp Sparrow

Swamp Sparrow
Photo by Diane Lepkowski

Tennessee Warbler

Tennessee Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Tree Swallow

Tree Swallow
Photo by Marshall Faintich