Rufous-sided Towhee — Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Order Passeriformes
Family Emberizidae
Genus Pipilo
Species erythrophthalmus

This species is readily recognized by its rufous sides. It is smaller and more slender than a Robin. The male's head and back are black, the sides rufous and the belly white. The eyes are usually red. The outer corners of the tail shows patches of white. The female is similar, but is brown where the male is black. This species is known for its habit of scratching in the leaves on the ground looking for insects. It is found in open woods, undergrowth and brushy areas. The Towhee nests from Canada south to Florida, moving further south in winter into the southern states.


Birds of the Arboretum

Black-Throated Blue Warbler

Black-Throated Blue Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Black-Throated Green Warbler

Black-Throated Green Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Blue Jay

Blue Jay
Photo by Benjamin Shirkey

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Photo by Marshall Faintich