Northern Cardinal — Cardinalis cardinalis

Order Passeriformes
Family Cardinalidae
Genus Cardinalis
Species cardinalis
The Northern Cardinal is one of the most visually recognized song birds in our area. In addition to being the Virginia state bird, it is the most numerous state bird for other states as well. The cardinal has a distinct crest; males have bright red all over except for the black around the bill; and females, being duller than the males, are grayish-brown with some red on the crest, wings and tail feathers. The cardinal is found all over in scrub woods, borders, hederows, parks and suburban areas.
Northern Cardinal
© Amanda M. Martindale

Community Contributions

(CC) BY-SA Benjamin Shirkey,
December 2012

A male northern cardinal perching on a twig.

© Lynn Whitmore,
January 2015

A male northern cardinal perching on a branch.

© Patrick Flanigan,
December 2014

A female northern cardinal perching on a ledge.

© Daniel Wentling,
January 2015

A male northern cardinal perching on a branch.

© EJC Arboretum at James Madison University,
February 2015

A female northern cardinal perching on a branch.


Birds of the Arboretum

Tufted Titmouse

Tufted Titmouse
Photo by Diane Lepkowski

White-breasted Nuthatch

White-breasted Nuthatch
Photo by Diane Lepkowski

White-crowned Sparrow

White-crowned Sparrow
Photo by Marshall Faintich

White-throated Sparrow

White-throated Sparrow
Photo by Lynn Whitmore