Northern Cardinal — Cardinalis cardinalis

Order Passeriformes
Family Cardinalidae
Genus Cardinalis
Species cardinalis
The Northern Cardinal is one of the most visually recognized song birds in our area. In addition to being the Virginia state bird, it is the most numerous state bird for other states as well. The cardinal has a distinct crest; males have bright red all over except for the black around the bill; and females, being duller than the males, are grayish-brown with some red on the crest, wings and tail feathers. The cardinal is found all over in scrub woods, borders, hederows, parks and suburban areas.
Northern Cardinal
© Amanda M. Martindale

Community Contributions

(CC) BY-SA Benjamin Shirkey,
December 2012

A male northern cardinal perching on a twig.

© Lynn Whitmore,
January 2015

A male northern cardinal perching on a branch.

© Patrick Flanigan,
December 2014

A female northern cardinal perching on a ledge.

© Daniel Wentling,
January 2015

A male northern cardinal perching on a branch.

© EJC Arboretum at James Madison University,
February 2015

A female northern cardinal perching on a branch.


Birds of the Arboretum

Summer Tanager

Summer Tanager
Photo by Greg Moyers

Swamp Sparrow

Swamp Sparrow
Photo by Diane Lepkowski

Tennessee Warbler

Tennessee Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Tree Swallow

Tree Swallow
Photo by Marshall Faintich