Northern Cardinal — Cardinalis cardinalis

Order Passeriformes
Family Cardinalidae
Genus Cardinalis
Species cardinalis
The Northern Cardinal is one of the most visually recognized song birds in our area. In addition to being the Virginia state bird, it is the most numerous state bird for other states as well. The cardinal has a distinct crest; males have bright red all over except for the black around the bill; and females, being duller than the males, are grayish-brown with some red on the crest, wings and tail feathers. The cardinal is found all over in scrub woods, borders, hederows, parks and suburban areas.
Northern Cardinal
© Amanda M. Martindale

Community Contributions

(CC) BY-SA Benjamin Shirkey,
December 2012

A male northern cardinal perching on a twig.

© Lynn Whitmore,
January 2015

A male northern cardinal perching on a branch.

© Patrick Flanigan,
December 2014

A female northern cardinal perching on a ledge.

© Daniel Wentling,
January 2015

A male northern cardinal perching on a branch.

© EJC Arboretum at James Madison University,
February 2015

A female northern cardinal perching on a branch.


Birds of the Arboretum

Blackpoll Warbler

Blackpoll Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Black-Throated Blue Warbler

Black-Throated Blue Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Black-Throated Green Warbler

Black-Throated Green Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Blue Jay

Blue Jay
Photo by Benjamin Shirkey