Northern Cardinal — Cardinalis cardinalis

Order Passeriformes
Family Cardinalidae
Genus Cardinalis
Species cardinalis
The Northern Cardinal is one of the most visually recognized song birds in our area. In addition to being the Virginia state bird, it is the most numerous state bird for other states as well. The cardinal has a distinct crest; males have bright red all over except for the black around the bill; and females, being duller than the males, are grayish-brown with some red on the crest, wings and tail feathers. The cardinal is found all over in scrub woods, borders, hederows, parks and suburban areas.
Northern Cardinal
© Amanda M. Martindale

Community Contributions

(CC) BY-SA Benjamin Shirkey,
December 2012

A male northern cardinal perching on a twig.


Birds of the Arboretum

Barn Swallow

Barn Swallow
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Bay-breasted Warbler

Bay-breasted Warbler
Photo by Diane Lepkowski

Black-and-White Warbler

Black-and-White Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Blackpoll Warbler

Blackpoll Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich