Barn Swallow — Hirundo rustica

Order Passeriformes
Family Hirundinidae
Genus Hirundo
Species rustica
Our only swallow that is truly swallow-tailed or fork-tailed, and is also the only one with white tail spots. It is blue-black above; cinnamon-buff below with a darker brown throat. This swallow is often found nesting outside or inside barns. It frequents open land, farms, fields, marshes, lakes and is often seen sitting on telephone wires. Its flight is direct, close to the ground; wing tips pulled back at the end of the stroke; not much gliding. The Barn Swallow winters mainly from Costa Rica to Argentina and is an early spring migrant to the eastern United States.

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Photo by Marshall Faintich

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