Barn Swallow — Hirundo rustica

Order Passeriformes
Family Hirundinidae
Genus Hirundo
Species rustica
Our only swallow that is truly swallow-tailed or fork-tailed, and is also the only one with white tail spots. It is blue-black above; cinnamon-buff below with a darker brown throat. This swallow is often found nesting outside or inside barns. It frequents open land, farms, fields, marshes, lakes and is often seen sitting on telephone wires. Its flight is direct, close to the ground; wing tips pulled back at the end of the stroke; not much gliding. The Barn Swallow winters mainly from Costa Rica to Argentina and is an early spring migrant to the eastern United States.

Birds of the Arboretum

Blue Jay

Blue Jay
Photo by Benjamin Shirkey

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Blue-winged Warbler

Blue-winged Warbler
Photo by Marshall Faintich

Brown Thrasher

Brown Thrasher
Photo by David L. Walton